Jan 17
British soldiers tear down New York City's liberty pole. Golden Hill becomes the site of anti-British riots lasting two days.

Jan 19
New York City Sons of Liberty leader Alexander McDougall leads an attack on British troops in a skirmish on Golden Hill.

Feb 8
Alexander McDougall is jailed by the British for publishing an anti-Quartering Act broadside.

Feb 26
Thomas Wharton and other investors are granted 30,000 acres in New York's Delaware County, establish Franklin Township.

Apr 29
Alexander McDougall is released on bail by the British.

Aug 21
A statue of George III is erected in New York City's Bowling Green.

The Treaty of Fort Stanwyx is ratified.

New York attorney John Wells is born.

King's College (Columbia) awards the first two doctorates of medicine in the North American colonies.

Additions are built on Newburgh's Jonathan Hasbrouck House. ** Delaware Indians bring Onondaga salt to the father of Judge Bowker of Cayuga at Papeconck (now Colchester.) ** John Murray Lord Dunmore, becomes Royal governor of the colony. ** Licensed inns are required to provide two beds and food for four people as well as for horses and cattle. ** A colony of Irish Methodists settles near Ash Grove, in the future Washington County. They organize the second Methodist Episcopalian church in America.



A fence is erected around the Bowling Green. ** Sir William Johnson begins advertising for settlers for Kingsborough, his land along the Mohawk River.

Otetiani tells a tribal council he dreamt three times he was a sachem. Tribal elders hesitate to make him one. ** Colonel Guy Johnson, son-in-law of Sir William, draws a map of the Six Nations for Captain General and Governor in Chief William Tryon. ** Lord Dunmore takes on the governorship of the colony of Virginia as well of New York.



Mar 12
Tryon County (named for colonial governor William Tryon, later named Montgomery County) is formed from Albany County. ** Charlotte County (later Washington County) named for England's Queen Charlotte, is formed from Albany County.

Mar 24
New York colony's Manor of Rensselaerwyck is made into a district.

The settlers of Schoharie erect a church. ** Lands in the Ryegate area (now part of Vermont) are sold to land jobber John Kelly by New York. ** Otetiani again tells a council he dreamt three times he was a sachem. The elders still will not proclaim him one. ** Sir William Johnson erects a brick Tryon County courthouse at Johnstown.



A party of Scots arrive at Johnstown, New York, to investigate property on Lake Champlain.

May 18
New York colonial commissioners Robert R. Livingston, William Nicoll, William Smith and John Watts agree with Massachusetts commissioners William Brattle, John Hancock and Joseph Hawley on a common boundary.

Jun 8
Whitelaw and Allen leave New York City to check out lands to the north.

Jun 23
Whitelaw and Allen arrive in the New Perth area of upstate New York.

Jun 28
Whitelaw and Allen set off with Ryegate developer John Church to see his property

Jul 15
Whitelaw and Allen leave New York City to check out property in the south.

Aug 31
A group of Scots board the Pearl in Fort William, Scotland.

The Pearl sails from Fort William.

Sep 2
The cornerstone for King's College (later Columbia) is laid in New York City.

Oct 2
Whitelaw and Allen meet with developer John Witherspoon in Princeton, New Jersey, and purchase the Ryegate property.

Oct 18
The Pearl arrives in New York City.

Whitelaw, Allen and James Henderson begin laying out lots for the town of Ryegate, New York (now Vermont).

Nov 7
Daniel MacLeod leaves New York City to inspect Beekmantown, New York, on the western shore of Lake Champlain.

Dec 7
Governor Tryon's New York City house is destroyed by fire.


Alexander Hamilton begins his studies at King's College (Columbia). He will not earn a degree there.

The family of Syracuse pioneer Ephraim Webster moves from New Hampshire to New York State.



Jan 25
Dr. John Connelly proclaims he has been picked by Virginia and New York royal governor Lord Dunmore to serve as captain commandant of "the militia of Pittsburgh and its dependencies". He intends to make the region a county of Virginia.

The Commerce registers in Greenock, Scotland, with 212 passengers.

Feb 11
Whitelaw and Allen write to the Scots American Company recommending a settlement at Ryegate.

Mar 12
The Seneca Indian Otetiani (Red Jacket) tells the elders that a recent smallpox outbreak is the Great Spirit's punishment for their not proclaiming him a sachem. He is made one and given the name Sagoyewatha (He-Keeps-Them-Awake).

Mar 17
The packet Friendship out of Philadelphia arrives in Stornoway, Scotland, to sign on indentured servants for the colonies.

Apr 16
The Commerce arrives in New York from Edinburgh with 230 passengers aboard.

Apr 22
British tea is burned in New York City.

Apr 26
Dunmore acquires the services of Michael Stoner and Daniel Boone to contact surveying teams out in the Ohio and Kentucky regions, to warn them of impending Indian troubles.

Nine men, and one family, including Robert Brock and his son Andrew, arrive to settle in Ryegate from Scotland. ** The Delaware County town of Colchester is settled.

John Wetherhead advertises New York lands in the Leeds Intelligencer,

Jun 12
The Friendship, captained by Thomas Jann, arrives in Philadelphia bringing 106 Scots immigrants, many of them indentured servants.

Jun 30
The Friendship servants are advertised in New York newspapers.

Jul 1
The new Ryegate arrivals take possession of their land claims in the settlement.

Jul 11
Sir William Johnson dies at Johnstown, at the age of 59.

Jul 13
John Cumming arrives in New York on the George of Greenock .

Captain Lindsay of East Greenwich, Rhode Island, returns from New York City with new arms for town's Light Artillery company.

Aug 6
Shaker (Shaking Quaker) movement founder Mother Ann Lee arrives in New York from Liverpool, along with eight disciples.

Aug 31
Dunmore and his army of 1900 arrive at Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania.

William Neilson, of Erskine Parish, Scotland, arrives in Ryegate with his family.

Oct 13
The Iroquois tribes hold a council at Onondaga. Joseph Brant (Thayendenegea), official representative of Colonel Guy Johnson, the late Sir William's son-in-law and successor, urges the Nation to ally itself with the British. Red Jacket, distrusting Brant's connection with whites, urges neutrality. No decision is reached.

Oct 20
Surveyors Valentine and Collins complete a survey of the New York-Québec border at 74° North.

Ryegate pioneer David Allen arrives back in Scotland.

Nov 8
New York's Samuel Holland and Pennsylvania's David Rittenhouse are appointed as commissioners to run the boundary line between their colonies. The Revolution halts their plans.

Nov 12
Byberry, Pennsylvania, wheelwright William Cooper marries Willingboro, New Jersey, farmer's daughter Elizabeth Fenimore. The ceremony is performed by New Jersey Royal governor William Franklin, in the governor's Willingboro mansion.

Nov 16
A Westchester County Loyalist minister attacks the Continental Congress in his Free Thoughts on the Proceedings of the Continental Congress, signing it "Westchester Farmer".


Local residents force a merchant to remove 16 sheep from his vessel before permitting it to sail to the West Indies, to comply with Article 7 of the Association. ** A group of English Shakers arrive. In two years they will move upstate to Albany County to become the Watervliet Society. ** John Jay is elected to the conservative Committee of Fifty-One, formed to combat the threat of anarchy.

Ten farms on the Blenheim Patent are sold. ** Cornplanter's son Henry is born. ** Future governor Daniel D. Tompkins is born in Scarsdale to Jonathan and Sarah Hyatt Tompkins. ** A Council of Safety is organized by settlers on the Vrooman Patent along the Mohawk River. Johannes Ball is named chairman. ** An act is passed to settle debts owed by Ulster County to Albany County, but nothing is done. Another act calls for marking the boundaries of Ulster and Orange counties from east of the Shawangunk Mountains to the Delaware River.

King's College Loyalist president Myles Cooper publishes the pamphlet A Friendly Address to all Reasonable Americans, anonymously.

The New York-New Jersey border is marked.

New Jersey
The local committee in Newark recommends a boycott of the loyalist New York City newspaper Rivington's Gazette.


© 2001 David Minor / Eagles Byte