1934

( Updated 7 / 5 / 2004 )


Jan 1
Columbia defeats Stanford in the Rose Bowl.

Jan 7
Russia's first ambassador to the U. S. arrives in New York City.

Jan 19
Robert Moses becomes New York City's first city-wide parks commissioner.

Jan 20
Mercantile heiress Charlotte Spaulding (Mrs. Franklin) Sidway dies in Buffalo at the age of 91. She had witnessed Lincoln's first inauguration.

Jan 29
Members of Canandaigua women's Current Events Club pose for a group photo, dressed in period costume.

Feb 1
A New York City art gallery holds a retrospective of painter Georgia O'Keefe. ** Anarchist Emma Goldman pays a visit to her old home in Rochester.

Feb 6
New York City taxi drivers walk off the job.

Feb 8
Temperatures in New York City drop to 7 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.

Feb 9
Temperatures in New York City plunge to 15 degrees below 0 F, setting a February record here. Lake Ontario freezes over from shore to shore. When the thermometer drops to 22 below at Rochester, also a record; the car-ferry Ontario II gets stuck in the ice.

Feb 10
Rochester composer Howard Hanson's opera Merrymount premieres at the Metropolitan Opera.

Feb 11
Pianist Vladimir Horowitz makes his debut with the New York Philharmonic.

Feb 16
Due to January's devaluation of the dollar $100,000 worth of gold arrives in New York City. ** A rally in New York City's Madison Square Garden turns into a free-for-all between Communists and Socialists.

Feb 20
A snowstorm hits the northeastern U. S., causing more than thirty deaths. ** Virgil Thomson's opera Four Saints in Three Acts opens in New York City, with its librettist Gertrude Stein in the audience.

Feb 22
Frank Capra's film It Happened One Night opens at Radio City Music Hall.

March
Batavia businesswoman Mary Sweetland moves her Main Street restaurant further along the street, renames it the Berry Patch.

Mar 6
New York City's cab drivers return to work, having won a wage increase.

Mar 17
5,000 blacks riot in New York City over the Scottsboro Boys trial.

Mar 23
The congregations of Brooklyn's Plymouth Church and the Congregational Church of the Pilgrims agree to merge, the new church being named Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims. ** Temperatures in New York City drop to 13 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

Mar 27
Dance Theatre of Harlem founder Arthur Mitchell is born in New York City.

Mar 29
U. S. philanthropist and arts patron Otto Hermann Kahn dies in New York City.

Apr 7
A pro-Nazi rally in a Queens stadium erupts in a number of small skirmishes when anti Nazi protestors gather outside the arena.

May 17
20,000 people attend a pro-Nazi rally at Madison Square Garden.

May 22
Pianist Peter Nero is born in New York City.

May 31
President Franklin D. Roosevelt reviews a U. S. fleet of 81 warships and 185 planes, in New York City harbor.

Jun 13
Max Baer knocks out Primo Carnera, in New York City, to become the new heavyweight boxing champion.

Jun 15
Joseph H. Freelander and Max L. Hausle's $8,000,000 Bronx County Building (Bronx County Courthouse) at Grand Concourse and East 161st Street is dedicated. The building displays detailing by sculptors Charles Keck and Adolph Weinmann.

Jun 24
Fats Waller records Somebody Stole My Gal, Dinah, 12th Street Rag and Blue Because of You.

Jul 9
American Airlines inaugurates sleeper service between New York and Chicago.

Aug 13
15,000 tons of rock plunge into the gorge below Niagara Falls.

September
Carson Smith (McCullers) travels by boat from Savannah to New York City to begin her career as a writer. She loses her support money and begins a series of odd jobs.

Sep 1
Colonel Roscoe Turner flies from New York to Los Angeles in ten hours, two minutes and 51 seconds, beating his old record.

Sep 4
A New York City court sentences John Smiuske to six months in jail for burning a satirical portrait of President Roosevelt.

Sep 7
The car-ferry Ontario I is turned around by rough weather while on a moonlight cruise, sponsored by Rochester restauranteur Joe Ryan, with 500 passengers aboard. 60 people are injured and carried to local hospitals, forewarned by the Coast Guard cutter Eagle.

Sep 8
Ku Klux Klan members in Westchester County pledge support for Naziism.

Sep 15
A New York City gas station attendant is paid with a five dollar gold certificate that turns out to be from the Lindbergh ransom. He jots down the license plate number.

Sep 20
Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for receiving the Lindbergh ransom.

October
Con artist Charles Ponzi is deported to Italy. ** Cleveland Still, first tenor with The Dubs, is born in New York City.

Oct 1
The New York Stock Exchange registers with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Oct 8
Baritone Doc Green of The Drifters is born in New York City.

Oct 13
New York City police sink 1,155 slot machines in Long Island Sound.

Oct 25
A Union Pacific train makes a record-setting transcontinental run, New York to Los Angeles, in 57 hours.

Oct 28
The FERA arranges to buy Long Island potatoes to feed the needy.

Nov 1
Union Pacific's new diesel cuts 14-and-a-half hours off the Los Angeles to New York run.

Nov 4
New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens a new show on industrial art.

Nov 9
Astronomer-author Carl Edward Sagan is born in New York City.

Nov 20
Lillian Hellman's play The Children's Hour has it's New York premiere.

Nov 21
Cole Porter's Anything Goes opens on Broadway.

Dec 12
Members of Canandaigua women's Interrogation Club pose for a group photo, dressed in period costume.

Dec 20
Katharine Cornell's production of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet opens at New York's Martin Beck Theatre starring herself, Basil Rathbone, Edith Evans, Paul Julian, and Charles Waldron. Teen-age Orson Welles makes his professional stage debut as Tybalt. ** The New York Philharmonic premieres Philip James' Bret Harte Overture.


City
Robert Moses begins construction of Orchard Beach in the Bronx. ** The women's Zionist organization Hadassah forms Youth Aliyah to rescue German children. ** 70 trains a day are now crossing the Spuyten Duyvil Bridge. ** Salvador Dali has a show at a local gallery. ** Giants pitcher Carl Hubbell strikes out five batters in succession during an All-Star Game. ** Fiorello La Guardia is inaugurated as mayor. ** The collections of Columbia University's Low Memorial Library are moved across the quadrangle to Butler Hall and the former library becomes an administration building. ** The City Parks Department moves into the arsenal in Central Park at Fifth Avenue and East 64th Street.

State
Ted Zornow, Sr. purchases his in-laws' Pittsford produce business and converts it into a bean and grain processing mill. ** The U. S. Veterans' Facility opens in Batavia. ** Painter Reginald Marsh spends six months in Hopewell Junction learning the fresco secco process from expert Olle Nordstrom. ** Albany politician Edwin Corning dies. ** Poughkeepsie architect William J. Beardsley dies. ** Batavia mayor James J. Mahaney is inaugurated.

Rochester
The city celebrates its centennial. Among the guests is Joseph Leech, mayor of Rochester, England. ** Architect Claude Bragdon edits and writes the introduction to Louis Sullivan's Kindergarten Chats. ** Radio station WHAM begins carrying a Boy Scouts news program hosted by Hubbs & Hastings Paper Company executive Walter E. Hastings. Syl Novelli provides piano accompaniment. ** The Exempts firefighting squad is formed in the area around Thomas Avenue.


1935

Jan 2
Bruno Richard Hauptmann goes on trial in New York City for the Lindbergh kidnapping, with David Wilentz as prosecuting attorney. ** Alan Valentine is elected president of the University of Rochester.

Jan 25
John B. Abbott, first president of the Livingston County Bar Association, dies in his Geneseo home on Wadsworth Street.

Feb 12
Talullah Bankhead opens in New York, in a revival of Somerset Maugham's Rain.

Feb 13
Hauptmann is convicted.

Feb 21
Playwright Leonard Melfi is born in Binghamton.

Mar 6
Temperatures in New York City rise to 68 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Mar 18
Riots break out in West Harlem after a young black boy is caught shoplifting and is released. Untrue rumors spread out of control and before order is restored one person is dead and over a hundred are injured.

Apr 8
Newspaper publisher Adolph Simon Ochs dies.

May 29
The ocean liner Normandie leaves France on her maiden voyage, to New York City.

Jun 10
Alcoholics Dr. Robert Smith of Akron, Ohio, and New York stockbroker William Wilson found Alcoholics Anonymous.

Jul 8
Floods in the southern tier kill 46 people and wash out the main highway through Bath.

Jun 17
Songwriter-folksinger Margaret (Peggy) Seeger is born in New York City.

Jul 2
The Rip Van Winkle Bridge over the Hudson River opens.

Aug 26
Politician Geraldine Anne Ferraro is born in Newburgh.

Sep 13
New York State's Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Long Island's Stony Brook State Park (SP-55) opens.

Sep 17
A rockslide permanently stops the running of the Niagara Gorge Belt Line on the Canadian side at Niagara Falls, a popular tourist attraction.

Oct 10
Porgy and Bess
, George and Ira Gershwin's adaption of DuBose Heywood's play Porgy , opens on Broadway.

Oct 12
Batavia's Dellinger Theatre burns down.

Oct 23
New York City mobster Lucky Luciano has rival Dutch Schultz rubbed out, in Newark,New Jersey. Another Luciano victim, Marty Krompier, survives a Manhattan attack with four bullets in him.

Nov 12
Greta Peltz shoots and kills her lover Fritz Gebhardt in their New York City apartment. She claims he tried to force her to perform an unnatural act and is acquitted.

Dec 1
Producer-director-comedian Woody Allen is born in New York City.

Dec 28
The Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project Gallery opens in New York City.

Dec 30
Baseball player Sanford ("Sandy")Koufax is born in Brooklyn.


City
Naturalist Roy Chapman Andrews is named director of the American Museum of Natural History, serving until 1942. ** The London Terrace apartment complex is foreclosed. ** Pace Institute is incorporated. ** Babe Ruth leaves the Yankees to play for the Boston Braves. ** Max Baer loses the world's heavyweight championship to James J. Braddock in Long Island City. ** Alfred Lunt and Lynne Fontanne's The Taming of the Shrew, Billy Rose's Jumbo, George Abbott's productions of Boy Meets Girl and Three Men on a Horse and Cole Porter's musical Jubilee. , all premiere. ** The Wall Street investment firm of Morgan Stanley is founded. ** Norwegian soprano Kirsten Flagstad makes her U. S. debut at the Metropolitan Opera. ** Photographer Berenice Abbott obtains a grant from the Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), to produce a photographic record of the city. ** A project is begun to elevate the Hudson line train through the Manhattanville area of the Upper West Side. ** Lillian Gish stars in producer Jed Harris's stage production of Chekhov's Uncle Vanya. ** The Parks Department restores the baseball clubhouse on the site of the Revolutionary Battle of Brooklyn in Gowanus, building with the original stones.

State
John Bridger builds a diner at the intersection of routes 20 and 63, next to a new ESSO gas station run by a Mr. Ayers. The facility will become the Texaco Town truck stop. The local school burns down and an asbestos building is moved to the site as a temporary substitute. ** Mormons in the Palmyra area stage the first Hill Cumorah Pageant. ** The movie The Farmer Takes a Wife is filmed on the Erie Canal. ** Fitness proponent and financier Bernard M. Baruch opens the Hall of the Springs buildings at Saratoga Springs. ** The passenger boat Idler, the last steamer left on Canandaigua Lake, discontinues service. ** A fireproof maternity building (later called the Nichols Building) is added to Batavia Hospital. ** Father Peter Quealy lays the cornerstone for Rockville Center's St. Agnes Roman Catholic Church. ** The factory of the former William A. Rogers, Ltd. silver-plating works in Niagara Falls is demolished.

Rochester
The federal government assumes the cost of the lower basin at the Port of Rochester. ** The Exempts buy property on Thomas Avenue for a clubhouse and picnic grounds.

Tonawanda
The southern Grand Island bridge across the Niagara River to Tonawanda is completed, replacing a ferry at the site. ** The city turns the former Main Street depot of the New York Central over to the Tonawanda Public Library.


1936

( Updated 7 / 5 / 2004 )

Jan 1
The Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Stony Brook State Park closes, after three and-a-half months of operation.

Jan 23
Temperatures in New York City plunge to 3 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.

Jan 29
Ty Cobb, Honus Wagner, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, Christopher "Christy" Mathewson, and Walter Perry Johnson are the first inductees elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown.

Feb 19
Temperatures in New York City drop to 1 degree F, lowest here for this date.

Feb 23
The first rocket air mail flight is made at Greenwood Lake.

March
The stone dam on Mill Brook at Sherburne is washed out by floods.

Mar 7
Ellsworth Oldman, owner of Buffalo's Oldman Boiler Works, writes to yacht designers and brokers, seeking a 40-50 foot motor cruiser.

Mar 18
An ice storm causes extensive damage in Canandaigua.

Apr 22
John Torrio, public enemy number two, is captured in New York City.

Apr 25
The Socialist Labor Party convention meets in New York City.

Apr 28
The Socialist Laborites adjourn, having nominated Massachusetts' J. W. Aiken and New York's Emil F. Teichert.

Apr 29
Conductor Arturo Toscanini gives his farewell performance in Carnegie Hall.

May 5
The Prohibition Party meets in Niagara Falls

May 7
The Prohibition Party adjourns, having nominated New York's Dr. D. Leigh Colvin and Tennessee's Sergeant Alvin C. York.

May 15
Playwright Paul Zindel is born on Staten Island.

May 24
Yankees batter Tony Lazzeri drives in eleven runs in one game (including two grand slams) to set an American League record. The Yankees beat the Philadelphia Phillies, 25 2.

May 28
Pare Lorenz' documentary The Plow That Broke the Plains opens in New York.

June
Blake McKelvey comes to Rochester to interview for the position of Assistant City Historian. He is interviewed by the new City Historian Professor Dexter Perkins and given the job. ** Novelist Carson Smith (McCullers) makes a brief visit home to Columbus, Georgia.

Jun 1
The Queen Mary docks in New York. ** The Supreme Court declares that New York's 1933 Minimum Wage Law for Women is unconstitutional, in Morehead V. New York ex rel. Tipaldo. The law had also covered children.

Jun 14
The 17-year locust reappears in the northeast U. S., hitting Long Island especially hard.

Jun 18
Lucky Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.

Jun 19
Max Schmeling knocks out Joe Louis in the twelfth round, in New York City.

Jun 24
The Communist Party meets in New York City.

Jun 28
The Communist Party adjourns, having nominated New York's Earl Browder and James W. Ford.

Jun 28
Pan-American Airways' Dixie Clipper lands in Lisbon with 22 people aboard from Port Washington, Long Island, inaugurating transatlantic passenger air service with a flight lasting 23 hours and 52 minutes.

Jun 29
Ground is broken on Long Island for New York City's World's Fair.

Jul 1
McKelvey moves to Rochester.

Jul 11
New York City's Triborough Bridge opens, connecting Manhattan, the Bronx and Queens. 20,000 people cross the bridge today. President Roosevelt attends the opening, then visits his mother Sara on East 65th Street.

Aug 4
Bass singer Elsberry Hobbs of The Drifters is born in New York City.

Aug 5
Dance instructors gather in New York City to reach a consensus on the nature of "swing " music.

Aug 18
Joe Louis knocks out Jack Sharkey in New York City.

Aug 20
Ballerina Carla Fracci of the America Ballet Theater is born in Italy.

Aug 23
One route of Rochester's New York State Railways streetcar lines is discontinued. ** Lead singer of The Drifters Rudy Lewis is born in New York City.

Aug 30
Ten more routes of Rochester's New York State Railways streetcar lines are discontinued.

September
Rochester gets new buses to replace the recently discontinued trolley lines.

Sep 12
Fred Perry and Alice Marbel win the Forest Hills tennis championships.

Oct 1
Ballet dancer Edward Villella is born in Bayside.

Oct 6
The Yankees defeat the Giants, 4 games to 2, to win the World Series.

Oct 9
Joe Louis defeats Jorge Brescia in New York City.

Oct 25
A melee breaks out over a call during a football game between the Giants and the Philadelphia Eagles. A referee has his shirt torn apart.

November
Carson Smith becomes seriously ill and Reeves McCullers takes her back to Georgia. She begins working on the story "The Mute" which will later becomes The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.

Nov 4
New York State's Communist Party fails to get enough votes to be legally viable.

Nov 18
Temperatures in New York City drop to 18 degrees F, the lowest here on record for the date.

Nov 19
Temperatures in New York again drop to 18 degrees F, breaking the record for the date for the second day in a row.

Dec 9
A show of Dada and Surrealistic art opens in New York City.

Dec 12
The Henry Hudson Bridge, over New York City's Harlem River, opens.

Dec 13
Football's old Brooklyn Dodgers team beats the St. Louis Terriers 100-0 in an exhibition game, scoring an average two points a minute.

Dec 25
Yellow journalism editor Arthur Brisbane, 72, dies in New York City.

 

City
Bronx's Orchard Beach is completed. ** Construction of a Queens-Midtown Tunnel begins, as well as that for a Sixth Avenue subway. ** Construction begins on a project to bring Delaware River water to the city for its supply. ** A second tunnel is completed connecting the city to water from the Catskills. ** Robert E. Sherwood wins the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for Idiot's Delight. Alfred Lunt and Lynn Fontanne star in the Broadway production. ** Rose Louise Hovick first appears under the name of Gypsy Rose Lee in the Ziegfeld Follies. ** George Balanchine choreographs the number "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue" for George Abbott's production of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical On Your Toes, danced by Ray Bolger. ** Brooklyn's Arbuckle Brothers wholesale grocery firm discontinues the coffee portion of its business. ** The Louis Comfort Tiffany mansion at 72nd Street and Madison Avenue is torn down. ** 217,976,370 commuters enter and leave the city each day by way of 20 bridges, 18 tunnels, and 17 ferries; 115,000 visitors come into the city by way of railroad. ** Carson Smith begins studying fiction at Columbia with Story editor Whit Burnett in the fall. Soldier Reeves MCullers, having arrived to study anthropology and journalism at Columbia after buying his army discharge with a small inheritance, joins her.

State
A referendum is put before Cortland voters, to preserve the Randall Mansion. It fails. ** An expedition from the Rochester Museum, including historian J. Sheldon Fisher, excavates the Wadsworth Mound, from the Hopewell culture, south of Geneseo. ** Batavia's Cary family donates their East Main Street home to the city. After several years the city will find the upkeep to be too expensive and will return it. ** Benjamin O. Davis becomes the fourth black to graduate from West Point. ** Dr. Arthur Limouze purchases the deteriorating Narcissa Prentiss house in Prattsburgh, begins restoration work. ** Codman Hislop's Albany: Dutch, English and American. ** James Fenimore Cooper, grandson of the author, arranges to have his great grandfather William Cooper's A Guide to the Wilderness... printed in a third edition. He also publishes Reminiscences of Mid-Victorian Cooperstown and Sketch of William Cooper. ** Flemmie Kittrell becomes the first black woman to earn a Ph.D in home economics at Cornell. ** A joint state legislative committee recommends naming mineral baths at Sharon Springs, Richfield Springs and Alden's springs as state reserves, in addition to the one at Saratoga Springs. Nothing comes of the idea. ** Schenectady historian Edwin G. Conde draws a map of his city back at the time of the February 1690 Indian massacre.

Buffalo
The Bison City Rod and Gun Club builds a fifteen-foot rescue boat for the Buffalo Fire Department.

Rochester
The Port of Rochester's imports climb back to $1,000,000. ** Downtown's Rundel Memorial Library opens. ** Bausch & Lomb makes Ray-Ban sunglasses, produced for the Army Air Corps in 1929, available to the public. ** "The Professor and his Brain Twisters" radio program, hosted by Morden Buck, debuts on WHEC, runs on into next year. ** The car-ferry Ontario II goes aground off Crescent Beach. When the Coast Guard cutter Jackson is unable to haul her free, her sister ship Ontario I is called upon to do the job.


© 2002 David Minor / Eagles Byte



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