NYNY 1829-1832

 

1829

( Updated 4 / 4 / 2004 )


January
A group of citizens call for the demolition of triangular plot of tenements in New York's Five Points area, remnants of the Anthony Street extension project.

Jan 1
Martin Van Buren becomes governor of New York State. ** Walter Bowne is inaugurated as mayor of New York City.

Jan 2
Mrs. Austin, a London actress, appears in New York City in Love in a Village , at the Park Theatre. She will stay in the U. S. until 1835.

Jan 9
Whitesboro's Scientific and Military Academy of Western District is accredited by the state's Board of Regents.

Jan 24
The Cattaraugus County town of Lyndon is formed from Franklinville.

Feb 27
The Albany Institute is incorporated, to promote science and art. It merges with the Albany Lyceum of Natural History.

March
Samuel Stevens' New York City fire committee, having inherited the municipal water issue when Mayor Bowne and Peter Cooper's water committee was concerned with other matters, issues a report suggesting wells and an artificial reservoir as a solution rather than cisterns, nearby rivers, and the Manhattan Company.

Mar 4
Jackson and vice-president John C. Calhoun are inaugurated. The Cabinet will consist of former short-term New York Martin Van Buren (Secretary of State); Samuel D. Ingham (Treasury); John H. Eaton (War); John Branch (Navy); John M. Berrien, Attorney General; and William T. Barry, Postmaster General. Unrestrained mobs of Jackson fans turn the White House into a shambles.

Mar 5
Van Buren resigns to become U. S. Secretary of State. He will be replaced by Enos Thompson Throop.

Mar 26
The Onondaga County towns of Elbridge and Van Buren are formed from Camillus. ** The Seneca County town of Waterloo is formed from Junius. ** The Niagara County village of Lockport is incorporated, made the county seat.

April
The New York Council contracts with a Philadelphia manufacturer for water system pipe.

Apr 11
The Cortland County town of Cortlandville is formed out of Homer.

Apr 17
The Madison County Rail Road is organized. Capitalized at $70,000, and meant to link Chittenango and Cazenovia, it is surveyed but never built.

Apr 20
The Wayne County town of Walworth is formed from Ontario.

Apr 25
The Franklin County town of Westville is formed from Constable.

May
Two Utica mechanics named Rogers and Garrat devise a steam-powered canal boat, using a tread-mounted paddle.

May 17
Former U. S. Supreme Court chief justice and New York governor John Jay dies in his Bedford home at the age of 80.

May 18
Niblo's Garden opens at Broadway and Prince Street in New York City.

June
New York's City Council has spent $12,250 on vacant 13th Street lots between Third Avenue and Bowery (Fourth Avenue) for the planned reservoir.

Jun 4
The mothballed Fulton II explodes in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, killing 25 people.

July
Philadelphia ironworker Thomas Howe begins work on New York's reservoir tank.

Sep 14
Henry James Hackett presents acrobat Peter the Antipodean at New York's Bowery Theater.

October
Bethel, Connecticut, seamstress Charity "Chairy" Hallett travels to New York City. ** John McMullen and James McGloin, recently arrived in New York City from Texas, depart on the vessels Albion and New Packet accompanied by 200 Irish families, bound for land on the Nueces River granted by the Mexican government last year for settlement. ** Reformers Frances Wright, Thomas Skidmore and Robert Dale Owen join with some Tammany members to form New York's Workingmen's Party, condemning inherited wealth, chartered monopolies and debtors' prisons.

November
Manhattan's Workingmen's Party runs a full slate of City Council candidates. Despite a Tammany/business/banking backlash the party polls 6,000 votes to Tammany's 11,000, preventing a council completely dominated by Tammany. ** An excavation at 13th Street reveals sufficient water for firefighting and the city council approves a wooden building to enclose the reservoir.

Nov 7
Carpenter's union president Ebenezer Ford is elected to the New York State Assembly, the first labor leader voted into public office.

Nov 8
Grassy Plain, Connecticut, country store clerk P. T. Barnum and Charity Hallett are married in the New York City home of her uncle Nathan Beers.

Nov 13
Daredevil Sam Patch, in his early twenties, is killed jumping into the falls of the Genesee River at Rochester.

Nov 22
U. S. Grant's Secretary of War, William Belknap, is born in Newburgh.

December
The water and fire committees of the New York City council begin investigating Westchester County rivers as a possible source for city water.

Dec 12
Former Albany mayor John Lansing leaves his New York City hotel room to mail a letter, is never seen again.

City
Its design school is incorporated as the National Academy of Design. ** Walter Bowne is elected mayor for the next three one-year terms. ** William Cullen Bryant is promoted to editor of the New York Evening Post. A Post editorial is the first to refer to the city's 6th Ward as Five Points. ** The Working Men's Party is formed, lasts for two years. ** Merchant David Washington Cincinnatus Olyphant sends missionaries David Abeel and Elijah Bridgman to China, promising to support their efforts for a year. ** Roman Catholics purchases Fifth Avenue property between East 50th and 51st streets. It will become the site for St. Patrick's Cathedral in 1858. ** Women prisoners are transferred from Newgate Prison to Sing Sing and the land is sold to a private party. ** John Howard Payne's melodrama Therese, or, the Orphan of Geneva has its New York debut, with Edwin Forrest as Carwin and Louisa Lane in the title role. Lane would later become Mrs. John Drew. ** Andrew Jackson appoints Samuel Swartwout as Collector of the Port of New York, despite a warning from Martin Van Buren that the man's honesty is in question. ** Local artists form the Sketch Club.

Brooklyn
A private corporation is established to devise plans for a bridge linking Manhattan's Maiden Lane with Brooklyn Heights. The resulting plan would cost an estimated $600,000. Nothing comes of the proposal. ** Coney Island is connected to the mainland when the Coney Island Road and Bridge Company builds the Shell Road across the intervening creek. They also build the Coney Island House hotel.

State
Cornelius Vanderbilt establishes a steamboat company. ** The state legislature passes a measure assigning the Syracuse water supply monopoly to Captain Oliver Teall, through 1831. ** Trumbull Cary founds Batavia's Bank of the Genesee (later M&T), the first bank west of the Genesee River. ** Geneva attorney Charles Butler and his wife Eliza move into a house they've had built on South Main Street (later the Prouty-Chew House/Museum. ** Newell's Settlement changes its name to Wyoming. ** The Oswego Canal connects the Erie Canal with the east end of Lake Ontario. ** Robert Edward Lee graduates from West Point, second in his class. ** Daniel Webster marries Caroline Le Roy. ** State comptroller William L. Marcy is appointed state supreme court justice. ** Former governor John Taylor dies in Albany in his late eighties. ** A Mr. Fleming, chief surveyor for the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road Company, resigns. ** The town of Canadice is formed out of the town of Richmond. ** Ansom M. Weed and Allen Warner buy Geneseo's Livingston Register from James Percival. ** The Reverend Thomas Parker becomes minister of the East Penfield Baptist Church. ** Granville, Vermont, native Levi Steele arrives in Connewango from Genesee County, as does Grafton, New Hampshire, native Ziba Hovey. ** Derick Knickerbocker builds the Knickerbocker Hotel health spa in Avon. ** The legislature requires that three commissioners be appointed to examine banks three times a year and issue an annual report. ** Bushnell's Basin innkeeper and philomath (almanac compiler) Oliver Loud dies. ** Vermont carpenter Brigham Young settles in Monroe County. ** A bill is passed to consolidate the Onondaga County courts at Ovid, Levana and Onondaga. Commissioners Samuel Forman, Oren Hutchinson and John Smith are named to select a location for the new courthouse, in Syracuse. ** The New York State legislature approves funding for the Chemung Canal, linking the Chemung River to the Erie Canal. ** Farmboy Joseph Smith claims to have found golden plates buried at Cumorah Hill outside of Palmyra. He will found the Mormon religion. ** The Alexander H. Howell House is built at 101 Gibson Street in Canandaigua. ** Samuel F. B. Morse paints View From Apple Hill. ** Perrinsville is renamed Fairport. ** Movements are begun to move the state capital toward the center of the state, to places like Syracuse and Utica.

Albany
The state government buys out the city's share of the old Capitol Building for $17,500. The money's applied to building a new City Hall. ** The second St. Mary's Church is built.

Rochester
The Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) is founded. ** The Reynolds Arcade is completed. ** Packet boatbuilder Seth C. Jones launches the 15-20 ton Superior on the Erie Canal. The boat has a 7-foot-high cabin and scenic paintings by artist Daniel Steele.

 

 

1830

( Updated 4/ 18 / 2004 )


Feb 3
Cohocton's Congregational Church, built on land donated by deacon Thomas Crosby, is dedicated.

March
The U. S. Supreme Court settles the dispute over the estate of New York City's Captain Robert Richard Randall in favor of a trust he established to provide a retirement home for sailors, on Staten Island (Sailors' Snug Harbor). The property is purchased.

Mar 25
The Oswego County town of Amboy is formed from the Town of Williamstown.

Mar 26
Joseph Smith begins selling The Book of Mormon in Palmyra's Grandin Building bookstore.

April
A 27-foot-high stone tower is completed on New York's 13th Street. Work continues on an iron tank within to act as a reservoir to hold 230,000 gallons of water.

Apr 6
The Mormon church (Church of Latter Day Saints) is organized by Joseph Smith, Jr. in Fayette, near Cayuga Lake. Hyrum Smith, schoolteacher Oliver Cowdery, David and Peter Whitmer, and Samuel H. Smith comprise the founding committee. ** The electors of Canadice convene for the first time and elect town officers.

Apr 11
Refinery operator Hiram Bond Everest is born in Pike.

April 17
The Clinton County town of Ellenburgh is created from Mooers. ** The St. Lawrence County town of Depau (later Hermon) is formed from Edwards and De Kalb. ** The Otsego County town of Huntsville annexes part of the town of Milford, changes its name to Otego.

May 6
New York City physician Abraham Jacobi is born in Hartum, Germany.

May 9
The Rochester-built steam-powered canal boat Novelty, recently towed on the Erie Canal to Utica to be fitted out with its engines, passes through to Lake Ontario on the Oswego Canal.

May 27
Contractors Charles Cook, Samuel Farwell, George Spencer, Asa Cady and others sign an agreement with the Canal Commission to construct sections 1, 2, 5, 11, and 28-35 of the Chemung Canal.

June
The backers of the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road advertise for contracts.

Jul 12
Very heavy rain begins falling in western New York, continues through the next morning.

Jul 13
The heavy rains cause a break in the Erie Canal in Bushnell's Basin near Pittsford's Grand Embankment . A culvert gives way a mile-and-a-half west of Pittsford and damage is done at Fairport.

Jul 15
Contractors' proposals for the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road are received.

July 17
Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road contracts are signed for the grading, stone and timber.

Aug 8
Ophthalmologist Cornelius Rea Agnew is born in New York City to shipping magnate William Agnew and his wife Elizabeth Thomson Agnew.

Aug 12
Ground is broken at Schenectady for the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road. Backer and lawyer C. C. Cambreleng address the crowd.

Aug 14
Joseph Weld Corning, son of Troy hardware merchant Erastus Corning and his wife Harriet, dies at the age of 17 months and six days.

Sep 11
English traveler John Fowler, examining agricultural prospects for immigrants, arrives in Poughkeepsie, tours the town.

Oct 24
Attorney Belva Ann Bennett (Lockwood) is born in Royalton.

Nov 2
The Best Friend of Charleston, the first steam locomotive used as a public carrier, manufactured at New York's West-Point Foundry Works, is tested on South Carolina's Charleston and Hamburg Railroad.

Dec 1
The Albany Museum moves from the third floor of city hall to Thorp & Sprague's Marble Column Building at State Street and Broadway.

City
Population - 202,000, 9% foreign-born. ** The city's jurisdiction over underwater lands is extended. ** John William Hill paints a watercolor of Broadway and Trinity Church. ** Charles Fearson Durant flies to South Amboy, New Jersey by balloon. ** The approximate date attorney and amateur rose grower George Harison finds a hardy yellow variety growing in his back yard. It's named Harison's Yellow. It will eventually make it's way to Texas, where it will gain the appellation Yellow Rose of Texas. ** Tompkins Market opens on Third Avenue between Sixth and Seventh streets. ** The approximate date brothers Lewis and Arthur Tappan, believers in colonization for U. S. slaves, begin to come around to the belief in abolition. ** Eleventh Street is laid out except for the section between Broadway and the Bowery, site of Henry Brevoort's home. Most of Beth Haim, the Jewish burial ground, is displaced. ** A letter writer to the Post complains that nothing's being done to tear down slums in the Five Points area. ** The population of Five Points (the 6th Ward) reaches 13,570. ** Burials within the city's limits below Canal Street are forbidden, except is special cases. ** The city has 43 public cisterns to provide water. ** The Johnson brothers and other pirates scuttle the captured brig Vineland off Coney Island. Two parcels containing about $500 worth of silver are buried near Rockaway Beach. Winter storms cause one of the parcels to be lost, the brothers return to carry off the other. ** Common Council committee chairman Samuel Stevens accuses the Manhattan Water Company of failing to meet its charter obligations, asks Albany to limit the company's banking operations.

State
Ira Carpenter builds a wooden bridge at the Cox Ferry site on the Genesee River near Rush. ** Batavia editor Frederick Follett merges his Spirit of the Times with Daniel P. Adams' People's Press. ** The Republican Aegis and Allegany Democrat is published at Angelica. ** British actor Tyrone Power visits America, tours upstate. ** The Watervliet Shakers build a Trustees Office. ** Hugh White, brother of Canal engineer Canvass White, builds a home at Waterford. It will become the Waterford Historical Museum. ** The approximate date Augustus Porter, brother of General Peter B. Porter, builds a house in Buffalo, at the intersection of Amherst and East streets. ** Civil War general Henry Hopkins Sibley graduates in the lower third of his West Point class. ** A tavern is built at Gainesville, near Warsaw. ** Buffalo's population reaches 8,668?). ** Episcopal bishop John Henry Hobart dies. ** Hamilton businessman Lathrop S. Bacon moves to Le Roy with his father, soon opens a general merchandise store. ** Vincent, a hamlet in the town of Bristol, becomes the largest processor of mutton in the country for the next twenty years, gaining the nickname Muttonville. ** James B. Jervis becomes the new chief surveyor of the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road, completing his work by year's end. ** The population of the Ontario County Town of Canadice peaks at 1,386. By 1890 it is down to 730 people. ** The Catskill and Canajoharie Railroad, capitalized at $600,000, is incorporated, linking Cooksburgh and Catskill. The road costs $400,000 to build. ** Naturalist Constantine Rafinesque revisits the Albany area while touring the Catskills. He meets with scientists Lewis C. Beck, James Eights, and Amos Eaton, and Rensselaer School (RPI) Secretary Moses Hale. He delivers a series of lectures at the college. ** A total of $1,066,922 in tolls is collected on the state's canals. ** This year state ports clear 280,918 tons of domestic goods and 33,797 tons of foreign goods. ** The town of Mendon's population climbs to 1,922. * State courts convictions for the year total 1,058. ** A state loan of $500,000 from 1786, distributed back then among a dozen counties, is retired. ** The registration of steam vessels for foreign trade is begun. ** The first church in the Allegany County town of Allen is founded, by the Presbyterians. ** Troy journalist Nathaniel P. Willis angers Dutch residents of Albany when he makes disparaging remarks about the city. ** Seneca chief Sa-go-ye-wath-a (Red Jacket) dies, in his early seventies. ** The last wolf is killed in Monroe County. ** The approximate date a house built by Augustus Porter at North Main Street and Scotland Road in Canandaigua is moved to 91 Gibson Street. ** The Cohocton school district votes to spend $2.00 to repair the schoolhouse. Firewood is put out to bid at 81¢ a cord. ** A 35-foot-high, natural gas-powered lighthouse, the first to be so operated, is built On Lake Erie at Barcelona Harbor south of Fredonia.

Rochester
Businessman Edwin Scrantom and his wife join Brick Presbyterian Church. He writes about a number of travelers who have come to see the aqueduct. ** John Chattin purchases 55 acres of former Iroquois land south of the city for $660 from a speculator. ** The evangelist Charles Grandison Finney brings revivalism to the city. Thousands come to hear him; 635 join the city's three Presbyterian churches; 203 join the First Baptist Church; the Methodists build a church with seating capacity of 2,000. ** William A. Reynolds and Michael Bateham start the city's first seed business at the corner of Sophia and Buffalo Streets.

 

 

1831

( Updated 4 / 11 / 04)


Jan 1
An $213.00 annual contract is approved to provide the Portland Harbor (Barcelona) Lighthouse on the south shore of Lake Erie with natural gas and to keep apparatus and fixtures repaired. ** During his second inaugural address New York mayor Walter Bowne announces water from the Croton River might possibly be used by the city.

Jan 26
Children's author Mary Mapes Dodge is born in New York City.

Mar 3
Inventor George Mortimer Pullman is born in Brocton.

Mar 19
New York's City Bank is robbed, the first bank robbery in the U. S. The thieves get away with $245,000.

Mar 30
The Albany Orphan Asylum, in operation for most of the past two years, is incorporated.

April
The Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad Company is chartered; capitalized at $150,000. ** The New York state legislature incorporates the Rochester Canal & Railroad Company and capitalizes it at $30,000. The route will bypass the falls of the Genesee river, allowing rail passage from the city to Lake Ontario. ** The Harlem Railroad Company is chartered, capitalized at $350,000. It will run from 24th Street in Manhattan north along Fourth Avenue to the Harlem River. The offering is immediately oversubscribed. When alderman George Sharp calls the exclusive and free franchise to Fourth Avenue a giveaway he's told by the rest of the Tammany-dominated City Council to stay out of the way. ** New York City's waterworks at 13th Street has its official opening.

Apr 18
The University of the City of New York (later NYU), is chartered. ** The Cattaraugus County town of Burton (later Allegany) is formed from Great Valley township. ** The Tioga County town of Arlington (later Richford) is formed from Berkshire.

Apr 21
The Rochester Savings Bank is incorporated.

Apr 25
Robert K. Paulding's play The Lion of the West premieres at New York City's Park Theatre.

Apr 26
The New York State legislature abolishes debtor imprisonment. ** Weedsport is incorporated.

May
A fire in lower Manhattan is extinguished using water from the new 13th Street waterworks. ** New York's charter is revised, splitting the Common Council into two houses; Samuel Stevens is chosen first president of the Board of Aldermen.

May 17
Rochester pioneer Colonel Nathaniel Rochester dies in Monroe County, at the age of 80.

June
New York alderman president Samuel Stevens presents a progress report on the waterworks; $100,000 has been either approprated or spent, six miles of pipe have been laid, and the 16-foot diameter well has reached a depth of ninety feet. ** A fire destroys William Campbell's stone mill on the banks of the Genesee River in Rochester. The Aqueduct House is badly damaged.

Jul 4
Former U. S. president James Monroe dies in New York City. ** A fireworks canister is exploded in front of Albany mayor Francis Bloodgood's door. A $100 reward is offered for the perpetrator. ** French political writer Alexis De Tocqueville observes Albany's Independence Day parade, belittles the perfomance of local troops.

Jul 17
De Tocqueville, touring America, arrives in Batavia.

August
The Mormon Church moves to Kirtland, Ohio.

Aug 1
The entire capitalization of the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-Road is paid.

Aug 9
The steam locomotive Dewitt Clinton makes first run between Albany and Schenectady. ** John C. Calhoun is nominated for President in a New York City public meeting.

Aug 18
De Tocqueville arrives in Niagara Falls after touring to the west.

Aug 30
Schoharie County militia general and Indian captive Freegift Patchin dies at the age of seventy-three.

Sep 24
The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, the second in the U. S., begins operations. Among the passengers on the partially completed route are governor Enos. T. Throops, former governor Joseph C. Yates, former Albany mayor John Townsend, Schenectady mayor John I. De Graff, Patroon Stephen van Rensselaer, Albany police chief John Meigs, New York City police representative Jacob Hayes, journalist Thurlow Weed and co-founder Erastus Corning. The train is pulled by locomotive manufactured at the West-Point Foundry Works.

Oct 26
A protective tariff convention opens in New York City.

Dec 1
The one-track line of the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-road linking Albany and Schenectady is completed.

City
Lawyer and real estate developer Samuel Ruggles designs Gramercy Park, as a private park, to attract wealthy residents. ** The University of the City of New York becomes New York University (NYU). ** Gioacchino Rossini's opera La Cenerentola is produced as Cinderella, becomes a perennial success. ** Swiss immigrants John and Peter Delmonico open a restaurant in lower Manhattan. The "menu" is introduced to the U. S. ** A trust set up by the late Captain Robert Richard Randall purchases land on Staten Island for a sailors' retirement home. ** A letter writer to the Post complains that nothing's being done to tear down slums in the Five Points area. ** Stage line owner Abraham Brower introduces horse-drawn "omnibuses" to the city. ** Manhattan Company apologist Richard Riker claims his health has never been harmed by drinking a pint of city water every morning. Other water drinkers disagree.

State
217 vessels put in at Carthage Landing on the Genesee River, over a third of them Canadian. ** Captain Oliver Teall's Syracuse water monopoly, unused, reverts back to the village trustees. ** President Trumbull Cary and other officers of Batavia's Bank of the Genesee begin erecting a building at the corner of East Main and Bank streets. ** Troy doctor Samuel Guthrie discovers chloroform. ** State supreme court justice William L. Marcy is elected to the U. S. Senate for a term. ** The Colored Methodist Society, Buffalo's first African-American congregation, is founded. It's church, St. Luke's AME, will be renamed Durham Memorial AME Zion Church, after its second pastor the Reverend Henry Durham. ** Ezra M. Parsons is elected Sheriff of Monroe County. ** A new clerk's office is built in Watertown, replacing the 1816 building. ** Mary Jemison leaves the Genesee Valley along with her daughter Polly and grandson David, and moves to the Buffalo Creek Reservation in Erie County. ** Union colonel Adam Badeau is born. ** Construction begins on Fort Schuyler, on Long Island Sound. ** Schenectady's population nears 9,000. ** Cooperstown's Greystone is built as the home of watchmaker and jeweler William Nichols. ** Wellsville, reportedly named after someone named Wells who missed the organization meeting, is settled. ** State courts convctions for the year total 957, down from last year.

Albany
Joseph Henry invents the electric motor and the first telegraph. ** Hardware merchant Erastus Cprning become an investor in the Mohawk and Hudson railroad.

Connewango
Farmer Ezra Amadon moves to a different lot, begins a new farm. ** Brothers James and Charles McGlashen build a large hotel and store. ** William Hollister, Jr. arrives from Granville, Vermont, soon builds a tannery and opens a shoe shop.

Rochester
The new public market opens on the city's west side. The east side's Market Street is renamed Clyde Street. ** Charles J. Hill begins a milling operation in the stone mill on Water Street. ** Loud and Peck's Western Almanack contains a piece arguing against "ardent spirits". Everard Peck begins publishing his Temperance Almanac, devoted to the promotion of temperance. ** Property at 13th South Fitzhugh Street is deeded to the school district.

Federal Government
Presidnt Andrew Jackson appoints Martin Van Buren as Minister to England. A jealous vice-president John Calhoun blocks Van Buren's Senate confirmation.

Indians
The Ohio Cayuga cede their reserve to the U. S. and relocate to the Indian Territory. A few New York Seneca moved to Kansas.

Canada
The Fitzgerald family, future cholera victims, arrive in Québec City from Ireland. They will soon move to New York City.

Germany
Dairy farmer and brewer Mathias Haffen is born in Beidesheim. He will emigrate to the U. S. and settle in the Bronx.

 

 

1832

( Updated 12 / 4 / 2004 )

January
New York City passes legislation to tear down a small triangular block of tenements in the Five Points neighborhood and build a park there - Paradise Park. Surrounding streets, Anthony, Cross and Little Water, are to be widened. ** New York City and Bronx commission boards, worried about cholera, approve Samuel Stevens' plan to pipe water from the Bronx to Harlem. ** James Samuel Wadsworth passes his bar exam.

Jan 25
William Learned Marcy of New York, in a U. S. Senate speech responding to Henry Clay's criticism of Jackson's appointment of Martin Van Buren as minister to London, first uses the phrase "to the victors belong the spoils".

February
The Stevens water plan is sent to Albany, where it will be effectively ignored. ** Rochester freethinker "Obediah Dogberry" begins publishing the weekly Liberal Advocate.

Feb 10
The Genesee County town of Darien is created from Pembroke.

Feb 13
The Oneida County town of Utica is incorporated as a city.

Feb 23
Chautauqua Institution co-founder John Heyl Vincent is born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Mar 1
The state's anti-poverty legislation goes into effect.

April
The Rochester & Tonawanda Railroad Company is chartered.

Apr 9
The Tioga County town of Arlington changes its name to Richford.

Apr 16
George T. Perry announces a new fleet of packet boats - the Philadelphia, New Kentucky, Naiad and Nereid - headquartered in Utica, to provide service on the Erie Canal between Syracuse and Schenectady.

Apr 20
The Wyoming County town of Java is formed from China, New York.

Apr 24
The Auburn Canal and Rail Road Company, capitalized at $150,000, is organized, to connect Auburn with the Erie Canal. It's never built. ** The legislature authorizes the New York and Erie Rail Road. De Witt Clinton, Jr. will make a preliminary survey. ** The Tonawanda Railroad is chartered.

Apr 25
The Brooklyn & Jamaica Railroad Company (forerunner of the Long Island Railroad), is incorporated.

May
New England's Stonington-New York Railroad is incorporated, to complete the link between New York City and Providence, Rhode Island. ** The Fitzgerald family, newly-arrived from Ireland via Canada, rent the first floor of a house at 75 Cherry Street, where the father sets up shop as a tailor.

May 16
Meatpacker-industrialist Philip Danforth Armour is born in Stockbridge.

Jun 25
New York City temperatures reach into the 90s. Less than an inch of rain has fallen all month. A recent Irish immigrant named Fitzgerald becomes ill on his way home to Manhattan from work in Brooklyn.

Jun 26
Fitzgerald's children Margaret, 7, and Jeremiah, 4, become ill.

Jun 27
Margaret and Jeremiah Fitzgerald die.

Jun 29
Fitzgerald's wife Mary dies. Her husband will recover. 4,000 New Yorkers will be dead of Asiatic Cholera by October.

July
New York City chief magistrate Richard Riker conspires to keep word of a cholera epidemic from the public until early this month.

Jul 7
19 New Yorkers die of cholera.

Jul 31
2000 New Yorkers are dead of cholera.

September
The Rochester Canal and Railway Company completes a horse-car rail line between Rochester and Carthage.

October
The yellow fever epidemic in New York comes to an end, leaving 3,516 dead, 2% of the population.

Oct 4
Publisher-inventor H. G. Spafford adds codicil to his will, naming canal engineer Canvas White as his executor.

Oct 6
Giacomo Montressor's opera company, imported from Italy by Columbia University professor Lorenzo Da Ponte, opens New York's first full season of Italian opera, at the Richmond Hill Theatre, at Varick and Charlton streets. Antonio Bagioli arrives from Bologna, Italy, to assume command of the company. Actress Fanny Kemble attends opening night.

Oct 30
Tammany adherents plant a hickory tree in front of their New York Wigwam headquarters in honor of Andrew Jackson.

Nov 14
The New York & Hudson River Railroad opens the first U. S. horsecar line, running along the Bowery between Prince and 14th streets, fare 12 cents.

Nov 26
The start of operations of the first streetcar, by the New York and Harlem Railroad, in New York City.

Dec 5
Andrew Jackson is reelected president, defeating Clay, carries New York City by 5,62 votes.

Dec 21
Giacomo Montressor collapses during a performance.

City
Upstate entrepreneur Daniel Richards moves to Brooklyn. ** Merchant Luman Reed has a house built in lower Manhattan. ** The widening of portions of Ann, Cedar, Spruce, Cross, Anthony, Little Water, Hanover and William streets is completed. ** Sixth Street north and to the west of Washington Square Park is renamed Waverly Place, after local fans of Sir Walter Scott's novel petition the city for the change. ** Abolitionist brothers Lewis and Arthur Tappan lease the Chatham Theater and establish the Second Free Presbyterian Church (no pew fees charged) or Chatham Street Chapel, as a base for evangelist Charles G. Finney. Abolitionist meetings are also held there. ** Kentucky doctor William A. Carruthers treats cholera victims in the Five Points neighborhood. ** Levi Disbrow's seven-year attempt to drill for water at Bleecker Street and Broadway on Manhattan Company land, is discontinued at 442 vertical feet. $12,000 has been spent on the project with no results. ** The Manhattan Company has spent $80,000 replacing wooden water pipes with iron. ** English merchant John Matthews begins manufacturing soda water on 26th Street. ** Trader Moses Taylor leaves G. G. & S. S. Howlands to go on his own. ** Tammany Hall backs Andrew Jackson in his successful presidential re-election bid. ** Samuel Stevens, first president of the Board of Aldermen, leaves the Common Council. ** Young Fernando Wood returns to New York, opens a wine and tobacco store.

State
The city of Buffalo is incorporated. ** Utica is incorporated as a city. ** The steamboat Martha Ogden runs aground on Lake Ontario's Stony Point. The passengers and the boat's engine are rescued. The latter is installed in the 1816 Ontario, which is dismantled at the end of the season. ** A railroad is chartered to connect Dunkirk to the Hudson River. ** The Utica Aqueduct Company is replaced by the Utica Water Works Association. ** B. F. Smead takes over the Allegany Republican from Samuel P. Hull and changes the name to the Angelica Republican and Farmer's and Mechanic's Press and then sells to Peter Cherr who renames it the Allegany Republican and Internal Improvement Advocate ** ** Geneva's Protestant Reformed Dutch Church is erected, on South Main Street. ** University of Chicago and Denison College president Galusha B. Anderson is born in North Bergen. ** Washington Irving returns to the U. S. from Spain, takes up residence in North Tarrytown (today's Sleepy Hollow). ** State legislator Millard Fillmore is elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. ** Palmyra's Presbyterian Church is completed. ** Connewango pioneer and miller Calvin Treat dies on his farm. ** Land is purchased on Asbury Street in Le Roy for the Asbury Methodist Episcopal Church. ** The Broome County town of Barker, named for Connecticut-born Revolutionary War soldier John Barker, is incorporated. ** Troy's Farmer's Register ceases publication. ** The West Point Foundry Company builds the locomotive "Experiment," to John Bloomfield Jervis's design. ** Monroe County's second jail is built. ** Ontario County newspaper editor John A. Stevens dies. ** The first New York State Agricultural Society is formed, with Le Ray de Chaumont president, E. P. Livingston, Jacob Morris and Robert L. Rose vice-presidents, P. S. Van Rensselaer recording secretary, Jesse Buel corresponding secretary, Charles R. Webster treasurer, and H. W. Delavan, John Townsend and H. Hickox on the executive committee. ** Pittsford pioneer Simon Stone dies at the age of 68. ** John Greig, lawyer and land agent for Sr William Poultney, builds a house on Scotland Road in Canandaigua. ** The Livingston County village of Geneseo is incorporated, with Owen P. Olsmtead as its first village president. He serves through 1834. ** Syracuse's Slocum family buys the East Seneca Turnpike home of John Gridley.

Albany
The approximate date the State House ceases to be used for housing city, county and state offices and courts and becomes part of the Capitol complex. ** Local businessman Egbert Egberts builds a knitting mill in Cohoes, using powered hand knitting machine technology developed by Ballston Spa machinist Timothy Bailey. ** Physicist Joseph Henry leaves Albany to teach at Princeton.

Connewango
Pioneer and miller Calvin Treat dies on his farm. ** John Hammond settles in the village.

Rochester
Louis Seyle begins to manufacture fire engines on both sides of Brown's Race, powering the west side plant by a series of gears connected to an iron shaft. ** Avon carpenter Amos Bronson moves here, buys a lumberyard on Exchange Street. ** Local doctor Hartwell Carver proposes a transcontinental railroad in a series of articles published in the New York Courier & Inquirer. ** Cholera breaks out. Ashbel Riley will personally bury 80 victims. ** The Board of Health is established.

England
Chievely shepherd Thomas Parsons emigrates to America and travels to the Genesee Valley.

Immigrants
20,000 Irish arrive in the U. S. this year.

 

© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte

 

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