1922
( Updated 7 / 5 / 2004 )


Feb 27
Rochester's Female Charitable Society celebrates its centennial.

Mar 1
Rochester's station WHQ (now WHEC) broadcasts the city's first radio program.

Mar 3
Rochester's Eastman School of Music building is opened for inspection by the public.

Mar 26
Temperatures in New York City rise to 76 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Apr 4
Film composer Elmer Bernstein is born in New York City.

Apr 8
Jazz vocalist Carmen McRae is born in New York City.

May 2
Rochester's Mayor Van Zandt breaks ground for the city's subway.

Jun 7
Rochester's East Avenue Bus Company begins service, going out East Avenue from downtown to Pittsford. It's 29 vehicles ar e manufactured by the city's Selden Motor Company.

Jun 11
Robert Flaherty's documentary, Nanook of the North, premieres in New York City.

Jul 11
Rochester's second radio station, WHAM, begins broadcasting, from the Eastman School of Mucic, using equipment donated by the Gannett Newspapers.

Aug 6
Rochester's Sunday Democrat and Chronicle introduces an 8-page rotogravure section.

Aug 28
New York City radio station WEAF is the first to broadcast commercials, with a real estate ad.

Sep 4
Rochester's Eastman Theatre, given to the community by photography pioneer George Eastman, opens at 425 East Main Street on Labor Day. The "programme" consists of musical numbers and the film The Prisoner of Zenda

October
Schenectady station WGY broadcasts the first radio drama, Eugene Walter's The Wolf. ** 72-year-old Frances Kimball is battered to death in her Linden home. The crime, as well as a triple murder in the village in 1924, is never solved.

Oct 22
Congregationalist minister Lyman Abbott dies in New York City at the age of 86.

November
The Rochester Engineering Society publishes the first issue of its newsletter, sent to 1,384 subscribers.

Nov 10
Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle moves into a new building on the Main Street bridge, over the Genesee River.

Nov 13
George M. Cohan's musical Little Nellie Kelly opens in New York.

Nov 28
Captain Cyril Turner of the Royal Air Force gives the first skywriting exhibition, over New York City, spelling out "Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200." 47,000 people phone the number.

December
Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis bans New York Giants baseball player Phil Douglas from the sport for life, for offering to fix a game. ** The newsletter of the Rochester Engineering Society publishes the winner in its contest to name the new publication - The Rochester Engineer - submitted by Gloster P. Hevenor.

Dec 28
British ambassador to the United States Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes is given a tour of the Ellis Island immigration center to investigate its treatment of British emigrants; reports that the foul smell of the facilities is deplorable.

Dec 29
Author William Gaddis born in New York City.

City
Carrere and Hastings' new headquarters for the Standard Oil Company, on lower Broadway, is completed. ** Giovanni Martini, George Armstrong Custer's orderly at the Little Bighorn, dies in Brooklyn. ** Circulation of the Daily News reaches 400,000. ** Double-decker buses go into service linking Jackson Heights to Fifth Avenue in Manhattan. ** Frank Sullivan leaves the New York Evening Post, begins a column for the New York Tribune. ** Briton Hadden and Henry Luce write a prospectus for a magazine to be called Time . ** Samuel I. Newhouse buys the Staten Island Advance, halts its decline. ** W. Somerset Maugham's Rain opens on Broadway. ** Brooklyn's Gowanus Grain Terminal is completed. ** Bob Douglas forms the New York Renaissance (Rens) black basketball team, named for Harlem's Renaissance Casino, where they play home games. ** Black undertaker and Harlem real estate speculator James C. Thomas dies.

Broadway
The Ziegfeld Follies features a comedy team introducing their signature song ­ Mister Gallagher and Mr. Shean - in the show. Victor Herbert is one of the show's composers and Ring Lardner works on some of the lyrics. ** W. C. Fields romps through George White's Scandals. One new song in this show, I'll Build a Stairway to Paradise, contains the lyrics of Arthur Francis (also known as Ira Gershwin). Other shows introduce songs such as As Long As I Have You and Carolina in the Morning.

State
The Rochester & Syracuse Railroad interurban constructs a cutoff in the bed of the abandoned Erie Canal at Lyons, to alleviate congestion. ** Broadway comedian Ed Wynn presents his play The Perfect Fool over WEAF. ** Criminal defense council Earl Rogers, a Perry native, is found dead in a seedy Los Angeles hotel room. ** Maintenance shops for the New York State Barge Canal are erected at Pittsford, Baldwinsville and Waterford. ** Franklin W. Judson is elected Sheriff of Monroe County. ** A track relocation project in Tonawanda moves the New York Central tracks away from Main Street. ** Al Smith is elected governor for a second, non consecutive, term. ** British lieutenant general Sir George Prevost's plans for the invasion of Plattsburgh in the War of 1812 are discovered in London, disappear a few years later. ** Albany businessman and politician Parker Corning defeats Charles M. Winchester, Sr. to win the city's congressional seat. ** Faith Fenton joins the Cornell faculty as a professor of home econimics, remains for 37 years. ** Dr. Mary Imogene Bassett becomes chief of staff at the Cooperstown hospital named for her. ** Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer leads a campign to buy a social hall for the Naples American Legion chapter. ** A Monticello tavern built by Benjamin Rathbun in 1816 is demolished.

Batavia
The Mayer's Hotel restaurant is sold to Buffalonian Mario Young. He will later change the name to Young's Restaurant. ** Buffalo architect Frank A. Spangenberg remodels the Bank of the Genesee to provide more work space, expanding into another part of the building leased by Marshall's News Store. ** Veterinarian Walter E. Frink sells his State Street practice to Dr. George Chase and travels to Europe to study.

Buffalo
Construction begins on St. Luke's Church (later Durham Memorial AME Zion). ** A reception is held in the new addition to the Grosvenor Library.

Rochester
Claude Bragdon designs his final Rochester structure. He writes the introduction to Louis Sullivan's The Autobiography of an Idea. ** Early radio pioneer Lawrence G. Hickson sells his equipment to newspaper publisher Frank E. Gannett. ** Gertrude Herdle succeeds her father George Herdle as director of the Memorial Art Gallery. ** The U. S. sub-chaser SC-433, commanded by ensign Benjamin Forsyth, arrives at Summerville, to serve as a New York Naval Militia training vessel for reservists. ** William Gleason, founder of the Gleason Works, dies in his mid-eighties. ** Irondequoit High School's building is doubled in size.



1923


Jan 4
A New York City concert is broadcast simultaneously on the city's WEAF radio station and Boston's WNAC - the first "network" broadcast.

Jan 5
Rochester's radio station WHAM goes on the air officially.

Jan 19
Actress Jean Stapleton is born in New York City.

Jan 29
Playwright Paddy Chayevsky is born in New York City.

Mar 5
Developer Laurence Tisch is born in Brooklyn.

Mar 14
Photographer Diane Arbus is born in New York City.

Mar 23
Temperatures in New York City rise to 76 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Mar 28
Temperatures in New York City drop to 13 degrees F, lowest here for this date. ** The Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra gives it' first concert.

Mar 29
Temperatures in New York reach down to 10 degrees F, setting another daily record.

Mar 31
Temperatures in New York drop to 14 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

Apr 1
Temperatures in New York City drop to 12 degrees F, lowest here for this date, for the fourth day in a row.

Apr 18
Yankee Stadium opens. Babe Ruth hits a third-inning three-run home run. The NewYork Yankees defeat the Boston Red Sox 4-1, in the first game played there, as more than 74,000 fans look on.

Apr 21
Temperatures in New York City rise to 87 degrees F, highest here for this date.

May 15
Brooklyn's Coney Island boardwalk is built.

May 17
U. S. composer and Juilliard president Peter Mennin dies at the age of 60.

May 23
Novelist Joseph Heller born in New York City.

June
Batavia's Bank of the Genesee's newly-refurbished banking area opens for business.

July
Buffalo clock maker Myles Hughes presents the city with his Apostolic Clock, with its figures of the apostles emerging to tell the hours.

September
Clock maker Myles Hughes dies, in his mid-seventies.

Sep 2
Film and Broadway dancer Marjorie Celeste Belcher (Champion) is born in Los Angeles.

Sep 16
The Order of the Sons of Italy in America unveils Ettore Ferrari's monument to Antonio Meucci, a friend of Garibaldi, on Staten Island.

Oct 17
Film actress-dancer June Allyson is born in New York City.

November
Voters in Batavia approve a "Home Rule Law", to be effective next January 1, allowing the passage of all laws not conflicting with state laws.

Nov 1
The Rochester Railways Co-ordinated Bus Lines begins trackless trolley service from Clifford and Hollander, across Driving Park Bridge, to Dewey and Pierpont.

Nov 30
Actor Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. is born to violinist Efrem Zimbalist and singer Alma Gluck in New York City.

December
WEAF premieres the first variety show, The Eveready Hour.

Dec 3
Soprano Cecillia Sophia Anna Maria Kalogeropoulos (Callas) is born in New York City.


City
Trowbridge and Livingston's addition to the New York Stock Exchange is completed. ** Yankee Stadium holds its only rodeo. ** Broadway now has 22 brightly lit signs, burning a candlepower of 25,000,000 candles. ** Jazz musician Duke Ellington moves to Harlem from Washington, D. C., gets his start playing at Barron's Cabaret. ** The Whitby apartment house on West 45th Street is completed. ** The Queensborough Realty Company begins offering garden apartments in Jackson Heights. ** Washington, D. C., newspaperman Harvey Fergusson moves here to become a freelance writer. ** Author Marya Mannes graduates from Miss Veltin's School for Girls, in Manhattan. ** WEAF and WGY broadcast the World Series to audiences in New York City and Schenectady. ** Variety publisher Sime Silverman buys The Clipper newspaper from song publisher Leo Feist. ** The New York Yankees win the World Series. ** The Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union founds the Amalgamated Bank of New York, on Union Square. ** Harold C. Mayer, Joseph Ainslie Bear and Robert B. Stearns open the brokerage firm of Bear, Stearns, at 100 Broadway. ** New York Times journalist Alva Johnston wins a Pulitzer Prize for distinguished reporting of scientific news.

State
Alberty's Drug Store opens in Batavia, on the former site of The Metropolitan Restaurant. ** Cora Woodward, former president of Le Roy's Genesee Pure Food Company founded by her husband Orator F. Woodward, dies. The company is reorganized as the Jell-O Company. ** Future Lieutenant Governor Joie R. Hanley arrives in Perry as minister of the Presbyterian Church. ** New York State Barge Canal maintenance facilities at Baldwinsville, Pittsford and Waterford are completed. ** Albany's Public School 20 is completed on the former North Pearl Street site of the North End School. ** Mary Paul sells Canandaigua's 142 South Main Street Building, former home of the Paul A. D. & Company drugstore.

Buffalo
Civil Rights activist Mary Burnett Talbert dies, in her mid-sixties. ** Construction of St. Luke's Church (later Durham Memorial AME Zion), is completed.

Rochester
The Port of Rochester's imports reach $1,171,319. ** Architect Claude Bragdon leaves Rochester, moving to New York City to become a stage designer. ** The city elects three Italian ward supervisors. ** The city annexes parts of the towns of Brighton and Irondequoit, increasing its own area to 34.46 square miles. ** The New York State Railways company creates the Rochester Railways Co-ordinated Bus Lines and the Rochester Interurban Bus Company. ** Basketball star Les Harison graduates from high school. ** The Monroe Avenue branch of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) opens. ** The lobby of the Whitcomb House hotel becomes Odenbach's Peacock Room.

Illinois
Future Broadway producer Jacob Horowitz (Jed Harris) works as an assistant for Chicago press agent Claude Greneker.

France
A second set of woodblocks are created from the artist Dufour's 1814 painting of Psyche and Cupid. They will find a home in the Eastman Theater in Rochester.

 

1924


Jan 13
Gloria Swanson opens in The Hummingbird in New York City.

Feb 9
The Shandaken Aqueduct is opened, to supply water to New York City.

Feb 12
Bandleader Paul Whiteman and composer-pianist George Gershwin premiere Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue in New York City's Aeolian Hall.

Feb 19
A New York appeals court bans the scalping of sports and theater tickets.

Feb 28
Members of the Canandaigua Rotary Club pose for a group photograph in front of the city's Webster House Hotel.

March
John Barrymore opens in the film Beau Brummell. in New York City. ** 55-year-old Linden section hand Thomas Whaley, his wife, and village storekeeper Mrs. Mabel Morse are murdered in the Whaley home. The crime, as well a 1922 murder in the village, is never solved.

Mar 7
A radio speech from New York City is broadcast more than 7,000 miles, to San Francisco and then Manchester, England.

Mar 10
The U. S. Supreme Court upholds a New York State law banning women from working late at night.

Mar 24
Pope Pius XI makes cardinals of archbishop Joseph Hayes of New York City and archbishop George W. Mundelein of Chicago.

Apr 2
New York City transit head Harkness announces his opposition to ads in subways.

Apr 18
The New York State Park System is established, with Robert Moses as its chief. ** Simon & Schuster publishes the first crossword puzzle book.

Apr 22
The play Time is a Dream opens on Broadway.

Apr 25
Tammany Hall politician Charles F. Murphy dies.

May
Buster Keaton's Sherlock Junior opens in New York City.

May 4
Film actress Pola Negri opens in Dmitri Buchowetzki's Men, in New York City.

May 11
The Socialist Labor Party convention meets in New York City for three days, nominates Oregon's F. T. Johns and Maryland's Vernal L. Reynolds.

May 12
The Brooklyn Edison Company unveils the world's largest steam generator.

May 19
The Four Marx Brothers open I'll Say She Is at Broadway's Casino Theater. Harpo Marx and critic Alexander Woollcott are introduced, beginning a life-long friendship.

May 26
Irish-born U. S. operetta composer Victor Herbert, 65, dies in New York City at the age of 65.

Jun 24
The Democrats meet in New York City and the convention deadlocks. Events are covered by WJZ (WABC) radio.

Jun 29
The new Ziegfeld Follies, with headliners Will Rogers and Lupino Lane, opens in New York City.

Jul 1
Regular night and day air mail service is begun between New York and San Francisco.

Jul 2
The Old Forge Inn burns down.

Jul 4
The Conference for Progressive Political Action convenes in New York City, nominates Wisconsin senator Robert La Follette and Montana's Burton K. Wheeler.

Jul 10
The Workers Party meets in Chicago, rejects La Follette and nominates New York's William Z. Foster and Benjamin Gitlow.

Jul 22
New York City taxi companies cut their rate to 10¢ per half mile.

Jul 24
Boxer Gene Tunney knocks out Georges Carpentier, in New York City.

Jul 27
The film version of Thomas Hardy's Tess of the Dubervilles opens in New York City.

Aug 2
Author-playwright James Baldwin is born in Harlem.

Aug 14
A Rochester street created by the covering of the former aqueduct and subway right- of-way, is opened - Broad Street.

Aug 24
The film Lily of the Dust , with Pola Negri, opens in New York City.

Sep 3
A U. S. Army pilot flies from Boston to New York City in a record 58 minutes.

Sep 5
International drug dealer Albert Marino is captured by federal agents in Brooklyn.

Sep 16
Actress Betty Joan Perske (Lauren Bacall) is born in New York City.

Sep 26
Theodore Roosevelt resigns as U. S. Secretary of the Navy, to run for the governorship of New York.

October
An attempted assassination of gangster "Legs" Diamond, on New York City's Fifth Avenue, fails to kill him.

Oct 10
The Washington Senators defeat the New York Giants in the twelfth inning, to win the World Series.

Nov 19
Tammany Hall politician George Plunkitt dies.

Nov 29
Army beats Navy at New York City's Polo Grounds, 12-0.

Nov 30
Black congresswoman Shirley Chisholm is born in Brooklyn.

December
D. W. Griffiths' Isn't Life Wonderful? opens in New York City.

Dec 1
George Gershwin's Lady Be Good opens on Broadway.

Dec 10
Financier-sportsman August Belmont dies of blood poisoning in New York City.

Dec 12
New York City mayor Edward Koch is born. ** George Bernard Shaw's Candida opens in New York City.

City
The American Radiator Building (later the American Standard Building) is completed. ** Wall Street stockbroker Alfred Graham Miles' A Fisherman's Breeze, an account of two weeks spent on the fishing schooner Ruth M. Martin in 1904, is published. ** The Statue of Liberty becomes a National Monument. ** Seton Porter's bankrupt distillery is bought and becomes the National Distillers Products Corporation (later the Quantum Chemical Company. ** Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis bans New York Giants coach Cozy Dolan and player Jimmy O'Connell for life for attempting to bribe an opposing player. ** Walter Huston appears in Mr. Pitt in Eugene O'Neill's Desire Under the Elms ** French milliner Lilly Dache moves to New York. ** Dr. Frank Peer Beal invents paddle tennis. ** Gilbert W. Gabriel's Brownstone Front is published. ** William Jennings Bryan makes his final political speech, at the Democratic .national convention. ** RCA buys Newark, New Jersey, radio station WJZ (later WABC), moves it to Manhattan's Aeolian Hall. ** Actress Judith Anderson makes her major New York debut in The Cobra . ** Future travel agent Joseph Perillo emigrates to the U. S., settles in the Bronx. ** Louis Cohen opens the Argosy Book Store and Gallery on Book Row (4th Avenue). ** Writer Alvah Bessie graduates from Columbia. ** William Randolph Hearst launches the New York Daily Mirror. ** After a year in Chicago, incipient theatrical producer Jacob Horowitz (Jed Harris) returns to New York and moves in with girl friend Anita Greenbaum at her 43 West 10th Street brownstone.

State
The approximate year Herman J. Bates and his wife Laura open a grocery store in Troupsburg. ** Alice Fisher, mother of Batavia clubwoman Kate Fisher McCool, dies. ** The Rochester and Manitou Railroad ends its fall season. Its trolleys will never run again. ** Marjorie Merriweather Post buys Camp Topridge in the Adirondacks - one of the 'great camps'. ** Spanish immigrants in Buffalo form Lackawanna's Spanish-American Club. ** Irondequoit creates the St. Paul Boulevard Fire Association, appropriating $80,000 for purchasing three trucks and building a firehouse. ** Jell-O puts out a recipe book, Polly Put the Kettle On , with illustrations by Maxfield Parrish. ** The state purchases the tug National to help vessels on Oneida Lake. ** Buffalo's Felician Sisters begin publishing the Polish-languagemagazine Ave Maria .

Batavia
Alice Fisher, mother of Batavia clubwoman Kate Fisher McCool dies. ** Fred Dykstra and his wife Frances open their corner grocery on West Main Street.

Rochester
The Arnett branch of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) opens.




© 2002 David Minor / Eagles Byte


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