A council of Iroquois Indians at Onondaga renews the tribe's allegiance to England and promises aid against the French.
French troops lead by the Comte de Frontenac set an Indian settlement in Schenectady on fire.
French troops and their Indian allies massacre Schenectady settlers. Some escape and are saved from a violent snowstorm by sleighs from Albany.
Massachusetts calls a special meeting of the United Colonies of New England. Two companies of troops are dispatched to Albany.
An intercolonial congress meets in New York City to plan attacks on Montréal and
Québec. They also discuss the establishment of provincial laws.
The Council of Virginia decides to send Colonel Cuthbert Potter to New England to report on the aftermath of New York's Leisler uprising.
Close to 50 members of the anti-Leisler faction go to City Hall, refuse to pay further taxes and demand the release of prisoners held in the fort. Some physically attack Leisler and a son in the street, but are driven off by aroused pro-Leisler citizens.
During services, at the Dutch Reformed Church, Dominie Selyns refuses to read an announcement passed up to him from the governor's bench by Leisler, thanking God for deliverance from his enemies. Leisler insists, Selyns then reads it.
Potter arrives in New York City.
Fitz-John Winthrop leads a colonial force of 150 to Montréal by way of Lake Champlain but is forced to turn back at Lake George by disease.
Potter sails for Long Island from Newport, Rhode Island, on his return trip.
Potter reaches Flushing, New York. He hears that governor Jacob Milborne may have him searched and he departs.
Population - 3,900. ** The city council creates the position of Inviters to Funerals. Richard Chapman and Cornadus Vandor Beeck are the first to fill the office. Hogs are to be kept penned, and poisonous and noxious weeds are to be kept cleared by householders.
Acting governor Jacob Leisler appoints Johannis Hardenbergh sheriff of Ulster County. He will lose the position next year with Leisler's arrest. ** Albany's Dominie Godfridus Dellius complains of the abuse the Dutch clergy undergo under Leisler's rule.
English governor Henry Sloughter arrives in New York City aboard the Archangel, has Leisler arrested.
The New York provincial legislature passes its first six laws, to quiet and settle disorders, establish the English crown as final auth.`%ants and patzP, give towns the right to regulate fences and highways, establish courts, and to regulate militias.
New York's first assembly as a royal colony reenacts 1683's Charter of Liberties. It passes Acts 6 through 10, establishing means for dealing with the poor and vagabonds, enabling the election of representatives, levying monies for the maintenance of a force of fusiliers, enabling the city and county of Albany to repay expenses of the late disturbances by levying local Indian trade groups, and declaring the rights and privileges of colonists.
On a rainy Saturday rebellion leader Jacob Leisler and his son-in-law Jacob Milborne are executed. Before their being hung and beheaded Leisler declares his only objective was to protect the colony against popery.
New York colony's Albany County is confirmed.
Surveyors begin laying out streets and lots. The council votes a four shilling per week allowance to Top-Knot Betty, another woman and two children, as charity cases. It also votes for the construction of a ducking stool to be built on Coentes Slip, in front of the towne-house. ** John Lawrence is appointed mayor for the year.
Mayor Peter Schuyler leads an expedition against Canada, camps at the Great Carrying Place, the portage between the Hudson River and Lake Champlain.
Former Seneca missionary Father Jacques Fremin dies in Montréal.
William and Mary confirm the 1620 grant to the Plymouth Colony, setting its parameters to include all lands between 42° 5 minutes and 44° 15 minutes N.
New York governor Benjamin Fletcher is commissioned governor of Pennsylvania by William and Mary.
Abraham De Peyster is appointed mayor, for the first of three consecutive annual terms. ** A bridge is built over Spuyten Duyvil Creek. ** Augustus Jay, grandfather of John Jay, is captured by a French privateer while on a business trip to Europe, and jailed at St Malô for a brief period before being released and returning to New York.
Benjamin Fletcher becomes Royal governor. He asks the Dutch church's Dominie Varick for a list of Leislerians and pressures them to return to the church, improving attendance.
Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard, purchased from the Earl of Sterling by the Earl of York, and under New York's jurisdiction as Dukes County, are granted to Massachusetts. ** Dutch settlers from the Hudson Valley begin moving into the Berkshires.
William Bradford establishes the first printing press in New York City, on Hanover Square.
Governor Fletcher issues a license to Werner Wessels and Antie Christians to solicit funds to redeem the son of the first and husband of the second from Barbary pirates. Funds collected are to be administered by Stephen Cortlandt, Peter Jacobs Marius, John Kerbyll and John Kipp of Trinity Church. Unused funds will be returned to the government for other charitable purposes. Fletcher then adds the names of three other sailors taken at the same time - Bartholomew Rousston, John Crage, and William Green.
The New York City council votes to use necessary revenues from the ferry between Manhattan and Brooklyn to pay off the cost of providing a gold cup, made by Jacob Marius, for presentation to the Governor.
Fletcher convenes colonial deputies to plan for war against the French. Few plans get made.
English governor Benjamin Fletcher arrives. ** Complaining of the high fees charged him for the ferry franchise, farmer John Arsoon has the fee reduced from £147 to £140. ** Merchant Frederick Philipse builds a toll bridge across Spuyten Duyvil Creek, linking Manhattan to the mainland. ** Governor Fletcher grants a charter of incorporation to the Dutch Elders and Deacons of the city, encouraging them to build a church.
Colonial delegates meeting in Albany sign a treaty with the Iroquois, to keep the Indians from siding with the French.
Charles Lodwik is appointed mayor for this year, and again for next. ** Ships bound for the city begin taking on their pilots at New Jersey's Sandy Hook Bar. ** Wall Street area building lots go on the market at 30 shillings a foot, with those nearest the water going for 24 shillings. ** The market house on lower Broadway is leased to farmer Henry Crosby for one pound a year. ** City recorder James Graham is granted a lot on Queen Street (later Pearl Street) in perpetuity. ** Sixty ships, forty boats and twenty-five sloops are engaged in the flour trade.
© 2001 David Minor / Eagles Byte
INDEX FOR TIMELINES
EAGLES BYTE HOME PAGE