1857

( Updated 11 / 14 / 2004 )


Jan 10
Temperatures in New York City plunge to 3 degrees below 0 F, lowest here for this date.

Jan 30
Harvey Burdell, a New York City bachelor, is found murdered in his Bond Street home. The case is never solved.

Feb 8
The Genesee River floods, carries away buildings on Rochester's Main Street Bridge.

Feb 12
The Agricultural Rooms of Albany's State Geological and Agricultural Hall are dedicated.

March
Samuel Adler, newly arrived from Germany, is named rabbi of New York City's Emmanu-El congregation.

Mar 7
New York City's 's Century Association, founded in 1846 by painters Asher B. Durand and John F. Kenesett, poet William Cullen Bryant, and others, is incorporated by a special act of the state legislature.

Mar 28
Alfred University is incorporated by law, in Alfred, New York. It's a Seventh-Day Baptist denominational college run by 33 trustees.

April
The approximate date the Volunteer Firemen of Morrisania (the Bronx) respond to an alarm. Investigating, they discover burning dry weeds and brush in the crannies of Pudding Rock, on Boston Road.

Apr 7
Following a survey by the U. S. Coast Survey, Manhattan's underwater boundaries are confirmed. ** The Allegany River Slackwater Navigation Company is organized to improve the river below Olean. ** The Cattaraugus County Town of Lyndon changes its name to Elgin.

Apr 15
The New York City Police Department is placed under the Commissioners of the Metropolitan Police District. The mayors of Brooklyn and New York are ex officio members of the commission.

Apr 16
The state creates the post of Commissioner of Excise, to grant licenses to taverns and other liquor vendors.

Apr 19
Rochester's third Carthage bridge collapses.

May 1
Elizabeth Blackwell, her older sister Dr. Emily Blackwell and German-born Dr. Marie Zakrzewska found the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, on Bleecker Street in New York City.

May 14
The state's Contracting Board, created in 1854 to appoint state engineers, has its powers enlarged.

May 20
Having rented out his house, William Tecumseh Sherman and his family leave San Francisco for New York.

June
Railroad brakemen across the state strike for $1 a day, followed a week later by engineers and firemen.

Jun 16
A riot breaks out in New York City when police captain Walling and his Strong Arm Squad, en route to arrest mayor Fernando Wood for refusing the state legislature's demand to disband the corrupt Municipal Police, run into Wood's defenders. Over 50 people are injured. Wood surrenders when the Seventh Regiment comes to Walling's rescue.

July
Lawyer Abraham Lincoln and his wife Mary visit New York City, Niagara Falls and Canada. ** The final arch keystone of Rochester's Main Street bridge is set in place.

Jul 1
Rochester stone cutter Patrick O'Rorke enters the West Point Military Academy.

Jul 4
Former governor William Learned Marcy dies in Ballston Spa at the age of 70. ** Federal troops end a New York City gang fight in lower Manhattan, in which eight of the 1,000 participants are killed.

Jul 21
Having arrived in New York City via Panama, William T. Sherman opens Lucas, Turner & Company on Wall Street.

August
Future Army captain and author Willard Glazier enters school at Gouverneur.

Aug 5
The Columbian Insurance Company of New York City is chartered.

Aug 9
Lecturer-reformer Harriet May Mills is born in Syracuse.

Aug 24
New York City's Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company branch fails, precipitating a financial panic. 4,932 U. S. firms will fail.

Sep 6
Henry Dwight, president of the Bank of Geneva, dies at the age of 74.

Oct 4
Former Buffalo merchant Seth Grosvenor dies in New York City, at the age of 70. He leaves a $40,000 bequest to his home town for a library - the 1870 Grosvenor Library.

Oct 7
Sherman is instructed to close the New York branch of Lucas, Turner, after the St. Louis home branch closes. He will move to St. Louis, to help close the bank, then apply for an army commission.

Oct 14
New York City lawyer Lyman Abbott marries his second cousin Abby Frances Hamlin.

Oct 31
The Albany water works has taken in $75,550 in receipts for the fiscal year just ending.

November
Unemployment rises in the state.

Nov 15
15,000 unemployed gather in New York City's Tompkins Square Park, parade down to Wall Street.

Nov 21
Rochester's Eagle Bank Building, also home to the Daily Democrat, is destroyed by fire.

Nov 23
The Collins Line's Adriatic sails from New York City.

December
Sherman leaves St. Louis and travels back to San Francisco, by way of New York, to liquidate Lucas, Turner's remaining assets.

Dec 5
The Rochester Daily Democrat merges with the Rochester American to form the Democrat and American.

Dec 8
Dion Boucicault's play The Poor of New York debuts at Wallack's Theatre.

City
The first passenger elevator is installed in the Haughtwout Department Store. ** Industrialist Peter Cooper founds the Cooper Union school. ** John Craig Havermeyer is named president of the New York Savings Bank. ** Frederick Law Olmsted's Central Park is laid out. ** Paint dealer and Tammany politician Daniel F. Tiemann (Independent) defeats incumbent Democratic mayor Fernando Wood, serves 1858-1860. ** Lithographers Nathaniel Currier and Charles Ives become partners. ** The Century Club moves from 24 Clinton Place to 109 (formerly 42) East 15th Street. ** To date the city's private benevolent associations have vaccinated 179,377 people, treated 1,666,559, and spent $297,761.60 on various programs. ** Fultonville, New York, postmaster and businessman John Starin arrives here to manufacture patent medicines and toiletries, locating at 87 Barclay Street. ** The city employs 1,729 teachers: 440 males, 1289 women. ** Canal Street merchant Aaron Arnold opens a new, expanded store on property he's purchased, bounded by Canal, Mercer and Howard Streets. ** The cast-iron building at 254-260 Canal Street and Lafayette Street, attributed to James Bogardus, is built. ** The New York Clearing House (NYCH) processes accounts of member banks for as much as $20,000,000 per day.

Brooklyn
William Beard and Jeremiah Robinson begin filling in tidal flats and building a breakwater in the Red Hook neighborhood, the start of construction on the Erie Basin. ** Frederick A. Peterson's brownstone mansions at 1, 2 and 3 Pierrepont Place are built. Fur dealer Alexander M. White will live at No. 2, tea merchant A. A. Low at No. 3.

State
U. S. Senator Hamilton Fish resigns and Preston King is elected to succeed him. ** The grain elevator at Charlotte collapses. ** A State Senate committee reports on the conditions of poorhouses in the state. It finds the one at Angelica poorly run, with lunatics left unattended and in filthy conditions. The inmates are often flogged. ** Oramel's Republican Era ceases publication. ** The state legislature proposes diverting Lime Lake into Ischia Creek, at the cost of $160,000, to provide water for the Genesee Valley Canal. ** Le Roy's Ingham Collegiate Institute is chartered as Ingham University. ** The Medina Police Department is founded. ** The U. S. and the Seneca Indian tribe sign a treaty at Tonawanda in which the tribe repurchase state reservation lands with funds from the exchange and sale of Seneca reservation lands in Kansas. ** The Hudson River steamer Armenia gets the first steam calliope. ** The New York Central adds improved snowplows to its rolling stock. ** The National Association of Base Ball Players is formed, playing at the Fashion Race Course, in Jamaica, New York. The rules are changed from the first-team-to-reach-21 rule to a nine-inning format. ** St. Louis and New York City are linked by rail. ** Perry's Walker House is destroyed by fire. Remains of a phoney lake serpent are found in the attic, a device used by hotelkeeper A. B. Walker two years earlier, to drum up business. ** John Alsop King is elected governor. ** 51,700 gross tons of coal from Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad cars is transferred to Chenango canal boats this year and 25,895 tons of Clinton, Oneida County, iron ore are shipped out to the railroad from the canal boats. ** A proposal is made to use steam locomotives on the Erie Canal towpaths. ** The State senate reports the Alleghany County poorhouse at Angelica is not well kept or managed. Mentally ill patients are left unattended in unsanitary cells and inmates are often flogged. ** The Oswego school system consists of 23 districts, with 47 teachers and 5,516 pupils, with 3,000 volumes in the libraries. ** Dr. Andrew Oliver of Penn Yan dies, leaving his Main Street home to his children. His descendants will live in the house until 1942. ** The ward of North Tonawanda separates from the Village of Tonawanda. ** The earliest county buildings at Schoharie are destroyed by fire. ** The state legislature passes a law to consider compensation for victims of the September 1856 Ausable Valley floods. $216,000 in claims will be disallowed because the damage and deaths are a result of nature, not the breaking of Wells Dam on Lower Ausable Lake. ** Grattan H. Wheeler moves from Wheeler, New York, to Pleasant Valley, goes into grape growing. ** Syracuse's Third Onondaga County Courthouse, at Genesee and East Water streets, is completed. ** The state Contracting Board permits ordinary canal repairs to be let out for multi-year terms, rather than on an as-needed basis. ** Legislation for The Binghamton, Owego and Pennsylvania Slackwater Navigation canal company is amended.

Albany
1857 expenses of Albany schools total $44,310.10. ** Construction begins on the Albany Industrial School, for vagrant children.

Binghamton
Two female seminaries open - the Misses March's Harmony Retreat Seminary, and Miss Barton's. ** The third Broome County courthouse is built; the old one, on Collier Street, becomes the Globe Hotel.

Rochester
Washington, D. C. nun Sister Hieronymo O'Brien and three Sisters of Charity found St. Mary's Hospital, the city's first. ** The Howe and Rogers carpet manufacturing firm is founded. ** Spring rains wash away the temporary Main Street bridge. Rochester replaces the Andrews Street bridge. ** The Industrial School of Rochester (later the Rochester Children's Nursery) is established at 133 Exchange Street. ** The Rochester Savings Bank is completed. ** Sophia and Hart streets become Plymouth Avenue. ** Rosetta Douglass, daughter of black abolitionist Frederick Douglass, is denied entrance to school. The Board of Education reverses the ban. ** The city has 13 commercial boat yards. ** Henry Knapp replaces Ezra Jones in the Ohio Basin boatyard of Jones and Ambrose Cram, which now becomes Cram and Knapp. ** The approximate date Robert Barret opens a boatyard at the Ohio Basin. ** Boatbuilder Zina H. Benjamin moves his operation from the Ohio Basin to the area around Lock One of the Genesee Valley Canal. ** John Thompson and Co. manufacture canal boats at the Genesee Feeder.

 

1858

( Updated 11 / 14 / 2004 )


Feb 22

The Cabinet display room of Albany's State Geological and Agricultural Hall is opened to the public.

Mar 30
Musical comedy star DeWolf Hopper, known for his Gilbert and Sullivan roles and "Casey at the Bat" recitations, is born in New York City.

Apr 2
The state legislature mandates the removal of the county seat of Allegany County from Angelica to Belmont. The execution of the move is held up in state courts for several years.

Apr 8
The schooner Thomas Kingsford sails out of Oswego, beginning its season of voyages between here and Chicago.

Apr 17
The Emigrant Savings Bank of Buffalo is incorporated.

Apr 28
Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux are chosen to design New York City's new Central Park, beating 32 other designs, to win a $2,000 contest.

May
The clipper Twilight makes the year's record New York to San Francisco run - 100 days. ** C. H. Mallory, Connecticut builder of the Twilight sees his Haswell win the New York Yacht Club regatta grand prize.

May 13
Susan B. Anthony presides over the two-day Eighth National Woman's Rights Convention in New York City's Mozart Hall. The meetings are often disrupted by rowdy men.

May 19
The Plattsburgh Customs House, also containing a post office and courthouse, is completed.

Jun 14
The U. S. opens Ocean Mail Line service connecting New York City with Bremenhaven, Germany, via Southampton, England.

Jun 29
Panama Canal engineer George Washington Goethals is born in Brooklyn.

Jul 13
The schooner J. H. Harmon arrives at Oswego from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, after a six day, fifteen-hour voyage with a cargo of wheat, setting a sailing record and even running ahead of the average steam vessel time.

Jul 20
The New York All-Stars baseball team beats Brooklyn, in the first paid admission game.

August
Susan B. Anthony places a proposal to provide equal educational opportunities for women before the State Teacher's Convention in Binghamton. Her resolution is defeated.

Aug 23
Timothy Shay Arthur's temperance novel Ten Nights in a Bar-room, adopted for the stage by William W. Pratt, opens at New York City's National Theatre. It will become a controversial nation-wide hit.

September
The Ulster County village of Ellenville is incorporated.

Sep 30
New York has gained 2,443 miles of railroad track in the past year, bringing the total up to 3,125 miles. The trains have carried 3,473,725 tons of freight. Total road expenses have been $3,693,129.72.

Oct 5
An unidentified arsonist torches New York City's Crystal Palace, destroying the building and $2,000,000 worth of art. Editor and exhibition commissioner Horace Greeley will be arrested in Paris and temporarily put in Clichy prison in an attempt to coerce damages for statuary destroyed in the fire.

Oct 25
Senator William H. Seward speaks at Rochester's Corinthian Hall, declares the slavery issue a "irrepressible conflict".

Oct 27
Theodore Roosevelt is born in New York City.

Nov 9
The New York Symphony gives its first performance.

Nov 11
The Kingsford ends its season at Oswego. It has transported 117,400 bushels of grain from Chicago, and carried 17,500 barrels of salt there. It made one more trip over the record number between the two ports, in spite of being detained in Chicago ten days each trip (once for twelve days) waiting for cargoes.

Nov 16
Western New York artist A. Raphael Beck is born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

Nov 18
The Cortland County town of Cuyler is formed from Truxton.

Nov 30
New York tinsmith John Landon Mason patents a sealed jar for the preservation of food.

December
The first trains run over the newly completed railroad between New York City and Boston in 7 hours and 7 minutes. Trains are ferried over the Thames and Connecticut rivers.

Dec 19
The artificial lake in the southeast corner of New York's nearly-completed Central Park is opened for ice-skating.

Dec 25
Future governor John Alden Dix is born in Glens Falls.

City
Construction begins on St. Patrick's Cathedral, at an estimated cost of $5,850.40. ** Brooklyn's St. Francis College is founded. ** High Bridge, over the Harlem River, loses its charter as a toll bridge. ** The art collection of Luman Reed is given to the New-York Historical Society. ** Edward R. Squibb starts a pharmaceutical firm in Brooklyn. ** Matthew Brady opens studios here and in Washington, D. C. ** Mrs. Marshall O. Roberts starts a Ladies' Christian Association prayer group, considered the first U. S. Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA). ** The first steel-nibbed pens go on sale. ** William B. Astor enlarges the Astor Library. ** Since its inception five years ago the Children's Aid Society has provide homes for 3,576 boys and girls. ** English abortionist and paroled convict William F. Howe arrives in the U. S. ** The mercantile firm of George Bliss & Co. has a six-story building erected on the site of the Broadway Tabernacle at 340-344 Broadway.

State
Thurlow Weed protege Edwin D. Morgan is elected governor. ** Methodist Episcopal pastor Bishop Benjamin Titus Roberts is ousted by the Genesee Conference at Perry. ** The legislature hires a physician for the state's Indians at $300 a year. ** Former Buchanan ally John W. Forney attacks him in a bitter speech in Tarrytown. ** William J. Stillman's painting "The Philosophers' Camp in the Adirondacks". ** The New York Central adds sleeping cars to its trains. ** The New York Central and Erie railroads end their rate war, temporarily. ** Fisk's Family Journal begins publication, in Troy. ** The junior class of Geneva's Hobart College publishes the "Echo of the Seneca" year book, the school's first permanent publication. ** Cayuga County has 3,001 children between the ages of 4 and 21. 72% attend county schools, total school expenses are $13,231.19, county libraries contain 3986 volumes. ** Cayuga, on Cayuga Lake, is incorporated. ** An iron suspension Aldrich Change Bridge is erected across the Erie Canal, linking the villages of Macedon and Palmyra. ** An iron bridge across the Mohawk River is built at Fort Plain. ** Physician James Caleb Jackson takes over the operation of Dansville's health resort ** The Niagara County village of Middleport is incorporated. ** Total evaluation of land and property in Cattarugus County - $7,008,281. ** Evaluation in Erie County - $50,216,519. ** Evaluation in Essex County - $4,548,079. ** Evaluation in Genesee County - $13,115,743. ** Evaluation in Herkimer County - $10,316,833. ** Evaluation in Lewis County - $4,174,988. ** Evaluation in Madison County - $11,686,941. ** Evaluation in Monroe County - $28,773,527. ** Evaluation in Oneida County $16,578,792. ** Evaluation in Onondaga County $28,100,028. ** Evaluation in Ontario County $17,736,425. ** Evaluation in Rensselaer County - $26,666,215. ** Evaluation in Saratoga County - $11,931,994. ** Evaluation in Schoharie County $6,532,813. ** Evaluation in Seneca County - $10,686662,940. ** Evaluation in Suffolk County - $10,972,250. ** Population: Fort Edward, 1,565.

Albany
This year canal boats deliver 267,406,411 feet of boards, 11,949,700 feet of timber and 67,505 tons of barrel staves, mostly from the northern part of the state. ** The city contains 48 churches. ** The Wash House (Laundry and Cannery) of the Shaker colony at Watervliet is built. ** Articles of association are filed for the Commercial Insurance Company.

Buffalo
Widowed former president Millard Fillmore marries Caroline Carmichael Mcintosh, his second wife, moves to a house on the site of the future Hotel Statler. ** C. Weickmann establishes the Catholic journal Aurora in Buffalo ** Buffalo Forge Company co-founder William Franz Wendt is born.

Erie Canal
The Cathart Propeller, which turns with the rudder, is first used on the canal. ** The steamboat Charles Mack travels from Buffalo to Albany on the Erie Canal, using wood as fuel. ** The local engineer at the Tonawanda River Lock reports that the walls of the structure, enlarged in 1848, are still too low.

 

1859


Feb 17
Over the past year New York City has reported 261 fires and 160 alarms. Loss on buildings amounts to $593,647 and $514,999 on contents.

Mar 12
New York City contains 5 incorporated and 49 free banks with capital of $68,324,657, and 16 savings banks with combined resources of $36,804,419 on deposit and $38,757,860 in resources.

Apr 4
Bryant's Minstrels begins performing Daniel D. Emmett's "Dixie Land", in New York City's Mechanics Hall.

May 1
New York State begins directly letting contracts on canal work within the state, rather than having the function performed by the Contracting Board supervisor.

May 12
Susan B. Anthony presides over the Ninth National Women's Rights Convention in New York City, links the slavery cause with that of women's rights.

Jun 30
French aerialist Francois Gravelet (Blondin), performing before a crowd of 25,000, crosses Niagara Falls on a tight rope. He then crosses again on stilts, blindfolded, pushing a wheelbarrow and carrying a man on his back.

Jul 1
The Sons of Malta fraternal organization is formed in New York State, with 12,680 members.

Jul 13
New York City lawyer Lyman Abbott abandons the law for the ministry.

August
New York City's Infirmary for Women and Children, needing more space, moves from Bleecker Street to Second Avenue.

Aug 12
F. H. Conway's play Pike's Peak or, The Search for Riches, opens at New York City's Old Bowery Theater.

Sep 3
The schooner J. C. Riggs departs from Oswego in the morning, heading for Cleveland with a cargo of salt. Encountering a heavy gale in the evening Captain Leadly heads back for Oswego.

Sep 4
While within about ten miles of Oswego, the Riggs is struck by a squall and dismasted. The mate, Samuel Taylor, either jumps or is knocked over the side and lost. Another vessel arrives in port bringing intelligence of the condition of the disabled vessel and the tug Bloore goes to her aid. Captain Morgan tows the Riggs into port.

Sep 29
Bacteriologist Hermann Michael Biggs is born in Trumansburg.

Nov 28
Washington Irving, 76, dies at Sunnyside, North Tarrytown.

Dec 17
George C. Boniface plays John Brown at New York City's Old Bowery Theater in The Insurrection, or, Kansas and Harpers Ferry.

 

City
Leonard Jerome moves back from Paris. ** Music publisher John Andrews is bought out by Henry De Marsan. ** The approximate date outlaw Henry McCarty (William H. Bonney, Kid Antrim, Billy the Kid) is born. ** Manhattan restauranteur John Taylor buys the Oaks, the Queens mansion belonging to the Lawrence family. In partnership with John Henderson he turns the estate into a horticultural business. The area will become Oakland Gardens. ** Widow Anna Behr Uhl, publisher of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, marries her assistant Oswald Ottendorfer. ** Former mayor Fernando Wood, now described as a Mozart Democrat, defeats fellow former mayor and Tammany Democrat William C. Havemeyer, and Republican George Opdyke, to become mayor from 1860-1862. ** Brooklyn bans steam locomotives along Atlantic Avenue by this date. The Long Island Railroad (LIRR) moves its western terminus to Long Island City. ** Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art opens and collector Thomas Jefferson Bryan houses his art collection there. ** Harper's magazine carries a serialization of William Makepeace Thackery's The Virginians. ** Mayor Wood proposes that Manhattan, Brooklyn and Staten Island secede from the state to form a new state named Tri-Insula. Nothing comes of the idea. ** A group of Bronx Masons petition the Grand Master of New York State for permission to start a new chapter. Since the name Westchester Lodge is already taken, they decide to call themselves the Wyoming Lodge, after they pull out a banknote at random and find it was issued by the Bank of Wyoming, Pennsylvania. ** The first bank in Queens opens.

State
A special burial ground for French and Germans is established in Buffalo. ** The collapsed Charlotte grain elevator is rebuilt. ** California promoter Sam Brannan founds a resort there he calls Calistoga, a word play on "the Saratoga of California". ** During a celebration in Albion a bridge over the Erie Canal collapses. Fifteen of the crowd on the span drown. ** Future Army captain and author Willard Glazier enters the State Normal College at Albany. ** The American Line of steamboats is split in two, with one line continuing between Lewiston, New York, and Kingston, Ontario, and the other partly operating on the St. Lawrence River. ** The New York Central replaces its wood-burning engines with coal burners and puts smoking cars on its trains. ** Part of the town of Throop is formed from the town of Aurelius. ** Farmer Village (Interlaken) minister Winfield Scott is born in Michigan to James B. and Margaret Scott. ** Future encyclopedist and Civil War lieutenant Thomas Raynesford Lounsbury, from Ovid, graduates from Yale. ** Former governor William C. Bouck dies in his hometown of Schoharie Valley, in his early seventies. ** Benjamin F. Lee graduates from Hobart College as salutatorian. He will serve as a recruiter at the beginning of the Civil War.

Avon
Dr. Orren Dodge Phelps buys the American Hotel, renames it Congress Hall. He later adds a sunken garden and the Congress Park racetrack. ** A Dr. Southworth builds the Argyle Hotel opposite Congress Hall, to cater to invalids.

Rochester
The Main Street bridge gets a pavement of Medina sandstone. ** The city's Liberty Pole, weakened by severe winds, is demolished. ** Future minister Winfield Scott graduates from the University of Rochester.

 

1860


Feb 27
Lincoln makes his Cooper Union speech in New York City, speaking on slavery and the Constitution's framers.

March
U. S. Army headquarters in New York orders three columns to operate independently in the Kiowa-Comanche country during the summer: one from Fort Riley, Kansas; one from Fort Kearny, Nebraska; and a third from New Mexico.

Mar 19
Elizabeth Cady Stanton addresses a joint session of the state's legislature on the subject of women's suffrage.

Apr 23
The Democratic National Convention meets at Charleston, South Carolina. Among those in attendance is New York State railroad executive Dean Richmond.

May 9
The Constitutional Union Party meets in Baltimore, nominating Tennessee's John Bell and Massachusetts' Edward Everett. Dean Richmond attends.

Jun 9
Malaeska: The Indian Wife of the White Hunter, goes on sale in New York City, the first of Irwin P. Beadle's Dime Novel Series, and the first of the genre, written by Mrs. Ann Sophia Stevens.

Jun 11
Horsecar service begins in Buffalo

Jun 16
A touring group of Japanese diplomats, including two royal princes, arrive in New York City by boat, by way of Albany. They are headquartered at the Metropolitan Hotel and feted lavishly.

July
The British steamer Great Eastern arrives in New York, goes on exhibition at the foot of Hammond Street. Thousands of visitors go to see her.

Jul 1
Inventor Charles Goodyear, 59, dies in New York City.

August
William Tecumseh Sherman, now a superintendent and professor of engineering at the Louisiana Seminary of Learning and Military Academy, travels to Lancaster, Ohio, Washington, and New York to purchase supplies and 200 muskets for student drills at the school.

Aug 4
Financier Harrison Durand, brother of lawyer John Ewing Durand, is born in Rochester.

Sep 5
Enrico Farini walks across Niagara Falls on a tightrope above the cataract, with a washing machine, does his laundry.

Sep 7
Painter Grandma Moses (Anna Mary Robertson Moses) is born in Greenwich, New York.

Oct 11
A parade held in New York City for the Prince of Wales draws 200,000 people.

Oct 12
A ball is given at the Academy of Music for the Prince of Wales. Part of the temporary dance floor collapses.

Oct 13
The Prince of Wales is photographed by Matthew Brady.

Nov 7
The William T. Coleman Line's ship Racer is launched, to be used for the New York-San Francisco trade.

Nov 12
The New York stock market experiences heavy trading and a sharp price drop.

Dec 18
Composer Edward Alexander MacDowell is born in New York City.

 

City
Matthew Brady opens his National Portrait Gallery on Broadway and Tenth Street. ** James Wrigley begins publishing music on Chatham Street (Park Row). ** A tenement fire on Elm Street kills twenty people. New laws will be soon passed requiring fire escapes. ** The Connecticut-built clipper ship Andrew Jackson breaks 1858's New York to San Francisco record, making the trip in 89 days and 4 hours. ** Half of the commerce of the U. S. now comes through the Port of New York. ** Oaksmith and Company buys Putnam's Magazine, changes the name to the Great Republic Monthly.

State
The foreign-born population passes 1,000,000 - 498,000 of them Irish and 256,000 German. ** The New York State court of appeals, deliberating in the Lemmon slave case, rules that the state determines the status of all persons in its jurisdiction and can declare blacks to be free men. ** Angelica is made a half-shire town. ** R. P. Smith of Syracuse publishes J. H. French's Gazetteer of the State of New York. ** Jonathan Goble, a naval marine on Perry's 1852-1854 voyage to Japan, returns there as the first Baptist missionary. ** Albany's population reaches 62,000. ** The New York Central adds restaurant (dining) cars to its trains. ** The Episcopal Church's Doolittle Institute at Gainesville (near Warsaw) is built. ** Abolitionist Gerrit Smith makes his third (and final) failed attempt at a presidential nomination. ** Buffalo's population reaches 81,129, making it the nation's tenth largest city. ** Captain John Robinson builds the steamboat Henry B. Gibson for use on Canandaigua Lake. ** Colonel Charles McGlashen moves from Connewango to Red Wing, Minnesota, where he dies in 1872. ** Steuben County contains 361,450 acres of improved land and 438,250 acres of unimproved, valued at $12,689,079. ** Sullivan County contains 125,489 acres of improved land and 494,829 acres unimproved, valued at $3,771,469. ** The approximate date the Tonawanda Guard Lock is removed when its portion of the Erie Canal is enlarged.

Rochester
The Rochester Historical Society is founded. ** The first Italian immigrant arrives in the city, an unnamed laborer. ** Area congressmen advocate ending the trade reciprocity treaty with Canada. ** The city's second Liberty Pole is erected. ** Sixty trains a day leave the city. ** Democratic businessman-politician Thomas Parsons, switches parties to follow Abraham Lincoln. ** Robert Barret succeeds boat builder Joel P. Milliner in his yard. ** Half of the city's deaths are children under the age of five (not counting stillbirths). By 1910 the figure is cut to 20%. ** The city has 9 flour mills: Genesee Falls, Cotton Factory, Achilles' Custom, Revere, Granite, Phoenix, New York, Richardson's and Silas O. Smith.

 

© 2001 David Minor / Eagles Byte

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