Not having a Psychic Hotline, New Yorkers were unable to foresee the future.
Therefore they had no way of knowing for certain they were "between
wars". But it doesn't take a Nostradamus to figure out that future
wars are inevitable. And the military leaders of the period wanted to be
ready. Last year they had begun a naval construction yard in Brooklyn, to
maintain and augment whatever national fleet was needed. This year, several
hours up the Hudson (the estimated time to Albany was nine hours, by sloop)
a military academy was founded. Perched on a rocky outcropping on the western
shore, it commanded a crucial and strategic reach of the river. The U. S.
had learned it's lesson well from its revolutionary experience. Established
by Congress on March 16th, the school enrolled its first class of future
officers on July 4th. Down in Manhattan, civilian education was being stimulated
by the first book fair in the country on June 1st.
Overland transportation around the state was enhanced by new construction
projects. A turnpike across the Catskills was completed and a wagon road
was opened between Buffalo and Chautauqua Creek, to ease travel to Ohio's
Connecticut Reserve lands. Up near Sackets Harbor a bridge was erected across
the Black River. The town of Brownville would not appear there for almost
another decade. Along the new paths opened up by this construction activity
the beginnings of the postal system made its way toward the far end of the
state. James Brisbane became Batavia's first postmaster and he was soon
processing mail out of Canandaigua, which arrived twice a month.
Land sales continued briskly and Holland Land Company field agent Joseph
Ellicott soon found himself hampered by the inconvenience of having the
county seat at Canandaigua and by prohibitive taxes. Such problems helped
spur the creation of Genesee County this year. Containing most of the land
west of the Genesee it would soon give birth to Niagara, Orleans, Monroe,
Wyoming, Livingston, Chautauqua, Cattaragus and Allegany counties. The state
purchased a mile-wide strip of land along the Niagara River from the Senecas,
calling it, oddly enough, the Mile Strip. Joseph Ellicott began warning
his boss, General Agent Paolo Busti, that if the land around New Amsterdam
(Buffalo) was not opened to development quickly, the state would beat them
to the punch by opening the Mile Strip to settlement and establishing a
town there. He wa given permission to survey the land and sell lots. In
the southern tier Captain Philip Church pioneered an Allegany County village.
A dutiful son, he named it after his mother - Angelica. Colonel James McMahan
pioneered Westfield, the first settlement in Chautauqua County. All of this
new development did not come without its bureaucratic price. This year the
Steuben County treasurer's office was required to post its first official
bond - $2,000.
For Classical ninety-one five, this is David Minor
©1999 David Minor / Eagles Byte
EAGLES BYTE HOME PAGE