In our third and concluding look at non-Revolutionary 1776, we return to the North American continent.

Probably caught up by the spirit of rebellion, slaves on a Louisiana plantation owned by William Dunbar attempt his overthrow in July, but are quickly subdued. And that same month, Cherokee forces in North Carolina attack the settlement of Eaton's Station. A day later men of the colony's militia destroy a Cherokee village, restoring order, at least for a while.

Smallpox is a concern up and down the Eastern seaboard, in and out of the battle areas. In February, General Guy Carleton, commandant of Québec, allows all New England prisoners to be inoculated, if they so wish. John Adams' family in Boston, following his written urging from Philadelphia, is also inoculated. In New York City, the New York Hospital is founded.

Even the busy George Washington takes time out in February to invite black poetess Phyllis Wheatley to his headquarters to thank her for her works. Harvard University will grant him an honorary doctorate. And in Virginia, the Phi Beta Kappa honorary society is founded at William and Mary College.

Religion plays a large role in the rebelling colonies, and several congregations exhibit an inclusionary tendency that prefigures the abolitionists. Moravians in Salem, North Carolina, accept a black named Jacob, into their congregation, while Philadelphia's Quakers vote to exclude slave holders from theirs.

Meanwhile, in the western half of the continent, the conquistadors also keep busy. None quite so busy as the Franciscan father Tomás Garcés. Tossed out of Arizona's Hopi village at Oraibi, he descends a side canyon of the Grand Canyon and discovers the Havasupai tribe living at the bottom. And on October 9th, Spanish missionaries found the settlement of Mission San Francisco de Asis, later known Yerba Buena. Eventually the earliest name is shortened to San Francisco.


OUTRO
For Classical ninety-one five, this is David Minor.


© 1997 David Minor / Eagles Byte


EAGLES BYTE HOME PAGE