( Updated 4 / 3 / 2005 )

Jan 7
Rochester's Daily Democrat carries its first display advertisement.

New York City tailors go out on strike. When the National Guard is called out and the strikers are denied the right to organize, 30,000 protestors gather and call for a new political party.

Feb 18
Narcissa Prentiss of Prattsburg marries missionary Marcus Whitman in Angelica.

Feb 20
The Steuben County Town of Jersey is annexed by Schuyler County and renamed Orange.

Members of lower Manhattan's Bowery gang clash with Irish street cleaners in the North American Hotel at Bowery and Bayard. They express resentment toward the immigrants to Alderman James Ferris and a few constables when the officials arrive afterwards.

Mar 28
U. S. Civil War colonel Patrick Henry O'Rorke is born in County Cavan, Ireland.

Mar 29
Chemung County is formed out of Tioga County. Joseph L. Darling is named First Judge; Lyman Covell, Surrogate; Albert A. Beckwith, Sheriff; Isaac Baldwin, County Clerk; and Andrew K. Gregg, District Attorney.

New York's Auburn & Rochester Railroad is chartered, to link Canandaigua and Geneva to Rochester.

Apr 4
Rochester machine shop owner William Gleason is born in Borrisokane, Ireland.

Apr 10
Richard P. Robinson murders famed New York prostitute Helen Jewett. Because of her profession few complain when a bribed jury acquits Robinson and he goes free.

Apr 14
New York City's Atlas Marine Insurance Company, capitalized at $350,000, is incorporated as a stock company.

Apr 15
The New York State legislature passes an act calling for a geological and natural history survey of the state, to be divided among four teams.

Apr 20
A Canadian company is incorporated to build a suspension bridge over the Niagara River.

James Fenimore Cooper and his family move from New York City to Cooperstown.

May 20
The Town of Oswego annexes part of the Town of Granby.

May 21
New York's Lockport & Batavia Railroad is organized. It's never built.

May 31
New York City's Astor Hotel, built by John Jacob Astor, opens its doors.

Jun 7
New York City businessman and art patron Luman Reed dies.

Jun 17
Author and newspaper editor Paul Dudley Sargent and others found New York's exclusive Union Club which begins meeting at the New York Athenaeum at Broadway and Pine. They elect City Superior Court judge Samuel Jones as president.

Batavia newspaper owner Frederick Follett sell his Spirit of the Times, to go to fight along with the Texas revolutionaries. He will not arrive in time. ** Rochester gives birth to the Young Men's Moral Reform Society, to "...prevent and eradicate the vice of licentiousness."

Aug 1
James Dickson, Montezuma II, Liberator of All Indians, departs with his army from Buffalo to liberate New Mexico and California.

Aug 13
A climbing party including chemistry professor Ebenezer Emmons and geologist William G. Redfield, attempting to scale the yet-unnamed Mount Marcy, in the Adirondacks, leaves Cedar Point.

Aug 14
The Emmons-Redfield party arrives at the Clear Pond home of sawmill innovator Israel Johnson.

Aug 15
The climbing party, lead by Adirondack guides John Cheney and Harvey Holt, leaves Clear Pond and heads for Mount Marcy.

Aug 17
Bad weather forces the climbers to abandon the Marcy climb.

Aug 25
Author-poet Francis Bret Harte is born in Albany.

John Bloomfield Jervis becomes chief engineer of the Croton Aqueduct.

Sep 14
Former U. S. Vice-President Aaron Burr 80, dies in Port Richmond. Subsequently Tammany Society sachem and Burr crony Matthew L. Davis will burn a number of letters of Burr's from and to various mistresses.

Dec 7
Martin Van Buren, defeats William Henry Harrison and is elected President of the United States, the first "machine" politician to achieve this. He carries New York City by a margin of only 1,124 votes.

The new Merchants' Exchange is built. ** Winter snows pile up in some streets to a height of six or seven feet. ** A company is formed to build a canal at 106th Street in northern Manhattan for a marble quarry, but the project's abandoned when the stone turns out to be inferior. ** Nathaniel Currier founds a lithography business. ** The New York Women's Anti-Slavery Society bars blacks from membership. ** During a fire at Ann Street a businessman named Bennett hands out copies of that day's Morning Herald to close to 2,000 spectators at Beekman and Nassau streets, for publicity purposes. ** Sections of Cherry, Grove, Stone, John and Pine streets and Maiden Lane are widened. ** The area between the Bowery, Art and Eighth streets, and Lafayette Place is made into a public space. ** The Reverend R. H. Collyer denounces conditions in the Irish tenements. ** Former Mayor Philip Hone sells his lower Broadway home across from City Hall Park. Hone and his friends form the Hone Club, to meet in each other's homes and take turns providing dinner. ** Seventeen year-old Daniel Sickles speaks at a political rally in Brooklyn supporting Martin Van Buren. ** Political ward worker Fernando Wood is invited to join the Tammany Society at the age of 24. When a Merchants' Exchange Bank error results in a $1,750.62 credit to his account he knowingly spends it and refuses to make restitution until ordered to do so by the courts.

The railroad reaches the western part of the state. ** The Allegany Republican and Internal Improvement Advocate becomes the Angelica Republican and Allegany Whig, but is soon bought by William Pitt Angell, who changes it to the Angelica Reporter and Allegany Republican. Samuel C. Wilson will later run it as the Angelica Reporter ** Orville L. Holley, editor of the Western Repository and Genesee Advertiser absorbs the Canandaigua Freeman. ** Cohoes' Harmony Manufacturing begins production. ** Farmers in the western part of the state riot against the policies of the Holland Land Company. ** A Greek Revival mansion is built at 600 South Main Street in Geneva. ** The first grain shipment from Chicago reaches Buffalo to be shipped down the Erie Canal. Work is begun to enlarge the canal. The channel is enlarged to 7' x 70' and the locks to 18' x 110'. ** John Henry Martindale resigns his Army commission when he is unable to get into the Corps of Engineers. He will become a lawyer in Genesee County. ** Little Yankee Hill's song "Corn Cobs Twist Your Hair" is published. ** New Jersey's Morris Canal is extended to the Hudson River. ** 36,000 tons of goods are transhipped via the Erie Canal at Buffalo. ** Ohio now produces more grain than New York. ** Former congressman and New York governor Nathaniel Pitcher, Jr. dies in Sandy Hill in his late fifties. ** Part of the Cayuga County town of Springport is formed from the town of Aurelius. ** The Ontario County town of Canadice loses a section east of Honeoye Lake to the Mother Town of Richmond. ** Schoharie County annexes a portion of Greene County. ** The Cattaraugus County town of Humphrey is taken off the town of Burton (later Allegany). ** Buffalo's Michigan Street Baptist Church is organized. ** Captain Asa Newlon builds the United States Hotel on the former site of the Hosmer's Stand inn in Avon. ** Batavia's Holland Land Office becomes the Farmers Loan & Trust Company. ** The Montgomery County seat is relocated from Johnstown to Fonda after a subscription of $4500 is raised, and a site for a courthouse is donated to the county. Dissatisfaction with the change leads to the 1838 division of the county, creating Fulton County. ** Lewiston is connected to the horsedrawn Lockport and Niagara Falls R. R. ** A Spring landslide at Troy, caused when lake bottom clays destabilise, crushes 3 houses and several barns. 5 people and 16 horses are killed. ** J. Tenney begins publishing The American Patriot, at Franklin Village (later called Fabius), Onondaga County. The paper will last for the next three years.] ** When speculators promoting a canal, between the Erie Canal at Lyons and Lake Ontario, take land belonging to the Shakers at Sodus Bay's Alasa Farms, the community moves to the Williamsburgh (Groveland) area. The 125 members make the move by sled and wagon, take the Indian name for the site - Sonyea. ** Financier Jay Gould is born in Roxbury. ** Traveler Thomas S. Woodcock's New York to Niagara , describing a journey on the Erie Canal, is published. ** A railroad is incorporated to be built across Staten Island, to connect with the Camden and Amboy Railroad. ** The Albany Exchange erects a headquarters at State Street and Broadway, opposite the Albany Museum. ** Repairs to Cohocton's school house cost $5.00. ** The Erie Canal commissioners decide it will be feasible to eliminate the Jordan and Nine Mile locks by eradicating Onondaga County's Jordan Summit. ** The Schenectady & Troy Rail Road is chartered. ** The Town of Tonawanda is incorporated.

Front Street is moved to the west. ** Only three of the steamboats regularly stopping at the Genesee River visit this season. 398 ships are using the Port of Rochester facilities. Imports are valued at $235,701, according to a brochure issued by the recently opened Tonawanda Railroad. ** Mount Hope Cemetery is founded. ** Dr. Augustus H. Strong is born. ** The city annexes the William Pitkin farm, increasing its own size to 7.321 square miles. ** Future lumber manufacturer Thomas Parsons moves here from the town of Wheatland. ** The Democrat & Chronicle publishes an editorial announcing it's adherence to the principles of the Whig Party. ** 500 townspeople sign a temperance petition urging Congress to address the alcohol problem. ** Construction begins on the new Erie Canal aqueduct over the Genesee River. ** Silas O. Smith builds an arcade building on West Main Street, between Irving Place and Exchange Street.

William Goodell begins editing The Friend of Man, a publication of the N. Y. State Anti Slavery Society. ** A steamboat for use on Oneida Lake is reported under construction at Utica, but never materializes.

Rochester architect Henry Robinson Searle is born to architect Henry Searle and his wife.

© 2005 David Minor / Eagles Byte