The New York Protection Insurance Company of Rome, New York, founded in July of 1849, closes its doors.
The first public bath in the U. S., the Bath and Wash House, operated by the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, opens in New York City.
Columbia University drama professor James Brander Matthews is born in New Orleans to Edward and Virginia Brander Matthews.
Uncle Sam first appears in a newspaper cartoon, in the New York weekly Diogenes, Hys Lantern (sic).
Auburn's Seneca Orphan Asylum is incorporated.
Albany's Dudley Observatory, founded with the aid of Mrs. Blandina Dudley, is incorporated.
The New York State legislature passes "An Act for the Incorporation of Companies formed to Navigate the Ocean by Steamships."
Dion Boucicault's dramatization of Dumas' The Corsican Brothers premieres at New York City's Bowery Theatre.
Former governor John Young dies in New York City.
New York City's Staats-Zeitung publisher Jakob Uhl dies, in his mid-forties.
Brooklyn City Hospital moves to new quarters.
The Century Club moves yet again, from 575 Broadway to 24 Clinton Place.
Syracuse's Central City Bank is incorporated, capitalized at $ 125,200.
New York City's Astor Bank is chartered, capitalized at $200,000. It will fail in the early 1860s.
Charlotte's Lakeside Presbyterian Church, on Stutson Street, is dedicated.
The Albany & Saratoga Railroad is organized, with a $300,000 capitalization, to connect Albany and Green Island. It's never built.
The Leland Bank of New Lebanon opens for business.
Frederick Douglass delivers the Independence Day speech "What to the Slave is the Fourth of July", in Rochester.
Ellen Blackmar, future maternal grandmother of Erastus Corning 2nd, is born to missionary parents in West Springfield Pennsylvania.
The Hudson River steamer Henry Clay, racing the steamer Armenia, catches fire, off of Fort Lee, New Jersey. Close to 60 people drown or burn to death.
John and William Rockefeller enter Owego Academy.
New York State passes legislation governing steamboat safety.
James William Wallack opens New York City's Wallack's Lyceum theater.
The Albany and Saratoga Springs Rail Road is organized, capitalized at $200,000. It's never built.
Physician William Stewart Halsted is born in New York City.
Actor-playwright George L. Aiken premieres his unauthorized dramatization of Uncle Tom's Cabin in Troy.
The Warren County town of Athol is divided into the towns of Stony Creek and Thurman.
New York City Police evict the 1000 occupants of the Old Brewery building in the Five Points section of Manhattan in preparation for the demolition of this breeding ground of crime.
Civil engineer Campbell W. Adams is born in Utica.
Shipbuilder Jacob A. Westervelt defeats Whig candidate Morgan Morgans to become Democratic mayor. ** The city is granted jurisdiction to underwater lands in the Harlem River. ** Collector Thomas Jefferson Bryan returns to New York after touring Europe since 1823. He opens a gallery in the New York Society Library on Broadway. ** English novelist William Makepeace Thackery arrives to give six lectures on English writers to the First Unitarian Society. ** The print An Overview of New York City in 1852 is published. ** Law student Smith Edward Lane passes the New York bar exam. ** Liberty Street is widened between Greenwich Street and Broadway, and Washington Street is extended from Twelfth Street to Gansevoort. ** The 1830 Tompkins Market is rebuilt. ** The Brooklyn town of New Lots secedes from the town of Flatbush. ** The city buys close to 60 acres on Ward's Island from A. R. Lawrence and 16 acres from other owners, at about $1500 an acre, thus now owning all of the land not belonging to the State. ** Ophthalmologist Cornelius Agnew earns his medical degree, becomes an intern at New York Hospital. ** London-born actor-manager James William Wallack settles in the city. ** Brooklyn Eagle publisher Samuel G. Arnold is fired, for supporting Henry Beecher Stowe's call for sending rifles to Kansas, and is replaced by reporter Henry McCloskey.
The Erie Railroad builds a branch from Hornellsville to Buffalo. ** Seneca County surrogate judge J. K. Richardson retires. ** The Industrial Home Association founds the village of Mount Vernon. ** Brockport's Johnston Harvester works is destroyed by fire. The operation is moved to Batavia. ** Angelica's Allegany Co. Advocate merges with the Cuba Whig to become the Advocate and Whig. ** The Le Roy Female Seminary becomes Ingham Collegiate Institute (later Ingham University). ** Commodore Perry sails his flagship the USS Mississippi to Japan. Among the crew are state residents Jonathan Goble, marine, and Francis C. Pollay, ship's carpenter. ** Geneva College is renamed Hobart Free College, to honor its founder, the late Episcopal bishop John Henry Hobart. ** Buffalo congressman Elbridge G. Spaulding and designer John Harley Selkirk rebuilds Spaulding's 1845 Exchange Building after it's partially destroyed by fire. ** The Liberty Party considers running abolitionist Gerrit Smith for President but he declines. ** The segment of Bristol annexed to Richmond in 1848 is restored to Bristol. ** Yonkers mechanic Elisha G. Otis invents the safety elevator. ** The New York and Harlem Railroad reaches Chatham Four Corners in Columbia County. ** The Buffalo, Corning & New York Railroad (later the Erie) reaches Wayland. ** The Monroe County town of Union is formed from Clarkson. ** The third floor addition to Hartford House, the Geneseo home of James S. Wadsworth, is finished. ** Erastus Corning's Albany Iron Works is destroyed by fire for the second time in three years. ** Mrs. Michael Anguish of Tonawanda and her daughter die of cholera and are buried in the Niagara River Burying Grounds. ** Efforts are renewed to move the Lewis County seat from Martinsburgh to Lowville.
Susan B. Anthony is silenced when she attempts to speak at a temperance rally. ** Erastus Corning's Albany Iron Works is destroyed by fire for the second time in three years.
Dungan Street, built by Thomas Howell and named for Dr. Samuel Dungan, an early physician, is opened. ** St, Mary's Catholic Church is enlarged.
Captain William Henry Stewart dies, at the age of 72. ** Doctor Andrew Oliver has a house built at 200 Main Street.
A weighlock is built on the Erie Canal. ** Henry Bartholomay starts a brewery. ** The Rochester Water Company is chartered, following a cholera epidemic. ** The city has 14 boatyards. ** Susan B. Anthony has a daguerreotype portrait made. ** Photographer Charles C. Zoller is born. ** Rochester minister the Reverend John C. Bywater publishes a pamphlet, "The Mystery Solved", in which he attributes the abilities of spiritual mediums to electricity.
Tasmania, South Pacific
Irish political prisoner Thomas Francis Meagher escapes aboard an American vessel, sails to New York City.
© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte