1889


Jan 10
The Niagara suspension bridge is blown down.

Jan 20
Rochester announces that all public school children will be vaccinated.

Feb 22
Rochester public schools hold their first annual Transfer of Flags ceremony presenting an American flag to one student representative from each city school. Bausch and Lomb co-founder Captain Henry Lomb and other veterans participate.

Feb 23
Temperatures in New York City drop to 5 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

Mar 22
Construction begins on a second Niagara suspension bridge.

Mar 24
The Leatherman, a wandering recluse always dressed in leather scraps, is found dead in a cave in Ossining.

Apr 3
Classical actor Edwin Booth is stricken with paralysis while appearing at Rochester's Lyceum Theatre.

May 5
The steamboat Genundewah (Bare Hill, nicknamed the Gee Whiz) is launched, on Canandaigua Lake, by the People's Line, managed by the English baron James Mentieth.

May 7
The second Niagara suspension bridge is completed and open to traffic.

Jun 4
In a public referendum in Syracuse voters approve municipal ownership of the water system.

Jun 18
The Rochester & Glen Haven Railroad begins interurban service using a narrow-gauge steam system on a private right-of-way, running from East Main Street to the Glen Haven Park on Irondequoit Bay.

Jul 5
Abigail Disbrow Mudge Adams, wife of Cornell president Charles Kendall Adams, dies.

Jul 30
The Rochester Electric Railway Company begins running electric streetcars. The first cars travel from Elizabeth (Boxart) Street along Lake Avenue to Charlotte.

Aug 27
George Eastman begins marketing his own transparent film.

Nov 9
The Rochester Railway Company buys the Rochester City & Brighton Railroad Company, preparatory to phasing out horse-drawn trolleys.

Nov 14
Nellie Bly, reporter for the New York World, sets out to better the time of Jules Verne's Around the World in 80 Days.

Nov 25
The Italian Comedy-Drama Club presents its first production, The Return from Buenos Aires, at the Brooklyn Atheneum Theatre.

December
John McAlpine and William Hutton's Washington Bridge across the Harlem River is opened to traffic.

Dec 26
A storm destroys Rochester's second Liberty Pole.

City
Resort owner John Starin sails to Europe, to seek out attractions for his Glen Island park, and to observe the Paris World's Fair with an eye toward promoting one in New York.

State
The Schoharie County Historical Society is founded. ** The spiritualist faction of the Oneida community gains a majority on the board of directors. ** Geneva's Belhurst Castle is completed. ** Emily Staunton, last of the co-founders of Le Roy's Ingham University, dies. ** Charles Young becomes the third black to graduate from West Point. ** Warsaw Salvation Army man Robert "Happy Bob" Van Brunt is hanged after he kills a rival from Castile, over a woman. ** Daughter Eleanor Emily is born to Genesee Pure Food Company founder Orator F. Woodward and his wife. ** Binghamton's Washington Street and State Asylum Railroad Company, owner of the state's first electric trolley, converts the line to horse-power. ** After testing various sources for Syracuse's drinking water the special state commission created last year declares Skaneateles Lake the purest and public ownership the best method to oversee the utility. ** The Canandaigua Lake steamer Canandaigua is dismantled and her engines used in the steamboat Ogarita . ** Over 8,000 Polish books and journals are collected at the Pitass Center of Buffalo's St. Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church, to found the Polska Czyteinia, the oldest Polish library in the United States.

Batavia
Baker Gun and Forging Company builds a plant. ** Mary E. Richmond, widow of former New York Central Railroad president, donates the Richmond Memorial Library to the city. ** James M. Williams builds a livery stable on State Street.

Corning
The U. S. Post Office here takes in $11,485.13 in stamp purchases and sells over 3,000 money orders worth a total of more than $40,000. ** Department store owner John W. Fedder is elected the village's president this year and next. ** A. B. Holmes opens a pharmacy at 13 East Market Street.

Rochester
An Italian Mission is established by several upper-class women to aid immigrants with poor English prepare for evening school classes. Italian-born U. S. citizens form a local chapter of the Bersagliere La Mamora, a patriotic and benevolent society. ** Electric trolley service reaches the village of Charlotte. ** The Rochester and Brighton horse car line along Monroe Avenue is extended to the Erie Canal. ** The Rochester Homeopathic Hospital, including a nurses training school, opens. ** Patent-medicine manufacturer H. H. Warner triples the capitalization of his Safe Liver Cure business to $3,000,000. ** Daniel Powers begins to construct a third mansard roof on his downtown building.

Italy
The approximate date (perhaps 1891) actor Guglielmo Ricciardi leaves Sorrento for New York City.

 

1890

Updated 12 / 12 / 2004

Jan 12
Temperatures in New York City reach 64 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Jan 16
Lyman Abbott is installed as the pastor of Brooklyn's Plymouth Congregational Church.

Jan 18
Journalist-novelist Gilbert Wolf Gabriel is born in Brooklyn.

February
Lillian Russell opens in Jacques Offenbach's operetta The Grand Duchess. The production is a huge success. During the intermission she sings the Sabre Song into a metal funnel which transmits her voice to Washington, where it's heard by President Grover Cleveland, actors Francis Wilson and De Wolfe Hopper, and New York politician Bourke Cochran.

Feb 8
Newspaperman-novelist-historian Henry Clune is born in Rochester.

Feb 14
Chicago learns it has been voted the site of the 1893 World's Fair. Members of the Whitechapel Club, a group of local crime aficionados named for Jack the Ripper's London stomping grounds, telegraphs New York Central president Chauncey Depew, to take him up on his offer to appear at one of their dinners if the city won the fair. Depew accepts

Feb 17
Lawyer and author Benjamin Vaughan Abbott dies in Brooklyn at the age of 59.

Feb 26
Temperatures in New York City rise to 65 degrees F, highest here for this date.

March
Binghamton begins permanent electric trolley service.

Mar 6
Eugene Schieffelin releases 100 starlings in New York's Central Park to control the English sparrow population. The starlings soon infest much of the northeastern U. S.

Mar 20
Tenor Lauritz Lebrecht Hommell Melchior, Wagnerian tenor with the Metropolitan Opera, is born in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Mar 29
Rochester decides to permit horse cars to be retained on a part of State Street where property owners refuse to allow electric trollies.

April
Corning's Crandall, Simmons & Co. Furniture and Undertaking business is organized.

Apr 18
The U. S. Treasury Department assumes total administrative control of immigration at New York City.

Apr 21
New York City's Ninth Avenue, between 59th and 127th Streets, is renamed Columbus Avenue.

May
A leak is discovered in the Black River Canal feeder at Forestport. A shovel is found nearby.

May 17
A slate of Central Labor Union candidates is nominated for Auburn's school board.

June
Auburn's population is calculated at 23,000.

Jun 12
Auburn experiences torrential rains. The Owasco outlet rises 15 inches and New York Central railroad tracks three miles west of the city are washed out.

Jun 16
The first Madison Square Garden, designed by McKim, Mead & White, opens in New York City. The building is lit by thousands of patterned lights and has a searchlight mounted on the roof.

Jun 29
As a result of local criticism, the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle discontinues its Sunday edition.

July
The state has only three inches of rain during the month, as opposed to nine inches last July. The water level of Owasco Lake is three feet below normal.

Jul 4
The Cayuga County Savings Bank of Auburn moves into the old Bank of Auburn building to await the completion of its new home at State and Genesee streets.

Jul 9
Widowed Cornell University president Charles Kendall Adams marries widow Mary Matthews Barnes.

Jul 22
Lizzie Borden of Fall River, Massachusetts, departs from New York with a small party of women aboard the Teutonic, sailing for London.

Aug 6
The first execution by electric chair, in Ossining.

September
Elmira begins electric trolley service with the Maple Avenue line.

Sep 15
Buffalo architect Louise Blanchard Bethune becomes the first female member of the American Institute of Architects.

Sep 16
Eliza Thompson of Auburn is released from jail on a technicality, after nine months incarceration on a charge of concealing $600 entrusted to her by her brother. She's immediately re-arrested, on a charge of grand larceny.

Sep 19
German artist Fritz Vogt paints the Evangelical Lutheran St, Paul's Church at Sharon Springs.

Sep 20
Chicago wholesale merchant Potter Palmer hosts a dinner there for the 1893 World's Fair commissioners. New York commissioner Gorton W. Allen addresses the group.

Sep 25
Vogt paints the Sharon residence of Michael van Alstine.

Sep 27
McKim, Mead & White's Garden Theatre, an addition to their Madison Square Garden at Madison and East 27th Street, opens with a performance of Dr. Bill, British playwright Hamilton Aide's adaptation of the Parisian farce Le Docteur Jo-Jo. J. B. Polk, Wilton Lackaye, Edith Kenward, Louise Allen, Isabelle Evesson and Sadie Martinor are featured in the cast.

October
M. Olcott and G. W. Drake form an insurance company (Olcott & Drake) in Corning.

Oct 6
Joseph Arthur's melodrama Blue Jeans opens at New York City's Fourteenth Street Theatre.

Oct 7
The Reverend Allan James Maxwell, maternal grandfather of future Albany mayor Erastus Corning, 2nd, dies of cholera at Lucknow, India.

Nov 4
Rochester's Lake Avenue electric trolley line begins operations.

Nov 8
An Auburn policeman named Lightfoot is charged with intoxication and irregular conduct.

Nov 10
Monday. Over the next five days a panic strikes the New York Stock Exchange, caused by financial problems at the Baring Brothers firm in London. James Struthers will collapse on the exchange floor from the strain and die.

Nov 15
C. M. Whitney & Company, Gallaudet & Company and Decker Howell & Company, all of New York, have failed as well as Philadelphia's Barker Brothers.

December
Eliza Thompson is found guilty of grand larceny. She still refuses to reveal the whereabouts of the money.

Dec 1
J. J. McMahon and T. F. Reilly open a shoe store in Corning at 53 East Market Street.

Dec 18
Radio pioneer Edwin Howard Armstrong is born in New York City.

Dec 24
Buffalo begins permanent electric trolley service with its Main Street line.

Dec 29
Edward "Ned" Harrington, of the former team of Harrigan and Hart, opens the 910 seat New York City theatre that bears his name on West 35th Street, just off Herald Square. He stars in the opening production, his own musical (with composer David Braham), Reilly and the 400.

 

City
Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives is published. ** William Waldorf Astor inherits the family fortune; moves to England to avoid the constant attention of the press.  ** Lawyer and social arbiter Samuel Ward McAllister publishes Society As I Have Found It. ** Lillian Russell appears in Rudolph Aronson's production of Poor Jonathan at the Casino Theater. The play runs for 208 performances. ** The second Manhattan Polo Grounds stadium is built, flanked by 115th Street, 8th Avenue, 117th Street, and the Harlem River Speedway. ** The street festival of St. Anthony of Padua is celebrated in Little Italy, complete with a musical entertainment performed at the Church of San Giacchimo (St. James). ** Excavations are begun in the summer for the Washington Square Arch. ** Former factory worker Emma Goldman and Russian immigrant Alexander Berkman attend a memorial meeting for Chicago's Haymarket bombers. German exile Johann Most addresses the meeting, inspiring the couple. ** The Edison Electric Company estimates that it will cost $1,600 to electrify the headquarters of Brooklyn's Long Island Historical Society building at Pierrepont and Clinton. ** The approximate date E. E. Simmons paints a portrait of Columbia University drama professor Brander Matthews. ** Former Brooklyn mayor Seth Low becomes president of Columbia. ** City banks clear $27,514,447,000 for the year, less Wall Street figures, compared to $6,082,397,000 for other major U. S. cities combined. ** ** Wrestler-entertainer Frank S. Leavitt (Man Mountain Dean, Hell's Kitchen Hill-Billy, Stone Mountain Leavitt) is born. ** U. S. president Benjamin Harrison names Buffalo congressman Jean Baptiste Weber as Federal Immigration Commissioner for the Port of New York.

State
Coal exports from Charlotte to Canada reach 350,000 tons, while all other exports total only 18,318 tons. ** Miller George Gladden builds a vertical-axis windmill in Napoli. ** Geneva's Roman Catholic Church buys the Protestant Dutch Reformed Church building. ** Twelve steamboat lines are now operating on Chautauqua Lake. ** Corning's population tops 10,000. ** The Pavilion Salt Company is founded. ** Historian Ralph Henry Gabriel is born in Reading, New York. ** A fire destroys a portion of Seneca Falls' downtown area, including Carr's Hotel. ** 718,650,900 board feet of sawed lumber passes through Tonawanda's dock area. ** Dunkirk's Gratiot Hotel is completed. ** Electric trollies replace horsecars in Albany. ** German artist Fritz Vogt immigrates to the U. S., moves to upstate New York, begins painting in the Sharon area. ** The approximate date Elmira's New England-style First Baptist Church is demolished to build a new structure. ** Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer forms a lawn tennis club. ** The approximate date Andrew J. Crandall builds Binghamton's Crandall House hotel.

Batavia
The Batavia Hospital is founded. ** Leonidas Doty builds the Farmer's Bank building (later a site of the Bank of the Genesee). ** The Batavia Wheel Works Company moves into their new Walnut Street factory, taking the name Batavia Carriage Wheel Company. Alva Colt moves his clamp manufacturing business into the building.

Buffalo
St. John Korty Roman Catholic and St. Casimir Roman Catholic churches are founded. ** The national fraternal organization Polish Union of America is founded. ** Architect Stanford White designs Francis Tracy's sarcophagus in Forest Lawn Cemetery, decorated with a bas-relief of Tracy by August Saint-Gaudens.

Canandaigua
The Dwyer-Flannigan Block on South Main, is completed. ** The Vanderbilt family has a railroad depot built on Niagara Street. Mrs. F. F. Thompson provides the landscaping.

Rochester
The YMCA at South St. Paul and Court streets, the city's first, is completed. ** A trolley line is established on Clinton Avenue. ** The present Driving Park Avenue bridge is completed, re-linking the west and east banks of the Genesee River at Ridge Road. ** Nurseryman Patrick Barry dies. ** A bridge over the Genesee is begun just below the High Falls. Over the next year two-thirds of the Phoenix Mill will be cut off to make room for the project. ** Barret and Son Boat Builders, now located at Lock 66, just west of the Monroe Avenue Bridge, opposite Adwen Street (later Rutgers Street), shuts down. ** Rochester Free Academy history teacher Amelia Bretelle dies. ** The outpatient department of Rochester Homeopathic Hospital opens. ** The third mansard roof on the Powers Building is completed. Daniel Powers replaces the two-story tower on top of the building with a five-story tower. It's assembled on the ground and hoisted in sections onto the roof. ** A six-story building is erected at 106 East Main Street. ** The Reverend Augustus Hopkins Strong is elected president of the Rochester Historical Society. ** The city has 4600 employees in its shoe factories. Shoemakers at Hough and Ford Shoes walk off the job. When an attempt is made to replace striking workers permanently, Samuel Gompers of the AFL speaks at City Hall in support of the strikers. ** Development of a municipal park system along the Genesee River is begun.

Troy
The approximate date the Plumb Building at Russell Sage College is completed. Poestenkill Gorge Mills are also completed about this same time.

Germany
Itinerant painter Fritz Vogt emigrates to New York State.

 

1891

(Updated ( 2 / 8 / 2004)


Jan 2
Flames break out in New York's Fifth Avenue Theatre on 28th Street after the evening performance. Before the fire burns itself out it has destroyed the theater as well as Herrmann's Theatre on Broadway and the nearby Sturtevant House.

Jan 13
Officer Lightfoot is cleared of intoxication charges but loses 30 days pay for violating police rules and regulations.

Jan 18
Former New York State newspaper owner and canal commissioner Frederick Follett dies in New York City.

February
The aproximate date Kriger retires from the Corning confectionery supply firm of May & Kriger.

Feb 1
Mary Helen Potts, 19-year-old resident of New York City's Comstock School for Young Ladies dies, medical student Carlyle Harris, who had earlier performed a secret abortion on Helen, by her side.

Feb 16
Rochester's St. Mary's Hospital is damaged by fire.

Mar 2
Temperatures in New York City drop to 9 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

Apr 4
Actor Edwin Booth makes his final New York appearance, in William Shakespeare's Hamlet, at Brooklyn's Academy of Music.

Apr 6
The majority of members of a committee, appointed by the State Legislature to investigate a consolidation of New York City and Brooklyn, report in favor of the move. The committee consists of city planner Andrew H. Green, millionaire James S. T. Stranahan, architect Calvert Vaux, surrogate judge William D. Veeder, developer Edward F. Linton, Richmond County representative George J. Greenfield and publisher F. W. Devoe.

Apr 10
The Reverend James Lansing Angle is elected president of Rochester's Historical Society.

May
The Presbyterian General Assembly, meeting in Detroit, Michigan, launches an investigation of Dr. Charles A. Briggs of New York City's Union Theological Seminary, for his critical views regarding the Bible.

May 1
The approximate date the Corning real estate firm of Olcott & Drake opens a sub division of 25 lots in the southwest section of the city.

May 4
Reverend Angle dies. The Reverend Augustus Hopkins Strong is chosen to replace him as Rochester Historical Society president.

May 5
New York City's Music Hall (later Carnegie Hall) opens.

May 20
Watertown inaugurates electric trolley service.

May 30
The Grandview Beach Railroad trolley line begins service along Lake Ontario north of Rochester.

Jun 2
The Cayuga County Fair opens. The area sees its first rainfall since March 20th, lasting for two days.

Jun 9
Rabbi Samuel Adler dies in New York City at the age of 81.

Aug 6
A West Shore Railroad passenger train is struck by a freight near Montezuma, killing fourteen people, 13 of them Italian immigrants. The conductor Tobin and the trainman are indicted for homicide.

Aug 31
Auburn's acting chief of police John A. Davis, under acting alderman and mayor Hoyle, is discharged for neglect of duty.

September
Ben Peer sponsors a Hop Pickers Pumpkin Race. His four-year-old son Dwilla (Willie) had died from typhoid a few months earlier.

Sep 9
State Republicans meets in Rochester, nominate J. Sloat Fasset for governor.

Sep 14
The Empire Express arrives in Buffalo from New York City, on the New York Central Railroad in a record 7 hours and 6 minutes, at times reaching 78 miles-an-hour.

Sep 22
Harry B. Smith and Reginald Koven's musical Robin Hood opens at New York's Standard Theatre with Tom Karl, Jessie Bartlett Davis, and H. C. Barnabee as the Sheriff of Nottingham.

Oct 5
Florida governor David Scholtz is born in Brooklyn to Michael and Annie Bloom Scholtz.

Oct 21
Former Auburn acting police chief Davis is reinstated. ** A bronze statue of Georgia newspaper editor Henry Grady is unveiled in downtown Atlanta, between Marietta and Forsyth streets. New York Governor David Hill addresses the crowd of 25,000.

Oct 28
Auburn's mayor returns from out of town and fires Davis.

Oct 30
Annie Walden shoots and kills her husband James, at 40th Street and Seventh Avenue, in New York City.

Nov 30
Engineer and Civil War officer Josiah Wolcott Bissell dies in Rochester at the age of 73.

December
The trial of the train conductor Tobbin ends in a hung jury. He will be acquitted next April.

Dec 1
Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle is set by Linotype for the first time.

City
The city takes in $33,764,394 in taxes for the year, at the rate of $1.08 on every $100 of real and personal estate. ** A Brooklyn Heights cable railway is begun. ** Printer John Wiley dies. ** Future doctor Toyohiko Campbell Takami sails from Yokohama, working his way to the U. S. as a captain's boy on an English ship. He jumps ship here. ** Lillian Russell plays her last season for producer Rudolph Aronson. ** The Bronx's Melrose Avenue is extended to William Street (East 161st Street). A five-foot by 58-foot strip of land on the northwest corner is left in private hands. ** The Arbuckle Brothers wholesale grocery firm opens a coffee roasting plant in Brooklyn's Jay Street Terminal District. ** Henry Ward Beecher gives up his post as editor-in-chief of the Congregationalist periodical Christian Union . Lyman Adams takes over the post. ** Italian restauranteur Pasquale T. Ronca arrives in the city. ** The Joseph Byron family begin photographing the New York stage. ** The National Police Gazette begins selling 10-cent Hall of Fame photographs portraying celebrities of the day. Most actress photographs are available "in costume", "in tights", or "bust showing". ** The New-York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor spends $44,333 serving 37,626 beneficiaries. ** City banks clear $24,218,704,000 for the year, less Wall Street figures, compared to $6,01, 875,000 for other major U. S. cities combined.

State
Keuka College is founded. ** Caroline Parker, last descendant of Jikohnsaseh (the Peace Mother), dies. ** The "big gun" shop at Watervliet Arsenal is completed. ** Hobart College begins playing football. ** Hammondsport's Herald Building is erected to house the local weekly newspaper. ** Samuel Welch publishes Recollections of Buffalo. ** The Honeoye Falls Fire Department steals a metal weathervane portraying a fireman - the Iron Man - from the Avon Fire Department. It's affixed to gunsmith Mike Tucker's roof. ** Albany's Mechanics and Farmers Bank moves to State and James streets.

Charlotte
Businessman George C. Latta dies, in his mid-nineties. ** The Christian Community Church Old Paths Bible Baptist church on Lake Avenue is built.

Rochester
Port of Rochester revenues reach a peak for the century - Imports: $911,933; Exports: $884,249. ** Milkman Hubert Jencks moves to Gardiner Park. ** The city annexes the Gardiner Homestead Tract, the Leighton Lea Tract and State Hospital Property, increasing its size to 18.44 square miles. ** The bridge over the Genesee at High Falls is completed. ** Black missionary and abolitionist the Reverend Thomas James dies in his late eighties. ** Rochester Homeopathic Hospital's visiting nurse service opens. ** Businessman Eugene T. Curtis is made president of the Rochester Chamber of Commerce.

Tonawanda
Herschel Carrousel (sic) now ships one new carousel every day.** Inventor Philip Perew works on a steam-driven carousel incorporating a stage in the center for variety performances.

 

1892


Jan 2
The new immigration depot at Ellis Island opens. The SS Nevada deposits the first immigrants. Fifteen-year-old Annie Moore is the first person processed.

Jan 18
Temperatures in New York City drop to 0 degrees F, lowest here for this date.

Feb 21
New York City's Italian-American Amateur Theatre Club presents the drama Garibaldi's Entrance into Naples at the Teatro Italiano on the Bowery.

Mar 11
Access in and out of Rochester is blocked by a two-day blizzard.

Mar 17
A play based on Alfred Lord Tennyson's The Foresters, with incidental music by Arthur S. Sullivan, opens at New York City's Daly's Theatre.

Mar 27
Composer Ferde Grofe is born in New York City.

April
Saunders and Mead remodel the Cooley house on Canandaigua, New York's Gibson Street.

Apr 1
The North American Canal Company contracts to deepen the St. Lawrence River and connect Lake Erie with Ontario, and Lake Francis with Lake Champlain and the Hudson River.

Apr 4
Temperatures in New York City climb to 80 degrees F, highest here for this date.

Apr 15
General Electric is incorporated in Schenectady, by a merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Electric, arranged by J. P. Morgan.

Apr 27
President Benjamin Harrison lays the cornerstone of Grant's Tomb in New York City.

May
A corn canning plant is opened on Auburn's Garfield Street.

Jun 9
Broadway composer Cole Porter is born in Peru, Indiana.

Jun 10
The Republican national convention adjourns in Minneapolis, nominating President Harrison and New York Tribune editor Whitelaw Reid.

Jun 12
Poet-illustrator Djuna Barnes is born in Cornwall-on-Hudson.

Jun 14
Auburn - hot.

Jun 15
Auburn - hot.

July
Niagara Falls inaugurates electric trolley service.

Jul 23
223 people die in New York City during a severe heat wave.

August
Railroad switchmen in Buffalo go on strike. 8,000 national Guard troops are dispatched to maintain order. ** Excursion boat operator John Starin petitions New York City for permission to improve his Hudson River property between Cortlandt and Dey streets. Backed by the Dock Board and the Commissioners for the Sinking Fund, the proposal meets some resistance from the Board of Aldermen.

Aug 4
Hornell inaugurates electric trolley service.

Aug 28
The Socialist Labor party meets in New York City and nominates Simon Wing of Massachusetts and New York's Charles R. Matchett for President and Vice-President.

Aug 29
Steerage passengers on the Hamburg-American Line's Moravia, docking in New York, bring cholera to the U. S.

October
New York's Board of Aldermen approve Starin's proposal.

Oct 10
U. S. diplomat Sumner Welles is born in New York City.

Oct 12
Sicilian sculptor Gaetano Russo's statue of Columbus, financed through a campaign by New York's Il Progresso Italo-Americano newspaper, is dedicated at Columbus Circle.

Nov 8
The New York Presbytery tries Dr. Charles A. Briggs of New York City's Union Theological Seminary on charges of heresy over liberal church doctrine, his second trial in two years.

Dec 27
The cornerstone for New York City's Cathedral of St. John the Divine is laid.

Dec 30
Dr. Briggs is acquitted.

City
The Edison Company erects the city's first flashing electric sign, for Long Island Railroad (LIRR) president Augustus Corbin, at the corner of 23rd Street, Broadway and Fifth Avenue. ** William Gibbs McAdoo arrives from Georgia to practice law. ** Democrat Thomas F. Gilroy, backed by Democrats behind Grover Cleveland's presidential candidacy, defeats Republican Edwin Einstein and People's Party candidate Henry Hicks, to become mayor, serving 1893-1894. ** Vogue magazine begins publication, in New York City. ** Stephen Crane moves into a New York City studio apartment on 23rd Street. ** Cuban national hero Jose Marti, in exile here, founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party. ** The Rhinelander Sugar House at Duane and Rose Streets, used as a British prison during the American Revolution, is demolished. A barred window and small segment of the original jail wall are preserved. ** The Century Club moves from 109 East 15th Street to 7 West 43rd Street. ** Giovanni Ronca arrives from Italy, joins his brother restauranteur Pasquale. They open the Cafe Ronca, a theatrical hangout. ** Mother Cabrini opens Columbus Hospital (later renamed Cabrini Medical Center). **

Brooklyn
The Handren & Robins shipyard drops the "Handren" from its name. ** The Soldier's and Sailor's Memorial Arch is erected at Brooklyn's Grand Army Plaza.

State
Ithaca College is founded. ** The city of Mount Vernon is incorporated. ** Adirondack State Park is created. ** The Batavia and New York Wood Working Company moves to Clinton Street. The villages of Manchester and Suspension Bridge are combined and incorporated as the city of Niagara Falls. ** Le Roy's Ingham University closes. ** Author and Civil War officer Ely S. Parker, author of the terms of surrender at Appomattox, dies. ** Spiritualism movement co-founder Catherine Fox dies in poverty. ** Electric trolley service begins in Oswego. ** Former governor Myron Holley Clark dies in Canandaigua. ** Cornell president Charles Kendall Adams resigns to become president of the University of Wisconsin. ** Construction begins on McKim, Mead & White's Echota, a town in Niagara Falls to house workers of the Niagara Power Company.

Rochester
George Eastman founds the Eastman Kodak company. ** City police experiment with the use of bicycles. ** Nurseryman William G. Ellwanger moves to 47-49 Gardiner Park. ** Colonel Nathaniel Rochester dies. ** A steam and electric generating plant is built by the Edison Electric Illuminating Company near the Triphammer Mill on the Genesee River, near Brown's Race. ** The Security Trust Bank opens at East Main and South Water.

 

© 2001 David Minor / Eagles Byte

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