Oneida Perfectionists abolish community property and form the Oneida Community, Ltd., a joint-stock company.
After a 112-day trip through Manhattan, pulled by 32 horses at the rate of 97 feet a day from lower Manhattan, the Cleopatra's Needle obelisk arrives at its new Central Park site.
Cass Gilbert and 49 other young architects form the Architectural League of New York.
Batavia clamp maker Alva M. Colt patents a quick-setting clamp for gluing wood.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 3 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 1 degree F, lowest here for this date.
Cleopatra's Needle is dedicated. U. S. Secretary of State William Maxwell Evarts addresses the crowd.
721,303 shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange.
Thomas Collier Platt takes his seat in Congress as senator from New York.
New York impresario Tony Pastor showcases Lillian Russell in a tabloid version of Olivette.
The New York Stock Exchange closes out the week with a total traded of 3,022407 shares.
The Revised Version of the New Testament goes on sale in Rochester. 1500 copies are sold today.
Rochester's Academy of Science is incorporated.
Senator Platt resigns from Congress over a disagreement with Presidential Garfield over New York appointments.
Clara Barton founds the American branch of the Red Cross, in Rochester.
Trotter Maud S. breaks the record for the mile at Rochester's Driving Park, coming in at 2:10 1/2.
Operatic tenor and Metropolitan Opera manager Edward Johnson is born in Canada.
Rochester holds a parade in honor of assassinated U. S. President James A. Garfield, buried today.
Clara Barton addresses a Rochester meeting called to organize a local chapter of the American Red Cross.
Clara Barton Chapter No. 2 is organized in Rochester, the 2nd american chapter in the country.
Rochester's first commercial electric lights are used in the Powers Art Gallery and A. S. Mann's store.
Former U. S. Brigadier General John Henry Martindale, a New York State native, dies in Nice, France, where he's come for medical treatment.
Temperatures in New York City rise to 61 degrees F, the highest temperature here for this date.
Anthropologist-ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan dies in Rochester at the age of 63.
A robbery attempt in Louis Hanier's New York bar at 144 West 26th Street fails.
Louis Hanier is shot and killed at his bar.
Over the past year the transactions of the New York Stock Exchange total $12,816,246,600.
The city's first cooperative apartment building, the Rembrandt, at 152 West 57th Street, designed by Hubert & Pirsson for clergyman-entrepreneur Jared B. Flagg, is completed. The Gainsborough artists' co-op at 222 Central Park South, designed by Charles W. Barkham, opens later in the year. ** The Windmere Apartment House is built, on West 57th Street. ** The new headquarters of the Long Island (later Brooklyn) Historical Society is turned over to the Board of Trustees. ** The Mutual Life Insurance company buys land between Nassau and William streets and Liberty and Cedar streets (later 1 Chase Manhattan Plaza) from the U. S. Government, at a cost of $650,000, for construction of an office building. ** Drama critic Brander Matthews' French Dramatists of the 19th Century. ** Gross assets of the Fidelity and Casualty Company of New York are $382,342. ** Teunis G. Bergen's Register of the Early Settlers of Kings County. ** John Jacob Astor donates a third hall to the library at Lafayette Place (later the New York Public Theater) donated by his grandfather's will.
Le Roy's Ingham University becomes independent of the Presbyterian Synod of Genesee. ** Cropseyville's Garfield School is completed. ** Warsaw's first salt well is drilled, on the Keeney farm. ** The Perry Knitting Mills are founded, in Perry. ** Former University of Michigan history professor Charles Kendall Adams is invited to lecture at Cornell University. ** Resort owner John Starin adds a four-story Chinese pagoda to Glen Island. ** South Ticonderoga native Horace A. Moses goes to work in a Massachusetts paper mill. ** Erastus Corning, Jr. turns down the Democratic nomination for governor. Grover Cleveland accepts it. ** Susan B. Anthony begins compiling the History of Women's Suffrage. ** Recent Harvard graduate Theodore Roosevelt is elected to the state legislature. ** A. W. Thompson paints Life on the Towpath.
The city gets its first electric streetlights. ** Construction begins on H. H. Richardson's City Hall. ** The state senate begins sitting in its new Chamber. ** Businessman Erastus Corning, Jr. founds The Corning Foundation for Christian Work in the Diocese of Albany, to foster the building of The Cathedral of All Saints.
Concert pianist Monica Dailey is born. ** The E. N. Rowell paper box factory is founded.
Grover Cleveland is elected city sheriff, fails in a bid for the mayor's office. ** Canadian-born clockmaker Myles Hughes begins crafting an apostolic clock. He will finish it in 1916. ** Erie, Pennsylvania, Gazette reporter and city editor (and future historian) Frank H. Severance becomes a reporter for the Buffalo Express. ** Civil War veteran and Erie County sheriff Jean Baptiste Weber enters the wholesale grocery business of Smith and Weber.
The Kimball Tobacco Company factory is built on the Genesee River. A statue of Mercury is placed atop a smokestack there. ** The Genesee River excursion steamer Flour City burns on a visit to the Thousand Islands. ** East Avenue's Warner Observatory is demolished. ** The Brush Electric Company builds a generating plant at the Lower Falls. ** John H. Rochester and other descendants erect a tablet at St. Luke's Episcopal Church in memory of their ancestor Colonel Nathaniel Rochester, a founder of the parish. ** The Monroe House hotel (formerly the National Hotel) is demolished to make way for the Powers Hotel. ** The clubhouse of Charlotte's Rochester Yacht Club is destroyed by fire.
Joseph Lyman Silsbee's Dutch Reformed Church is completed.
Charlotte's Spencer House hotel burns down. ** New York City excursion boat operator and resort owner John Starin opens a picnic ground at Garvey's Point on the north shore of Queens.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 6 degrees below 0 F, lowest January reading on record here.
The local chapter of Rochester's Knights of Labor orders a strike at the carriage works.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt is born near Hyde Park.
Rochester nurserymen Ellwanger and Barry give a sixteen-year lease on property at the Genesee River's lower falls to an electric light company. ** New York City developer Remington Vernam builds several streets on Rockaway Peninsula. His "R. Vernam" signature on checks gives the Queens neighborhood the name Arverne.
The Rochester Evening Telegram, a new daily newspaper, begins publication.
The Oratorio Society of Rochester presents a Beethoven program with an orchestra and a chorus of 200.
Edward Clark's New York west side apartment house is named the Dakota.
A memorial service is held for Giuseppi Garibaldi (who died nine days before) at the Staten Island home where he resided in 1850 and 1851. Owner Frederick Beckmann donates the house to the Italian community with long-time tenant Antno Meucci given life use.
The Prospect House resort opens at Blue Mountain Lake in the Adirondacks.
Painter Edward Hopper is born in Nyack.
Thomas Edison opens the first power station, on New York City's Pearl Street, to provide power for incandescent street lighting.
Henry Brougham Farnie, Henri Meilhac, Robert Planquette and Philippe Gille's Rip Van Winkle, based on the Washington Irving story, opens at London's Comedy Theatre.
Lillian Russell sings the role of Aline in John A. McCaull's New York production of the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta The Sorcerer.
The first regularly scheduled train on the Genesee Valley Railroad arrives in Rochester from Honesdale, Pennsylvania.
Rochester goes on railroad time. Previously fifteen minutes later than New York City time, it becomes the same.
New York City reformer Robert Studebaker Binkerd is born in Dayton, Ohio.
Future mayor Fiorello Henry LaGuardia is born in New York City.
A record 848,940 shares of stock are traded at the New York Stock Exchange.
Temperatures in New York City plunge to 10 degrees F, the lowest reading here for this date.
Temperatures in New York City again drop to 10 degrees F, the lowest temperature here for this date.
Rochester street car service on the St. Paul Street run is discontinued for the winter, leaving riders stranded.
Plans are filed for a cooperative at 121 Madison Avenue and the Gramercy at 34 Gramercy Park. ** The Knickerbocker Ice Company becomes the city's biggest ice firm. Annual consumption in the city is estimated at 1,885,000 tons. ** Democrat Franklin Edson defeats Republican Allan Campbell to become mayor, serving 1883- 1884. ** During a baseball game between Manhattan College and the semipro Metropolitans, Manhattan coach Brother Jasper calls for a time out during the seventh inning, beginning the seventh-inning stretch. ** A produce and meat market is built at Fulton Street and South streets. ** The daughter of Jacob Cohen, owner of 23rd Ward Park in the Bronx, is married in a special pavilion on the park grounds. The ceremony is conducted in the grand ballroom. The park no longer exists.
Churchville's Smith House hotel burns down. ** Chicago industrialist John Coonley, owner of Wyoming's Hillside, dies, leaving the house to his widow, poetess Lydia Avery Coonley, whose family previously owned it. ** The Corning family presents Corning with a clock and tower in honor of the city's namesake Erastus Corning. ** The Johnston Harvester (later Massey-Harris Harvester) Company, a manufacturer of agricultural equipment, its factory in Brockport having burned down, is given $62,000 raised by Batavia citizens and businesses, moves there. ** Tolls are abolished on the Erie Canal. ** A spur of the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh railway is built to connect Perry to Silver Lake Junction. ** Cyrus Allen and James Carson, Jr. purchase Avon's never completed 1820s home for Jonathan Gerry, a grain storage warehouse more recently, add a wing on the west and a third story, open it as The Sanitarium. It's used as a mineral bath, post office and bank. It will one day become the Avon Inn. ** John Starin adds Klein Deutschland, a German village to Glen Island Park.
The Dansville side-cut and the Wiscox and Ischuna reservoirs of the defunct Genesee Valley Canal are sold to farmers whose land adjoined them. ** The Delaware and Lackawanna and Western Railroad begins laying tracks into Dansville, completes then next year. ** The main building of the Jackson Sanitarium is destroyed by fire.
Genesee Pure Food Company heir Ernest Le Roy Woodward is born to company founder Orator and his wife Eleanor Woodward. ** Future Le Royan Nellie Beadle (Bradbury) is born in Holley. ** The Delaware and Lackawanna and Western Railroad builds the Linwood station at nearby Russell's Corners.
The horsecar system begins running its own horse-drawn omnibuses on East Avenue. ** Charlotte's Spencer House hotel burns down. 20,000 bushels of apples stored in the basement are lost.
Politician Theodore Roosevelt delivers the address "The Duties of American Citizenship," in Buffalo.
Honeoye Falls entrepreneur Ben Peer marries Emma Hanchet of Lima.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 11 degrees F, lowest here for this date.
Daniel Frohman's production of Mrs. Burton N. Harrison's A Russian Honeymoon, directed by Franklin H. Sargent and David Belasco, opens at New York City's Madison Square Theatre.
A man is killed in Rochester when the Hayden & Company building, its foundation undermined by street construction, collapses.
John Augustus Roebling and Colonel Washington Roebling's Brooklyn Bridge opens to traffic, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan.
Harriet Weld Corning, wife of businessman Erastus Corning, dies in Albany, New York, at the age of 79.
A Russian Honeymoon closes.
Daniel Frohman's production of The Rajah or Wyncot's Ward, directed by Sargent and Belasco, opens at the Madison Square Theatre.
Fortune teller Hannah Johnson - Black Hannah - who had arrived in Tonawanda on the Underground Railroad, dies there on the J. Chadwick farm. She will be buried in North Tonawanda's Sweeney Cemetery.
Horsecar service is inaugurated in Niagara Falls.
English naval captain and Channel swimmer Matthew Webb drowns trying to swim Niagara rapids.
Composer Douglas Moore is born in Cutchogue.
Penologist Lewis E. Lawes is born to Harry Lewis Lawes and Sarah (Abbott) Lawes in Elmira.
Lillian Russell and Edward Solomon are married in Jersey City, and depart for Europe aboard the Lydian Monarch.
James McNeill Whistler has his first U. S. show, at Wunderlich and Company Gallery in New York City.
New York City's Metropolitan Opera House opens, with a performance of Gounod's Faust.
Batavia industrialist E. Newton Rowell shoots and kills Johnson L. Lynch of Utica, his wife's lover. He will be acquitted next year.
The New York Athletic Club organizes the first cross-country run.
Rowell is released on bail.
The new Government Building, at State and Broadway in Albany is occupied. ** A daughter, Pearl, is born to Benjamin and Emma Peer.
The Eagle Variety Theatre at Broadway and West 33rd, recently renamed the Standard, is destroyed by fire. A new Standard Theatre will be built in its place.
Temperatures in New York City drop to 1 degrees below zero F, the lowest here for this date.
121 Madison (at 30th Street), built by Hubert & Pirsson for Jared B. Flagg, is completed, the first surviving building in the city designed as a cooperative. Flagg's son Ernest works on the building's design, creating the duplex style. The Gramercy apartment house is also completed. ** José de Navarro's Navarro Flats apartment complex on Central Park South is completed. ** The only cable railway on a bridge in the U. S. goes into service on the Brooklyn Bridge. ** Joseph Pulitzer buys the New York World ** John Quincy Adams Ward sculpts a statue of George Washington for the Subtreasury Building, on Wall Street. ** Lillian Russell opens in the spring, performing the lead in John A. McCaull's production of Jacques Offenbach's Princess of Trebizonde. Her future husband Edward Solomon conducts the orchestra. ** Councilwoman Genevieve Beavers (Earle) is born. ** New York State Stock Exchange Assistant Secretary George W. Ely is named Secretary. ** A few minor anti-abolition incidents occur this year.
Electric lighting is installed in the state Senate Chamber. ** Middletown is incorporated. ** Le Roy manufacturer Orator F. Woodward goes into the patent medicine business. ** The Buffalo, Rochester and Pittsburgh Railroad is completed. ** Scottish-born craftsman Allan Herschel produces his first riding gallery (steam driven carousel), in Tonawanda. ** The Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad reaches Corning. ** The Lansingburgh Gazette (also known at various times as the Rensselaer County Gazette, the State Gazette and the Lansingburgh State Gazette) ceases publication after 85 years. ** John Starin adds a zoo and an aviary to Glen Island Park. ** The Honeoye Falls Times begins publishing a subdivision map of the Ontario Street area. ** Adirondack canoe builder J. H. Rushton turns out the open paddling canoe Wee Lassie. ** The Geneva Historical Society is founded. ** This year and next Charles F. Milliken and George S. Conover publish excerpts of Pre Emption Line surveyor Colonel Hugh Maxwell's field notes in Canandaigua's Ontario County Times.
When the First Presbyterian Church plans to move from Hudson and Philip streets to State and Willet streets, some dissatisfied members of the congregation leave the church. ** H. H. Richardson's Albany City Hall on State Street is completed at a cost of $325,000, split by the city and the county.
Edward Gould Richmond is elected mayor. ** The Richmond Hotel is built, on the site of the 1823 Eagle Tavern.
William Franz Wendt buys out partner Charles Hammelmann to become sole owner of the Buffalo Forge Company. ** The Central Wharf Building is demolished after the railroad makes a sneak foray one night, laying tracks down the center of Prime Street. The Hazard Block is demolished by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Rail Road in spite of a lawsuit brought by the city. ** The Board of Trade moves out of Central Wharf into its new Merchants Exchange building on Seneca Street. ** The Erie Elevator is built on the waterfront for the storage of grain.
George Eastman moves his operations for a second time, from 149 State Street to 323 State, future site of Kodak Office. ** The Erie Railroad tracks are elevated. ** Nursery owners George Ellwanger and Patrick Barry offer the city land for a park, are turned down by the Common Council. ** The six-story Powers Hotel is built at North Fitzhugh and West Main. ** The New York Central and Hudson River Rail Road purchases the former site of the Spencer House resort, destroyed by fire last year, at a sheriff's sale and leases it to the Ontario Beach Improvement Company. ** The East Side Savings Bank buys the property at 223 East Main from the Asbury Methodist Church. ** Shoemakers at Reed and Weaver Shoes go out on strike. ** The approximate date the Rochester & Lake Ontario Belt Railroad is built, near Seneca Park, carrying passengers to Windsor Beach. ** George W. Aldridge makes a second run for a position on the executive board, succeeds this time, defeating Jake Gerling. ** Harvey Ellis's home for Alexander B. Lamberton, at 727 East Avenue, is completed.
Ernest Serrigny, Secretary of the Commission of Antiquities for the Department of the Cote D'Or, acquires the papers of the De Baugy family, including those of Louis Henri De Baugy describing his stay in Canada and New York State in the 1680s. Serrigny edits the papers and they're published in Paris by Ernest LeRoux.
The Albany post office opens on the former site of the Mechanics and Farmers Bank and the Merchant Exchange buildings at State and Broadway.
Rochester's Democrat and Chronicle carries its first pictures, of politician James G. Blaine, ambassador to England James Russell Lowell, and M. Roustan, new French minister to the U. S.
Batavia manufacturer E. Newton Rowell is acquitted in the slaying of his wife's lover Johnson L. Lynch. The admitted killer, he's judged to be sane and within his rights as a husband. He will file for divorce.
Teddy Roosevelt's wife Alice and mother Martha die in New York City.
Rochester's Free Trade club is organized.
The first long distance telephone call is made, between New York and Boston.
New Yorker Staats-Zeitung publisher Anna Behr Uhl Ottendorfer dies at the age of 69.
U. S. labor leader and secretary of New York Department of Labor Rose Schneiderman is born.
J. Edward Simmons is elected president of the New York Stock Exchange.
Rochester celebrates its semi-centennial. President Grover Cleveland attends.
The foundations are laid for Albany's Cathedral of All Saints.
The Democrat and Chronicle increases its size to 8 pages.
Rochester begins a three-day celebration of the 50th anniversary of its incorporation as a city.
The New York Times runs a history of the Union Pacific Railroad and the related stock dealings of Jay Gould.
The grand opening of Rochester's Ontario Beach Park. 12,000 visitors attend the ceremonies, arriving from the city by train.
The cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty is laid.
An earthquake measuring the equivalent 5.5 on today's Richter Scale strikes New York City, somewhere between Queens and Amityville, Long Island. It's felt as far away as Ohio, Maine and Maryland.
The chapel of Rochester's Third Presbyterian Church is dedicated.
The Democrat and Chronicle carries its first picture of a woman, feminist Belva Lockwood.
Editor Maxwell Ewarts Perkins born in New York City.
Mrs. Abelard Reynolds, wife of the Rochester pioneer, celebrates her 100th birthday.
Republican presidential candidate James G. Blaine visits Rochester.
The Women's Suffrage Convention meets in Buffalo. ** Young men of Rochester's St. Andrews Church start a coffee and reading room in the city's 12th Ward.
Popular New York actor Frank S. Chanfrau, 61, dies of apoplexy while dining at Taylor's Hotel in Jersey City, New Jersey, where he was appearing in a one-week engagement of the audience favorite The Arkansas Traveler.
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt is born in New York City.
Boxer John L. Sullivan defeats Professor John M. Laflin in a match at New York's Madison Square Garden. Laflin challenges Sullivan to a rematch.
New York mayor Franklin Edson reads about the boxing match in the papers. Disturbed, he writes to president of the Police Board Stephen B. French, asking that his department do what they can to stop such exhibitions, unless prevented by the courts. They are asked to prevent an upcoming Garden fight between Sullivan and Alf Greenfield. Gloved fights had been permitted for the past two years.
The Sullivan-Greenfield fight takes place. Greenfield is saved from certain defeat when the police interfere.
New York City fence Fredericka "Marm (Mother)" Mandelbaum, jumping bail and fleeing an indictment, arrives at the Suspension Bridge in Buffalo, soon crossing over into Canada.
Rochester holds its first Municipal Civil Service exam.
The trial of participants in the November 18th boxing match opens, with Howe & Hummel for Greenfield's defense, and Peter Mitchell for Sullivan's. Both defendants plead not guilty, jury selection takes up the rest of the first day.
Greenfield and Sullivan are acquitted in less than five minutes on the grounds that the fight was just a sparring match.
Temperatures in New York City plunge to 1 degree below zero F, setting a record here for this date.
The 1100-seat Standard Theatre, designed by J. B. McElfatrick & Sons, is completed at Broadway and West 33rd Street, site of the former Eagle Variety Theatre, destroyed by fire last year.
Bank robber George Leslie is murdered. ** Businessman Edward Severin Clark invests in the building of the Dakota apartments. ** Former Democratic mayor William R. Grace, running on the Independent ticket, defeats Tammany Hall Democrat Hugh J. Grant and Republican Frederick S. Gibbs to become mayor, serving 1885-1886. Suffragist Cynthia Leonard, mother of operetta star Lillian Russell, also runs. ** Presbyterian minister Dr. Samuel D. Burchard visits Republican candidate James G. Blaine and refers to the Democrats as the party "of Rum, Romanism and Rebellion". Blaine lets the remark pass and loses the New York Catholic vote. ** Banker Berthold Hochschild arrives from Frankfort, Germany, to trade in metals. ** Lillian Russell stars in John A. McCaulla's opera bouffé The Snake Charmer. ** The city's budgetary expenses come out to $36.65 per capita, 6 1/2 times the amount of 1819. ** Playbill magazine is launched, to serve the Broadway theater. ** Salaries of New York Stock Exchange employees total $119,082 for the past fiscal year. ** Reservoir Park is renamed Bryant Park. ** A city commission selects land north of he Harlem River for an expansion of the park system. It will end up costing the city $9,000,000 for all of the properties. ** Riverside Hospital on North Brother Island is built this year. The Willard Parker Hospital is also built at the foot of 16th Street, for treating diphtheria and scarlet fever. ** Seventy-four madams are arrested in a police raid. All retain the notorious law firm of Howe & Hummell to represent them. ** Calvert Vaux and George K. Radford combine two houses at 15 Gramercy Park South into a residence for former New York governor Samuel J. Tilden. It will later house the National Arts Club. ** The American Surety Company of New York, with offices at 160 Broadway, is organized, capitalized at $1,000,000. ** The Washington Building, at the foot of Broadway, is completed by Cyrus W. Field's Washington Building Company. ** Music publisher C. G. Christmans publishes the c. 1844 Erie Canal song The Raging Canal.
Chili Seminary changes its name to Chesbrough Seminary, for benefactor A. M. Chesbrough. In 1945 it becomes Roberts Junior College. ** The Batavia and New York Woodworking Company is founded. ** The West Shore Railroad reaches Oakfield. ** A second son, Orator Francis Woodward, Jr. (Frank) is born to Genesee Pure Food Company founder Orator Woodward and his wife Cora. ** The Pioneer Log Cabin is built on the Bath grounds of the Steuben County fairgrounds, to house historical exhibits. ** Owner Samuel Robertson makes major changes to his Patterson Inn building at Painted Post. ** Mr. Geneseo, William A. Brodie, is named Grand Master of Masons in New York. ** Monroe County coroner Wallace Sibley moves to Rochester. ** William F. Peck's Semi-Centennial History of Rochester. ** Cohocton's Union School issues its first diplomas. ** The highly romanticized tourist-oriented Birchbark Legends of Niagara is published. ** The state declares lands seized in the northern mountains for tax sales constitute a forest preserve - the inception of the Adirondacks State Park.
The Buffalo Forge Company begins branching out from producing portable forges for blacksmiths. ** Civil War veteran and grocer Jean Baptiste Weber leaves Smith and Weber to run for Congress, successfully.
Samuel Wilder remodels his Academy of Music to increase its seating capacity. ** Architect Claude Bragdon graduates from high school in Oswego and his family moves to Rochester, where his father George Bragdon becomes an editorial writer for the Union and Advertiser. ** The Hotel Ontario is built on the Lake Ontario shore.. ** Cohocton's Union School issues its first diplomas. ** The highly romanticized tourist-oriented Birchbark Legends of Niagara. ** The state declares lands seized in the northern mountains for tax sales constitute a forest preserve - the inception of the Adirondacks State Park.
© 2005 David Minor / Eagles Byte
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