1810

(Updated 6/6/2004)


January
Former Albany mayor Abraham Ten Broeck dies.

Feb 8
The Town of Buffalo is formed from the Niagara (later Erie) County town of Clarence. ** Articles of agreement are signed at New Haven, Connecticut, creating the firm of Townsend, Bronson & Co., comprised of Jacob Townsend, Alvin Bronson and ship's master Sheldon Thompson, to engage in maritime commerce in New York State.

Feb 16
John Richardson is appointed Superintendent of New York's Onondaga Salt Springs.

Feb 17
The Orange County village of Montgomery (in the Town of Montgomery) is incorporated.

Mar 13
The State Senate passes a resolution calling for Governeur Morris, Stephen Van Rensselaer, De Witt Clinton, Simeon De Witt, William North, Thomas Eddy, and Peter B. Porter to be appointed commissioners to explore routes for a canal across the state, and to recommend improvements to Onondaga Lake.

Mar 15
The New York House of Representatives concurs with the Senate in the canal resolution.

Mar 23
The "N. Y. State Co." is incorporated to quarry Dutchess County slate. It has a 15-year monopoly.

Mar 30
Penfield is formed from the town of Boyle (formerly Northfield).

April
General Henry Dearborn leaves Washington for Boston, hoping to raise a citizens' army to attack Canada via a Lake Champlain route.

Apr 2
Otsego County's Town of Laurens is formed out of the Town of Otsego.

May 8
Holland Land Company general agent Paoli Busti writes from Philadelphia to company land agent Joseph Ellicott in Batavia recounting a conversation with a St. Lawrence merchant named Parish who believes that western New York goods should be shipped via the St. Lawrence. Busti advocates pushing for a cross-state canal route.

Jun 16
The City Bank of New York is chartered.

Jun 30
New York mayor De Witt Clinton, along with fellow canal commissioner Thomas Eddy and his son, leave New York for Albany by steamboat.

July
Fulton leaves New York City for Teviotdale. ** De Witt Clinton visits the future Rochesterville area while scouting a canal route.

Jul 1
Clinton's boat arrives at Albany before daylight. He and the Eddys put up at Gregory's tavern. A meeting of the canal commissioners is held at the Surveyor-General's office. All of the commissioners are present except Porter, who arrives that evening. Morris and Van Rensselaer will make the jaunt by land; the others by water. General North will meet the boat at Utica.

Jul 4
After a delay for Independence Day celebrations Clinton's party departs at 4 PM, gets as far as Willard's Tavern, in the city's 3rd ward.

Jul 5
Rain during the night. While waiting for their captain to return from a trip into Schenectady the Clinton party climbs a high hill to view the city and the river valley. They get under way at 9 o'clock, pass the mansion built by Sir William Johnson and later a decades-old Indian pictograph on an elevated rock. They tie up at Cook's tavern for the night.

Jul 7
William Wolcott Wadsworth is born in Geneseo to James and Naomi Wolcott Wadsworth.

Jul 18
De Witt Clinton's party arrives at the outlet of Onondaga Lake. ** Busti writes to Ellicott, complains that there is no harbor suitable for commerce in company lands bordering on Lake Ontario.

Jul 19
Clinton's party reaches the home of Dr. Jonas C. Baldwin, the site of the village of Baldwinsville, at 11 PM, spends the night.

Jul 20
Delayed by rainy weather, the Clinton party remains at Dr. Baldwin's, and examines a dam and short canal around the rapids.

Jul 29
Clinton's party leaves the Genesee and heads west on Ridge Road.

Sep 2
Nurseryman William Abelard Reynolds is born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, to Abelard and Lydia Strong Reynolds.

Sep 8
The Tonquin sails from New York for the mouth of the Columbia River, with the nucleus of the Pacific Fur Company.

Sep 21
Fulton shows a model of his improved torpedo boat in New York's City Hotel.

Sep 24
A planned demonstration of Fulton's torpedo, at New York's Corlear's Hook, is called off due to inclement weather.

Sep 25
Fulton's demonstration is again called off.

Sep 28
Fulton's demonstration of his cable-cutting knife (to set free moored enemy shipping) is a failure.

Oct 30
Fulton demonstrates a model of his torpedo ship.

November
The Federalists briefly recapture control of the state legislature.

Nov 1
Fulton successfully demonstrates his underwater cable-cutting knife.

City
Cornelius Vanderbilt establishes ferry service between Manhattan and Staten Island, charging 18¢ a person. ** Steam-driven ferries begin appearing in the harbor. ** Jacob Radcliff is appointed mayor for the next year, replacing De Witt Clinton. ** The city begins using coal for heating. ** Torpedo War and Submarine Explosions, by Robert Fulton, Fellow of the American Philosophical Society is published. ** The city's tax valuation is $25,486,370 and tax revenues are $129,727.15. ** John Jacob Astor sells a lot near Wall Street he bought in 1802, for $8,000. He will use the money to buy many more lots above Canal Street, bringing him even greater wealth. ** In spite of a street commissioner's survey earlier in the year stating that 26,400 more loads of earth will fill in the Collect Pond, twice that amount still has not done it. ** As the city's population nears 100,000 it overtakes Philadelphia as the largest city in the U. S. ** Baroness Hyde de Neuville paints a watercolor of Greenwich Street.

State
Wealthy businessman Nathaniel Rochester leaves his home at Mount Prospect, Maryland, and moves with his family to Dansville, New York. ** New Englanders settle Gad Pouch. The name is later changed to Linden. ** The Onondaga County area white population is twenty-four people per square mile. The county's population tops 25,000, quadruple its population of ten years earlier. Only 200 Onondaga Indians remain at the Onondaga Castle reservation. Ontario County's population reaches 42,026. ** Scottish land proprietor George Scriba hires David Stanhope Bates to survey and sell a large tract of land in Oneida County. Bates moves his family to Constantia, on Oneida Lake. ** James D. Bemis, editor of Canandaigua's Western Repository and Genesee Advertiser, buys his bookstore back from Myron Holley. He adds a bindery to the store. ** Mason John Gridley buys property on East Seneca Turnpike in Syracuse from George Kibbe. ** Future governor Horatio Seymour is born to Henry and Mary Forman Seymour at Pompeii Hill. ** Construction begins on a wooden courthouse and jail at Martinsburgh, the Lewis County seat, on land donated by General Walter Martin. The work will be completed next year. ** Amos Eaton begins lecturing in botany at the Catskill Botanical School (in Catskill), publishes a small textbook on the subject. ** Christian Schulz writes Travels on an Inland Voyage , describing his 1807 travels up the Mohawk. ** Philip Church and his extended family move into Belvidere, his still uncompleted mansion in Angelica. ** $79,447.53 remains due on a State loan of $500,000 from 1786, distributed back then among a dozen counties. The balance will be called in 20 years later. ** The approximate date a windmill is built at Orient, on Long Island. ** Future governor Lucius Robinson Alonzo is born in Windham. ** The village of Montezuma begins producing salt on a regular basis. ** There are more than 200 sloops on the Hudson. ** The approximate date Elijah T. Hayden's house for Syracuse's Leavenworth family is built, at James and McBride streets. ** Alexander Coon of Rensselaer County first settles the Shelby area of Orleans County. ** William Avery Rockefeller, father of John D. Rockefeller, is born to Godfrey and Lucy Rockefeller, in Granger. ** Alvin Bronson hires carpenters, with a Mr. Bassett as their chief, and they all go to Oswego Falls, cut the frame for a vessel, the Charles and Ann, build her at Oswego, and launch her in the autumn, under the command of John Hall. ** William Richardson and Timothy Kirby of Lowell, Massachusetts, settle the Wyoming County town of Java.Calvin Clifford, Lewis Hancock and Guy Morgan move to the county from Jefferson County and settle the town of Wethersfield. ** 92,677 men are currently enrolled in the state militia. ** Holland Land Company surveyor William Peacock moves from the Black Rock-Buffalo area to Mayville. ** A home is built in Albany at 110 Washington Avenue that will one day be the Fort Orange Club. ** William Cooper's A Guide to the Wilderness... is published in Dublin, Ireland. ** Northampton Township (Montgomery, later Fulton County) has a population of 1474. It has 242 taxable inhabitants and 125 senatorial elector. Total property value is $74,618. ** Baptist elder John Goff founds the first church in the Schuyler County town of Reading, at Reading Center. ** The area between German Flats and the Genesee River contains 280,319 inhabitants, the majority having moved there since 1788. ** Whitestown has a population of 4,912. ** Sophia Trumbull begins the first school in Cohocton, in a cabin built by Jonas Cleland. ** The approximate date Hudson Valley landowner Robert Livingston writes a sketch of American agriculture for the Edinburgh Encyclopedia. ** The Ogden Land Company purchases preemptive rights from the Holland Land Company for 50¢ an acre. ** The population of the Genesee Valley region reaches 30,000.

Alden
The Erie County town is settled by Moses Fenno.

Herkimer County
The approximate date the Herkimer Pelican ceases publication. ** J. H. & H. Prentiss begin publishing the Herkimer American. William L. Stone later takes over as publisher.

Le Roy
Ganson's Tavern is completed. ** The area's Craigie Tract is put on the market by newly-arrived Randolph, Vermont, immigrant Thomas Tufts. ** Triangle Tract surveyor and land agent Richard Stoddard dies. His partner Dudley Saltonstall sells his interest in the tract to Graham Newell, who becomes the new land agent. ** Businessman Lathrop S. Bacon is born in Hamilton, New York.

Population
Albany - 10,762.

Rochesterville
Francis Brown is driven ashore by a storm at the mouth of the Genesee River while traveling by canoe from Detroit, Michigan, to Rome, New York. He walks up the river and discovers the high falls of the Genesee. Returning later in the year from Rome he moves to the west bank of the Genesee. ** The Frankfort Tract, on the future site of Rochester, is bought by Francis Brown, his brother Matthew, and Thomas Mumford and John McKay from grist mill owner Charles Harford. ** Work is commenced on the site for a wooden bridge across the Genesee at Main Street. ** Mr. George P. Humphrey discovers the journal of Thomas Cooper's 1809 visit in the Port Folio for 1810, a Philadelphia publication of which Cooper later will later become assistant editor. ** Construction begins on a bridge across the Genesee. ** The bounty paid on rattlesnakes is raised.

St. Lawrence County
John K. Thurber and Henry Ellenwood begin improving the land around the town of Edwardsville. ** The approximate date some Scots families move into the town of Rossie.

New Jersey
Colonel John Stevens of Hoboken recommends a rail line across New York State instead of a canal, but former minister to France Robert R. Livingston opposes the idea.

 

1811


Jan 24
The New Jersey legislature authorizes the seizure of any New York monopoly steamboats that seize New Jersey boats.

Jan 28
John Jacob Astor and Northwest Fur Company president William McGillivay sign an agreement to form the Southwest Fur Company.

Feb 22
The future Tompkins County towns of Caroline and Danby are formed from the town of Spencer in Tioga County.

Mar 2
The U. S. establishes the Oswegatchie Collection District in Ogdensburgh to help regulate foreign commerce on the Great Lakes. It acts as a center for offices in Hammond, Morristown, Lisbon, Waddington, Louisville and Massena.

Apr 1
A gridiron plan for New York City streets is laid out by the commissioners.

Apr 2
The Albany Company sails their new steamboat, the Hope to New York City for final work on her engines.

Apr 5
The Oswego County town of Scriba is formed from the Oneida County town of Fredericksburgh (later Volney). ** The Town of Esopus is taken off Kingston.

Apr 8
The New York State legislature creates a canal commission.

May
Fulton orders copies of all steamboat patents, preparatory to a lawsuit against the Albany Company.

June
The Hope steams from New York City to Albany. ** Boatbuilder Jacob Thompson's schooner Catherine, built for Townsend, Bronson & Co., is completed and commissioned, near the spot where La Salle had built the Griffin, to be commanded by Seth Tucker.

Aug 3
Judge Henry Brockholst Livingston dismisses Robert Livingston and Fulton's plea for an injunction against the Albany Company before a full trial can be held.

Aug 26
Lawyer-naturalist Amos Eaton is convicted of forgery, in conjunction with a foreclosed property, by a Catskill jury. He's sentenced for life to the New York State's Newgate Prison in Greenwich Village, maintaining his innocence. During the next four years he will teach botany to the prison agent's son John Torrey, who will become a botanist. Eaton also publishes a manuscript on mineralogy.

Aug 29
Animal rights reformer Henry Bergh is born to wealthy shipbuilder Christian Bergh and his wife.

September
The Albany Company's steamship Perseverance joins the Hudson River steamers. ** John Stevens begins running his steam ferry Juliana between Manhattan's Vesey Street and Hoboken, New Jersey.

Sep 14
The bill against the Albany Company is filed.

Oct 10
The Beaver, sent by John Jacob Astor with Captain Sowle commanding, leaves New York City for Astoria in the Pacific Northwest.

November
Chancellor John Lansing denies an injunction to Livingston and Fulton, citing the novelty of the case. ** Fulton and Livingston purchase land for workshops at the corner of Beach and Washington Streets in New York City.

Nov 18
The Pulteney Associates land sales begin at the future site of Rochester, New York.
Major Charles Carroll, Colonel William Fitzhugh and Colonel Nathaniel Rochester
receive the deed for the One-Hundred-Acre Tract, purchased in 1803.

Nov 20
Enos Stone buys the first lot in Rochesterville's Hundred Acre Tract, for $50.

Dec 15
Young Monticello merchant Benjamin Rathbun marries Alice Loomis, daughter of Captain Thaddeus and Thankful Meachum Loomis.

City
Castle Williams is built on Governor's Island, in New York Harbor. John McComb, Jr.'s Castle Clinton is built on lower Manhattan, and Fort Wood is built on Bedloe's Island. ** Merchant Peter Schermerhorn builds Schermerhorn Row, in southern Manhattan. ** The former City Hall, the city's second, at Broad and Wall streets, is demolished. ** The city holds its first outdoor circus, on landfill at the site of the Collect Pond. ** Robert Fulton launches the steamboat Paragon. ** The park commission announces a plan for the city, providing for a number of small sites scattered throughout Manhattan, allowing for 470 acres. ** John Jacob Astor obtains a stateroom on the official government frigate John Adams for his son-in-law and daughter Adrian and Magdalen Astor Bentson, for their voyage to St. Petersburg, Russia, for sightseeing.

State
Another inn is built at Riga. ** The printing press is introduced to Erie County. ** Portions of Allegany County are returned to Genesee County. ** The Cohoes Manufacturing Company is founded, to produce textiles and iron goods. ** An ox powered ferry goes into service on Chautauqua Lake between Bemis Point and Stow. ** Robert Fulton is appointed to an Erie Canal commission. ** The Pavilion Hotel charges 6¢ a night for lodging and 12.5¢ for a meal. ** Le Roy judge Ezra Platt dies. ** Dansville's Nathaniel Rochester frees two of his young slaves. He sells lots at Rochesterville on Buffalo, Carroll and Mill streets. ** Future governor Washington Hunt is born at Windham, to Sanford and Fanny Rose Hunt. ** The Reverend John Spencer conducts the first religious services in Alden. Samuel Slade, James Crocker, Samuel Huntington, and Jonas Stickney settle in the area. ** Future governor Edwin D. Morgan is born to Jasper A. and Catherine Copp Morgan, in Washington, Massachusetts. ** Governor Daniel Tompkins is authorized by the state legislature to appoint a committee of five to report on a system for the organization and establishment of public schools. ** Jefferson County commissioners Benjamin Van Vleeck, Daniel Kelly, and Jonathan Collins locate the Lewis County seat at Martinsburgh. The first county officers are Daniel Kelly, First Judge; Jonathan Collins, Judah Barnes, and Solomon King, Judges; Lewis Graves and Asa Brayton, Asst. Justices; Asa Lord, Coroner; Chillus Doty, Sheriff; Richard Coxe, Clerk; and Isaac W. Bostwick, Surrogate. ** Angelica land agent Philip Church travels to Europe on business, is prevented from returning by the upcoming war. His family is visited by a small party of Indians. His wife Anna feeds them while her visiting sister entertains them on the piano. Later in the year the two women are invited to a Indian New Year celebration. Chief Shongo adopts Anna into the tribe, naming her Ye-nun-ke-a-wa (first white woman). ** Lots south of Lake Erie's Scajaquada Creek are sold - the future site of Black Rock (later part of Buffalo). ** The oldest stone to date in Hammondsport's Elmwood Cemetery, bears this date.

Albany
The city begins getting its water from the Maezlandt Kill (creek), bringing it into a receiving reservoir through an iron main and distributing it through wooden mains.

Auburn
Dr. P. R. Hulbert sets up his practice. ** The original Auburn Academy is erected on Academy Street.

Rochesterville
The hamlet of Castletown is founded. ** Colonel Nathaniel Rochester begins having some of the lots in the Hundred Acre Tract surveyed and put on the market. He has Mason Street laid out on the west side of the Genesee River, between the low and high water banks (it will later be named Front Street). Ezra Mason settles here.

 

1812


( Updated 8 /8 / 2004 )

Jan 24
The Fulton and Livingston workshops in New York City are destroyed by arson.

Feb 5
Governor Tompkins's committee submits a report suggesting the basic features of a school system that will become state law.

Feb 25
Robert Fulton leaves Washington for New York.

Mar 3
Cuffee, a Long Island Shinnecock Indian minister, dies near Montauk, at the age of 55.

Mar 30
Holland Land Company agent Joseph Ellicott writes from Batavia to his boss Paolo Busti in Philadelphia, reporting on his meeting in Albany with the canal commissioners, in which they attempted to find out just how much land the Holland group would be willing to donate for such a waterway. Ellicott refers the question to Busti.

Apr 16
Whitestown pioneer Hugh White dies there at the age of 80.

Apr 18
Hugh White is buried.

Apr 20
U. S. vice-president and former state governor George Clinton dies in Washington, D. C. at the age of 72.

May
Fulton moves his family to a new New York house opposite Bowling Green.

May 1
Hamlet Scrantom and his wife and six children arrive at the falls of the Genesee, becoming the first white family to settle in the future Rochester area west of the river. The site is on today's State Street, just north of the Four Corners.

May 4
Busti writes to Ellicott that, while disapproving the final route as too far north in Genesee County, he nevertheless agrees to the appropriation, by the state, of one half of a township for a twenty-year option, for the canal. He expresses doubts the canal will ever be built.

May 20
Rochester pioneer shoemaker Jesse Hatch is born to Lemuel and Mary Williams Hatch in Granville.

May 26
Albany's Lancasterian School Society (board of education) is incorporated. ** Perinton is formed out of the town of Boyle. ** Greene County lawmakers approve the construction of a county courthouse at Catksill. ** Parts of Greene County are annexed to Ulster County.

May 29
A New York State caucus nominates De Witt Clinton for the presidency. ** Fulton's wife Harriet gives an entertainment aboard his Paragon.

June
Nicholas Roosevelt returns to New York with inaccurate records of his expenditures for the steamboat New Orleans. ** A New York grand jury tours the city's Collect Pond site, finds it dangerously polluted with decaying garbage and dead animals. ** The U. S. has only recruited 4,000 regulars or so, of the 35,000 authorized by Congress. Total forces now number about 10,000, mostly untrained.

Jun 8
The New York - Vermont border is finalized along a line run by New York surveyors Robert Yates, Robert R. Livingston, John Lansing, Jr., Gulian C. Verplanck, Simeon De Witt, Egbert Benson, Richard Sill and Melancthon Smith, and Vermont surveyors Isaac Tichenor, Stephen R. Bradley, Nathaniel Chipman, Elijah Paine, Ira Allen, Stephen Jacob and Israel Smith. ** The towns of Pembroke and Bergen are formed out of the town of Batavia.

Jun 12
Putnam County is formed from Dutchess County.

Jun 14
New York mayor Fernando Wood is born in Philadelphia to Quaker merchant Benjamin Wood and his wife Rebecca Lehmann Wood, who had been reading George Walker's novel The Three Spaniards and named him for one of the characters.

Jun 18
The Steuben County town of Cohocton is formed from Bath and Dansville. The Town of Howard is also formed.

Jun 27
The cargo ship Commencement, out of Black Rock, is seized by the British on Lake Ontario.

Jul 4
The Scrantom family moves into the cabin built for them by Henry Skinner.

Jul 19
U. S. forces on Lake Ontario drive off an attack at Sackets Harbor, on the New York shore of Lake Ontario, made by the Canadian Provincial Marine Fleet in an attempt to recover the schooner Lord Nelson.

Jul 31
Francis H. Gregory sails out of Sackets Harbor, hides three gigs among the Thousand Islands and captures a British ship, then burning it to avoid being captured by a British gunboat.

Aug 17
The Federalist Party convenes in New York City, chooses De Witt Clinton to run against incumbent James Madison for the presidency.

Aug 18
The Friends of Liberty, Peace and Commerce stage an anti-war mass meeting in New York City.

Sep 15
Fulton reaches a compromise with the Albany Company.

Sep 21
U. S. forces under Captain Benjamin Forsyth march from Sackets Harbor to Cape Vincent, then cross the border under cover of darkness and attack British and Canadian forces at Gananoque, Ontario. Forsyth's troops are victorious.

October
Fulton agrees to supervise the conversion of the canal across lower Manhattan into the present Canal Street.

Oct 4
U. S. forces defeat the British at Ogdensburgh, after a British raid out of Prescott, Ontario, fails and their two gunboats are forced to return.

Oct 22
U. S. militia out of Fort Covington attack a British outpost at St. Regis.

Oct 23
U. S. troops at St. Regis kill eight of the enemy, take 23 prisoners and capture supplies meant for trade with the Indians.

November
Pittsfield, Massachusetts, saddler Abelard Reynolds, newly arrived in Rochesterville, is named postmaster. He was on his way to settle in Ohio, but liked the Genesee Falls area so much he changed his mind and bought lots 23 and 24 on Main Street.

Nov 2
25-year-old Columbia County surrogate judge Martin Van Buren is sworn in as a New York State senator.

Nov 3
A Republican caucus chooses De Witt Clinton to run for the governorship.

Nov 11
U. S. troops lead by Commodore Isaac Chauncey sail out of Sackets Harbor and attack the Canadian Provincial Marine Fleet at Kingston, Ontario. Chauncey is forced to withdraw without having driven the British from Lake Ontario.

Nov 16
General Henry Dearborn begins moving 5,000 men from Plattsburgh to Rouses Point for an invasion of Canada.

Nov 20
Dearborn's militia refuses to cross over into Canada.

Nov 21
U. S. forces at Fort Niagara exchange gunfire with British artillery at Fort George, across the Niagara River.

December
The packet ship Patriot leaves Georgetown, South Carolina, bound for New York with Theodosia, Aaron Burr's daughter aboard. The ship is never seen again. ** Fulton buys the Hope from the Albany Company for $11,000. ** Fulton is given the freedom of the city of New York.

Dec 25
Cornelia Wadsworth is born in Geneseo to James and Naomi Wolcott Wadsworth.

City
The city is fortified. ** Robert Fulton exposes Redheffer's perpetual motion machine. ** Nine crew members of the ship Leopard sue the owners successfully for amounts ranging from $36.32 to $80.36. ** Robert Fulton's steam ferryboat Jersey is put into service on the North and East Rivers. ** The new City Hall, begun in 1803, is completed at a cost of $500,000. ** A fire in Chatham Street destroys hundreds of houses. An anonymous sailor climbs the steeple of the Brick Church and puts out the flames on the roof. ** Construction begins on Fort Lafayette, at the entrance to the Narrows. ** A state commission comprised of inventors Robert Fulton and Eli Whitney, and Baltimore surveyor Thomas Poppleton, recommends constructing a pipeline to drain the city's Collect Pond into the Hudson River, alleviating pollution concerns. It's never acted upon. ** The Tammany Society moves out of Martling's Long Room into new quarters at Nassau and Frankfort streets. ** Peter Schermerhorn completes a warehouse at numbers 2-18 Fulton Street, 91 and 92 South Street, and 195 Front Street -Schermerhorn Row. ** De Witt Clinton resigns from the Manhattan Company.

State
The town of Bellona is created out of part of Caledonia. It will be renamed Le Roy next year. ** The Jenkins homestead in Rensselaerville is completed. ** Rochester educator Celestia Bloss is born. ** An inn is built at West Main Street and Craigie Street in Le Roy. It will one day become the residence of Harold B. Ward. ** The changeover from the office of State Auditor General to State Comptroller, legislated in 1797, is completed. ** Jonathan Child opens a store in part of Peter Holloway's East Bloomfield tavern. ** In Cayuga County, Sterling is taken off the town of Cato. ** John Walker builds the first frame house in Canadice. ** Hamilton College is founded in Clinton. ** Early settler William Dayton arrives in Alden. ** Clark & Crandal begin publishing The Otsego Republican at Cherry Valley. ** Canal engineer James Geddes surveys a route for a possible Chemung Canal, reports to the state canal commissioners. ** A British squadron anchors in Long Island's Gardiners Bay, later raids Sag Harbor. ** Philip Church's Angelica mansion is completed. ** The wives of Willet (Cortland County) pioneers Edward Nickerson, Daniel Roberts, and Solomon Smith all die this year, the town's first deaths. ** Cary Burdie and Peter Henderson settle the Oswego town of Albion. ** Gulian Verplanck, writing as Abimelech Coody, begins lampooning De Witt Clinton in the weekly journal The Corrector . ** The state canal commission is denied funds. ** British prize fleets and U. S. fleets are stored in Skenesborough (Whitehall) for the coming winter. ** Future abolitionist Gerrit Smith enrolls in Hamilton College. ** After Buffalo is burned by the British at the end of 1813, blacksmith John Gilbert this year moves east to Le Roy. ** The approximate date farmer Martin Keiffer builds a two-story log cabin in Rush, near Honeoye Creek. It will become part of the Genesee Country Museum. ** Daniel Penfield builds a flouring mill on Irondequoit Creek which will become known as The Yellow Mill. ** British investor Patrick Colquhoun is compensated by the heirs of fellow capitalist Sir William Pulteney for state lands overlooked by the original 1791 survey. Colquhoun had foreseen the possibility and written it into his contract with fellow investor Pulteney. ** The Ontario County Town of Canadice experiences a large influx of settlers. ** Lawyer poet William Howe Cuyler Hosmer is born to Avon lawyer George Hosmer and his wife. ** A log cabin tavern, later to be known as the East Mendon Hotel, is built. ** The approximate date a stone arsenal is erected on Main Street in Batavia. ** A blockhouse is built at Chateaugay. ** A fireproof office is built at Catskill for the Greene County clerk. ** Construction begins on a house for Dr. Ives, a dentist, on the East Seneca Turnpike, east of Sinai (later Jamesville). ** The population of German Flatts reaches 2200. ** Thomas Stokoe starts a farm near Scottsville. It will still be in operation more than a hundred and eighty years later. ** The debt on James and Williams Wadswoth's Genesee Valley lands rises above $62,000. ** The approximate date Colonel James Leslie Voorhees moves to central New York from the Mohawk Valley.

Albany
The Albany Female Academy is established.

Avon
Gilbert R. Berry's widow ceases to operate his inn. ** Timothy Hosmer takes over as innkeeper of the Hosmer Stand, owned by his brothers Algernon Sidney and William T. Hosmer. ** John Pierson builds the White Horse Tavern.

Rochesterville
A 120-plus acre piece of property east of the Genesee River, on the future site of Rochester, is bought for mill sites by Samuel J. Andrews and Judge Caleb Atwater for under $2000, a depressed price due to the war. ** The village of Rochesterville is laid out on the Genesee, below the falls. ** The approximate date Boyle is renamed Smallwood. ** Benjamin Wright is hired to survey Frankfort. ** A public square is chosen as the site for a court house. ** Francis Brown and several others arrive from Rome, New York, with mill irons from Albany, run into deep mud west of the Genesee. ** Matthew Brown's clerk Gaiu B. Rich arrives from Rome with two sleighs full of goods. Rich had stopped at Stone's Tavern in Brighton, traveled to the mouth of the Genesee on the east side, crossed on the ice and driven south to the Upper Falls. ** The bridge across the Genesee River at Main Street is completed. ** Settler Darius Perrin arrives in the area. ** Nathaniel Rochester starts a settlement on the site of the old "Indian" Allan mill site.

Syracuse
A house is built in Onondaga Hollow for John Gridley. Fearing British troops might harm the house he has a Masonic emblem carved into the keystone over the front doorway. ** State legislation is passed requiring the Superintendent of the Onondaga Salt Springs be appointed by the Legislature rather than by the Governor and Senate. William Kirkpatrick is re-appointed Superintendent. ** A house on the West Seneca Turnpike is built for General James Hutchinson.

 

1813


January
Lobbyists for the Bank of America begin importuning the New York State legislature to forgive a bonus owed to the state.

Jan 1
Dr. William Kirkpatrick, superintendent of the Onondaga Salt Springs, reports that last year 221,011 bushels of salt, (not including 100 bushels delivered to the Onondaga Indians) at a duty of 3¢ per bushel, have yielded a revenue of $6,630 33.

Jan 14
Gideon Hawley becomes the first state school superintendent in the U. S.

Jan 26
The Albany Argus begins publication.

Jan 27
The Greene County town of New Goshen is created from Windham. ** The St. Lawrence County town of Rossie is formed from Russell.

Jan 19
A British warship of 74 guns and several other vessels blockade New York Harbor. Foreign trade will be cut off through most of the Spring.

February
Over the next month U. S. Brigadier General Zebulon Pike leads a force of 600 soldiers in a Winter's march from the Saranac cantonment, near Plattsburgh, to Sackets Harbor, in preparation for a Spring attack on the British. Pike will be killed at the end of April while taking the fort at York (Toronto), Canada.

Feb 6
A small detachment of U. S. Army troops crosses the St, Lawrence River into Eliazbethtown (Brockville, Ontario today), releases prisoners of the British and returns with captured arms.

Feb 12
The Warren County town of Thurman is divided into Athol and Warrensburgh.

Feb 22
George McDonnell's British and Canadian troops capture the fort at Ogdensburgh in retaliation for the Elizabethtown raid, hold the town for the duration of the war.

Mar 4
The Regents of the State of New York charter the Albany Academy for boys.

Mar 6
John Jacob Astor dispatches the ship Lark for Astoria, having had no word from any of his parties.

Mar 12
Warren County, named for American Revolution general Joseph Warren, is formed from Washington County.

Mar 17
The Firefly launches the Hudson River boating season with a trip to Peekskill from New York City.

Mar 19
New Goshen changes its name to Lexington.

Mar 30
A British Order in Council extends the blockade of the U. S. from New York City to New Orleans.

April
The newly-organized township of Mendon holds its first town meeting at the home of Thomas Ewer. Timothy Barnard is elected Moderator and will run the first post office.

Apr 2
Binghamton is incorporated. ** The Westchester County village of Ossining is incorporated.

Apr 6
The Seneca Lock Navigation Company is incorporated and secures the rights from The Western Inland Lock Navigation Company to improve passage on the Seneca River.

Apr 18
Lake Ontario ice breaks up at Sackets Harbor.

Apr 26
U. S. ships sail out of Sackets Harbor, headed for York (later Toronto), Canada, arriving offshore later on in the day. Aboard the flagship USS Madison, newly-appointed Zebulon Pike writes to his wife, instructing her what to do if should be killed.

Apr 27
Pike and Major General Henry Dearborn take York (Toronto), Canada. The town's defender, Roger Hale Sheaffe, blows up the ammunition depot, killing Pike and 13 other Americans, and retreats to Kingston. The U. S. troops burn a number of public buildings.

May
Robert Fulton launches the Long Island Sound steamer Fulton.

May 13
A British naval force strikes at the mouth of the Genesee River (Charlotte), on Lake Ontario, remove some stores and depart. They leave a receipt with Bushnell's store. Flour from Brown's Mill is moved beforehand to the woods to keep it out of British hands.

May 21
The Car of Neptune, her engines rebuilt, is back on the Hudson.

May 28
British troops under James Yeo, attack Sackets Harbor.

May 29
U. S. forces under General Jacob Brown, defeat the British. Brown earns a Brigadier General's commission in the Regular Army.

Jun 1
The British frigate Shannon captures the U. S. frigate Chesapeake off Boston. The U. S. captain, James Lawrence, supposedly says "Don't give up the ship," as he dies. Lieutenant Ludlow is killed. New York City's Ludlow Street will be named for him.

Jun 8
Fulton signs a covenant with his wife's brother-in-law William Cutting, for the lease of two steam ferries on the East River.

Jun 19
British naval forces attempt a landing at Sodus Point, are rebuffed.

Jun 20
The British land at Sodus unopposed. Not finding any naval stores they burn the village.

July
U. S. General Peter B. Porter leads a force of militia, regular troops and Seneca Indians, to repulse a British attack at Black Rock. ** Future Geneseo schoolteacher Epaphroditus Bigelow enlists in the 1st Regiment, Connecticut State Troops under Captain Enos Buell.

Jul 14
The U. S. purchases 12 acres of land across the Hudson River from Troy, on the present site of Watervliet, for a federal arsenal.

Aug 14
The British brig Pelican captures Lieutenant William H. Allen's brig Argus. Allen is wounded. New York City's Allen Street will be named for him.

September
U. S. ships drive off a British naval force at the mouth of the Genesee River. **   Epaphroditus Bigelow receives an honorable discharge. ** While the battle of Lake Erie is taking place Seneca Indians in the southern tier assemble to protect Anna Church at Angelica, alone while her husband's trapped in Europe by the war.

October
David Bates Douglass, having secured a commission as a second lieutenant of engineers, reports for duty at West Point.

Oct 25
A U. S. pincer raid on Montréal fails when Major General Wade Hampton is turned back by skirmishers at Châteaugay, Québec. Hampton leaves General James Wilkinson in the lurch and returns to Plattsburgh.

Nov 11
Wilkinson is defeated by Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Morrison at Chrysler's Farm, Ontario (near Morrisburg), retreats to French Mills on the U. S. side of the St. Lawrence.

December
Troops and civilians fleeing the British arrive in Batavia, New York. The postmaster's wife Lucy Brisbane offers to get food for the wounded Winfield Scott's troops if he will see that her home is protected. The offer is accepted.

Dec 14
Rochesterville's first sawmill begins operating.

Dec 18
British Colonel John Murray captures Fort Niagara from the U. S. ** British General Phineas Riall razes Lewiston.

Dec 24
Fulton displays his plans for a steam frigate to prominent New Yorkers, including Henry Dearborn, Cadwallader D. Colden and Stephen Decatur.

Dec 29