( Updated 4 / 4 / 2004 )

Caroline Chapman plays Becky Sharp in John Brougham's dramatization of Thackeray's Vanity Fair at Burton's Theatre. It runs for a week.

Jan 1
The New York Public Library is incorporated, with Washington Irving, William B. Astor, Jr., Doctor J. G. Cogswell and others as trustees. It contains over 20,000 volumes.

Jan 13
Brooklyn's Plymouth Church is destroyed by fire.

Feb 5
Manning and Mackintosh sell their concession across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec to New York City speculator P. A. Hargous.

Feb 7
The U. S. Supreme Court rules against Massachusetts and New York, banning the practice of taxing each immigrant arriving.

Mar 6
Levi A. Ward is elected mayor of Rochester. ** The Ulster County town of Denning is formed from Shandaken.

Apr 7
The state legislature charters the Panama Railroad Company. ** The Chenango County town of North Norwich is formed from Norwich.

Apr 11
Albany City Hospital is incorporated. ** Rochester's Academy of the Sacred Heart is incorporated by the state Legislature. ** The New York legislature passes a bill to create a Croton Aqueduct Department, to replace the Water Commission, which had been appointed by the governor and Senate. The new department will regulate all aspects of the Croton Aqueduct system, that delivers drinking water to New York City. ** The state also begins requiring railroad companies to report annually to the State Engineer and Surveyor.

Apr 14
Herman Melville's Redburn is published in New York.

May 10
Actors' claques for Edwin Forest and William Charles Macready riot at the Astor Opera House in New York City. 22-34 people (estimates vary) are killed by the 7th Regiment.

Jun 1
The Erie Railroad reaches Owego.

Jun 12
Herr Freebertshyster and the Germania Campanologians bell-ringing act appear at Albany's Bleecker Hall.

Jun 20
The New York City coroner confirms that 21-year-old deckhand James Enery of the lighter Ohio died by drowning.

Jun 30
The New York coroner confirms that Julia Agan's 10-year-old son Hector died of convulsions.

New York's Croton Aqueduct Department is organized.

Jul 23
The New York Protection Insurance Company of Rome, New York, is chartered.

July 26
William Rockefeller, father of John D., is indicted in Auburn for the rape of Anne Vanderbeck the previous year while she was employed by him as a domestic.

Aug 24
The New York coroner rules that George Anderson was shot by Thomas Laughrey in self defense, during a home invasion by Anderson and others.

A Mr. Gester gives a demonstration of magic and ventriloquism at Auburn. Mr. H. E. R. Lewis gives classes in mesmerism and phrenology in the basement of the Universalist Church. The Reverend Hicks calls him an infidel in the Daily Advertiser.

Sep 27
A fire destroys 104 buildings in downtown Owego. Only three structures survive. ** The ship Isaac Wright arrives in New York. Among the Irish passengers are Catherine Hackett and her 19-month-old daughter Winefrid.

Sep 28
New York's coroner rules that Winefrid Wright has just died of convulsions.

Recovered from a bout of insanity, philologist George Adler sails for Europe for a year. Departing from New York he meets author Herman Melville on the pier and they become friends. ** Doctor John Bovee Dods arrives in western New York to lecture and give demonstrations of the power of Electrical Psychology (mesmerism or hypnotism) to cure disease.

Oct 29
Camp Gates, named for Mexican War veteran Bvt. Maj. Collinson Reed Gates of New York, is established by Capt. William R. Montgomery in Texas on the north bank of the Leon River.

Oct 28
Film exhibition pioneer and Kansas City fire chief George C. Hale is born in Colton.

Oct 31
Newark, New York's State Mutual Insurance is incorporated.

Nov 14
Two of the Fox sisters, Margaret and Ann, give a demonstration of their spirit rappings at Rochester's Corinthian Hall. Auburn writer Eliab W. Capron makes the introductory remarks, portraying the rappings as a physical rather than a occult phenomenon.

Nov 15
A committee of five (Nathaniel Clark, A. J. Combs, Edwin Jones, Adoniram Judson, and Daniel Marsh) conducts an investigation of the Fox sisters at Rochester's Sons of Temperance Hall, finding no evidence of deceit on the part of the girls. The audience demands another investigation.

Nov 16
A second Rochester committee, headed by Chancellor Frederick Whittlesey, and consisting of Dr. H. H. Langworthy, D. C. McCallum, William Fisher and Le Roy judge A. P. Hascall convenes at Whittlesey's office for a demonstration, fails to find evidence of deceit in the Fox sisters. Whittlesey withdraws from the committee. Citizens hostile to spiritualism demand a third investigation, sitting on the committee themselves.

Nov 17
The third Rochester committee meets with the girls at the home of Dr.Justin Gates. His wife and two other women take the girls into a separate room where the subjects disrobe to their shifts and are tested again. The rappings are still heard. When the committee announces their findings that night a mob rushes the stage and is fought back by Police Justice and future mayor S. W. D. Moore and his men.

Nov 23
The New York coroner rules that 54-year-old Edward Barry died from an inflammation of the peritoneum after falling across a rail of the New Haven Rail Road.

Nov 29
The New York Tribune prints an account of the Rochester committees. Other New York City journals will also report on the upstate Spiritualism movement.

Rumors of a coming cholera epidemic make the rounds in Rochester but nothing develops. ** New York's Chemung Rail Road goes into service, connecting Watkins Glen to Elmira.

Dec 7
The New York coroner rules that three-and-a-half-month-old Ellen Callahan died of convulsions, at Belleview Hospital.

Dec 10
The New York coroner rules that Catharine Brown, a 35-year-old black woman born in Westchester County, died of a disease of the lungs.

Whig Caleb S. Woodhull defeats Democrat Myndert Van Schaick to become mayor. His one-year term will extend into 1851, when voting for the office undergoes changes. ** The Distin family introduces the saxophone to the U. S. ** The German-language weekly Staats-Zeitung begins daily publication. ** Over 3000 foreign ships make the city a port of call this year. 99 ships depart for the California goldfields, carrying 5,719 passengers. ** A local merchant sends a ship with large cargo of flour to San Francisco, adding a cargo of beans costing almost nothing. He arrives in California to find flour a glut on the market but makes a large profit on the beans. ** City machine shops turn out a large number of quartz-crushers for use in the gold fields. ** The Century Club moves from 495 Broadway to 435 Broome Street. ** 14-year-old Lyman Abbott enrolls in New York University. ** Cornelius Agnew begins studying medicine with New York Eye and Ear Infirmary surgeon J. Kearney Rodgers, professor of anatomy at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia. ** The hospital almshouse on Blackwell's Island admits 2,148 patients and discharges 1,919. 292 die during the year. ** E. Philip Williams begins publishing the New York Daily Times. ** Businessman John Jacob Astor dies. ** The public begins lobbying for a bridge to connect the city to Brooklyn.

J. T. Headley's The Adirondacks: or, A Life in the Woods. ** John Butterfield organizes the Butterfield and Wasson Express Company. ** Batavia postmaster Frederick Follett is named state Canal Commissioner. ** Allegany County's new jail in Angelica is completed, replacing the 1808 building. ** An amusement wheel ride is featured at the State Fair in Syracuse. ** Orsamus Turner's Pioneer History of the Western Purchase of Western New York. ** The Utica Water Works Company begins supplying customers from a distributing reservoir on Corn Hill. ** Albany's State Library is divided, with one of the Libraries of the Court of Appeals going to Syracuse and the other going to Rochester. ** Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first U. S. woman to receive the degree Doctor of Medicine, graduating from New York's Geneva Medical College.. ** Kate and Margaret Fox of Hydesville, New York, become the first U. S. spiritualists, communing with the departed by spirit rapping. They hold seances at Auburn and Rochester. ** Boston abolitionist William Cooper Nell visits Rochester, attends a Fox Sisters seance, along with Fox neighbors Amy and Isaac Post. ** Palmyra resident James Van Ness creates a E Pluribus Unim coverlet. ** Martin Van Buren's son Smith and architect Richard Upjohn make controversial renovations to Lindenwald , the former President's home, in Kinderhook. ** Work, halted by the 1842 Stop Law, resumes on the Genesee Valley Canal after a resurvey is done. Progress is slow. ** Construction begins on Van R. Richmond's Montezuma Aqueduct, carrying the Enlarged Erie over the Seneca River. ** Hamilton Fish is elected governor. ** Lansingburgh horticulturist Alexander Walsh dies, in his mid sixties. ** Pioneer Moses Van Campen dies, in his early nineties. ** The Madison County courthouse is built at Morrisville. ** William Rockefeller abandons his family for a time. ** Tonawanda's St. Peter's German Evangelical and Reformed Church is completed. ** Geneseo clergyman the Reverend William Bakewell of St. Michael's Episcopal Church converts to Catholicism. ** J. V. H. Clark's Onondaga is published in Syracuse. ** The section of the state west of Utica now contains close to 1,300,000 people. ** Buffalo state assemblyman Elbridge Gerry Spaulding is elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. ** The state constitution is amended to provide for Special Judges and Special Surrogates for Cayuga, Chautauqua, Jefferson and Oswego counties. ** Edmund B. O'Callaghan publishes the first volume of his Documentary History of the State of New York. The other three volumes will be completed by 1851.

St. Vincent Orphan Asylum is incorporated. ** Erastuus Corning's Albany Iron Works is destroyed by fire. He rebuilds.

The New York and Erie Railroad reaches the city, connecting it with Buffalo and New York City. ** The city is now the third largest shipping point in New York State.

Corinthian Hall is completed. ** A house is built on Spring Street for insurance agent Henry R. Brewster. ** The Bishop and Codding company invents the fountain pen. ** The former Louis Seyle fire engine manufacturing company at Brown's Race, which had suffered a fire in 1837, burns again. ** The Western House of Refuge, for male juvenile offenders, is incorporated. ** St. Paul's Church is lit by gas.



( Updated 5 / 31 / 2004 )

Charles J. Hill brings a son into his Rochester flour mill, changing the name to C. J. Hill & Son.

Jan 6
Minister Henry Ward Beecher delivers the first sermon in Brooklyn's rebuilt Plymouth Church, designed by Joseph C. Wells.

Jan 31
New York's University of Rochester is chartered.

Jan 8
The Mercantile Bank of New York City files incorporation articles, begins operations the same day, with a capitalization of $1,000,000.

Feb 5
An adding machine with depressible keys is patented at New Paltz.

Mar 5
The Brooklyn City Dispensary, located at 109 Pineapple Street, is incorporated.

The Albion area pledges $5,000 for the new University of Rochester. ** The Fox sisters travel from Rochester to Troy, New York, toward the end of the month, accompanied by lecturer on psychic phenomena A. P. Ambler, to demonstrate their spirit rappings. They give public demonstrations at Apollo Hall and Van Vechten Hall in Albany and the Troy House Hotel and the Delavan House Hotel.

Apr 10
Rochester gets its third city charter, incorporating the many amendments to the 1844 charter. The mayor is granted limited judicial power.

Apr 23
New York and Vermont's Albany, Bennington and Rutland Rail Road is organized with a capitalization of $400,000. It will merge with the Albany Northern.

Apr 27
The Collins Line begins its steamship business with the launching of the Atlantic, in New York City, competing with Britain's Cunard Line.

May 3
A reporter from the Troy Daily Whig goes to see the Fox sisters at the Troy House, is put on a waiting list for the next day.

May 9
The New York Union Mutual Insurance Company is incorporated in Johnstown.

May 17
Land agent David E. Evans dies in Batavia, in his early sixties.

May 21
The Rockland County village of Piermont is incorporated.

Jun 4
Young Rochester diarist Cyrus Paine marries Harriet Sage. At this point his diaries conclude.

Jun 27
Italian patriot Giuseppe Garibaldi sails from Liverpool, England, to New York, aboard the U. S. packet Waterloo.

The Auburn & Rochester and Auburn & Syracuse railroads are consolidated into the Rochester, Auburn & Syracuse.

Jul 2
Seawitch sets the NY-to-San Francisco record - 97 days.

Jul 9
New York City's Clinton Fire Insurance Company is granted a 30-year charter by the state.

Jul 15
2,000 New York City tailors walk off the job. One worker is killed in the dispute, the first such labor death in the U. S. No gains are made. The Cooperative Union of Tailoring Estates grows out of the incident. ** Missionary Maria Francesca (Frances Xavier) Cabrini is born in Sant'Angelo Lodigiano, Italy.

Jul 18
The Elizabeth anchors off New York's Fire Island. ** Geneseo visitor Elizabeth English is given a tour of prominent resident Elizabeth Wadsworth's garden.

Jul 19
The Elizabeth is driven ashore by a storm. Philosopher Margaret Fuller and her family drown within sight of shore. Several seamen survive.

Jul 29
The side-wheeler Baltic hits a rock four miles above Niagara Falls and sinks. All passengers are removed safely and the ship is later raised.

Jul 30
Elizabeth English attends Geneseo's Episcopal Church in the morning, the Presbyterian in the afternoon and the Methodist at night.

Jul 31
Garibaldi arrives in New York. After passing through the Quarantine Ground he's taken to Staten Island, where he stays for a few days, nursing a case of rheumatism.

While on a steamboat to Fort Hamilton, Long Island, young Henry James hears Washington Irving tell his father Henry, Sr., about the drowning last month of philosopher Margaret Fuller.

Aug 4
Garibaldi is brought to Manhattan to consult with Dr. Valentine Mott, Jr., his physician. He's greeted at the ferry by a number of Italian and German friends, and put up at the home of a friend named Ferrero, in Hastings-on-Hudson.

Aug 7
Upon the advice of Judge John W. Edmonds, Garibaldi writes to the Italian Committee, declaring his wish to cancel a planned public recognition on the 10th due to ill health and a desire no fuss be made.

Aug 8
The New York Tribune prints Garibaldi's letter.

Aug 10
L. Mossi, Sardinian Minister in Washington, reports to Massimo D'Azeglio, Minister of Foreign Affairs at Turin. He discusses the new U. S. Cabinet, slavery, Cuba and Garibaldi's reception in New York.

Aug 12
New York Italians meet at Monteverde's Restaurant on Barclay Street. With Dr. Mott, acting as president and Quirico Filopanti (Giuseppe Barili) as secretary, they elect to donate funds not used to fete Garibaldi to a Doctor Bovi, who lost a hand during the siege of Rome.

Aug 13
The Cincinnati Gazette prints Garibaldi's letter.

Aug 14
U. S. Senator Lewis Cass writes to Garibaldi from Washington, D. C., welcoming him to America.

Aug 19
Primo Ranchivecchi, Tuscan Delegate Extraordinary at Leghorn, writes to government consuls in London and New York, seeking confirmation that Giuseppe Mazzini and Garibaldi are in the two cities, and requesting they be watched for revolutionary activities.

Garibaldi comes to Manhattan for the funeral of his friend Avezzana's wife.

Sep 2
Garibaldi's letter is run in Turin, Italy's Concordia.

Sep 11
Swedish singer Jenny Lind makes her American debut in New York City at Castle Garden, promoted by P. T. Barnum. 6000 people attend the concert.

To earn funds Garibaldi goes to work for Florentine Antonio Meucci at his candle factory on Staten Island, moves there from Manhattan.

Oct 10
Giuseppi Garibaldi writes to his friend Specchi in Havana, Cuba, describing his life on Staten Island.

Oct 30
A mass meeting in New York City resolves to sustain the Fugitive Slave Act.

Nov 27
Moses Hicks Grinnell, president of the New York Chamber of Commerce, writes to his friend, Secretary of State Daniel Webster, requesting government employment for Garibaldi.

Ireland's Marquis of Lansdowne announces that he will sponsor any of his tenants that want to emigrate to America. Many will end up in New York's Five Points neighborhood.

Dec 10
Grinnell's letter is received by Webster's office. Nothing comes of the request.

The city's population reaches 515,547. The Irish population is approximately 133,000. The city has approximately 3,000 Italian-American residents. The population of Five Points reaches 24,698, an increase of over 5,000 in the last five years. ** Xavier High School moves from 77 Third Avenue to 30 West 16th Street and changes its name to the College of St. Francis Xavier. ** Volney B. Palmer expands his Philadelphia advertising brokerage to New York and Boston, calling it the American Newspaper Advertising Agency. ** Horace Greeley convinces Phoebe and Alice Cary, the poet sisters, to relocate from Cincinnati, Ohio. ** A rail line is built up the west side of Manhattan. ** The Century Club moves again, from 435 Broome Street to 575 Broadway. ** The hospital almshouse on Blackwell's Island admits 2,009 patients and discharges 1,923. Eighty die during the year. ** Henry Jones, older brother of author Edith Newbold Jones (Wharton) is born in New York City to prominent city landowner George Frederic Jones and his wife Lucretia Rhinelander Jones. ** Harper and Brothers begins publishing Harper's Monthly Magazine. ** Of the approximately 700 incorporated banks in the U. S., 85% deposit their reserves in Manhattan. ** The shipping firm of A. A. Low & Brothers opens for business in the South Street's Schermerhorn Row.

A canal weighlock is built in Syracuse. ** The water supply system of the Utica Water Works Association is abandoned. ** Byron E. Huntley founds the Johnston Harvester Works in Brockport, to manufacture McCormick reapers. ** Hector fruit farmer George G. Wickham moves to Montour. ** The former Batavia mansion of land agent Joseph Ellicott becomes the Bryan Seminary for Young Ladies. ** Henry Wells, of Greenport, Long Island, begins seining menhaden and establishes the first steam-operated fish oil extraction plant, on Shelter Island. ** The Rochester & Tonawanda and the Buffalo & Attica railroads are consolidated. The number of cross state railroads in New York drops from seven to five. ** A New York-to-Boston route through Connecticut is opened. ** Executive Dean Richmond becomes Chairman of the New York State Democratic Committee. ** The Fox sisters hold further seances at Auburn, New York. They begin holding others in New York City, where they are attended by James Fenimore Cooper, William Cullen Bryant, Horace Greeley and others. Greeley defends the Foxes. ** J. E. B. Stuart enters West Point. ** James Fenimore Cooper writes a new introduction for a re-issue of The Pioneers. ** The Erie Canal boat Eureka utilizes a paddle wheel along its keel. ** An anti slavery convention in Cazenovia features former slave Frederick Douglass and abolitionist Gerrit Smith. ** Samuel M. Shaw purchases the Otsego Freeman. ** The population for the Town of Mendon peaks at 3,535. ** 400 to 500 sailing sloops are in regular service on the Hudson River between Albany and New York. ** A stone jail is built in Oswego. ** William Rockefeller moves his family from Moravia to Owego. ** The first steamboat in 15 years navigates Oneida Lake. ** 23-year-old Elizabeth English of Battle Creek, Michigan, spends her summer in Geneseo with her uncle Hemen English and his wife Sally, describing it in her diary. The stage fare from Lockport is $2.50. ** The Monroe County Savings Bank is founded. ** Maryland's Mount Savage Ironworks produces 1,000 tons of rails for the Utica and Schenectady Railroad. Albany businessman-politician Erastus Corning owns stock in the former and is president of the latter. ** The Erie County village of Williamsville, in the Town of Amherst, is incorporated. ** Samuel M. Shaw buys Cooperstown's Freeman's Journal. ** The state ranks at the top in commerce and near the top in agriculture.

The city establishes a municipal water system, appointing a Board of Water Commissioners. ** The approximate date James Eights paints North Pearl Street as it appeared in 1812 . ** Former mayor and state senator Erastus Corning heads the city's first water commission. ** Erastus Corning, Jr. marries Gertrude Tibbets. ** The First Presbyterian Church moves from South Pearl Street to Hudson and Philip streets, into a English Gothic church modeled after Manhattan's First Presbyterian Church.

The Brooklyn Wharf and Warehouse Company (later the New York Dock Company) is founded, builds a pier and warehouse. ** James T. Stranahan's Atlantic Docks complex at the foot of Hamilton Avenue in the Red Hook section is completed. 150 ships can be accommodated at one time, protected from winds. ** German immigrant and dairy farmer Mathias Haffen moves to the Melrose section of the Bronx from the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. ** Editor Samuel G. Arnold changes the name of the Brooklyn Eagle and Kings County Democrat to just the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

The Blackwell Canal is built. It will become known as the City Ship Canal. ** Batavia architect Henry W. Homelius is born to German immigrant Henry B. Homelius and his wife. ** Abner Cutler invents the first practical roll top desk.

The Cooley Hardware store is remodeled. ** The Atwater House becomes lawyers' offices.

A Gothic home with adobe walls is built at 629 South Main Street. ** Farmer Robert Swan buys Rose Hill Farm. ** Robert Troup oversees the building of the Pulteney Land Office at 106 Washington Street.

The city founds a Home for the Friendless, for prostitutes. ** City pioneer Hamlet Scrantom dies. ** The University of Rochester and the Rochester Theological Seminary are founded by Baptists, in the United States Hotel on Buffalo Street (today's West Main Street). ** Leonard Jerome, grandfather of Winston Churchill, sells his interest in the Rochester Daily American, moves to Brooklyn. ** Works Street is renamed Exchange Place. ** The city police department begins using the north wing of downtown's market building for a police court and overnight jail. ** The second court house is built. ** The Erie Railroad is completed through the city. ** The Rochester & Hemlock Lake and the Rochester & Pittsford, plank road companies are organized. A tollhouse for the former is erected at Lima. ** Moore's Rural New Yorker, a weekly farm journal, begins publication. ** City lines are adjusted at the northeast and northwest corners, increasing the total square miles to 7.95. ** Spirit rappings are demonstrated in Cincinnati, Ohio, by Mrs. B. G. Bushnell, a witness of the Rochester manifestations. ** The J. P. Milliner boatyard builds a steamboat, in two sections, for the California coastal trade. ** Daniel Powers becomes a private banker, with an office in the Eagle Hotel. ** Ellwanger and Barry begin selling some nursery land as building lots.

St. Lawrence County
Over the next several years gang sawmills are built on the Racket River in the Town of Colton. ** Part of the Town of Hermon is annexed to the Town of Edwards.

Seneca Falls
The firm of Cowing & Company begins manufacturing fire fighting equipment. ** The approximate date the Clinton House hotel is built.



Italian revolutionary Francesco Carpanetto's ship S. Giorgio sails from Genoa, bound for Lima, Peru, on a speculative voyage. Carpanetto will stop in New York to talk to Garibaldi.

Jan 15
Two houses under construction in Manhattan collapse, due to inferior building materials. Close to two dozen people are killed and wounded. The contractor disappears.

Jan 27
Painter-naturalist John James Audubon dies in New York City at the age of 65.

Feb 10
Giuseppi Garibaldi writes to Specchi in Havana, complaining of the cold and of hunting restrictions on Staten Island.

Feb 12
The Albany Northern Rail Road Company is organized, to connect the capital with Eagle Bridge in Rensselaer County.

Mar 10
The New York Evening Post dismisses reports that Italian dictators are concerned that Garibaldi is raising an invasion force in New York.

Mar 11
The Boston Daily Evening Telegraph also downplays the Garibaldi rumors.

Mar 28
The Cattaraugus County town of Burton, changes its name to Allegany.

Apr 12
Environmentalist Ralph Middleton Munroe is born in New York City.

Apr 17
The Law School of the University of Albany is chartered.

Apr 28
Garibaldi sails on the liner Prometheus with his friend Franceso Carpanetto, to Nicaragua on a business venture.

Apr 29
New York City's Cooper Union college is chartered. Discrimination because of race, religion or color is forbidden.

Grover Cleveland becomes a member of the Stone Church in Clinton, along with his parents and siblings.

May 15
The first train on the Erie Railroad, with Millard Fillmore and Secretary of State Daniel Webster aboard, travels from New York City to Dunkirk, connecting the city to the Great Lakes by rail for the first time. The USS Michigan is part of the Dunkirk celebration.

Jun 3
The New York Knickerbocker baseball team is the first to wear uniforms, including straw hats and baggy blue pants.

Jun 14
The Hudson River railroad is extended north as far as Hudson.

Sep 2
The side-wheeler Bunker Hill burns to the water line at a dock in Tonawanda.

Sep 14
Author James Fenimore Cooper dies in Cooperstown.

Sep 18
The first issue of the New York Daily Times is published, with Henry J. Raymond as editor.

Oct 1
The first New York to Albany train trip is made. ** A fugitive slave named Jerry is freed from a jail in Syracuse.

Oct 8
The railroad from New York to Albany commences regular service.

Oct 25
Karl Marx begins publishing in Horace Greeley's Tribune. His Revolution and Counter Revolution begins serial publication in the newspaper.

Oct 29
Financier Edward Gould Richmond is born in Attica.

Nov 14
Herman Melville's Moby Dick is published, by Harper and Brothers in New York City.

Hungarian revolutionary Louis Kossuth visits New York City. The U. S. Congress covers expenses, including his hotel suite, at a cost of $23,000.

Dec 4
A conductor on the Hudson River Railroad stops his train to the north of Croton-on Hudson to put off two passengers for not paying their fares. The train is run into by another engine, injuring several passengers. An express on another track stops to give assistance and is run into by a fourth train, causing more injuries.

Dec 29
Maria Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert (Lola Montez), former mistress of Ludwig I of Bavaria, makes her U. S. stage debut in Betley at New York City's Broadway Theatre.


Griffith Thomas's Union Club is built at 20th Street and Fifth Avenue. ** Henry Wood, brother of future New York City mayor Fernando Wood, founds Wood's Minstrels. The group plays the city for the next fifteen years. ** Importer Ambrose C. Kingsland becomes the first mayor elected for a single, two-year term - in a change forced by his own party, the Whigs - defeating Democrat Fernando Wood. ** The Brooklyn Navy Yard Dry Dock Number One, the U. S. Navy's first, is completed. ** The Donald McKay ship Flying Cloud sets the all-time clipper record for the run from New York to San Francisco - 89 day and 8 hours. ** James Smith builds the hand drawn pumper fire engine "The White Ghost." It will be used by the Lady Washington Fire Company in Old Morrisania (the Bronx). ** The Brooklyn village of Williamsburgh secedes from the town of Bushwick, becoming the city of Williamsburg (no 'h'), with a population of 35,000. ** Kings County now includes the cities of (Brooklyn and Williamsburgh) and the towns of Bushwick, Flatbush, Flatlands, Gravesend and New Utrecht. ** The Irving Trust bank is founded.

Albany establishes a municipal water system. ** Irish immigrant James Malony begins commercial fishing operations out of Dunkirk, on Lake Erie. ** Stock is offered to the public for a Genesee Valley Railway, but sales are slow. ** The Rochester, Auburn and Syracuse Railroad receives a charter for a line along the Erie Canal. ** The policy of requiring state railroads to pay the equivalent of Erie Canal tolls is abandoned. ** The National Temperance Convention meets at Saratoga Springs. ** Dr. Philo Hayes builds the mansion Hillside in Wyoming, to be used as a water cure sanitarium. ** Lewis Henry Morgan's League of the Ho-de-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois is published. ** Amelia Bloomer introduces Elizabeth Stanton to Susan B. Anthony, in Seneca Falls. ** The West Troy Weighlock of the Erie Canal is completed. ** Washington Hunt is elected governor. ** Pioneer Phoebe Dexter Markham dies at Elm Place, the family home near Rush, in her late eighties. ** The brick Tioga County jail, containing 8 double cells, is erected at Owego, at an approximate cost of $8,000. ** Canandaigua's Blossom House hotel burns to the ground.

The Bank of the Genesee is reorganized as a national bank. ** The village's first businessman and postmaster, James Brisbane, dies.

The pamphlet Discovery and Explanation of the Source of the Phenomena known as the Rochester Knockings is published here. It is among several claims that the knockings are produced by the voluntary partial dislocation of joints in the body. ** The Ohio Basin for the Erie Canal opens.

A 6,230 pound bell is cast to be hung in the second County Court House. ** Daniel Webster and Jenny Lind visit the city. ** Author-philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson visits the city, is given a tour of the University of Rochester. ** The Fox family moves from Rochester to New York City, where they hold further seances. ** Merchant Thomas Parsons becomes an alderman, serves until 1857. ** The city's twenty mills produce 5,885 barrels of flour a day, 561,818 barrels annually. Whitney Mills produces 300 barrels a day. ** The Brown's Race building becomes the Red Bird Saw Mill.

St. Lawrence County
Over the next decade ten sawmills will be built along a 17-mile stretch of the Racket River. ** A small portion is taken off the Town of Parishville and annexed to the Town of Colton.



© 2001 David Minor / Eagles Byte