W. E. B. Du Bois attends a black leadership conference at New York City's Carnegie Hall. He and Booker T. Washington make closing speeches. ** Theodore Dreiser gets a job as feature editor with the New York Daily News. He and his wife Sara move to the Bronx.

Jan 4
George Bernard Shaw's Candida has its New York premiere at the Madison Square Theatre.

Jan 5
Temperatures in New York City drop to 4 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.

Jan 8
New Yorker cartoonist Peter Arno is born in New York City.

Jan 23
Objectivist poet Louis Zukofsky is born in New York City.

Willa Cather's story A Wagner Matinee, painting a picture of a farm woman's dreary life, appears in Everybody's Magazine.

Feb 1
Humorist Sidney Joseph Perelman is born in Brooklyn.

Feb 4
Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle carries its first color Sunday comic strip - Circus Solly, the Flying Marvel.

Feb 26
A fire starts in the elevator shaft of the Rochester Dry Goods Company at 5:15 AM. Firemen arrive on the scene. The Beadle Sherburne Company is set afire and collapses at 9:00 AM. At 10:10 the $500,000 Granite Building is next to go up in flames and collapse. By now fire companies from Buffalo and Syracuse have appeared.

Feb 27
The fire is finally put out at 8:15 AM. Damages to the block total $4,000,000 and 3,000 employees are put out of work.

Mar 7
Workers in the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees (AASERE), the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (BLE) and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (BLF) walk off the job.

Mar 11
The transportation workers give and an open shop is imposed.

Mar 12
The two crews constructing a tunnel beneath New York City's Hudson River break through the remaining soil and meet in the middle. Hudson and Manhattan Railroad president William Gibbs McAdoo and his party walk through, under the river.

Mar 16
Niagara Falls Power Company's Powerhouse No. 2, containing 11 generators, is completed in Niagara Falls, New York.

Mar 26
Mythology scholar Joseph Campbell is born, in New Rochelle.

Scribner's publishes Edith Wharton's story collection The Descent of Man. ** Bergen's High School Athletic Association organizes a baseball team.

Apr 21
New York City's Polo Grounds sports field opens.

Apr 22
Physicist Julius Robert Oppenheimer is born in New York City.

May 12
The racehorse Tanya sets the world record for four-and-a-half furlongs, at New York's Morris Park doing the distance in 51.5 seconds.

May 21
Composer-pianist Thomas "Fats" Waller is born in New York City.

The United States Gypsum Company takes over Oakfield's Plaster Manufacturing Company plant.

Jun 4
Francis Thomas Young dies of a bullet wound while riding in a New York City hansom cab with Floradora Girl Nan Patterson on his way to a second-honeymoon cruise with his wife. Patterson claims it was suicide, but murder is suspected. She is never convicted.

Jun 15
The excursion steamer General Slocum burns in New York's East River. 1,030 die. ** The first Rochester & Eastern Rapid Railway interurban cars reach Geneva, New York.

Jun 23
The first motorboat race is held, in the Hudson River. Standard wins the gold cup, averaging 19.67 nautical miles per hour in the 32-mile course.

Rochester bans fireworks. ** William Dibble purchases Edward Gibbon's Batavia lunch cart, features Western eggs.

Jul 1
New York City tailors go out on strike.

Jul 2
The Socialist nominating convention meets in New York City.

Jul 8
The Socialists nominate Charles Hunter Corregan and William Wesley Coxe.

Jul 19
New York Yankees shortstop Mark Koenig is born in San Francisco.

Construction begins on Clifford Beebe's Rochester, Syracuse and Eastern Railway interurban line. ** Great Lakes captain James Pappa of Oswego becomes ill.

Sep 1
Helen Keller, blind and deaf since the age of two, graduates from Radcliffe College.

Sep 13
Anne Crawford Flexner's adaptation of Alice Hegan Rice's Mrs Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch and Lovey Mary, under the first title, opens at New York's Savoy Theatre.

Sep 28
A woman is arrested in New York City for smoking a cigarette in an open car on Fifth Avenue.

Oct 4
The Interborough Rapid Transit Company and New York City build an electric subway (the IRT) running up the eastern side of Manhattan, from City Hall to West 145th Street. The trip takes 26 minutes. ** Statue of Liberty sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi dies in Paris.

Oct 8
The first Vanderbilt Cup auto race is held on New York's Long Island. George Heath drives a Panhard to victory, averaging 52.2 miles per hour.

Oct 16
The Lackawanna Railroad buys the harbor lighterage equipment of businessman and resort owner John Starin.

Oct 18
Columnist-author Abbott Joseph (A. J.) Liebling is born in New York City.

Oct 27
The IRT is opened to the public.

Nov 7
George M. Cohan and Sam Harris' Little Johnny Jones opens at New York's Liberty Theater.

Nov 14
Writer and social critic Marya Mannes is born in Manhattan.

John Starin's excursion steamer Glen Island catches fire on Long Island Sound while on a run from Manhattan to New Haven, Connecticut. 7 crew members and 2 passengers are killed. ** Edith Wharton returns to New York City from Massachusetts.

Dec 12
C. M. S. McLellan's Leah Kleschna, starring Minnie Madern Fiske and George Arliss, opens at New York's Manhattan Theatre.

Dec 18
Captain James Pappa dies in his mid-seventies at his home in Oswego.

A mass rent strike is staged in the Lower East Side. ** The Jewish Museum opens. Judge Mayer Sulzberger begins the collection with a donation of books, manuscripts and objects to the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. ** Marcus Loew and Adolph Zukor open a film theater. ** The Broadway subway line is completed. ** Rhea Wallace, wife of disgraced former Museum of Natural History superintendent William Wallace and foster mother of the Greenland eskimo boy Minik, dies. William and Minik move to a flat in the Bronx. ** Lawyer William Gibbs McAdoo organizes and oversees the first tunnel under the Hudson River, and founds the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. He pays female ticket sellers the same pay as males. ** The Ansonia luxury apartment complex is completed. ** William Waldorf Astor's Hotel Astor, designed by Clinton & Russell, is built. ** Credit Mobilier financier George Francis Train dies in New York City's cheap Mills Hotel.] ** Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Steichen open the Photo Secession Photo Gallery. ** Longacre Square is renamed Times Square, for the New York Times Building. ** The Morris Park racetrack in the Bronx closes. ** Construction begins on the Robert Gair's paper manufacturing complex, in Brooklyn's Jay Street Terminal District.

Louis Comfort Tiffany builds himself a mansion on Long Island's Oyster Bay. ** The approximate date Francis C. Pollay of Pulteney writes an account of his service, as a ship's carpenter, with Commodore Perry's 1852 expedition to Japan. ** The Rochester & Eastern Rapid Railway interurban is completed to Geneva. One of the company's trains outraces a train on the Auburn branch of the New York Central. ** A lodge is built at Mud Pond (later called Elk Lake), in the Adirondacks. ** Balloonist "Captain" Thomas S. Baldwin travels to Hammondsport to commission a new engine from Glenn Curtiss for his dirigible California Arrow. ** Robert Ferdinand Wagner, Sr., is elected to the State Assembly.

Aldermen begin studying revisions to the village charter. ** Grand Rapids, Michigan, railroad executive Daniel McCool marries Kate Fisher in her family's East Main Street home. ** Attorney Harris Day dies. His daughter Alice Day Gardner, his partner, continues the practice. Her brother George joins the practice.

Main Street is paved with bricks. ** The F. F. Thompson Hospital, containing 50 rooms and a staff of 34, is dedicated. The $200,000 building was donated by Mary Thompson in her husband F. F. Thompson's memory and designed by Frances Allen of Boston. Herman Hatchins of Chapin Street is the first patient. ** The first Canandaigua Academy building is demolished when the school become part of the public system.

Local units of the Bersagliere La Marmora, Regina Elena, Giovanni Garibaldi, Duca Degli Abruzzi and Joseph Verdi societies celebrate Victor Emmanuel Day. ** Samuel Wilder rebuilds his Academy of Music on Exchange Place and renames it the Corinthian Theater. Exchange Place becomes Corinthian Street. ** Sibley's Department Store is destroyed by fire, resulting in $2,500,000 in property losses. ** Claude Bragdon presents the city with his designs for a civic center. ** Various utility companies are merged to form the Rochester Railway and Light Company.

West Point
Joseph Warren Stilwell graduates. ** Ralph Adams Cram's administration office is completed.



( Updated 6 / 6 / 2004 )

The serialization of Edith Wharton's The House of Mirth begins in Scribner's. Henry James visits her in New York City. ** Frederick Beckman, owner of the Staten Island house where Giuseppi Garibaldi lived in the early 1850s, dies, his heirs want the house moved off the property. The Garibaldi Society of Staten Island begins raising money to buy new land.

Jan 9
George Bernard Shaw's You Never Can Tell opens in New York City.

Jan 30
250 exhibitors display their products at the New York Auto Show at Madison Square Garden. ** Johann Hoch is arrested in New York City and charged with murdering nine wives.

Feb 7
Cannery owner Simeon G. Curtice dies in Webster at the age of 65.

Feb 11
New York's Casino Theatre is partially destroyed by fire. ** Bessie Baker Little Schoff of Rochester shoots her husband Garry in the face at their flat at 27 Frank Street. He survives.

Feb 14
Pianist Ignace Jan Paderewski performs at Rochester's Lyceum Theater.

Feb 15
Composer Harold Arlen is born in Buffalo.

Edith Wharton completes The House of Mirth, two months after serialization has already begun. Scribner's publishes her Italian Backgrounds.

Mar 17
Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his fifth cousin Anna Eleanor Roosevelt are married in New York City. Her uncle, president Theodore Roosevelt, gives her away.

Mar 22
Louis Himmel (alias Jacob Wheeler, and Louis Schafer) and William Frank (alias Patsy Miller, and William Goodman) try to blow the safe of Rochester, New York's Morris Rosenbloom & Company's wholesale jewelry store over 143 Main Street East. They bungle the job and flee.

Mar 25
Actor Maurice Barrymore (Herbert Blythe), 58, dies in an Amityville, Long Island, mental asylum.

Mar 26
Future Hammondsport mayor C. Arthur Niver is born in Wayne.

The new pulp magazine Smith's Journal makes its debut with Theodore Dreiser as editor. ** The Harrington-Wiard Company begins operations in Batavia.

Apr 7
U. S wrestling lightweight champion Bothner defeats Japanese jiu-jitsu champion Higashi in three straight falls in an exhibition map at New York City's Grand Central Palace.

Apr 24
Modern dance and Broadway choreographer Helen Tamaris (Becker) is born in New York City.

Ethel Barrymore opens in Hendrik Ibsen's A Doll's House in New York City.

May 1
Radium is tested in New York City as a cure for cancer.

May 3
The chorus at New York City's Metropolitan Opera go on strike.

May 4
Long Island's Belmont Park race track opens.

May 12
A ten-foot boa constrictor gets loose on New York City's Fifth Avenue, is recaptured. ** Broadway producer Sam S. Shubert, for whom New York City's Shubert Theater is named, dies.

Resort owner John Starin, possibly influenced by several steamboat disasters last year, including one of his own boats, announces his Glen Island resort will not re-open. ** Late spring storms damage crops of sugar beets, grain corn and potatoes near Clyde. ** New York National Guard captain F. G. Smith of Rochester is awarded the 15-Year Gold Medal from the State.

Jun 1
Gregg & Son's machine shop, off the Genesee River flats in Rochester, is robbed of tools.

Jun 5
New York clergymen declare the Russians are greater pagans than the Japanese.

Jun 11
Will Rogers begins appearing in vaudeville at Keith's Union Theater in New York City. ** The body of Dennis Burns, is found, wrists and throat slashed, in Frankfort. It's later learned that Burns was from Oswego; a brother claims the body. The medical report rules Burns was a suicide.

Jun 13
Rochester woman Bessie Baker Little-Schoff, arrested for shooting her husband Garry in February, is taken City Hospital, suffering from heart trouble and vision problems. Her hearing is adjourned for two weeks.

Jun 14
The Lyons store of Charles M. Blatzel is robbed.

Jun 15
East Syracuse resident Lawrence Weller encounters Andrew Kiley near Stickney's barn, a tramp rendezvous, at 3 AM. Kiley tells Weller he was the person who robbed Blatzel's store.

Jun 16
Officer Thomas Burke arrests Kiley near Fox Ridge.

Jun 19
Concerned about his livestock when rain-swollen Campbell Creek outside of Bath floods, farmer John Spraker, 54, sets out to a remote barn to see to them. He doesn't return and his family is unable to find him. ** Civil War soldier, minister and long serving U. S. Treasury clerk William W. Dean dies in Auburn at the age of 93. He will be buried in Rochester. ** Young Rochester resident Frank Tosch falls from the New York Central bridge at Atlantic Avenue while walking outside the railing and is dead before the Homeopathic Hospital ambulance reaches him.

Jun 20
Spraker's neighbors find his body near a bridge over the highway, where he had fallen while having heart trouble and was drowned. ** Geneva four-year-old Johnnie Kelliher, left with a sister while his parents go shopping, drinks part of a bottle of carbolic acid. Quick thinking an treatment by a hastily summoned Doctor George S. Means, saves him. ** Because of the flooding of the Clyde River, farmer Michael Gazely catches 27 carp weighing nearly six pounds each, 2 1/2 miles from the river. Hundreds of carp have been speared nearby and brought to Clyde for sale. ** Former schoolteacher Florilla Swetland Pierce dies in North Bloomfield a little over two months short of her 102 birthday. ** Dean M. Johnson, of Medina, recently released on a suspended sentence for passing a bad check in Niagara Falls, is re-arrested in Lockport when a warrant is received from Coopersville, Michigan, for issuing a forged note there. ** Scottsville farm laborer Thomas Leonard falls from a high wall to the rear of the hay maker in Rochester's Front street, landing in the Genesee River above the falls. Stunned by the accident he is rescued by firemen Charles Zimper, Thomas Curtin, and Alexander Sutherland. Leonard is taken to the Rescue Mission to recover before returning to the John McFarlin farm in Scottsville. ** Herbert Turner, arrested in Buffalo a few days earlier, and implicated in the Gregg & Son's robbery, is brought back to Rochester by police officer Legler for a hearing. ** 22-year-old Ray Austin falls into a vat of chemicals at his place of employment, a Rochester, New York, faucet factory at 46 Stone Street. Rushed to Hahnemann (later Highland) Hospital by ambulance. He is treated for serious burns then transferred to his home at 29 Costar Street. ** Workmen laying gas pipe for a Rochester school at Monroe Avenue and Alexander Street uncover a perfectly-preserved skeleton of a young girl, the third occasion skeletons have been found on the site, formerly East Cemetery (now Monroe High School). ** A Rochester home occupied by Andrew Kermis at 246 Oak Street catches fire, possibly caused by sparks from a freight locomotive. Fire companies 3, 4, 5 and 13, Track 3, Engines 4 and 5, and the Protectives respond to an alarm called in from a nearby box. Close to $200 in damages results. ** Frederick F. Woodruff, 38, a RFD mail carrier from Rush, in Rochester on business, dies of apoplexy while waiting for a streetcar at Main and State streets. ** Police justice Buyck of Irondequoit, New York, sentences Rochesterian August Trenkler to twenty days in jail for participating in fight at the Sea Breeze amusement park last month. Trenkler was unable to pay the $20 fine.An inquest is held in Rochester in the death of Frank Tosch. Four witnesses testify the young man purposely climbed over the railing and was walking on the outside edge of the bridge when he lost his balance. Coroner Henry Kleindienst rules the death as due to carelessness.

Jun 21
Kiley is held before Police Justice Knapp. After hearing from three witnesses Knapp holds Kiley on $300 bail, in default of which the prisoner is incarcerated until the next Grand Jury, convening in September. ** Young elevator operator Ernest Olds, an employee of Newark, New York's Reed Manufacturing Company gets caught between the car and the wall at the top of the second floor. The elevator isn't stopped until almost the third floor. Manager T. W. Martin telephones for physicians. Dr. E. P. Thatcher and W. H. Jessup arrive, decide to have the boy taken to Rochester's City Hospital. Dr. Thatcher feels the wounded leg will have to be amputated. ** The first local assembly of the Daughters of the King of the dioceses of Albany and Central New York opens in Auburn's St. John's Church. The Reverend R. M. Church delivers opening remarks. ** Warrants for Louis Himmel and William Frank are returned to Rochester police chief Hayden because the men have been tried in Albany for safe blowing, convicted, and sentenced to serve four years and six months in Dannemora prison. Montreal also has a claim on them. ** Garry Schoff testifies in Rochester police court against his wife. ** Rochester coal wagon teamster Herman Ness demands a hearing in police court after he's accused of reckless driving, speeding near downtown's Four Corners. Bail is set at $25 and a hearing's set for June 30th. ** Rochester police arrest Frank Maloy of Black Creek after a visit with brother Michael Maloy, a local blacksmith, turns into a fight. Frank Maloy is arrested by patrolman Scholl for disorderly acts and language, and harassment. ** Rochester patrolman Schring arrests James Gardiner of 331 Sherman Street for punching his wife Alice, locks him up for 3rd degree assault. ** Rochester surrogate judge George A. Benton rules against Charles O. Peckens in a claim on the estate of the late Judge A. Adlington for $325 surrounding a bond, mortgage and loan from 1902. ** Rochester Justice Nathaniel Foote dismisses Patrick Fahy's complaint against Hattie J. Spencer, confirming her life lease of a State street block, as obtained under duress. ** A railroad car full of hay catches fire in the East Rochester freight yards. The car is detached from the train and the flames extinguished by Hose 6 and Truck 4 under Acting Battalion Chief Lynch.

Jun 22
A celebration of Holy Communion and charge to the Daughters of the King by The Reverend Henry S. Sizer, of Oswego, is followed by an address of welcome by the rector of St. John's Church, a business meeting and the annual election of officers. Several papers will be read by the delegates, followed by a closing service. ** Rochester waiter George Buckley, accused of robbing a Mr. McIntyre from Churchville of twenty dollars and a watch in Front Street several weeks previously, is ordered held for the Grand Jury. Soldier R. E. Groments provides eyewitness testimony. ** Rochester gas well driller Frank B. Sweeneys files a petition for voluntary bankruptcy.

Jun 30
The East Bloomfield post office at Allen's Hill is discontinued Charles W. Simmons has been postmaster there for 24 years.

Jul 2
The section of the Rochester, Syracuse, and Eastern Railway interurban between Newark and Macedon opens.

Jul 5
A steam-powered automobile breaks the speed record in New York City, doing one mile in 48.8 seconds.

Jul 14
A female police detective in New York City leads a raid on a women's poolroom.

Jul 15
Broadway lyricist Dorothy Fields is born in Allenhurst, New Jersey.

Jul 16
Commander Peary's ship sails from New York City, headed for the North Pole.

Jul 19
Seneca Falls historian Arnold Barben is born in Watertown.

Jul 26
President Theodore Roosevelt unofficially meets with the Japanese representatives at his Oyster Bay home.

Tonawanda Indian chief George Mitten, 59, dies on the reservation.

Sep 6
The Armstrong Insurance Investigating Committee of the New York State Legislature begins hearings, Charles Evans Hughes presiding.

Sep 11
A New York City elevated train plunges onto Ninth Avenue, killing twelve people. Police are blaming railroad employees for the accident.

Sep 14
Rochester, Syracuse, and Eastern Railway interurban service reaches Rochester's University and Culver avenues.

Sep 15
The Armstrong Commission reveals that the insurance industry paid $50,000 to Roosevelt's campaign chest.

Sep 25
Producer-actor Arnold Daly's production of George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" returns, at New York's Garrick Theatre in repertory with other Shaw plays.

Oct 1
Workmen in New York City throw stones at a gathering of 2,000 Jews.

Oct 6
The schooner-barge Noquebay being towed, along with another schooner barge, by the steamboat Lizzie Madden out of Bayfield, Wisconsin, with a load of hemlock lumber intended for Buffalo, catches fire. The barge sinks off Stockton Island, in Lake Superior. The Lizzie Madden goes on to Sault St. Marie and notifies Buffalo.

Oct 10
George Bernard Shaw's John Bull's Other Island has its U. S. debut in New York City.

Oct 14
The New York Giants defeat the Philadelphia Athletics to win the second World Series, four games to one. ** Scribner's publishes Wharton's The House of Mirth.

Oct 31
George Bernard Shaw's Mrs. Warrens's Profession opens in New York and is shut down in one day by Anthony Comstock and the Society for the Prevention of Vice.

Tonawanda Indian chief William Strong, 67, dies of typhoid fever on the reservation.

Nov 1
Messengers begin lining up at New York's Empire Theater to get early tickets for the upcoming Peter Pan.

Nov 4
New York's rebuilt Casino Theatre opens with R. H. Burnside's production of the operetta The Earl and the Girl, staring Eddie Foy and introducing the song "Mediterranean Blue".

Nov 6
Maude Adams opens in Charles Frohman's production of James M. Barrie's Peter Pan at the Empire.

Nov 7
New York City elects George B. McClellan, son of the Civil War general, as its mayor.

Nov 10
British Rear Admiral Battenberg arrives in New York City on a visit.

Nov 14
David Belasco's stage extravaganza, Girl of the Golden West, opens at New York's Belasco Theatre. ** The temperature in New York City drops to 20 degrees F, the lowest recorded here for this date.

Nov 17
British Navy boxing champion Cocknaye defeats U. S. Navy champion Jack Reine, in a New York City exhibition match.

Nov 20
Charles Klein's play The Lion and the Mouse opens at New York's Lyceum Theatre.

Nov 28
Columbia University abolishes football.

Edith Wharton attempts a stage version of The House of Mirth in collaboration with Clyde Fitch.

Dec 4
125,000 march in New York City to protest slaughtered Russian Jews.

Dec 5
Willa Cather attends a birthday party at New York City's Delmonico's Restaurant in honor of Mark Twain.

Dec 6
Children's author Elizabeth Yates (Mrs. William McGreal) is born in Buffalo.

Dec 16
Young theater critic Sime Silverman begins publishing the weekly show business trade paper Variety, using $1,500 in cash from his father-in-law, Syracuse alderman George Freeman.

Dec 25
Victor Herbert and Henry Blossom's Mlle Modiste opens at New York's Knickerbocker Theater.

Dec 31
New York Life insurance company president John A. McCall, accused along with executives at Equitable and Mutual, of fiscal improprieties, announces his resignation to the press. ** Film and Broadway composer Julius Kerwin "Jule" Styne is born in London.

A rodeo steer bolts into the stands at Madison Square Garden. Mounted cowboys Bill Pickett and Will Rogers capture the runaway, in the stands. ** Architect Cyrus L.W. Eidlitz extends his American Society of Civil Engineers headquarters to the west. ** Construction begins on McKim, Mead and White's Madison Square Presbyterian Church. ** Heins and LaFarge's Battery Park Control House, surviving entrance to the original Interurban Rapid Transit (IRT) subway line, is completed. The IRT reaches the ferry terminal at South Ferry. ** Varina Davis, widow of the former Confederate president Jefferson Davis, dies here. ** Gangster Richie Fitzpatrick is executed by rivals. ** Builder Charles F. Rogers buys All Souls Church, on the corner of Madison Avenue and East 66th Street. ** Plans are made to build a ferry terminal at Whitehall Street. ** Producer F. F. Proctor introduces the intermission to vaudeville, in his 58th Street theater, to clear the audience out after each show. ** Western painter Charles M. Russell and his wife Nancy make their second trip here. His sculptures The Buffalo Hunt, Counting Coup and Scalp Dance are cast in bronze and sold at Tiffany's. ** Giants pitcher Christey Mathewson leads his team to a four games-to-two victory over the Philadelphia Athletics. ** Journalist Edward Kennedy is born in Brooklyn. ** Alfred Stieglitz opens gallery 291. ** The Manhattan Bridge, connecting the island to Brooklyn at Canal Street, is completed. ** The state legislature declares that the Thursday after Memorial Day be set aside in Brooklyn pubic schools to celebrate the founding of the Sunday school movement. ** The five year pier reconstruction project at Brooklyn's New York Dock Company site is completed. The facility now has 33 piers. Railroad tracks and carfloat transfer bridges have also been added. ** Robert Gair's paper manufacturing complex in Brooklyn is completed. ** John Starin hires architect Cass Gilbert to design an office building on West Street between Albany and Cedar Streets - the West Street Building. ** Nobel winning physicist Carl David Anderson is born. ** The street festival of St. Vincenzo Martine is celebrated in Little Italy, complete with a musical entertainment performed at the Church of San Giacchimo (St. James). ** The Emporium Antonio Magillo sells copies of the Neapolitan songbook Piedigrotta, including Aniello Califano and R. Segre's "Damn My Wife." ** Secretly, underage Buster Keaton appears at Proctors 23rd vaudeville theater with his family, part of The Three Keatons. ** Composer Giovanni Leotti works as a musical director for the Villa Penza caffe concerto (coffee shop/music hall) on Grand Street, at 196-198. ** Fernando's Music Hall at 184 Sullivan Street becomes the Villa Manganaro. ** A photograph of the Flatiron Building is taken for the Detroit Publishing Company. ** The cover illustration of this year's King's Views of New York is a combination rail terminal and municipal office building. Designed by Henry F. Hornbostel and George B. Post to the specifications of former bridge commissioner Gustav Lindenthal, the structure will never be built. ** The Chelsea cooperative apartment complex on West 2nd Street, becomes a 250-room hotel. ** Historian and Niagara Falls educator Roger Whitman is born. ** During an investigation into lawyer Abraham Hummel's connection with the Dodge-Morse divorce scandal it is found that his firm, Howe & Hummel, never kept any records of their cases. ** Theater critic John Gassner graduates from Columbia University.

Southern hotel man William R. Ormrod erects his Hilltop mansion in Churchville. ** The legislature authorizes the Cayuga and Seneca Canal of the New York Barge Canal System. ** The Ponce de Leon Spring Water Company is founded near Ellenville, utilizing water from a Shawangunk Mountain underground spring. ** A shirt making company in Troy creates the Arrow Collar Man, as illustrated by J. C. Leyendecker. ** Canada's Ontario Car Ferry company is incorporated at Ottawa, backed by the Grand Trunk and the Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh railroads, mainly to transport railroad coal-carrying cars. ** James Blodgett, the Hermit of the Hermitage, dies when his Wethersfield township mansion burns to the ground. ** Le Roy's abandoned Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church building is moved from Asbury Street. ** Construction begins on the New York State Barge Canal, at Waterford, on the north side of the Mohawk River. ** The Gypsy, last of the Silver Lake excursion steamboats, is dismantled. ** The approximate date Canada's Niagara Falls Park & River Railway removes its extension from Chippewa to Slater's Dock, where steamships from Buffalo had landed. ** Arnold Barben, historian of Seneca Falls, is born. ** Parma town justice of the peace Orange A. Green takes the Northampton (Parma region's old name) town records into his possession for safe keeping. They drop out of view for about two years. ** J. Howard Hanson and Samuel Ludlow Frey edit The Minute Book of the Committee of Safety of Tryon County. ** Hannah Sullivan Peer, mother of Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer, dies in East Bloomfield. She will be buried in St. Bridget's Cemetery. ** Adirondack blacksmith John F. Buyce builds a guide boat for a livery in Speculator.

The Batavia Carriage Works closes. ** Special legislation solves street paving political problems. The committee studying revisions to the village charter disbands. ** Dr. Benjamin F. Showerman dies at the age of 42.

The Dom Polski (Polish Home) Community Center is organized. ** W. E. B. Dubois founds the Niagara Movement, a NAACP forerunner.

Erie Canal
Richard J. Garrity begins operating two canal boats in the lumber trade. His young son, future author Richard G. Garrity, accompanies him.

The city's first auto traffic squad is formed. The police hire Italian interpreter Abraham Laturni (Abe Lincoln). ** The Bersagliere La Marmora buys Germania Hall and converts it into an Italian community center. ** George Eastman's East Avenue mansion is completed. He donates land to the city that will become Cobb's Hill Park. ** Nicola Iannone begins publishing the weekly La Corrier di Rochester. ** Professor Louis J. Vannuccini proposes an Italian civic and educational league. ** The Seneca Hotel and the new Sibley's store on Clinton Avenue are completed. ** The city annexes Cobbs Hill and the village of Brighton, increasing its own size to 20.02 square miles. ** Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Clarke found the Ridge Road Transit Company, using a twelve-seat Knox motor bus, following a route along Ridge Road between Greece and Parma Corners. ** Two stories are added to the six-story Powers Hotel. Other renovations feature a dishwashing machine in the kitchen, and a revolving door. ** Room rates at the Whitcomb House hotel range from $2.00-$2.50 a day. ** Close to 10,000 people work in 70 boot and shoe factories here, 13 of the plants located on Mill Street.

Two sheet copper quadrigae, or four-horse chariots, symbolizing Progress, Law, Commerce, Agriculture and Mechanics, created by New York sculptor John Massey Rhind and paid for by public subscription, are mounted atop the Wayne County Courthouse in Detroit.

Albert S. Barker, rear admiral of the Atlantic fleet and maternal grandfather of future Albany mayor Erastis Corning, 2nd, retires.



( Updated 6 / 20 / 2004 )

Jan 1
George M. Cohan's Forty-five Minutes from Broadway opens at New York's New Amsterdam Theater, with Fay Templeton and Victor Moore, featuring the song Mary's a Grand Old Name. Also opening are actress Clara Lipman at the Fields Theatre in her play Julie Bonbon, with her husband Louis Mann, and the musical revue Twiddle-Twaddle at the Weber Music Hall, with Joe Weber and Marie Dressler. ** A fire strikes the business district of Bergen. Batavia sends firemen and trucks by train, covering the distance in 11 minutes. After the fire is out the returning train is struck by a freight train, injuring nine Batavia firemen.

Jan 6
Jazz trumpeter Robert Victor "Bobbie" Stark is born in New York City, on West 62nd Street.

Jan 21
Jell-O manufacturer and popularizer Orator Francis Woodward dies at the age of 49, in Hot Springs, Arkansas.

Jan 26
Competing in New York City, Melvin Winfield Sheppard sets a world record, running the mile in 4 minutes 25.2 seconds.

Feb 3
Colonel George Harvey proposes Woodrow Wilson for the Presidency, at a dinner for Wilson in New York City's Lotus Club.

Feb 4
The New York City Police Department begins using fingerprint identification.

Feb 5
Actor Richmond Reed (John) Carradine is born, in Greenwich Village.

Feb 12
George M. Cohan's George Washington, Jr. opens at New York's Herald Square Theatre, with Cohan himself introducing the song The Grand Old Rag (soon changed to You're a Grand Old Flag). His song I Was Born in Virginia is also introduced in the show.

Feb 21
New York City's Singer Company files plans for the world's tallest office building.

Feb 22
U. S. swimmer Charles M. Daniels uses a modified Australian crawl to become the first American to swim 100 yards in under a minute (57.6 seconds) tieing the world record, at the New York Athletic Club.

Mar 13
Suffragist Susan Brownell Anthony, 86, dies in Rochester, at the age of 86.

Mar 21
John Davison Rockefeller III is born in New York City.

Alfred Stieglitz's Camera Notes announces the establishment of his Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, at 291 Fifth Avenue in New York City. The same issue carries photographs of the city by Edward Steichen and an article by George Bernard Shaw.

Apr 10
The Bergen Village Board votes to install a water system.

Apr 17
The Reverend Algernon Sidney Crapsey of Batavia is put on trial in Rochester by the Episcopal Church for diverging from church doctrine.

Apr 24
Nazi propagandist William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) is born in Brooklyn.

May 14
Former Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz, 77, dies in New York City.

May 23
Edward Payton Weston arrives in New York City, having walked from Philadelphia in 23 hours and 31 minutes.

May 30
Soldier's monument in Le Roy's Trigon Park is dedicated.

Construction is begun on the Schoelkopf Bridge over the Hydraulic Canal at Niagara Falls.

Jun 4
Rochester's Ontario Beach Park has it's Grand Opening, celebrating the amusement park's 22nd season.

Jun 10
Hailstones measuring between 9 and 11 inches in diameter fall on Canandaigua, New York, killing birds and livestock, and accumulating to a depth of 2 feet in some places.

Jun 14
Photojournalist Margaret Bourke-White is born in New York City.

Jun 17
The racehorse Sysonby, 4, dies of septic poisoning at Brooklyn's Sheepshead Bay Race Course.

Jun 20
A tunnel under construction for Pennsylvania Station floods, drowning two workmen.

Jun 25
Socialite Harry K. Thaw shoots 53-year-old architect Stanford White on the roof garden of Madison Square Garden, which White had designed. Thaw's wife Evelyn Nesbitt, White's mistress, witnesses the shooting. Thaw surrenders to the police.

Jun 28
Manhattan Project physicist Maria Goeppert, the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, is born, in New York City.

Jul 7
A New York City court permits performances of George Bernard Shaw's controversial Mrs Warren's Profession.

Jul 21
Financier Russell Sage, 89, dies on Long Island.

Jul 27
New York City meetings of the plumbers union are disrupted by several bombs.

Jul 29
A Pacific Express train plunges into the Hudson River, killing 45 aboard.

Aug 2
Journalist-author Roi Ottley is born in New York City.

Aug 7
Pilot-barnstormer Ray Hylan is born in Rochester

Aug 12
Defying New York City courts, the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company raises its fares to 10 cents.

Aug 26
New York City orders the deportation of 30 Russian-Jewish orphans.

Aug 28
New York State-born Canadian schoolteacher Elizabeth Barnett Fairman, a heroine of the 1838 rebellion, dies in Gananoque, Ontario, at the age of 91.

Sep 2
The two halves of Pennsylvania Station's north tunnel meet under the Hudson River.

Sep 3
The U. S. Atlantic fleet stages a naval exhibition in Oyster Bay, Long Island.

Sep 9
New York City clergy stage a protest against the Bronx Zoo when it displays a pygmy in a cage with apes.

Sep 24
Victor Herbert and Henry Blossom's The Red Mill opens at New York's Knickerbocker Theater.

The stage version of The House of Mirth flops in New York.

Oct 14
McKim, Mead and White's Madison Square Presbyterian Church, in New York City, is dedicated.

Oct 20
The Anna C. Etz League of suffragists votes to elect delegates to the New York State convention.

Oct 23
Olympic swimmer Gertrude Ederle is born in New York City.

Nov 6
Charles Evans Hughes is elected governor of New York, defeating William Randolph Hearst.

Nov 13
Russian actress Alla Nazimova opens on Broadway in Hendrik Ibsen's Hedda Gabler.

Nov 23
Enrico Caruso is charged $10 for annoying a Miss Hannah Graham in New York City's Central Park Zoo monkey house.

Nov 26
German-born nurseryman George Ellwanger dies in Rochester at the age of 89.

Nov 27
David Belasco and Richard Walton Tully's play The Rose of the Rancho opens at New York's Belasco Theatre.

Laura M. Starin, wife of New York resort and ship owner John Starin, dies in their New York City home at the age of 81.

Dec 3
An explosion in railroad tunnels under New York City's East River kill five workmen.

Dec 5
Reverend Crapsey is unfrocked for preaching against the divinity of Christ, using higher criticism in interpreting the New Testament. ** At 2:20 AM the electric power supply to Batavia from Niagara Falls fails.

Dec 9
Rear Admiral Grace Brewster Murray (Hopper), mathematician and computer scientist, is born in New York City.

Dec 15
The final stone is laid for the Croton dam.

Dec 23
New York City politician Hulan Edwin Jack, Sr. is born in St. Lucia, British West Indies.

Dec 28
William James gives the presidential address "The Energies of Men" to the American Philosophical Association in New York City.

Walker & Gillette's Battery Maritime Building is completed. ** Builder Charles F. Rogers retains the architectural firm of Harde and Short to build an apartment house on the former site of All Souls Church. ** Brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles Ashford Pace open a school of accountancy at the New York Tribune Building. It will later become Pace University. ** Henry James begins the preparation for the New York Edition of his works. ** Copper king F. Augustus Heinze sells his Butte, Montana, holdings to a coalition of Amalgamated Copper partners, and returns to New York. ** Poet Carl Van Vechten is hired by the New York Times as an assistant to music critic Richard Aldrich. ** A cholera epidemic strikes the city. ** Developers in Queens begin laying out streets for Forest Hills. ** Francis H. Kimball's Trinity and U. S. Realty Buildings on lower Broadway are completed. ** Ailing commercial photographer and Spanish-American War cameraman Percy Byron goes to Edmonton, Alberta for his health. ** Ernest Flagg's twelve-story "Little Singer Building" at 561 Broadway, is completed.

Johnston Harvester Works founder Byron E. Huntley dies. ** Troupsburg farmer Herman J. Bates marries Laura Reynolds of Rexville. ** Ellenville's Ponce de Leon Water Company is sold and renamed Sun-Ray. ** Chester Gillette is tried for the murder of Grace Brown in the Herkimer County Courthouse. he crime is the basis for Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy. ** Russian dramatist Maxim Gorky stays in the Adirondacks for several months, working on his novel The Mother. ** John S. Baldwin, his airship facility destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake, moves to Hammondsport. Baldwin and Curtiss visit the Wright Brothers while on an excursion to a fair in Dayton, Ohio. Curtiss builds two 8-cylinder motors for aviators. ** New York makes it mandatory for telephone companies to provide police and firefighters free access to calling facilities. ** Millionaire William Vanderbilt and his friends begin constructing a private highway on Long Island. ** Geneva nurseryman William Smith endows William Smith College, a Coordinate School for Women. ** The approximate date Maybey and West begin running a miniature train they purchased from the 1901 Exposition in Buffalo around Auburn's Island Park. ** The Genesee County Board of Supervisors offers a $26 award for information leading to the capture of a chicken thief operating in the county. ** The Civil War-era Chapel of Our Lady at Cold Spring is abandoned. ** Geneseo attorney John B. Abbott is named the first president of the Livingston County Bar Association. ** Noble E. Whitford's "History of the Canal System of the State of New York" is published as a supplement to the annual N. Y. Engineer and Surveyor report. ** Future politician-businessman Edwin Corning graduates from Yale. ** Canandaigua's Granger Place School at 295 North Main Street closes. ** The Cayuga Indian Nation files a claim against the state for compensation for the 1796 and 1807 sale of their Reservation.

Claude Leland Carr arrives to manage the Oliver and Milne Company department store. ** Three brothers, Augustino, Paul and Sam Caito move here from Cortland.

The port of Charlotte's export revenue falls to $134,000, but imports reach $1,349,000. 220 U. S. and 754 foreign vessels visit the port. ** The Italian Protection League is founded. ** St. Anthony Padua Church, the first Italian Catholic church in the city, opens in the former No. 6 School. ** Nurseryman George Ellwanger dies. ** Local professor Henry A. Ward is killed in a Buffalo traffic accident. ** The Ridge Road Transit Company bus line, founded last year in Greece fails. ** Ithaca Conservatory voice teacher John D. Beall begins coming to the city to give lessons. ** The city's first nickelodeon, the Bijou Dream, opens at 106 East Main. ** Sibley's department store holds the grand opening of its new five-story location on East Main Street. ** The Universalist Church site on South Clinton is sold to the Seneca Hotel Corporation. ** Clinton Rogers is elected president of the Rochester Historical Society. ** West High School's football team sets a school record, beating one opponent 104 to 0. They also defeat Geneva 47-0 and Syracuse 12-0. ** George Eastman has a home built on East Avenue.

Frank H. Severance's The Story of Joncaire.


© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte