1820

 

( Updated 2 / 20 / 2005 )


January
Governor De Witt Clinton makes his annual message to the legislature in Albany, claims that New York City is unable to meet its own water needs, suggests the Bronx and Saw Mill rivers in Westchester as sources.

Jan 26
New York State's J. W. Taylor proposes a amendment to the Maine statehood bill, prohibiting slavery in Missouri.

Feb 25
The Clinton County town of Beekmantown is formed from Plattsburgh.

Mar 14
The Genesee County town of Elba is taken off of the town of Batavia.

Mar 24
The Genesee County town of Stafford is formed from parts of Batavia and Le Roy.

Apr 21
The Lion of the West leaves Rochesterville, the first canal boat from there to Utica, on the Erie Canal.

May
The section of the Erie Canal between Utica and the Seneca River is opened for public use.

May 3
Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro plays for the first time in New York City, in English.

May 22
The Genesee River bridge at Carthage collapses.

May 23
Former New England congressman Daniel Webster addresses a crowd in Rochester's Reynolds Arcade.

Jul 1
The first toll is collected on the Erie Canal.

August
Martin Van Buren becomes a major investor in the Albany Argus.

Aug 20
A meeting is held at Canandaigua's Mill's Hotel to discuss the building of a canal linking Canandaigua Lake with the Erie Canal. John C. Spencer, James D. Bemis, Asa Stanley, Dudley Marvin, and William H. Adams are appointed to study a route.

Sep 7
During a Lake Erie storm, two lake vessels are forced to tie up at the new pier being built by Samuel Wilkeson at Buffalo Creek (later the Buffalo River). The pier holds.

Sep 20
Rochesterville's Methodist Episcopal Church opens. Abelard Reynolds is named first trustee.

October
Franklin Cowdery begins publishing the Angelica Republican.

Oct 2
Nathan Reed is the first child born in the town of Allegany.

Nov 13
The Hudson River freezes over at Albany.

December
Fifteen men, mostly Quakers, knowing the Erie Canal will come through the area, have bought up the site of the future Lockport.

Dec 21
The Canandaigua Lake canal committee recommends a 19 1/2-mile route that would require 23 locks and cost $68,000. The Ontario Canal Company is formed.

City
Population: 123,706. ** Diarist, attorney and music lover George Templeton Strong is born. ** The ship of the line Ohio is launched at Brooklyn Navy Yard. ** Steamship service to New Orleans begins. ** The harbor freezes over. ** The Irish electorate begins taking over the Tammany Hall political machine. ** The New York Stock and Exchange Board begins holding its meetings in the office of Samuel J. Beebe at 47 Wall Street. ** Growing numbers of Chinese, Irish and Italian immigrants begin filling the Five Points area. ** Robert McQueen's Columbian Foundry ironworks has over 80 employees. ** Hydraulic engineer F. Huguet, manager for the Manhattan Company, becomes incapacitated. ** Physician David Hosack estimates that 1/12 of the city's inhabited land is given over to cesspools and privies. ** The Common Council denies sparkling water vendor Sophia Usher permission to erect a store in a city-owned lot near City Hall. The council also grants Robert Macomb conditional permission to build and fill a reservoir in Harlem and lay pipes to transport the water into the city. The conditions, including eventual city ownership of the system, deters Macomb. ** The Park Theatre is destroyed by fire. ** The approximate date visiting French artist Jacques-Gérard Milbert produces a lithograph of Chapel Street near Columbia College.

State
De Witt Clinton wins the governorship, but with a Bucktail (Republican) legislature. ** Theodore S. Fayton hires John Butterfield as a driver for Utica's J. Parker and Company stage line. ** A Lake Erie lighthouse is erected on Dunkirk's Point Gratiot. Another is built on Galloo Island in Lake Ontario's Sackets Harbor. ** Vermont native Sewell Newhouse moves to the New York woods to become a trapper. ** Joseph Cox begins operating a ferry on the Genesee River near Rush. ** Dr. T. Romeyn Beck conducts a geological and agricultural survey of Albany County, the first such survey in the state. ** Onondaga County area white population is over fifty people per square mile. Orleans County has a population of 7,116. The Town of Mendon has a population of 1,435. ** ** The approximate date Geneva's Ludlow House is built, at 388 Pulteney Street. Federal row houses are also built at 394, 398, 400 and 402 Pulteney this year. ** Carthage landing ships 67,468 bushels of flour, 5,310 barrels of pearl and pot ash, 26,743 barrels of beef and pork, and 709 barrels of whiskey, along with other goods, on 316 vessels. ** Three dry seasons reduce the clearance over the Genesee River sandbar from twelve to six feet. ** Connewango pioneer James Blanchard and his wife Eunice open a tavern on the old Chautauqua road. Carpenter David Davidson builds the first frame building in town. Stephen Nichols, David Cooper, Culver Crumb and Vermont farmer Ezra Amadon settle in town. Windsor, Vermont, Native Thomas Darling arrives from York, New York. Restless, he will soon move on to Ohio. Brothers Leonard and Aaron Barton arrive form Massachusetts but soon grow discouraged and return there.. Elias Wilcox arrives from Livingston County. ** Auburn's Theological Seminary is incorporated. ** The approximate date a barn is built in Ontario County that will one day be part of the Genesee Country Museum. ** Ebenezer Reed of Connecticut settles near the mouth of Cattaraugus County's Five Mile Creek, the future site of the town of Allegany. ** 14-year-old Palmyra farm boy Joseph Smith reports seeing God and Christ while praying in a maple grove. ** Naturalist Amos Eaton is appointed professor of natural history at the medical school at Vermont's Castleton College. Under the patronage of Stephen van Rensselaer he begins a survey of Albany and Rensselaer counties, continues it on into 1821. Eaton completes the publication of his geologic profile of the region between Boston and south-central New York ** The Commissioners of the land office are authorized to survey and sell lots on the Onondaga salt spring reservation, as with other unappropriated lands in the state, the proceeds to go to the Commissioners of the Canal Fund. $20,000, from the first sales is to be applied to the improvement of navigation on the Oswego River. ** A Federal style home is built at Kinderhook for attorney James Vanderpoel. ** The approximate date (or 1821) when Josiah Chadwick builds a tavern on the Geneseo Road just south of Avon. ** The Delaware County court house is erected at Delhi. ** A brick courthouse-jail is built at Pulaski Village and a wood courthouse at Oswego City.Vermont-born physician Andrew Oliver opens a practice in Penn Yan. ** Publisher Horatio Gates Spafford moves from Spafford's Settlement , his failed experimental farm at Venango, Pennsylvania, to Ballston Spa, New York. ** Methodist Episcopalian minister Austin Cowles holds the first religious services in the Allegany County Town of Bolivar. ** Blenheim miller and militia general Freegift Patchin represents Schoharie County in the state assembly for the next three years, as he did in 1804 and 1805. ** Esek Brown opens a tavern on the future site of Lockport. ** Ira Chubb's farm in the Yates County Town of Barrington is completed. The road by the farm will be named the Chubb Hollow Road. ** The approximate date a small Federal-style house is built on Cooperstown's Pioneer Street for merchant Ellery Cory. ** Civil War chaplain T. Spencer Harrison (126th NY) is born in Poughkeepsie. ** Cohocton's first frame schoolhouse is built, in front of Maple View Cemetery.

Buffalo
It's loan protected by personal bonds, the state provides $12,000 for harbor improvements. ** The area now has 32 blacks. ** The steamboat Walk-in-the Water leaves for Mackinac with $100,000 in trade goods for John Jacob Astor. ** Joseph Clary arrives from Oneida County to read law.

Canals
The Guard Lock, allowing the Erie to cross Schoharie Creek at Fort Hunter, is constructed. ** Improvements are completed along 1.72 miles of the Cayuga-Seneca Waterway. Towpaths are no longer needed on the slackwater portions.

Albany
Population reaches 13,000. ** The Ministry building at the Watervliet Shaker colony is built.

Rochesterville
Azel Ensworth's tavern becomes the Eagle Hotel, with the addition of a high attic to serve as ballroom and public hall. ** Court Street is extended. ** Population reaches 1,502. ** Miller Charles J. Hill is named a trustee of the village. ** Matthew Brown builds a sawmill and millrace at the High Falls. ** Several private wells are dug near the springs on Spring Street. ** Everard Peck begins publishing the Farmer's Calendar, or Ontario and Genesee Almanac. Peck also publishes The Life and Adventures of James R. Durand for the author, probably the first book printed here. ** The first St. Luke's Episcopal Church, a wooden structure, is built.

 

1821

( Updated 9 / 12 / 2004 )

January
Fire destroys wooden buildings on New York City's Front, Fulton and South Streets. ** The Fulton Fish Market is erected to replace the outdated Fly Market at Maiden Lane. ** The chief engineer of the Fire Department permits two fire-engine companies to consolidate as one temporarily, to simplify progress through excessively snow-clogged streets. ** Anthracite coal is first used in the city.

Jan 1
Actor-manager John Lester Wallack is born to actor-manager James William Wallack and his wife, in New York City.

Jan 12
The state legislature begins purging Federalists from the state government.

Jan 17
Governor Clinton accuses Martin Van Buren of bartering states rights for patronage in Washington.

Jan 21
New York City's North River freezes over.

Jan 25
Temperatures in New York City drop to -14°. Thousands walk from Jersey City, New Jersey, to Manhattan on the frozen ice on the Hudson (North) River. They also walk to Brooklyn and Governor's Island.

Jan 26
New Yorkers walk from Long Island to Staten Island on the ice. ** The Dutchess County towns of Hyde Park and Pleasant Valley are formed from Clinton.

Feb 2
A Bucktail caucus nominates Van Buren for the U. S. Senate.

Feb 6
The New York legislature elects Van Buren to the Senate. He will authorize his aides in the Democratic-Republican party to represent him in his absence.

Feb 9
The Dutchess County town of La Grange is formed from Beekman and Fishkill, under the name of Freedom.

Feb 12
The Mercantile Library of the City of New York opens.

Feb 23
Monroe and Livingston counties are formed from parts of Ontario and Genesee counties. Avon lawyer George Hosmer is named as Livingston's district attorney.

Mar 16
The Cayuga County town of Conquest is formed from Cato township.

Mar 27
The St. Lawrence County town of Morristown, named for proprietor Gouverneur Morris, is formed from Oswegatchie. It encompassed Hague, the 9th of the Ten Towns in the St. Lawrence tract.

Mar 29
Cattaraugus County's Town of Farmersville is formed from the Town of Ischua (later Franklinville).

Mar 31
The state legislature incorporates the Ontario Canal Company.

Apr 2
Erie County is created out of Niagara County.

May
Contracts are let for the Deep Cut portion of the Erie Canal at Lockport.

May 8
The Rochester Board of Supervisors meets for the first time. ** The first Monroe County Court is held in the loft of Rochester's Eagle Tavern.

May 9
The Monroe County Medical Society is organized.

May 23
Ontario Canal Company commissioners N. Gorham, Z. Seymour, Asa Stanley, P. P. Bates, and William H. Adams open the books for subscriptions, at Coe's Hotel in Canandaigua.

May 30
The Monroe County Bible Society is founded.

Jun 12
Ontario Canal Company subscriptions reach $20,000.

Jul 1
The first dance in the village of Connewango is held at the home of Russel Pennock.

August
Contractor William Britton, aided by 30 convicts from Auburn Prison, begins construction of Rochesterville's Erie Canal Aqueduct over the Genesee River.

Aug 30
The state constitutional convention begins meeting, in Albany.

Sep 18
Benjamin Smith Corning, son of Erastus and Harriet Weld Corning, dies in Albany at the age of one year, eight months and 18 days.

Oct 26
Joseph Ellicott, Resident-Agent for Batavia's Holland Land Office, resigns due to ill health and increasing criticism of his performance.

Nov 1
The Lake Erie Steamboat Company's Great Lakes steamer Walk-in-the-Water runs aground in Lake Erie off Buffalo. There are no injuries. Judge Samuel Wilkinson makes a deal with a representative from the steamboat company. He will see the boat is freed by May first of the following year or forfeit $150 for each day the deadline is missed. The company will build a new boat in Buffalo if the deadline is met.

December
William Brittin dies.

City
The new state constitution provides for the mayor to be appointed by the city council rather than by the governor. The Council of Appointments is abolished. Wealthy alderman Stephen Allen becomes the city's first elected mayor, serving three one-year terms. ** The city is granted jurisdiction over underwater land off the Battery, to a distance of 600 feet. ** Express riders service begins to Boston. ** Norwegian religious dissidents Cleng Peerson and Knud Olson Eide arrive. ** John Randall, Jr. completes his street map of Manhattan, commissioned in 1809. ** French-trained lithographers William Armand Burnet and Isaac Doolittle form a company at 23 Lumber Street (later Trinity Place), the first such firm in the U. S. ** William A. Brown opens the African Theatre, in lower Manhattan, producing Shakespeare, musicals and pantomimes; probably the city's first black theater. ** The New York Stock Exchange adopts a revised constitution, signed by 39 members. ** Engineer Christopher Colles dies in poverty and is buried in Trinity Churchyard. ** Hydraulic engineer F. Huguet dies. It's discovered that he's been mismanaging the water supply and making money on the side from his position; the Manhattan Company goes back to using an appointed superintendent; new administrative safeguards are put into place. John Lozier is named superintendent. ** Moses Taylor, son of a John Jacob Astor agent, goes to work for the G. G. & S.S. Howlands, a shipping company in the South American trade. ** The Fulton Fish Market opens.

State
A referendum on a new state constitution gets strong support and Clinton changes his mind about opposing it. ** The towns of Almond and Independence are split off from Alfred. ** The Seneca Canal is completed. ** Monroe and Livingston counties are carved out of Genesee County. Colonel Nathaniel Rochester, who had lead the drive for a new county on the Genesee after a 1817 drive failed, is named clerk of Monroe County; Matthew Brown is named chairman of the Board of Town Supervisors. Mr. Rochester is also named the county's first representative in the State Legislature. ** Timothy Dwight's Travels in New England and New York, 1796-1815 is published, posthumously. ** Nathan Burt of Mt. Morris settles in Connewango. ** The Champlain Canal excavation out of Schuylerville comes within ten miles of Waterford. ** Auburn's Theological Seminary opens. ** In Cayuga County Conquest, Ira, and Victory are taken off the town of Cato. ** The Monroe County Sheriff's Office is formed. Brockport merchant James Seymour is appointed as the first sheriff. ** Cooperstown's Otsego Herald and Western Advertiser, founded in 1795, ceases publication. ** The approximate date James Percival buys out The Moscow Advertiser and Genesee Farmer, moves it from Moscow, New York, to Geneseo and renames it The Livingston Register. ** The courthouse/jail in Watertown is destroyed by fire. ** Andrew Allen, Isaac Eggleston, Amos and David Orton, James Strong, and Hiram Wood settle along Five Mile Creek at Allegany ** Sullivan County gets its first newspaper. ** Presbyterian minister the Reverend Robert Hunter conducts the first religious service in the Allegany County town of Allen. ** The Tioga County village of Richford is founded. ** The shipbuilding firm of Townsend, Bronson & Co. is dissolved. ** The state contracts with Melancthon Wheeler to build a 900-ft long dam, 27 feet high, at Fort Edward, creating a feeder to the Champlain Canal. ** A lighthouse is built on Lake Ontario at Oswego. ** Residents name their village Lockport. ** William Allen arrives in Geneseo from Adams. He will become a land agent for the Wadsworths for the next 45 years. ** William A. Hart drills the first gas well in the U. S., in Fredonia. ** Samuel Fowler is born to Horace and Mary Taylor Fowler in Cohocton. ** William Henry Seward graduates from Schenectady's Union College. ** Archibald McIntyre is removed from the state comptrollership, due to a disputation over his handling of state funds.

Albany
The Albany Female Academy is incorporated.

Connewango
The wife of early settler John Farlee dies in the fall - the first death of an adult in town. She's buried in her garden, in the midst of a raging snow-storm. No minister is present; a friend offers a prayer. ** Nathan Burt of Mount Morris and Daniel Newcomb of Goshen settle in town, as does John Darling of Vermont. Darling becomes trapped overnight by wolves in his sugar house later in the year. ** Benjamin Darling and his wife and five children arrive from Vermont, having traveled for four weeks by ox-team and sled. ** Peter Pennock arrives from Genesee County; Luman Beach arrives from Caledonia.

Erie Canal
Construction at Rochesterville is completed. The stretch between Utica and High Falls is also completed. ** Canvass White recommends running the canal on the northern side of the Mohawk River, in the Schenectady-to-Albany portion. The canal reaches Albany. ** The state signs construction contracts for the Niagara County portion of the canal.

Rochesterville
The first jail in the settlement is built on North Fitzhugh Street, a log cabin with cells along a central corridor. ** The first court house is built.

Troy
Emma Willard founds the Troy Female Seminary, the first school to offer scientific and classical studies on a collegiate level to women. ** A house of industry for paupers is established, on the Rumford Plan, outside the city.

Pennsylvania
Quaker merchant Benjamin Wood and his family, including son Fernando, move from Philadelphia to New York City, where Benjamin opens a tobacco store.

 

1822


( Updated 2 /13 /2005 )

January
New York mayor Stephen Allen chairs another Common Council water committee, assisted by former street commissioner John McComb, Harlem dam builder Robert Macomb and engineer Canvass White.

Jan 3
Abolitionist Gerrit Smith marries Ann (Nancy) Carroll Fitzhugh, daughter of William Fitzhugh, one of Rochester's founders, at that city's St. Luke's Church.

Jan 22
The Albany Argus publishes all of the correspondence in the uproar over Federalist Solomon van Rensselaer's appointment as the Albany postmaster.

February
John Butterfield marries Malinda Harriet Baker, in Utica. ** Geneva businessmen dissatisfied with the Seneca Lock Navigation Company's plans, issue a report advocating a Susquehanna and St. Lawrence Canal. Nothing comes of the plan. ** Rochesterville's third village census show a population of 2,700, plus 430 laboring on public works.

Feb 22
Chili township is created out of Riga township.

Feb 27
Rochesterville's Female Charitable Society is founded.

Feb 28
The Albany County Town of Knox is formed from Bern.

Mar 8
Rochesterville civic leader Edwin S. Hayward is born in Charlton, Massachusetts, to future Brighton pioneer Nathaniel Hayward.

Mar 18
Joseph Yates wins the Republican nomination for governor.

Mar 22
Two Tompkins County towns, Caroline and Danby, are annexed from Tioga County township. ** A small portion of Franklin County is annexed to Essex County.

Apr 1
New York's water committee issues a favorable report; the Common Council appropriates $500 for a study.

Apr 12
The village of Rochesterville is officially renamed Rochester. ** Otsego County's Town of Otego is formed from the Town of Unadilla and the Delaware County Town of Franklin.

Apr 13
The Walk-in-the-Water is refloated, beating the May 1st deadline. ** The Orleans County town of Oak Orchard (later Carlton) is formed from Gaines and Ridgeway.

Apr 16
The Chemung County towns of Big Flats and Southport are incorporated.

Apr 17
The Orleans County town of Yates is founded from Ridgeway, as the town of Northton.

Apr 29
Montour fruit farmer George C. Wickham is born in Hector, to Mr. and Mrs. William Wickham.

May 9
John Jay addresses the American Bible Society in New York, discussing the inadequacy of reason to penetrate the mystery of God.

May 22
The first bridge at Carthage collapses into the Genesee River.

June
Members of the Erie Canal Commission spend a week at Buffalo's Eagle Tavern listening to arguments of proponents for both Buffalo and Black Rock as the western terminus of the canal. ** The contract for the easternmost prism (bed) of the Erie Canal is awarded to John Merriam and Obadiah Densmore.

August
Rochester's fourth village census show a population of 4,274.

Aug 8
Buffalonians assemble at the Eagle Tavern, soon march down Main Street to the planned exit of the Erie Canal at Little Buffalo Creek. Presbyterian minister Mlles B. Squire offers prayers for the success of the project and several member of the group break ground. ** Mechanical and hydraulics engineer Birdsill Holly is born in Auburn.

Aug 24
A continuous line of wagons moves out of lower Manhattan to Greenwich and the upper part of the island, carrying those wishing to avoid yellow fever.

Aug 25
More wagons leave town. Many businesses and government offices make the temporary move in the following week.

Sep 26
Mill owner Thomas Hart Rochester, son of community founder Nathaniel Rochester, marries Elizabeth P. Cumming at St. Luke's Church in Rochesterville.

October
400 New York City residents have died of yellow fever.

Oct 29
The first boat with a cargo of Rochester flour leaves Hill's Basin for Little Falls, via the Erie Canal.

Oct 30
Publisher Horatio Gates Spafford is granted two patents on a steel manufacturing process, similar to the Bessemer process that will come along in 1856, but fails to describe the process in detail, rightfully fearing infringement.

Nov 28
The Champlain Canal is extended through the village of Waterford.

Dec 19
Publisher Horatio Gates Spafford is granted a patent for improved tool edges. ** New York's Erie Canal Commission signs a contract with Samuel Wilkeson and Ebenezer Johnson, for building the dam at Tonawanda.

City
The office of the mayor becomes an elective position. ** The Fulton Fish Market is completed. ** Churchyard burials are banned, for health reasons. ** After her father's death socialite Caroline Matilda Stansbury convinces her mother to move to Clinton, so she can be near her fiancé, professor William Kirkland of Hamilton College. ** J. R. McDowell begins publishing The Albion, devoted to British news. ** Black woman Rose Butler is hanged for murder at the gallows near today's Washington Square Arch. ** A yellow fever epidemic sends many citizens fleeing to central and northern sections of Manhattan. Corn growing on the corner of Hammond (West 11th Street and 4th Streets) on a Saturday morning is replaced by a boarding house built by Syles and Niblo by the following Monday. ** Fort Lafayette, at the entrance to the Narrows, begun in 1812, is completed.

State
The first printing presses in Chemung, Niagara and Orleans counties. ** A huge tree in Silver Creek is blown down in a storm. It will be hollowed out and have a room made in it. ** The total value of shipments out of the Genesee River reaches $500,000. ** Erastus Shepard ceases publication of the Western Republican, sends his materials to Elmira and takes a position as foreman at James Bogart's office in Geneva. ** The Angelica Republican ceases publication. ** Another treaty with the Onondaga reduces the size of their reservation a third time. ** Master Masons Bruster & Allen build the Brethren's Shop and Sisters' Workshop at the Shaker colony at Watervliet (Albany). ** Newly appointed Le Roy land agent Jacob Le Roy, son of the former agent Herman Le Roy, enlarges the land office. It will one day become Le Roy House. ** Gideon Granger, Postmaster General under Jefferson and Madison, dies in Canandaigua. ** The legislature assumes the responsibility for appointing the Secretary of State. ** Charles Butler becomes deputy clerk of the State Senate. The appointment of State Treasurer also moves from being a Board function to one of the Legislature ** Gibbs and Company opens Batavia's Genesee House inn, with Rastus Smith as landlord. ** James L. Blodgett, the Hermit of Hermitage, is born to Hermitage pioneer Lewis Blodgett and his wife. ** Hinman Holden leases his Town of Batavia inn to David Danold. ** Geneva Hall, the first building on the campus of Geneva's Hobart and William Smith Colleges, is built with community contributions. ** The Champlain Canal excavation reaches within a mile-and-a-half of Waterford. ** John T. Patterson is elected as Monroe County's second sheriff, serves until 1825. ** The deed for Lewiston's Oakwood Cemetery is issued. ** Lockport is made the seat of Niagara County. ** Amos Eaton publishes "A Geological Profile of the rocks from Onondaga Salt Springs, N.Y. to Williams College, Mass." ** The 27th Congressional District is established, encompassing Livingston and Monroe counties. ** The general election supervisory duties of the sheriff of Steuben County are transferred to the county clerk. The supervisor, town clerk and justices of the peace are made election inspectors.] ** The Steuben County Agricultural Society holds their first fair, in Bath, aided by a $100 state appropriation. A race track is built and there are nine categories for the judging of cattle and sheep. ** A portion of the Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation is sold off. ** Canandaigua lawyer Walter S. Hubbell builds a home and a law office at 164 North Main Street. ** Governor De Witt Clinton decides not to run for re-election.

Law
A new state constitution goes into effect, setting the term of the governor at two years, and requiring he be a U. S. native and a freeholder. Judges will be appointed by the governor and the state Senate, one in each county to be a First Judge. The office of state attorney general falls under the jurisdiction of the State Legislature, and is set a term of three years.

Buffalo
South Pier, into Lake Erie, is completed. ** Black Rock receives a $12,000 grant from Albany and begins building the Bird Island Pier into the Niagara River. ** Ebenezer F. Norton sells the Eagle Tavern to New York City investors for $10,000. Benjamin Rathbun leases the tavern from them, begins making improvements. ** Walk-in-the Water builder Noah Brown arrives to build a replacement vessel.

Connewango
Calvin Treat builds a small grist-mill on Spring Brook, the first in the town. John Fairbanks a and his wife Experience settle in town. Valentine Hill arrives from Ohio. Julius Gibbs arrives from Chautauqua County. General Seth Wood settles on the land abandoned by the Barton brother two years ago. He later moves to Ohio. ** Samuel Cowley arrives from York, New York.

Erie Canal
The packet Myron Holley arrives in Bushnell's Basin, south of Rochester. The town of Fairport is created on that spot. ** A dam is constructed on Schoharie Creek at Fort Hunter to create a slack water section where Erie Canal boats could be towed across the creek. Lock number 20 is completed nearby. The canal is opened to Schenectady ** The decision is made to run the canal on the northern side of the Mohawk River, in the Schenectady-to-Albany portion. ** The canal reaches Palmyra. ** The Erie Canal's Great Embankment is built, a mile in length and seventy feet high, to carry the canal over Rochester's Irondequoit Valley. ** An aqueduct is built at Little Falls.

Rochesterville
The first court house is built. ** The village's population reaches 3,130. ** Seven-year-old John S. Wilson arrives with his family from Massachusetts. ** Trustees levy an annual license fee on gambling locations. ** An attempt is made over the next two years to establish a water supply system for Rochester, but it fails because the current supply from wells and springs is adequate. ** Construction on a new Erie Canal aqueduct across the Genesee River is begun. Grimsby sandstone quarried at the nearby village of Carthage is used. Mason William Morgan arrives to work on the aqueduct. ** Printer Everard Peck begins publishing the Western Agricultural Almanac, with astronomical calculations by Lyman Wilmarth and innkeeper Oliver Loud, both of Bushnell's Basin. ** Peck publishes The New England Primer and The Fashionable Letter Carrier or, Art of Polite Correspondence.... ** The Charlotte Lighthouse is built on Lake Ontario. ** The approximate date a stone warehouse is erected at today's Mount Hope and South avenues.

Connecticut
Promoters of a canal to reach from the Housatonic River at Sharon to New York's Hudson River offer to build a side canal to New York City.

 

1823

( Updated 12 / 5 / 2004 )

Jan 15
Geneva diarist Josephine Matilda deZeng is born.

Jan 29
The Wayne County town of Macedon is formed from Palmyra.

Jan 31
The Allegany County town of Allen is created out of Angelica.

Feb 5
Yates County is created and named after the governor.

Feb 11
Former Massachusetts congressman Henry Shaw writes to congressman Henry Clay, saying New York State's politics are in such a state of flux that there's no way of being sure of next year's election results there.

Mar 3
Moncrief's British hit Tom and Jerry; or, Life in London opens at New York's Park Theatre.

Mar 4
The Orange County town of Crawford is formed from Montgomery.

Mar 27
The town of Alden is formed from the Erie County town of Clarence.

Mar 28
The towns of Auburn and Fleming are formed out of the town of Aurelius.

Mar 30
Hurricane-force winds blow across the northeastern U. S. bringing high tides to the seacoast and heavy snows from Pennsylvania to Maine.

Apr 11
Wayne County, named for general Anthony Wayne, is formed from Ontario and Seneca counties. Officers are John S. Talmadge, first judge and surrogate; Hugh Jameson, sheriff; William H. Adams, district attorney; Isaiah J. Richardson, clerk.

Apr 12
The Wyoming County town of Wethersfield is formed from Orangeville.

Apr 16
The Chemung County towns of Veteran and Catlin are formed from Catharines.

Apr 23
New York State charters the Delaware and Hudson Canal.

May 8
John Jay addresses the annual meeting of the Bible Society, asserting that the Reformation began bringing reason to religion.

May 28
The cornerstone of Rochester's Presbyterian Church is laid.

June
The Baltimore-Conewago Canal commissioners leave Baltimore to meet with De Witt Clinton in New York City. They hire James Geddes as their canal director. From there they continue to Albany and take the Erie Canal route to Cayuga Lake. They take a steamboat to Ithaca and travel overland to the Susquehanna River. Their efforts are for nothing, their canal is not built.

Jun 15
Rochester miller Charles J. Hill marries Salome Morgan of Massachusetts.

September
A horse-car railroad opens between Rochester and the Genesee River landing at Carthage. ** Joseph Smith says an angel named Moroni appears to him and shows him the site, at Hill Cumorah, near Palmyra, where tablets containing the history of the lost tribes of America are buried.

Sep 10
Lands belonging to Mary Jemison, the "White Woman of the Genesee", are sold to Micah Brooks and Jellis Clute for next to nothing. ** The Champlain Canal is completed at a cost of $875,000, excluding the feeder to Glens Falls. ** James Dean, missionary to the Oneida Indians, dies in Westmoreland at the age of 75.

October
An aqueduct designed by David Stanhope Bates is completed in Rochester, to carry the Erie over the Genesee River.

Oct 1
The first water is put into the completed portion of the Erie Canal.

Oct 8
The first boats arrive in Albany.

November
The canalboat Mary and Hannah arrives in New York City with a cargo of wheat, the first to arrive from Seneca Lake via the Erie Canal. The owners are presented with an engraved urn.

Nov 12
The musical melodrama Clari, or, the Maid of Milan introduces John Howard Payne's song Home, Sweet Home.

Nov 21
Erie Canal commissioners sign a contract with John W. Hayes for the construction of the river lock on Tonawanda Creek, as well as a guard lock there and the Buffalo guard lock.

 

City
Attorney John Wells, co-founder of Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft, dies. ** A new charter makes the post of mayor an appointive one. Mayor Stephen Allen is confirmed in office by the Common Council. ** A citizens group forms a society for the improvement of juvenile delinquents, joins with another group formed to construct a House of Refuge for delinquents following the Griscom Method. ** Centre Market is demolished. ** Initiation fees are introduced at the New York Stock Exchange - $25 per