Jan 7
Clyde Fitch's Truth has its New York premiere. ** New York City temperatures reach 64 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Jan 11
Builder William Jaird Levitt is born in Brooklyn.

Jan 22
Richard Strauss and Oscar Wilde's opera Salomeis performed at New York City's Metropolitan Opera House, shocking the public.

Jan 23
Socialite Harry K. Thaw goes on trial for the murder of architect Stanford White.

Jan 26
Further performances of Salome are canceled.

Jan 29
William James begins repeating his lectures on Pragmatism, at Columbia University. ** The Batavia Businessmen's Association passes a resolution to revive the village's 1904-05 charter revision committee. A few days later the committee is formed, headed by George D. Williamson.

Scribner's publishes Edith Wharton's novella Madame de Treymes.

Feb 3
Author James Michener is born in New York City, parents unknown.

Feb 8
William James gives his final Pragmatism lecture at Columbia.

Feb 14
The first U. S. foxhound association is formed in New York City.

Feb 16
Western painter Charles M. Russell has his first major East Coast show at the Reverend Newell Dwight Hillis' Plymouth Church, in Brooklyn.

Feb 17
W. E. B. DuBois, speaking in New York City, claims that mixed blood has benefitted white geniuses.

Feb 18
600,000 tons of grain are shipped through New York City to help relieve the famine raging in Russia.

The New York Stock Exchange plunges rapidly. The average American, not heavily into stocks, pays little attention.

Mar 1
The Salvation Army opens a suicide prevention center in New York City.

Mar 4
The Batavia Board of Education grants graduating seniors caps and gowns.

Mar 13
The New York stock market crashes when prices drop sharply.

Mar 14
The U. S. announces plans to help shore up the stock market.

Mar 18
A permanent fish market building is opened at New York's Fulton and South Streets.

Apr 14
The National Arbitration and Peace Congress, presided over by Andrew Carnegie, meets in New York to promote support for the upcoming Hague Conference. Roosevelt urges arbitration for the settling of international disputes.

Apr 25
Actress Paula Trueman is born in New York City.

New York City gets the first taxicabs in the U. S., from France.

May 1
Captain Raymond Staines and his animal act appears at the Ontario Beach Park midway, at Charlotte.

May 3
5,335 immigrants pass through Ellis Island today.

May 4
Dance critic Lincoln Kirsten is born in Rochester. ** 20,000 socialists parade in New York City in support of International Workers of the World (IWW) leader William Haywood, soon to be tried in Idaho. ** Canandaigua's Arvanite brothers open their second store, at 56 South Main Street, featuring a soda fountain.

May 15
The Japanese fleet visits New York City.

May 20
The National Association of Manufacturers meet in New York City, ask members to raise $500,000 to fight organized labor.

May 21
A train collides with a trolley near Brooklyn's Coney Island. Forty people are injured.

May 22
The New York State legislature creates the Public Utilities Commission.

Glenn Curtiss makes his first dirigible flight near New York's Keuka Lake. ** Theodore Dreiser becomes editor of the Butterick Company's women's magazines. He has his appendix removed.

Jun 28
Thirteen Washington Senators base runners steal bases on New York Yankees catcher Branch Rickey.

Glenn Curtiss travels to Nova Scotia to aid Alexander Graham Bell in aviation experiments. ** Charles and Carmela Mancuso and their six children arrive in Batavia by train from New Orleans.

Jul 1
Cars of the Rochester, Syracuse and Eastern Railway interurban reach downtown Rochester.

Jul 2
A falling boulder kills two workmen on the Pennsylvania Railroad's Hudson River tunnel.

Jul 6
The Tanner Brothers canning factory in Bergen opens.

Jul 8
Florenz Ziegfeld's Follies of 1907, his first, opens at the New York Theater Roof Garden.

Jul 12
U. S. comic Milton Berlinger (Milton Berle) is born in New York City.

Jul 16
U. S. actress Ruby Stevens (Barbara Stanwyck) is born in Brooklyn.

Demolition for New York City's Pennsylvania Station is completed.

Aug 4
A race riot breaks out in Harlem.

Aug 7
Stock prices drop back to the level of March.

Aug 8
Bandleader-composer-trumpeter and alto saxophonist Bennett Lester (Benny Carter) is born in New York City.

Aug 24
New York City's Singer Building, still under construction, becomes the tallest man- made structure in the world.

Aug 31
Jazz composer-arranger, saxophone and violin player Edgar Melvin "The Lamb" Sampson is born in New York City.

Contract 12 is awarded to Stewart-Kerbaugh-Shanley to dredge a channel from Oneida Lake to Mosquito Point on the Seneca River, for the Erie Barge Canal.

Sep 7
Impresario Oscar Hammerstein announces he will build five opera house in New York City.

Sep 9
A piedigrotta (annual song festival) is held at New York City's newly-redesigned Villa Vottorio Emmanuele III theater. The new interiors are by Gaetano Sorrentino.

Sep 11
The Lusitania docks in New York harbor, having made the voyage from Queenstown, Ireland, in five days and fifty-four minutes.

Sep 30
New York City's Plaza Hotel opens.

Scribner's publishes Edith Wharton's The Fruit of the Tree.

Oct 1
Racketeer Albert J. Adams commits suicide in his apartment in New York City's Ansonia Hotel.

Oct 11
The Lusitania arrives back in Europe, having made the crossing in a record 4 days.

Oct 16
Copper magnates Augustus Heringe and Charles Moore fail to corner the market. Wall Street panics.

Oct 21
A panic begins with a run on the Knickerbocker Trust Company in New York. The bank goes under.

The Lusitania sets an Ireland-to-New York record of 4 days, 18 hours and 40 minutes.

Nov 4
Financier J. P. Morgan calls New York City bankers to his mansion there, then locks them in until they arrive at a plan to shore up the failing stock market.

Nov 18
Augustus Thomas' play The Witching Hour opens at New York's Hackett Theatre. ** Italian tenor Enrico Caruso opens the season of the Metropolitan Opera, starring in Adriana Lecouvreur.

William James works on the Oxford lectures and addresses the American Philosophical Association meeting at Cornell on The Meaning of the Word Truth.

Dec 25
Bandleader-vocalist Cab(ell) Calloway is born in Rochester.

Dec 31
U. S. suffragists hold a rally in New York City, to open their campaign for votes for women.

Cass Gilbert's Customs House is completed, in lower Manhattan, with sculptures by Daniel Chester French and Adolph Weinman and murals by Reginald Marsh. ** Fraunces Tavern is built on the lower Manhattan site of the original by William Mersereau, even though the plans are mostly guesswork. ** The Merchants' Exchange building is enlarged and remodeled by McKim, Mead & White as the head office of First National City Bank. ** The Ambrose Lightship is put into service 25 miles off the mouth of the Hudson River, to act as a beacon. ** Cunard piers 53 and 54 are constructed on the North River. ** The city buys land on both sides of the Bronx River, to prevent pollution of its water. A roadway is built along the river, the first of the areas's system of parkways. ** The Esperanto apartment house at 229 West 107th Street is completed. ** Plans are drawn for a Chambers Street subway station. ** 125,126 babies are born here this year. ** Syrian-born New York City doctor-essayist-poet Rizq George Haddad moves to 56 Garden Place, Brooklyn. ** Mayor George B. McClellan begins strict enforcement of blue laws, crippling entertainment in the city. Vaudeville producer Percy Williams sues the city and the State Supreme Court reverses the ban. ** Toyohiko Takami founds the Japanese Mutual Aid Society. ** Financier J. P. Morgan convinces former American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) president Theodore N. Vail to return to the post, healing a twenty- year rift. ** 1,285,349 arrive in the U. S. through Ellis Island, setting a record. ** The population reaches three-and-a-half million. ** The National Tuberculosis Association (later the American Lung Association) is founded. ** Land is set aside on the Hudson River between 114th and 118th streets to build a 40-foot deep "water- gate"to commemorate the centennial of Fulton's first steamboat voyage. ** Genevieve Beavers (Earle) graduates from Adelphi College.

The Brooklyn Hotel in Center Moriches, Long Island, burns down. The hotel laundry site is bought by Frank F. Penny for use as a boatshop. ** Ellenville's Sun-Ray spring water company begins construction of a large bottling facility. ** Brockport novelist Mary Jane Holmes dies. ** Jell-O sales gross over $1,000,000. ** David Lear Buckman's Old Steamboat Days of the Hudson River . ** Resort owner John Starin leaves the Transit Commission. ** The Genesee County Board of Supervisors authorizes a $50 reward for the apprehension of a local horse thief. ** A whale is killed off Amagansett, the last one for the town. ** The Tonawanda High School basketball team defeats every high school it plays and even takes on colleges, such as Keuka College and Yale University varsity; loses a match to the professional German Orioles of Buffalo by only 43 to 38. ** Novelist/memoirist/correspondent Helen Brown (Lawrenson) is born in LaFareville. ** U. S. Secretary of War William Howard Taft conducts hearings on diversion of water from the Niagara River for power, is appalled by the ugliness of the power stations on the High Bank.

Local pianist Monica Dailey gives a concert in London. ** Lawyer Alice Day marries farmer-lawyer Fred D. Gardner. They settle on a farm outside of Alexander, name it Locust Level Farm.

The American grain elevator is built. ** St. Adelbert's church is designated a basilica. ** Frank Lloyd Wright's Larkin Building is completed.

The city police hire Italian interpreter Alexander Elliott. ** George Eastman and John Ewing Durand donate land on Lake Ontario to the city for a park. ** The New York Central Railroad is rumored to be considering replacing its St. Paul Street station. The city brings consulting engineer William J. Wilgus to Rochester to plan for a new station, over the Genesee River. The railroad releases new plans, ignoring the Wilgus Plan. ** Construction begins on architect Claude Bragdon's Universalist Church. His wife Charlotte (Wilkinson) dies during childbirth. ** The city annexes Culver Road and the new Durand Eastman Park, increasing it's own total size to 21.38 square miles. ** A History of the Brewery and Liquor Industry of Rochester is published. ** The Duffy- McInnerney Company department store at North Fitzhugh and West Main opens. ** The Hotel Rochester is erected on the former site of the National Hotel.

Producer Martin Beck is arrested for driving 18 miles an hour in New York City limits. ** Performer Gertrude Hoffman is arrested for indecent dancing. The incident was rigged by producer William Hammerstein to get publicity. Hoffman is ordered to wear ankle-length tights. ** Producers Hurtig and Seamon add a lunch counter to their theater'sMetropolis Roof, where patrons are entertained by Joe Ali's band and provided with a twenty-minute lunch break. Producers Mark Klaw and A. L. Erlanger borrow sculptures and paintings from impresario John Augustin Daly to decorate the lobbies of their Radio City Music Hall and Roxy theaters.


Florence L. Cross publishes a letter in the Rochester Post Express, to gather support for the Housekeeping Center opened on Frank Street for the Italian community.

Jan 1
Gustav Mahler makes his U. S. debut, conducting Tristan und Isolde at the Metropolitan Opera. ** A new city charter goes into effect in Rochester.

Jan 2
Batavia appoints a commission to plan for a Soldiers' Monument.

Jan 3
Manhattan and Long Island City are joined by railroad tunnels.

Jan 8
A subway linking Manhattan and Brooklyn goes into service.

Jan 17
Wireless operators in New York City's Times Tower pick up transmissions from Puerto Rico.

Jan 21
New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, prohibiting smoking by women in public places. Mayor George B. McClellan, Jr. will veto the measure.

Jan 22
Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette on New York City's Bowery.

Jan 23
U. S. composer Edward MacDowell dies in New York City at the age of 46.

Jan 27
New York City police begin using dogs.

Feb 11
Screenwriter Philip Dunne is born in New York City to political humorist Finley Peter Dunne and Olympic golfer Margaret Abbott.

Feb 12
A New York-to-Paris automobile race gets under way. Six cars depart from Times Square an Italian, a German, an American and three French vehicles.

Feb 18
The U. S. entry in the New York-to-Paris race, a Thomas Flyer, manufactured by the Thomas Motor Company of Buffalo and driven by George Schuster, reaches Toledo, Ohio, 29 miles ahead of the number two contestant.

Feb 24
Henry Ludlowe opens in New York City in Richard III.

Feb 25
A tunnel under the East River, from New York to Hoboken, New Jersey, begins operations. 100,000 people use it on the first day.

Feb 28
Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova makes her U. S. debut at the Metropolitan Opera House. ** Professor Meyulan of Columbia University insists that reports of the danger of tobacco smoking are exaggerated.

Mar 1
Participants in the New York-to-Paris race become mired in the mud in Iowa.

Mar 2
The Committee of the Russian Republican Administration is founded in New York City.

Mar 4
Whipping is banned in New York City schools.

Mar 8
Women march in New York City for suffrage and against child labor.

Mar 9
Governor Charles Evans Hughes insists crime and violence in New York City is due to overcrowding.

Mar 12
Canadian flier Frederick Walker "Casey" Baldwin, flying the Red Wing at Keuka Lake, makes the longest heavier-than-air flight in the U. S. staying aloft for 318 feet and 11 inches. He is the first British subject to fly an airplane.

Mar 20
Ludwig Van Beethoven's Fidelio has its U. S. premiere at the Metropolitan Opera.

Mar 26
George Schuster and his Thomas Flyer embark aboard a ship for Alaska, at Seattle, still in the lead.

Mar 27
The new bell in Elba's Baptist Church is rung for the first time.

Apr 13
Italy's Zust automobile and France's Di Dion take the lead, sail for Japan, as Schuster and his Flyer make their way toward Alaska.

Vilhjalmur Stefansson and Rudolph Martin Anderson leave New York City on a four- year scientific mission to study the Inuit Indians near Canada's Mackenzie River, as wellas to make zoological surveys. ** A fire in Batavia destroys a horse shed belonging to Milo. B. Langworthy and E. E. Kellogg's Pan American Farmers' Sheds, on State Street. Both men rebuild, Kellogg utilizing the services of Rochester builder Charles Alexander.

May 7
The second tunnel linking New York City and New Jersey is completed.

May 8
The Ellis Island Immigration Center lays off 100 employees because of falling immigration rates

May 12
The Child Labor Association of Club Women is founded in New York City.

May 15
The French and Italian entries drop out of the New York-to-Paris race.

May 20
French entry automobile driver St. Chaffray, stranded in Vladivostok, Russia, buys up all the gasoline in the area and demands a spot in another car in return for gas.

Jun 13
Le Roy residents vote to spend $80,000 on a new school.

Jun 15
Florenz Ziegfeld's Follies of 1908 opens at New York's Jardin de Paris Theater, with book and lyrics by Harry B. Smith and music by Maurice Levi and others. Nora Bayes introduces the song Shine On, Harvest Moon, with lyrics by her husband Jack. ** Karl Hoschna and Otto Abels Harbach's The Three Twins opens at New York City's Herald Square Theater, introduces the song Cuddle Up a Little Closer. ** The first masonry for Pennsylvania Station is erected.

Jun 18
The Republican National Convention nominates William H. Taft and New York State's James S. Sherman.

Jun 29
Architectural plans for a 909 -foot Equitable Life building are presented to the City of New York.

Jul 1
The U. S. entry in the international automobile race sinks in a Siberian swamp, necessitating major repairs.

Jul 2
The Socialists meet in New York City.

Jul 4
Curtiss wins the Scientific American trophy at Hammondsport, piloting the June Bug over one kilometer, the first pre-announced, AEA-observed flight.

Jul 5
Augustus Gilhays and Donald L. Munro are nominated by the Socialists.

Jul 6
Robert Edwin Peary sails from New York on the Roosevelt, on a Polar expedition.

July 8
75 members of the Geneva Automobile Club travel from Geneva to Victor, stopping for dinner in Canandaigua and having their photograph taken.

Jul 23
Eight cadets at the West Point Military Academy face expulsion for hazing incidents. One cadet, accused of striking students, is dismissed.

Jul 25
The German auto team arrives in Paris, the first of the contestants to do so. They are penalized for breaking the rules along the way, leaving the U. S. entry as the winner of the race.

Jul 31
Shipping rates for New York-to-Europe freight doubles.

The Reverend Hyacinth Ciabbatoni celebrates the first Mass in Batavia's new St. Anthony of Padua Church parish. Several weeks later he buys a house on the corner of Liberty Street and Central Avenue from the Sheer family, to convert into a church.

Aug 3
The motorboat Dixie II successfully defends her title at the British International Motorboat Cup races held at Huntington, Long Island.

Aug 11
Jazz alto saxophone and clarinet player Russell Procope is born in New York City.

Aug 12
After a number of its trestles are washed out by Lake Ontario waters, forcing a foreclosure, the Rochester, Charlotte & Manitou Beach Railway trolley line is reorganized as the Rochester & Manitou Railroad.

Aug 14
The Rochester & Manitou Railroad resumes service.

Aug 17
Booth Tarkington and Harry Leon Wilson's The Man From Home opens at New York's Astor Theater.

Aug 31
Glen MacDonough and Victor Herbert's Algeria opens at New York's Broadway Theatre.

Sep 2
The first car of the Buffalo, Lockport and Rochester Railway Company interurban is run over the line, between Rochester and Albion, carrying an party of company officials.

Sep 4
The Buffalo, Lockport and Rochester Railway interurban is opened to the public.

Sep 7
Washington Senator pitcher Walter Johnson pitches a complete shutout for the third time in a four-games series against the New York Highlanders (later the Yankees).

Sep 23
New York Giants player Fred Merkle, playing in a game against the Chicago Cubs, on first base, assumes a hit has driven a run in, and neglects to touch second base. He's tagged out and the game is declared a tie. New York loses the pennant.

Sep 24
Doctors in New York City receive a Russian serum reputed to cure tuberculosis.

Sep 26
Chicago Cubs pitcher Edward "Big Ed" Reulbach, playing against the Brooklyn Superbas, becomes the first pitcher to pitch shutouts in both games of a double-header.

Oct 5
George M. Cohan's The American Idea opens in New York City.

Oct 24
Auto racer George Robertson becomes the first American to win Long Island's Vanderbilt Cup race.

Oct 30
Mrs. William Waldorf Astor dies, in New York City.

George Westinghouse is awarded electrical contracts for Pennsylvania Railroad tunnels under the Hudson. ** Rochester Italians revive a Sicilian passion play.

Nov 3
Taft and Sherman are elected, with a Electoral College vote of 314-169.

Nov 4
The Brooklyn Academy of Music opens.

Nov 16
Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini makes his U. S. debut, directing Aida at theMetropolitan Opera.

Nov 17
The Buffalo, Lockport and Rochester Railway interurban is formally opened to Lockport, where connections can be made to Olcott, Buffalo and Niagara Falls, via Buffalo's International Railway Company.

Nov 25
In a rematch, Olympic marathoner Dorando Pietri beats John Hayes by 60 yards in a marathon at Madison Square Garden.

Dec 11
Composer Elliott Carter is born in New York City.

Dec 23
Maude Adams opens in J. M. Barrie's What Every Woman Knows, in New York City.

Dec 24
Anthony Comstock's Society for the Prevention of Vice persuades the mayor of New York to censor films, and close theaters on Sundays.

Dec 27
Followers of doomsday prophet Lee J. Spangler sit on a mountaintop in Nyack, awaiting the destruction of the world.

Dec 29
Bergen votes to establish a Municipal Electric Light Plant.

Charles F. Rogers' 777 Madison Avenue apartment house opens, on the former site of All Souls Church. ** The Interurban Rapid Transit (IRT) subway system is extended to Kingsbridge, in the Bronx. ** Ernest Flagg's Singer Building, at 47 stories, the world's tallest, is completed. ** The cable railway on the Brooklyn Bridge is converted to an electric traction system. ** The Belnord, the world's largest apartment building, is completed, on Upper Broadway. ** William Waldorf Astor's Anthorp Apartments, designed by Clinton & Russell, are built. ** The Queensboro Realty Company syndicate headed by Edward A. MacDougal, with Justice P. Henry Dugro as its agent, begins buying the land that will become Jackson Heights. ** Frederic Remington exhibits at the M. Knoedler and Company galleries in New York City. ** George Bellows and William Glackens found the Ashcan school of art in New York City. They are members of the group known as the Eight, which also includes George Luks, John French Sloan, Everett Shinn, Maurice Prendergast, Ernest Lawson, and Arthur B. Davies. ** Bellows' North River. ** Jack London's The Iron Heel is published. ** Financier Otto H. Kahn becomes chairman of the Metropolitan Opera, serves in the post through 1931; Milan's Giulio Gatti-Casazza is hired as manager. ** Journalist Willing English Walling reports on a race riot for the liberal weekly New York Independent., describing the plight of U. S. blacks. Social worker Mary White Ovington contacts him, resulting in next year's founding of the NAACP. ** The manager of the Dewey Theatre advertises his theater is cooled by 25 fansduring the summer. ** Isadora Duncan begins gaining success here and in London. ** The lightship Ambrose is stationed at the entrance to the harbor. ** An article in the North American Review by Police Commissioner Theodore Bingham claims that over half of the city's criminals are Jews. ** Genevieve Beavers Earle goes to work for the Bureau of Municipal Research. ** Charles Platt's 131 East 66th Street building is completed.

John D. Rockefeller's Kykuit mansion is completed in Pocantico Hills. The first part of his memoir Random Reminiscences comes out. It will be completed next year. ** Pittsford bean mill owner-operator Ted Zornow, Sr. is born on a farm east of the village. ** A Yonkers audience boos Mlle. Froelich, a "Salome" dancer, off the stage. ** Work begins on the portion of the Erie Barge Canal between Oneida Lake and Mosquito Point, on the Seneca River. ** Rose O'Neill is commissioned to photograph Jell-O child model Elizabeth King for the Le Roy-based food company. The photo will be used into the mid-forties. ** The Parce family buys Syracuse's Gridley-Slocum House. ** Monroe County sheriff Willis K. Gillette begins using a sedan automobile. ** State senator George F. Argetsinger of Rochester sponsors a bill to require the state to turn abandoned canal lands over to municipalities. The bill fails. ** The approximate date George Naas erects an evaporator at Cohocton, for making dried apples. ** The Schoelkopf Bridge over the Hydraulic Canal at Niagara Falls is completed. ** Herman L. Fairchild's "Pleistocene history of the Genesee Valley" is published by the New York State Museum.

The twelve-bed Batavia Hospital (later Genesee Memorial) is enlarged to accommodate 50 beds. ** Pianist Monica Dailey begins touring the U. S.

The Wheeler and Kellogg grain elevators are built. ** The Sisters of St. Francis purchase land on Lewiston's Lower River Road from Barbara M. A. March, for the Stella Niagara Cemetery for priests and nuns. ** The Colorado Fuel & Iron Company opens the Wickwire-Spencer Steel Company plant on River Road.

William Smith college is founded. Departments of biology, psychology, and sociology are added to the curriculum, as well as to that of Hobart College. ** A wing is added to the east end of the Pulteney Land Office on Washington Street.

Frank Lloyd Wright designs a house for Edward Boynton. ** The first Lilac Sunday is held. ** A trolley line to the Seabreeze amusement park opens. ** A fire at North Water and St. Paul streets destroys several buildings. ** The Children's Playground League opens a playground on Front Street. ** Claude Bragdon's Universalist Church is completed. His Bevier Memorial Building is built on the site of Nathaniel Rochester's Washington Street home, for the Rochester Institute of Technology's School of Free and Applied Arts. ** An addition is made to Irondequoit High School. ** The city annexes the Baker Farm and the Genesee Valley Park, increasing its own size to 21.59 square miles. ** Bausch & Lombincorporates as Bausch & Lomb Optical Co. ** The Rochester Socialist declares for economic determinism, including collective ownership of production and distribution.


( Updated 5 / 23 / 2004 )

Jan 19
Frances Starr, Edward H. Robins, William Sampson, and Joseph Kilgour open in Eugene Walter's play The Easiest Way at New York's Stuyvesant (next year the Belasco) Theatre.

Feb 4
Jazz bass player Arthur "Artie" Bernstein is born in Brooklyn.

Feb 12
Booker T. Washington attends the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth, in New York City. ** Champion fox terrier Warren Remedy wins best-in-show at New York City's Westminster dog show for the third year in a row.

The New York State Railways system assumes control of Rochester's street railways, the Rochester & Sodus Bay system, and the Rochester & Eastern Rapid Railway. It also takes control of systems in Utica and Oneida, and some Syracuse lines.

Mar 27
Businessman John Starin, 83, dies in New York City.

Mar 28
Pan American Exposition treasurer George L. Williams of Buffalo transfers four deeds to local property to Charles S. Hinchman of Philadelphia for $450,000 and a Delaware farm.

Mar 30
Gustav Lindenthal's Queensboro Bridge over the East River is opened to traffic.

New York City Chinese comedian Ah Hoon makes fun of tong leader Mock Duck.

Apr 11
Temperatures in New York City drop to 24 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

May 9
Architect Gordon Bunshaft is born in Buffalo.

Jun 7
New York City anesthesiologist Dr. Virginia Apgar is born in Westfield, New Jersey.

Jun 8
A Polish-born worker named Duysick, hired by the Ford and Waixel Company, is smothered to death when a stairwell collapses during the demolition of the Manhattan Theatre (formerly the Eagle, then the Standard) at Broadway and West 33rd Street. Three fellow immigrants, Salustvi, Duiskowski and Venka, are injured. The theater was being torn down to make way for the new Gimbels department store.

Jun 10
Radio commentator Larry Lesuer is born in New York City.

Jun 14
Florenz Ziegfeld's Follies of 1909 opens at New York's Jardin de Paris Theatre.

George L. Williams discontinues his legal action against Hinchman and against Milton C. Quimby of Staten Island for attempting to defraud him of parcels of Buffalo real estate as supposed security for loans. Williams continues the action against his brother in-law, J. Edward "Gas" Addicks.

Jul 12
The Queensboro Bridge is dedicated.

Jul 18
Business and professional leaders of Buffalo, New York, meet at the buffalo Club in honor of George L. Williams, prior to his upcoming move to New York City to live with his children.

Jul 24
Glenn Curtiss wins the Scientific American trophy for the second year in a row.

Jul 30
The stonework on Pennsylvania Station is completed.

Aug 27
Viennese Psychologist Sigmund Freud, accompanied by doctors Carl Gustav Jung and Sandor Ferenczi, arrives in New York City on the George Washington, prior to lecturing at Massachusetts' Clark University. They visit Central Park, Chinatown, the Jewish ghetto and Coney Island.

Aug 29
Glenn H. Curtiss, piloting the "Rheims Flyer", wins the James Gordon Bennett cup in the first international air races, at Rheims, France, flying at an average speed of 46.5 miles an hour. ** Freud and his companions visit the Metropolitan Museum and Columbia University.

Aug 29
Freud's group dines at Hammerstein's Roof Garden and see their first movie.

Aug 30
Freud, Jung and Ferenczi visit more museums.

Sep 9
Railroad tycoon Edward Henry Harriman dies in Tuxedo Park.

Sep 13
Oscar Straus' The Chocolate Soldier opens at New York's Lyric Theatre.

Sep 14
Architect Charles Follen McKim dies, on Long Island.

Sep 21
Freud, Ferenczi and Jung sail from New York in the Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse.

Sep 25
The Hudson-Fulton celebration in New York City marks the tercentenary of Hudson's arrival and the centennial of Fulton's steamboat.

Oct 2
The Hudson-Fulton celebrations conclude.

Oct 9
George M. Cohan's The Man Who Owns Broadway opens at the New York Theatre.

Oct 12
The first official Columbus Day for New York State is held.

Oct 15
To celebrate it's industrial exposition Rochester stages a Work Horse Parade on Main Street.

Nov 18
The first Philadelphia-New York train crosses under the Hudson River.

Nov 22
The Ladies' Waist Makers of New York City's International Ladies' Garment Workers (ILGWU) begin a three-month strike. 20,000 women walk off the job. ** Lew Fields and Victor Herbert's Old Dutch opens at New York's Herald Square Theatre.

Dec 11
Color moving pictures are demonstrated at New York's Madison Square Garden. ** Composer Elliott Carter is born in New York City.

Dec 16
Congressman and state senator John Raines dies in Canandaigua at the age of 69.

Dec 18
The Rochester, Syracuse and Eastern Railway interurban begins service between Rochester and Syracuse.

Dec 27
Doctor Sarah Read Adamson Dolley, the second woman to graduate from medical school in the U. S., dies in Rochester at the age of 80.

Dec 30
Ah Hoon is murdered - on the day threatened by Mock Duck - by a henchman lowered by rope, outside the comedian's guarded room.

Dec 31
New York City's Manhattan Bridge is opened to traffic.

Richard and Joseph Howland Hunt's 1st Precinct Police Station is built. ** Ettore Ximenes' Verrazano Monument in southern Manhattan is unveiled during the celebration of the Hudson-Fulton Festival. ** The cornerstone is laid for the Whitehall Street ferry terminal. ** The Brooklyn Heights cable railway system is electrified. ** Enrollment in Pace accounting schools exceeds three hundred. ** Democratic judge William J. Gaynor defeats Fusion Party candidate Otto T. Bannard, and publisher William Randolph Hearst, running as an Independent, to become mayor, serving 1910-1913. ** Future physician Toyohiko Takami marries Sona Oguri. ** Choreographer-dancer Agnes George de Mille is born. ** The city-based sail fleet contains 61 vessels. ** Producer Martin Beck installs 15-piece orchestras in all of the theaters on the Orpheum circuit. ** The eskimo Minik returns home when explorer Robert Peary is shamed into providing his passage from the city. ** The annual total of immigrants reaches one million. Nearly a quarter remain in the city. ** Brooklyn's Arbuckle Brothers wholesale grocery chain organizes the Jay Street Connecting Railway Company to provide local switching facilities for firms in the Jay Street Terminal District. ** Former Italian-American banker Fausto D. Malzone dies of malaria, contracted seven years earlier. ** Townsend MacCoun publishes the map "THE ISLAND OF MANHATTAN AT THE TIME OF ITS DISCOVERY" delineating the island's 1909 creeks, swamps and ponds. ** Macmillan publishes Jack London's Martin Eden. ** Society architect Frederick J. Sterner redesigns the block of townhouses and carriage houses on East 19th Street between Third Avenue and Irving Place. ** The Shubert Organization takes over the Broadway Theatre. ** Moses King, publisher of U. S. city guides, dies in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in his mid-fifties.

The State legislature votes to improve the Cayuga and Seneca Canal(s): junction of the Seneca and Clyde rivers to Cayuga Lake (Cayuga Canal); the Cayuga Canal to Seneca Falls (Seneca Canal). ** Construction is begun on Geneva's Nester House (Geneva on-the-Lake). ** Architect Bryant Fleming remodels Dr. Philo Hayes' former sanitarium in Wyoming, converting it to a residence, Hillside. ** Inventor George B. Selden successfully sues Henry Ford for patent infringement. ** Perry's salt works close. ** Le Roy's Genesee Pure Food Company (Jell-O) posts profits of $1,000,000. ** Parcels of land adjoining the State's canal terminal property on the west side of Baldwinsville are purchased as a site for State-operated drydocks for the Barge Canal. ** A development schematic map for Saranac Lake designates the area around the Saranac River as site for stockpiling debris. ** Saratoga Springs is named a state reservation. ** An attempt to use the 1790 US Census to determine the European backgrounds of New York's whites is judged inadequate.

The Crickler Bottling Works buys out the Eager Brewery. ** Father Hyacinth Ciabbatoni, first priest of St Anthony's Church, is transferred to Milwaukee. He is replaced by Oakfield priest Father Joseph Laguzzi. ** Fred B. Parker begins using the horse sheds off State Street to house imported horses from the west, selling them with partner Charles D. Harris under the name The F. B. Parker Horse Company.

The American grain elevator is built. ** St. Adelbert's church is designated a basilica. ** Frank Lloyd Wright's Larkin Building and E. B. Green's Chamber of Commerce Building are completed.

Canada's Richlieu and Ontario Navigation Company begins running the passenger steamer Rochester between the city and the Thousand Islands. ** The Italian community collects $8,000 for a relief fund for victims of an earthquake in Sicily. The city ships nearly three tons of relief supplies. ** Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Church is founded, on Ontario Avenue, for the Italian Community. ** The Japanese Village is the big attraction at Ontario Beach Park this summer. ** The University of Rochester Library receives anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan's papers as a bequest.

Germantown artisan Gustav A. Dentzel carves a carousel that will end up in Charlotte's Ontario Beach Park.

© 2002 David Minor / Eagles Byte