( Updated 11 / 28 / 2004 )
Jan 5
The merchant ship Star of the West departs from New York City with troops and supplies for Fort Sumter.

Jan 6
New York City mayor Fernando Wood proposes that the city should declare itself free and neutral if the Union should dissolve.

Jan 11
Pro-Union sympathizers break up an abolitionist meeting at Rochester's Corinthian Hall.

Jan 12
The Star of the West returns to New York.

Jan 18
Vassar Female College is founded in Poughkeepsie. Inventor and artist Samuel Finley Breese Morse is one of the founders.

Lincoln passes through Westfield, stops to see Grace Bedell, the little girl who suggested last year that he grow a beard, advice he has taken.

Feb 18
Abraham Lincoln's inaugural train passes through Rochester. He addresses the crowd briefly.

Apr 15
John F. Rand of Batavia is the first to volunteer for the Union Army.

Apr 18
A call for volunteers at Rochester pulls in a large crowd.

Apr 20
A second Federal expedition to relieve Sumter leaves New York City.

Apr 25
Elizabeth Blackwell assembles 92 New York City society women at the Infirmary for Women and Children, to organize a meeting of prospective nurses, to become the Women's Central Association for Relief. ** Students and faculty at Geneva's Hobart College stage a pro-war rally. ** More northern troops arrive in Washington, D. C., including the 7th New York.

May 4
The first regiment from the Rochester area leaves for the war.

May 9
Members of New York Fire Zouaves help save Washington, D. C.'s Willard Hotel from a conflagration.

May 13
Batavian Augustus I. Root is mustered in as captain of 12th New York Volunteers, Company K. He will lead the first company from Genesee County to be sent out of state.

May 14
The 13th New York Infantry, with companies from Rochester, Dansville and Brockport, is mustered in at Elmira. Isaac F. Quinby serves as the unit's colonel.

May 21
Recruitment begins in Elmira for the 27th New York Infantry, under Colonel Henry W. Slocum.

May 24
Federal troops seize Alexandria, Virginia. Elmer Ephraim Ellsworth, organizer of the New York Fire Zouaves, is killed by the proprietor of the Marshall House hotel while taking down a Confederate flag.

May 27
Nine companies from the Monroe County area are reported ready for service.

Henry Adams serves as foreign correspondent for The New York Times. ** George Armstrong Custer graduates last in his class at West Point.

Jun 6
The second Maid of the Mist runs into the Niagara rapids to avoid creditors.

The first recorded test drilling for petroleum in New York State is performed in the town of Rushford. This test and another later in the year in Olean yield nothing.

Jul 2
The comet Tebbutt is first seen in the Rochester area.

Jul 9
The 27th New York Infantry is mustered in today and tomorrow in Elmira.

Jul 16
Organization of the 1st New York Cavalry Regiment (the Lincoln) begins in New York City. As companies are filled they are sent off to help defend Washington and Alexandria.

Jul 21
The Union Army under McDowell is defeated at Bull Run by forces under Beauregard and Johnston. The 27th New York Infantry loses 130 men.

Jul 25
New York's governor Edwin Dennison Morgan calls for 25,000 recruits to enlist for three year terms.

Jul 30
A and B Company of the 1st New York Regiment Mounted Rifles (also designated the New York 7th Cavalry), organized at New York City, are mustered in at Fortress Monroe, Virginia.

Jul 31
Detachments of the 1st New York Infantry Regiment begin leaving for Washington, D. C., where they are attached to the defenses of the capital and of Alexandria.

After the Federal government launches a grand jury inquiry to look into charges against local New York City newspapers for disloyalty and encouraging the enemy, the U. S. Postmaster General orders New York postmaster William B. Taylor to deny mailing privileges to such papers. The Brooklyn Eagle, while coming out for freedom of speech, will not be indicted. The Times will suggest complete suppression of "secessionist journals".

Aug 2
Isaac F. Quinby, colonel of the 13th New York Infantry, resigns when his regiment, 90 day enlistees, are told they will not be mustered out after their tour of duty.

Aug 5
Rochester's Flour City Cavalry leaves for Washington. ** Quinby's resignation becomes official.

Aug 12
126th New York Company surgeon Fletcher M. Hammond announces to his troops that the ladies of Ontario, Seneca, and Yates counties have agreed to provide the wounded with supplies and special foods.

Aug 13
Colonel Henry W. Slocum, promoted to brigadier general, leaves the 27th New York.

Aug 20
John Pickell is named the new colonel of the 13th New York Infantry.

Aug 31
The 1st New York Cavalry Regiment reaches full strength. ** Colonel Henry W. Slocum is promoted to brigadier general.

Sep 1
Joseph J. Bartlett is named the new colonel of the 27th New York.

Sep 7
The remainder of the 1st New York Infantry arrives in Washington.

Sep 14
George Jones's' Amelia Bank at Leedsville closes.


Sep 26
Tompkins County - rain.

Union staff officer Patrick Henry O'Rorke, an assistant engineer at the Washington defenses, is transferred to the South Carolina coast. ** Five recruiting offices have opened in Geneva by the end of the month. Two of them, opened by Thomas Alsop and lawyer John Raines, raise a company that will become Company G, 85th New York Volunteers. ** Joseph G. Smith, of the first West Point graduating class, and former U. S. senator the Honorable Eliakim Sherrill, recently moved from Brooklyn to Geneva, New York, organize a war committee. ** Connewango pioneer Nathan Snow dies.

Oct 3
Dryden farm boy Orrin Wood Robertson visits the Trumansburgh Fair.

Oct 4
Painter-sculptor Frederick Remington is born in Canton, New York. ** Baptist clergyman and theologian Walter Rauschenbusch is born in Rochester.

Oct 6
Weather rainy at Dryden.

Oct 7
The thrashers arrive at the Robertson farm.

Oct 9
The threshers finish at the Robertsons. Fred Phillips, a cousin, arrives for a stay.

Oct 11
A drover passes the Robertson farm with a herd of close to 200 sheep.

Oct 21
First frost of the year at the Robertson farm.

Oct 22
A cool day. Mr. Robertson goes to Ithaca for the day to attend court. He brings back a sewing machine for Mrs. Robertson.

Oct 24
The first transcontinental telegraph is completed by Western Union, linking New York and San Francisco.

Oct 28
Weather pleasant. School begins for Orrin Robertson. His teacher will be Mr. Nettles, who comes home with him and plays the violin in the evening.

Oct 31
Orrin's cousin George Robertson arrives from Pennsylvania for a visit.

Nov 5
Republican George Opdyke defeats Mozart Democrat and former mayor Fernando Wood and Tammany Democrat C. Godfrey Gunther to become mayor, from 1862 1864. ** Orrin goes to Ithaca with his father and Uncle Mott while they vote. Weather pleasant.

Nov 6
Dryden weather rainy and cold.

Nov 13
Dryden weather pleasant.

Nov 16
The Christian Commission, to aid soldiers, is founded in New York City. ** The American Bank, of Mayville, held in receivership by Henry Keep, closes.

Nov 18
The weather in Dryden is pleasant. Over the previous night the nearby creek froze over thick enough to walk on.

Nov 19
Dryden weather pleasant.

Nov 21
German immigrant and future master criminal Adam Worth lies about his age and joins the 34th New York Light Artillery (the Flushing or "L" Battery) in New York City, receiving a bounty of $1000.

Nov 28
Rochester's 8th Cavalry leaves for the front.

The final section of New York State's Genesee Valley Canal, from Olean to Millgrove Pond, is completed.

Dec 23
Dryden weather "very unpleasant".

Dec 30
New York City banks suspend specie payment - no redemption of paper money for coinage.

Griffith Thomas' Mortimer Building is built at 22nd Street and Broadway. ** The Freedman's Relief association is founded to assist recently-freed slaves, with chapters in Boston, New York and Philadelphia. ** The Manual of the Common Council carries a lithograph of Dutch women doing laundry on the then-future Maiden Lane. ** German bank robber Maximilian Schoenbein (alias Max Shinburn, the Baron) emigrates here. ** The U. S. Government buys land at Nassau, Broad and New streets from the Middle Dutch Church for $200,000. ** Major General Joseph G. Totten begins making modifications to Fort Richmond (later Fort Wadsworth, or Battery Weed), on Staten Island, originally built at the beginning of the War of 1812.

The Lake Ontario steamboats Northerner and New York are put into Atlantic coastal service. ** Philip Church, first judge of Allegany County, dies and is buried in Angelica's Until the Dawn cemetery. ** Olean's first oil refinery is built. ** French vintner Charles D. Champlin founds the Pleasant Valley Wine Company near Hammondsport, the first winery in the area. ** Oswego State College is founded. ** Businessman Ezra Cornell of Westchester Landing is elected to the state legislature. ** Batavia clubwoman Kate Fisher (McCool) is born in Ontario, Canada. ** William Almon Wheeler of Malone is elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. ** Patrick Henry O'Rorke graduates at the top of his class, in the year's second class. ** Palmyra's Episcopalian Church is completed. ** University of Rochester graduate Winfield Scott receives his divinity degree from the Rochester Theological Seminary, marries Helen Louise Brown and takes a church in Syracuse. ** Wealthy Le Roy tavern keeper John Lent dies, leaves his estate to his son John Howland Lent. ** John F. Aikens of Waterloo is made a company captain in the 33rd New York Regiment. He resigns after three months. ** Carriage maker William H. Baird recruits a company for the 38th New York. ** Geneseo's 104th New York Volunteer Regiment, the Wadsworth Guards, train at Camp Union. ** Former Albany congressman Erastus Corning is elected for a second (non-consecutive) term. ** Erastus Corning's Albany Iron Works gets the contract to manufacture the iron plates for the Union gunboat Monitor, even though Corning, as a member of Congress, is legally barred as a supplier. ** Canandaigua's St. Mary's Catholic Church is enlarged for a second time since it's construction in 1848. ** Albany's population reaches 113,919. ** U. S. Representative from Buffalo, Elbridge Gerry Spaulding, introduces legislation that leads to the creation of the treasury notes known as greenbacks. ** Chicago-born military officer Colonel Elmer Ellsworth passes through Buffalo on his way to Manhattan to form the New York Fire Zouaves. His group gives an exhibition in downtown Buffalo, exciting local youth, including 19-year-old Jean-Baptiste Weber. ** The 44th New York Volunteers - Ellsworth's Avengers - is formed. Buffalonian soldier John Baptiste Weber joins the unit. ** Former state salt superintendent Nehemiah Hezekiah Earll moves out of his Syracuse home at 211 Court Street.

Lawyer George Hosmer dies, at about the age of 80. ** Dr. William Nesbet builds the Livingston Hotel bath house, across from the Knickerbocker Hall.

H. A. Palmer builds a private market on Front Street, through to Mill Street, completing the line of buildings on the Street. ** The University of Rochester moves to property on the former Azariah Boody farm. ** Lawyer-anthropologist Lewis Henry Morgan is elected to the state assembly. ** The city annexes more land for Mt. Hope Cemetery, increasing the its own area to 8.04 square miles. ** Marty McIntyre erects a two-room shack by the beach at Charlotte, rents bathing suits and boats, and serves whitefish dinners. ** The top floor of the Chappell Block becomes the local Masonic Hall. ** The Rochester Historical Society is incorporated. ** A third revision of the city's charter (42 amendments) gives the mayor's office veto power over payments and public improvements. The top tax levy is raised to $101,000. ** Printer Ezra R. Andrews founds the Lawyers Co-operative Publishing Company, to publish law books nationally. ** William Wallace Gilbert, nephew of the first University of Rochester president Martin B. Anderson, graduates from the school. Shortly afterwards he enlists in the 19th U. S. Infantry. ** The fire department acquires its first two horse-drawn steam-powered fire engines.



( Updated 5 / 31 / 2004 )

Henry Adams resigns as foreign correspondent of The New York Times. ** The average gold price of the greenback dollar is 98 cents. ** The Eagle Tavern in Cortland is destroyed by fire shortly after the New Year.

Jan 2
Pleasant but windy in Dryden.

Jan 24
Author Edith Newbold Jones (Wharton) is born in New York City on East 21st Street, to prominent city landowner George Frederic Jones and his wife Lucretia Rhinelander Jones.

Jan 30
Engineer John Ericsson's ironclad, the USS Monitor, is launched at Greenpoint, Brooklyn.

Feb 9
Iranian expert Abraham Valentine Williams Jackson is born in New York City.

Feb 19
Final outfitting on the USS Monitor is completed.

Feb 20
The USS Monitor is handed over to the U. S. Navy. ** Portland, Maine, slave trader Nathaniel Gordon is hanged for piracy in New York City's Tombs Prison, after an appeal to Lincoln is turned down - the last white executed for the crime.

Mar 1
A bill to provide for the public defense is taken up by the New York State Assembly. Within a week they will appropriate a total of $5,960,000 for the state: $75,000 for the northern frontier, $50,000 for Fort Montgomery (Lake Champlain), $25,000 for Fort Schuyler (North or lower Hudson River), $50,000 for Willett's Point (East River and Long Island Sound), $25,000 for Fort Richmond (Staten Island), $50,000 for Fort Tompkins (Staten Island), $100,000 for a battery on Staten Island, and $100,000 for a battery at Fort Hamilton, at the Narrows.

Mar 6
The USS Monitor sails out of New York City.

Mar 14
Orlando Newell Benton, Presbyterian chaplain of the 51st New York, is mortally wounded at New Berne, North Carolina; the first Union chaplain killed during the war.

Mar 15
Erastus Corning's Albany Iron Works contracts with the U. S. government to supply metal plates for half a dozen large ironclads, at $400,000 each, making close to a 25% profit.

Mar 31
An ailing Colonel John Pickell is removed as commander of the 13th New York Infantry.

Apr 16
A performance of Handel's Messiah is given in Rochester's Corinthian Hall.

Apr 20
Elisha G. Marshall is named the new colonel of the 13th New York Infantry.

May 15
Union Grounds, the first fenced-in baseball park, opens in Brooklyn.

May 21
Minstrel show pioneer Edwin Pearce Christy, mentally deranged, commits suicide by throwing himself from a window in his New York City house.

May 23
The New York State Adjutant General issues Orders No. 31, specifying a minimum of 83 men per company.

May 27
Union major general Fitz John Porter disperses a Confederate brigade at Hanover Court House, Virginia. Lackawanna private John Baptiste Weber will be promoted to 2nd lieutenant as a result. His captain, Edward P. Chapin, is wounded and will return to Buffalo to recuperate.

Jun 16
Adah Isaacs Menken opens in Mazeppa at New York City's New Bowery Theater.

Jun 23
Lincoln leaves for New York State to confer with the retired Winfield Scott.

Jun 25
Lincoln returns to Washington.

Jun 30
Corporal Adam Worth of the 34th New York Light Artillery (The Flushing Battery) is promoted to captain.

Yates County is given a quota of 220 enlistees, nearly a tenth of its population. ** Farmer Village (Interlaken) minister Winfield Scott returns to recruit at the Baptist Church. He enrolls 58 men and is made captain of C Company of the 126th New York. ** Waterloo's John K. Loring is commissioned quartermaster of the 126th NY; Penn Yan doctor Fletcher M. Hammond is named regimental surgeon.

Jul 1
The Seven Days Battle ends with the battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia, when Lee is repulsed by Federal artillery near the James River. Nearly 6,000 of his men are killed. The Federal forces lose 2,000. The 44th New York Volunteers lose 50% of their men in twenty minutes' fighting. Acting captain, Lieutenant John Baptiste Weber has only five left of the men who he lead into the field.

Jul 2
New York State is given a quota of 59,705 men, 79,904 enlist.

Jul 9
Union staff officer Patrick Henry O'Rorke marries his childhood sweetheart Clara Wadsworth Bishop, in Rochester's St. Bridget Church.

Jul 11
The military committee of Yates County meets in Geneva to make plans for raising the 126th New York Volunteer Infantry. Companies A and B are organized.

Jul 13
New York State's Hamilton College begins a 50th anniversary commemoration of its founding.

Jul 22
The Prairie Motor departs Nebraska City for a trip to Denver, Colorado. It breaks down several miles out of town, requiring inventor Joseph Brown to return to New York for a spare part.

Jul 24
Former governor and U. S. president Martin Van Buren dies at Lindenwald, in Kinderhook.

Jul 25
Ads appear in the Geneva Gazette calling for volunteers for the 126th New York Volunteer Infantry.

Jul 27
New York City public servant George Petit LeBrun is born in Trinidad.

Aug 2
New York State is given a quota of another 59,705 men. Only 1,781 enlist.

Aug 8
600 men have passed the physical for induction into the 126th New York Infantry.

Aug 9
C Company of the 126th New York, including Farmer Village machinist and band member John Ryno, arrives at camp in Geneva. ** Bethany, New York, native George I. Rose enlists in the 126th, receives bounties totalling $308. ** Carriage maker and former major William H. Baird is created major of the 126th.

Aug 15
The 126th reaches its full complement of recruits but the muster is delayed until after the weekend due to a shortage of uniforms and blankets.

Aug 16
Joseph Brown wires Nebraska City from New York, informing his engineers that wartime demands on factories will delay the manufacture of the needed spare part.

Aug 18
The Military Committee of Monroe County announces the formation of a new infantry regiment, 1,000 men strong, toward a planned U. S. draft of 1,500 men from the county.

Aug 19
Monroe County Board of Supervisors announces a bonus of $100 to enlistees, bringing the total of enlistment bounty money up to $252. ** Monroe County's 108th New York Regiment leaves for the theater of war.

Aug 20
Newspaper publisher Horace Greeley publishes the editorial "The Prayer of Twenty Millions" in the New York Tribune, condemning Lincoln for not ending slavery. ** Private George Rose sends $105 of his enlistment bounty home to his father. ** Having recuperated from wounds suffered at Malvern Hill, Colonel Edward P. Chapin begins mustering the 116th New York Infantry, at Buffalo.

Aug 21
The Cayuga Lake steamer Aurora sails from Sheldrake, spends the day and the next two transporting friends ad relatives of the 126th NY from Cayuga to Geneva, to visit the troops before their departure.

Aug 22
The Monroe County Military Committee appoints their own Louis Ernst, a local hardware store owner, as lieutenant-colonel. ** The central New York ladies deliver the promised supplies and food as well as a regimental flag from the citizens of Penn Yan (which puts a few Geneva noses out of joint), all presented to Sherrill Colonel Eliakim at Camp Swift in Geneva.

Aug 26
The first company of the Rochester Regiment, out of Brockport, goes into camp at Camp Fitz John Porter, on the banks of the Genesee River in Rochester.

Aug 27
Geneva resident DeWitt C. Farrington is named sergeant major of the 126th New York Volunteers. ** New York's Ontario County falls nearly two thirds short of its quota of 1378 recruits. ** The 109th NY Infantry regiment is mustered in at Binghamton by Captain David Ireland. Among the recruits in Company E is David W. Merrill of Nanticoke.

Aug 28
Leroy Williams, editor of the Penfield EXTRA , turns the newspaper over to his sister Nellie and goes off to join the Union Army. ** Pope gropes for Jackson at Manassas, fails to find him, but one of McDowell's divisions does. The fight is ended by darkness. New York's Flushing Battery fires off 207 rounds.

Aug 29
A company of mostly German immigrants arrives at Camp Fitz John Porter.

Canandaigua lawyer James M. Bull, named lieutenant of the 126th New York Infantry earlier in the year, assumes his post after clearing up his business affairs.

Sep 1
The enlargement of the Erie Canal, to carry 270-ton boats, is completed. Cost - $31,000,000.

Sep 2
Second lieutenant Ira Smith Brown of Berden's First U. S. Sharpshooters is mustered into the 126th NY.

Sep 3
All ten companies of Rochester's regiment have arrived in camp.

Sep 5
The Rochester regiment learns it's been designated the 140th NY Regiment. ** The 116th NY Infantry mustering in is completed. Chapin appoints John Baptiste Weber as Assistant Adjutant General.

Sep 7
Approximately 15,000 civilians make a Sunday visit to Camp Fitz John Porter.

Sep 8
The 140th NY Regiment elects Patrick Henry O'Rorke as its colonel.

Oct 7
Colonel Joseph B. Bartlett of the 27th New York is promoted to brigadier general.

Nov 6
A telegraph link between New York City and San Francisco is established.

Nov 11
The city of Rochester bans many public amusements, including any form of gambling, including shuffle board, card playing, billiards and bowling, where money or liquor can be won. Even kite flying and swimming in the canal are outlawed between 6 AM and 8 PM.

Sep 13
The 140th NYS Regiment is officially mustered.

Sep 14
The 140th NY holds a Sunday open house. Two civilian women are confined to the guard house for smuggling liquor into the camp. A group of young Rochester ladies presents the Regiment with a flag.

Sep 16
Each man of Rochester's 140th NY Regiment is paid his $100 bounty. They are watched carefully to prevent desertions. Carousers are held by the police.

Sep 17
The 140th NY is ordered to move out tomorrow.

Sep 19
After a one-day delay due to a shortage of railway carriages the 140th NY departs from Rochester, with 2,000 men marching two miles from Camp Porter into the City and receiving a noontime sendoff by a crowd of nearly 10,000 people.

Sep 20
The 13th New York Infantry suffers 115 casualties at Shepardstown, Virginia.

Sep 25
Adam Worth of New York's Flushing Battery is erroneously reported to have died at Georgetown's Seminary Hospital of wounds suffered at Bull Run. He makes no attempt to set the record straight, but becomes a bounty jumper and, in the following decades, a master thief.

October 4
Colonel Alexander Duncan Adams takes command of the 27th New York, formerly commanded by Colonel Joseph B. Bartlett.

Oct 7
Bartlett is promoted to brigadier general.

Nov 4
Geneseo's Major General James S. Wadsworth is defeated in his run for governor, when Edmund Morgan is re-elected, losing by 10,000 votes partially due to his abolitionist stand.

Nov 25
Gates farmer Daniel Anthony, father of suffragist Susan B. Anthony, dies of heart disease at the age of 68.

Farrington receives his commission.

Dec 18
The New York Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled organizes the first orthopedic hospital in the U. S.

The former Customs House Building on Wall Street becomes the U. S. Subtreasury Building. ** Construction begins on the South Cliff Battery defenses on Staten Island. ** Republican John Opdyke is inaugurated as mayor. ** A message is received from Captain Semmes of the Confederate raider Alabama that he will raid the city. His plans never come off. ** Quakers found the Friends Employment Society, to train young women to work in hospitals and other jobs. ** The New York Tribune fires managing editor Charles Anderson Dana, for his pro-Civil War views. ** The first open-hearth steel furnace is installed in New York City. ** The first children's clinic is established at the University of the City of New York. ** Baseball pitcher Jim Creighton, of the Brooklyn Excelsiors, ruptures his spleen while playing, and dies in his home. ** The price of a seat on the New York Stock Exchange is raised from $350 to $3000. A clerkship costs $1500. ** The first recorded police mention of the notorious fencer of stolen goods, Fredericka "Marm" Mandelbaum. ** John Hoare, owner of a glass company on Centre Street in Manhattan sets up a shop in Brooklyn's Greenpoint neighborhood.

The Atlantic and Great Western Railroad (later the Western New York and Pennsylvania branch of the Erie Railroad) reaches the Bucktooth (Salamanca) area. ** Brigadier General John Henry Martindale returns to Batavia to recuperate from typhoid fever contracted in the Peninsula Campaign. He's given a large public reception. ** Governor Charles Evans Hughes is born in Glens Falls. ** The approximate date Abell Mansion is built in Williamsburgh for Colonel David H. Abell. ** The Canandaigua steamboat Henry B. Gibson is remodeled and renamed The Naples. ** The village of Allegany contains a tannery, a door factory, and a window blind factory. ** Paper manufacturer Horace A. Moses is born in South Ticonderoga. ** A State conscription (draft) is considered, abandoned. ** The Q. W. Wellington & Co's Bank of Corning is founded, in the Dickinson House Block. ** The Onondaga Historical Association (OHA) is founded in Syracuse.

The Buffalo Historical Society is founded. ** The Board of Trade moves their offices from the second floor of the Hazard Block to the center of the Central Wharf. ** David Bell and Evans Shipping launch the Merchant, the first iron-hulled propeller driven commercial vessel on the Great Lakes.

Calvert Vaux's Ashcroft home is completed. ** Governor Edmund Morgan chooses Geneva as the military campsite of the 26th Senatorial District.

The city relinquishes the part of Mt. Hope Cemetery it annexed last year, dropping the total square milage back to 7.95. A stone chapel and a receiving vault, designed by the father and son architectural team of Henry Searle and Henry Robinson Searle, is built at the north entrance.

Actress-dancer Kitty Blanchard returns to Philadelphia from New York, plays the Olympic Music Hall, as well as the Continental Theatre with Tony Pastor.



( Updated 11 / 21 / 2004 )

The greenback dollar averages 69¢ on the New York market.

Jan 13
New York City manufacturer William Canter patents a chenille weaving machine.

Feb 10
P. T. Barnum midget star Charles S. Stratton (General Tom Thumb) is married to midget Lavinia Warren in a very public New York City ceremony.

Mar 21
Elderly Union major general Edwin Vote Sumner dies in Syracuse.

Mar 30
Actress Adah Isaacs Menken appears in Lord Byron's Mazeppa at Cincinnati, Ohio's Pike's Opera House, for a two-week engagement. During the run she will also star in The White Eagle, her own adaptation of Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans.

May 1
The New York Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled Children, opens in New York City.

May 3
Presbyterian chaplain Francis Bloodgood Hall of the 16th NY Volunteers carries wounded men to the rear for treatment at the battle of Salem Heights, Virginia. He's awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions. ** Charlotte, New York's first Holy Cross Church, on Lake Avenue, is dedicated.

May 12
The 13th New York Infantry is mustered out over the next three days, at Rochester.

May 13
The 13th New York's colonel Elisha G. Marshall is freed up for reassignment.

May 27
General Nathaniel P. Banks fails badly in an attempt to assault Port Hudson, Louisiana. Colonel Edwin Payson Chapin of the 44th New York Volunteers is killed.

May 31
The 27th New York Infantry under Colonel Alexander Duncan Adams is mustered out at Elmira.

Jun 3
New York City mayor, Democrat Fernando Wood, calls a meeting at Cooper Union, to pray for peace.

Jun 12
Lincoln writes to Erastus Corning and other Albany Copperheads, rebuking them for their anti-administration, pro-South views.

Jun 22
Horse-drawn trollies begin running on Albany's Broadway.

Jun 24
Rochester's Battalion of the 11th Heavy Artillery leaves for Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Jun 26
U. S. rear admiral Andrew H. Foote dies in New York City.

Canandaigua's Ontario County Orphan Asylum opens, at 543 North Main Street.

Jul 2
Rochester's Patrick Henry O'Rorke is killed at Gettysburg while defending Little Round Top.

Jul 3
New York's 104th suffers 50% casualties at Gettysburg. Sergeant John P. Welch saves the regimental flag, which will be returned to Geneseo.

Jul 4
The Lake Ontario steamboat Ontario makes four excursions out of Charlotte.

Jul 13
Four days of riots break out in New York City when 50,000 poor demonstrate against the conscription laws. ** Smaller draft riots break out in Boston, Massachusetts, Troy, New York, Portsmouth New Hampshire, Wooster, Ohio and Rutland, Vermont.

Jul 15
New York's draft riots begin to subside. A seven-year-old black boy is clubbed to death.

Jul 16
New York's remaining riots are put down by Federal troops on their way from Gettysburg. Over 100 buildings have been burned, several thousand are dead and over 70 blacks have been murdered and lynched.

Jul 20
New York City merchants plan aid for black victims of the rioting.

Jul 30
5'3", 100-pound Jerry Wall, 21, enlists in the 126th New York at Geneva.

Jul 31
"A" Company of the 1st Regiment Veteran Cavalry is mustered in at Geneva. They are sent to Washington, D. C. for the defense of the capital.

U. S. congressman and former boxing champion John Morrissey opens a racetrack at Saratoga.

Aug 3
Governor Horatio Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend the draft in the state.

Aug 5
Conscription begins in Rochester.

Aug 11
Lincoln writes to Governor Seymour, defending his draft policy.

Aug 15
Rochester railroad engineer David Dickson, Jr., 27, is killed when a load of lumber falls on him. He's buried in Mount Hope Cemetery.

Aug 19
The draft is resumed in New York City.

Russian fleets arrive in New York and San Francisco for visits.

Sep 9
"B" Company of the 1st N. Y. Regiment Veteran Cavalry is mustered in at Geneva, and sent off to Washington.

Sep 10
The 1st New York Dragoons is formed out of the 19th Cavalry.

Sep 19
Lackawanna native John Baptiste Weber is given command of the 89th United States Colored Infantry (later the 89th US Infantry) and promoted to colonel.

Sep 28
Rochester merchant Silas O. Smith dies at the age of 79.

Oct 10
"C" through "K" companies of the 1st N. Y. Regiment Veteran Cavalry are mustered in at Elmira, and sent off for Washington.

Oct 31
New York senator William Gibbs McAdoo is born near Marietta, Georgia.

Hammondsport major Hezekiah Ripley Gardner loses a leg at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee.

Nov 7
"L" Company of the 1st N. Y. Regiment Veteran Cavalry is mustered in at Elmira, and sent off for Washington.

Nov 17
The First N. Y. Cavalry and the First Virginia Cavalry fight an engagement a mile south of Mt. Jackson, Virginia.

Nov 19
"M" Company of the 1st N. Y. Regiment Veteran Cavalry, the final company, is mustered and sent off for Washington.

Dec 7
Jerome A. Clark, Jr., 18, nephew of General John Henry Martindale, enlists at Bergen.

Central Park is laid out. ** The collections of the American Museum are sold. ** Honoring the terms of a relative's bequest, builder Stuyvesant Rutherford changes his name to Rutherford Stuyvesant. ** The South Cliff Battery defenses on State Island are completed. ** Actor Edwin Booth becomes manager of the Winter Garden Theater. ** William Marcy Tweed becomes Street Commissioner. ** Merchant C. Godfrey Gunther, running on the Independent Democratic ticket, defeats Tammany Democrat Francis I. A. Boole and Republican Orison Blunt, to become mayor. ** The New York Stock and Exchange Board changes its name to the New York Stock Exchange. ** Mailmen form the first union for Federal workers. ** Novelist Herman Melville moves here from Massachusetts. ** Black songwriter Gussie Lord Davis is born. ** James A. Garfield and former mayor Fernando Wood are elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. ** Collis P. Huntington travels to New York City to try and raise funds for the Central Pacific. ** Cornelius Vanderbilt gains control of the New York and Harlem Railroad. ** Financier and former congressman Russell Sage moves here from Washington, D. C. ** Charles Francis Gounod's Faust is produced in London, Dublin and New York. ** Tavern keeper Daniel Brady, father of seven-year-old James Buchanan Brady (later Diamond Jim), dies. ** Bronx developer Joseph Patrick Ryan is born in Manhattan to Irish immigrants. ** The Long Island Historical Society is founded, housed in Brooklyn's Hamilton Building at 44 Court Street. ** William F. Howe, Judge Advocate of the New York State Cavalry Brigade, leaves the military to go into private law practice. He hires Abraham H. Hummel as his office boy. ** Horsecars begin making excursions to Coney Island.

Horatio Seymour is elected governor for a second (non-consecutive) term. ** Efforts are begun to enlarge Bucktooth (Salamanca) from swampland. ** Mumford's Presbyterian "church of petrified wood", so called because of marking in the stone, is built. ** A Batavia music teacher by the name of Mrs. Bryan begins giving lessons in the building once used as the Holland Land Office, now the Bryan Seminary Music Department. ** Naturalist John Burroughs visits the Adirondacks. ** John Frederick Kinnsett paints View near Cozzens' Hotel from West Point. ** Tonnage carried on the newly-enlarged Erie Canal reaches 118,609. ** Oliver Charlick is named president of the Long Island Railroad (LIRR). ** Governor William Sulzer is born in Elizabeth, New Jersey. ** The Standish brothers of Naples, New York, buy the Canandaigua Lake steamer Joseph Wood and enlarge it. During the winter it's moved away from the pier to facilitate dredging there and is crushed by the ice and destroyed. ** Geologist Ebenezer Emmons dies, in his mid-sixties. ** D. A. Bullard & Company builds the Schuylerville Paper Company there. ** A second Open Board of Brokers is established, located in a William Street basement. ** William A. Brodie, Mr. Geneseo, arrives there. ** With the aid of Cornelius Vanderbilt, Erastus Corning successfully defends his office as president of the New York Central Railroad against a takeover attempt. Vanderbilt is given a seat on the board of directors. ** Hydraulic engineer Birdsill Holly installs the first fire hydrant system in the U. S. in Lockport. ** New York City bank founder Frederick Ferris Thompson and his wife Mary purchase the 50-acre Canandaigua property Sonnenberg from the Holberton family.

The city gets its first horsecar line, along Broadway. ** Senator James A. Bell of Dexter passes a resolution calling on the trustees to procure plans for a new capitol building.

The Buffalo Historical Society is founded with co-founder Millard Fillmore as its first president. ** Buffalo Forge co-owner Henry W. Wendt is born. ** Printmaker Charles Mangus of New York produces a birdseye view of the waterfront.

Patrick Barry's streetcar company establishes its second line, running along Mount Hope Avenue, between Lake and Ambrose streets and Mount Hope Cemetery. The horsecars soon drive city omnibuses out of business. ** Geologist Ferdinand Hayden is awarded an honorary A. M. degree by the University of Rochester. ** The city now has 12 fire horses, four steam-powered fire engines, and four horse carts.



(Updated 5/23/2004)

Sixty-one Confederate dollars are now worth the equivalent of one U. S. dollar in gold.

Jan 3
Irish-born New York City archbishop John Joseph Hughes dies at the age of 66. He will be succeeded by Albany bishop John McCloskey.

Jan 13
Songwriter Stephen Collins Foster, 37, dies in New York City's Bellevue Hospital, in poverty.

Jan 29
Rochester's City Hospital (later Rochester General) opens.

Feb 5
Jerome A. Clark, Jr., nephew of General John Henry Martindale, joins the 8th New York Heavy Artillery at Fort Federal Hill in Maryland.

Apr 1
Rochester's Democrat and American drops the "and American" from its name.

Apr 11
Museum of Modern Art co-founder Lillie Plummer Bliss is born in Boston, Massachusetts.

Apr 14
A Sanitary Commission Fair in New York City raises $2,000,000 in three weeks for the war effort. General McClellan's wife, insulted during a straw vote pitting Grant against her husband, soon moves to Europe.

Apr 24
Elmira is incorporated, with John Arnot, Jr. as mayor.

Apr 26
Rochester gets its first letter carriers under a new free delivery system.

Apr 28
Erastus Corning resigns as president of the New York Central Railroad.

A camp for Confederate prisoners is set up at Elmira.

May 6
Virginia's battle of the Wilderness ends with 17,000 Union and 8,000 Confederate casualties. Neither side can claim a victory. Rochester soldier Charles B. Dickson is killed. His body is never recovered.

May 8
General James S. Wadsworth dies of wounds suffered in the Wilderness.

May 18
The Journal of Commerce and the New York World publish untrue reports of a new troop call-up by Lincoln. The editors later claim to have been taken in by a fraud.

Art collector Thomas Jefferson Bryan moves his collection to the New-York Historical Society. ** The French paddlewheeler Washington arrives in New York to begin service between there and the English Channel ports. ** Colonel John B. Weber, formerly of the decimated 89th US Infantry, returns home to Buffalo from Louisiana to await a new commission. The war will end first.

Jun 7
375 wounded soldiers arrive in Rochester. 50 are sent to the recently opened City Hospital, the remainder to St. Mary's.

Jun 23
Jerome A. Clark, Jr. is wounded in the left shoulder, at Petersburg, Virginia.

Jun 24
Jerome A. Clark, Jr. dies of peritonitis and hepatitis.

Jul 6
The Elmira Prison camp opens.

Jul 16
The Leland Bank of New Lebanon closes its doors.

Jul 17
Horace Greeley, under Lincoln's sanction, meets at Niagara Falls with alleged Confederate peace commissioners.

Jul 27
Rochester's 54th Regiment, NY Infantry, is sent to Elmira for prison guard duty.

Aug 5
The Wade-Davis Manifesto is published in the New York Tribune, attacking Lincoln for his reconstruction proposals.

Aug 14
Rochester transportation pioneer and roadbuilder (East Avenue) Gideon Cobb dies, in his early seventies. He will be buried in Mt. Hope Cemetery.

Aug 24
Rochester health officer George Washington Goler is born in Brooklyn.

Union general John Henry Martindale retires due to ill health, returns to Rochester.

Oct 6
Future Rochester mayor Cornelius R. Parsons marries Frances Whitbeck, daughter of prominent local physician Dr. J. F. Whitbeck and his wife.

Oct 14
New Orleans mayor Martin Behrman is born in New York City.

Oct 20
Three#Ù$ê$å Henry Jones"0n of Elmira abolitionist and First Baptist Church sexton John W. Jones, dies.

Oct 31
Geologist Ebenezer Emmons, one-time Chemistry chair at the Albany medical college, dies in Brunswick, North Carolina, at the age of 64.

Nov 2
Rumors begin reaching New York City, warning of arson attempts on the city on Election Day.

Nov 25
Confederate spies set 19 separate fires in New York City, including many in hotels, in revenge for Union activities in the Shenandoah Valley. Very little real damage is done.

Nov 26
Edwin Booth opens in William Shakespeare's Hamlet, also starring S. K. Chester, G. H. Andrews, Mrs. Frank S. Chanfrau, J. G Hanley, Charles Kemble Mason, and Charles Walcott, Jr., at New York's Winter Garden Theatre.

Canadian-born actor McKee Rankin leaves the Pittsburgh Theatre, to begin a run in Albany. While his train is delayed in Philadelphia he makes the acquaintance of Arch Street Theatre business manager Joe Murphy, who offers him a job with the company as a supporting actor. Rankin asks Murphy to first come see him act in Albany.

Dec 6
Mr. and Mrs. Barney Williams (Bernard Flaherty and his wife, née Maria Pray Mestayer) debut the drama The Connie Soogah (traveling peddler), written especially for them by Charles Gayler, at New York's Niblo's Garden.

Frederick A. Barnard becomes president of Columbia University. ** Recent immigrant Samuel Gompers joins the cigar maker's union. ** Brooklyn Stars baseball pitcher William Cummings throws the first recorded curve ball. ** James Buchanan (later Diamond Jim) Brady's widowed mother remarries, to John Lucas, who puts Jim and his older brother Dan to work in the family tavern. ** 26 German unions in the city consolidate to form the Arbeiter Union. Conrad Kuhn is chosen president. ** The 60-acre Erie Basin opens in Brooklyn's Red Hook section. Construction of the first graving dock begins. The approximate date construction also begins on a warehouse pier, later known as Beard's Stores. ** Ophthalmologist educator Cornelius Agnew organizes the School of Mines at Columbia University. ** Harvard Law School graduate William Collins Whitney arrives to set up a practice. ** German-born bounty jumper Adam Worth arrives in the city and becomes a pickpocket under the name Little Adam. Late in the year he's arrested for stealing an Adams Truck package and sentenced to three years in Sing Sing. He escapes within a few weeks and returns to Manhattan. ** Astor Library trustee Dr. Joseph Green Cogswell publishes the first catalogue of the library's holding - 100,000 volumes.

Churchville's Smith House hotel is built by Hanford Smith of New York City. ** Seth Green starts a commercial fish hatchery in Caledonia. ** The Seneca chief Copperhead dies in the Town of Caneadea, claiming to be 120 years old. ** An oil company is founded in the Town of Freedom. ** The S. Howes company is founded in Silver Creek to manufacture grain cleaning machinery. ** Watkins peach grower William Wickham, Jr. dies, at the age of 80. ** Grapes are planted in the Portland area of Chautauqua County. ** John C. Morrissey opens a race track at Saratoga. ** Batavia's Dean Richmond, vice-president of the New York Central System railroads, is made president of the line. ** Cornelius Vanderbilt takes over the Hudson River Railroad. ** Collar ironers in the Troy strike, win concessions. ** The board of the Bath Fair purchases the six acres of land it had been renting from the Ten Eyck Gansevoort estate, for $1200. ** Private Hazen S. Pingree of the First New York Heavy Artillery is captured. The future Detroit, Michigan, mayor and governor will be held in various southern prisons, including Andersonville, until the end of the war. ** Abolitionist Gerrit Smith wins Lincoln's handwritten notes for the Emancipation Proclamation in a lottery sponsored by the Albany Relief Bazaar. Smith will donate the document, originally given to the bazaar by Lincoln, to the U. S.Sanitary Commission. It will end up in the New York State Library. ** A fire damages Geneseo's Main Street. ** Corning brothers Charles R. Maltby and Jerome B. Maltby found the wholesale grocery firm of C. R. Maltby and Bro.


© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte