The Duke of York is crowned as James II. New York becomes a royal province.
Connecticut governor Robert Treat and New York governor Thomas Dongan ratify the boundary between their colonies.
France's Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes, which had granted tolerance towards Huguenots, increasing their migration to America. Among them are John Jay's ancestors. Jay's grandfather Augustus is away on a trading voyage to Africa at the time.
Governor Dongan issues a patent to the van Rensselaer cousins for the Manor of van Renssalaerwyck.
The van Rensselaer patent is confirmed.
The New York General Assembly moves the Kings County (Brooklyn) courts from Gravesend to Flatbush.
Governor Dongan directs Leon Beckwith to make a survey of Wall Street's North Side.
Beckwith carries out the survey, writes his report.
Former Dutch receiver general Nicholas Bayard, a nephew of Peter Stuyvesant and a favorite of Governor Dongan, is appointed mayor for the year.
James II names Alexander Innes clerk to the garrison at New York.
New York colonial governor Thomas Dongan grants New York City a new charter, confirming and enlarging the city's municipal powers. The city is given control over vacant Manhattan shore lands extending to the low water mark.
Albany City (Beverwick, William Stadt, New Orange) is incorporated by patent. ** Columbia County's Livingston Manor is patented.
Officials of New York's Dukes County meet at Nantucket to discuss Court schedules for each of the main islands. It may be at this meeting, if not before, that Martin's Vineyard officially becomes Mathew's Vineyard.
Governor Dongan confirms the incorporation of Southampton, in Long Island's Suffolk County.
Dongan confirms the incorporation of East Hampton, in Suffolk County.
James II bans the first House of Representatives and prohibits printing presses. ** Businessman Stephanus Van Cortlandt is appointed mayor for this and each of the next two years. ** The first member of the Rhinelander family, future sugar and shipping business owners, arrives from Germany. ** Captain John Manning's son-in-law, Robert Blackwell, becomes owner of Minnahannock island, giving it his name. ** The Kings County (Brooklyn) court house is built at Flatbush. ** French Huguenot Augustus Jay, grandfather of John Jay, settles here permanently.] ** A new seal is granted to the city, bearing a beaver, a windmill, a flour barrel, a cross and two Indians.
The colony's new Charter of Liberties is disallowed. ** The English, French and Senecas all try diplomacy. ** Much of the coast of Maine, known as Cornwall County, bought from the Earl of Sterling and governed by New York, is transferred to Massachusetts.
The Crown establishes the Dominion of New England, covering all lands from New Jersey to Maine.
Bentley Manor on Staten Island is granted to Captain Christopher Billop.
Jacques René de Brisay, marquis of Denonville, governor general of New France, having decided on a campaign against the Iroquois in New York, has mass said at Québec and sets out to rendezvous with his flotilla of canoes at Notre Dame de l'Etrisse, about ten miles upriver. Denonville then goes on ahead to Montréal. The fleet is halted by strong winds at Villeneuve.
The fleet starts out early in the afternoon in spite of strong winds. It soon becomes necessary to empty water out of four of the boats.
Heavy rain causes the fleet to remain moored.
The fleet sets out, stopping at Trois-Rivièr where Denonville confers with post governor de Varenne. Setting out again he is halted by squalls and takes refuge at the house of the farmer La Force, at the entrance to Lake Ontario. Denonville and his wife are rescued when their canoe almost overturns.
After laying over a day because of high winds the fleet sails on to St. Suplice.
Denonville proceeds, reaches Villemarie (Montréal Island), where work is being done on the defenses.
Denonville learns that six French ships have arrived with 800 soldiers aboard, after a 33 day crossing, and he waits the arrival of the troops.
The Intendant of the French forces arrives at Montréal with news the troops are a short distance away.
The French forces land and go into camp on Isle Sainte-Hélène, opposite Villemarie.
The French Intendant reviews the troops.
The French spend the next two days preparing their boats.
Two companies of Denonville's force set out from Montréal.
The French begin ascending the Montréal rapids.
Denonville and the Intendant remain at Montréal to supervise the ascent of the rapids. Militia captain M. de Callieres leads the advance.
The last of the French force passes through the rapids. 3 or 4 boats are left at the head of the rapids on Isle Perrot, to be brought forward the next day. Denonville and the Intendant move on overland to La Présentation (Ogdensburg, New York).
High winds and heavy rains prevent Denonville's departure from La Présentation.
The troops manually haul the transport boats through the St. Lawrence River rapids at The Cascades, just upriver from La Présentation, sustaining minor injuries. Learning there are Cayugas back near Présentation, Denonville detaches troops under De Louvigny and Sivret to try and capture them.
Three transports sink in the swift currents at the Cedres, but no lives are lost. 3/4 of a league are gained.
Denonville's forces arrive at the future site of Pultneyville.
Denonville lands a large invasion force - 1500 Frenchmen, including the Baron de Lathonton (author), Daniel Duluth (founder of the city), Henri de Tonty (explorer), François d'Orvillers and Louis Hector de Callieres - and 1500 Ottawa and Mohawk Indian allies) at the mouth of Irondequoit Bay, not daring to cross the sand bar. He proposes to destroy the Seneca Indians to the south. A small log enclosure is built and his boats are sunk so they will not blow away.
Denonville marches his army southeast toward the Indian village of Gannagaro (Ganandogan).
In the midst of intense heat, 800 Seneca, forewarned, attack Denonville's forces - the Denonville Ambuscade. The Indians withdraw when the remaining French forces come up. Casualties are moderate on both sides.
Denonville enters Gannagaro, which the Indians have burned.
The French under Tonty, Calliere and Vaudreuille destroy Seneca corn collected at their granary at Gahayanduk (Fort Hill at Ganondagan). The remaining Seneca will all survive the winter.
The French destroy Totiakton (Rochester Junction).
The French destroy Gannounata (Lima-Avon). Denonville discovers a coat of arms sent by British general Dongan claiming the area is English territory.
The French camp at three small lakes, today's Mendon Ponds Park.
Denonville's forces burn their log fort on the bay.
Denonville departs from Irondequoit Bay, bound for the Niagara area and then to Montréal in August.
Over five days male Dutch residents of King's County, New York, sign an oath of allegiance to James II.
The entire Iroquois League allies itself with the English.
Flour trade revenue reaches £5,000.
Fortifications are erected by Denonville at the future site of Fort Niagara. ** Johannes Van Rensselaer dies, childless, leaving the patroonship of Rensselaerwyck clear for his nephew Killian.
Politician Leonard Lewis marries Elisabeth Hardebnbergh of Kingston.
Fortifications erected last year at the future site of Fort Niagara are dismantled.
Albany learns that France has declared war on England.
Fearing an invasion from a French and Catholic Canada, the New Amsterdam militia assumes control of the city's fort and chooses Captain Jacob Leisler to command.
An embassy of officials from Connecticut notify Leisler that William and Mary are now proclaimed King and Queen of England, and he announces the news to the city. Meeting with Governor van Cortlandt, he agrees to give over the city's government if van Cortlandt will declare allegiance to the new monarchs. The governor stalls, hoping to force Leisler into officially seizing power. Leisler adherents claim three fires have been set in Fort George.
Leisler calls an assembly at the fort to authorize a provincial defense force.
The Albany Convention is established for protection against a French attack.
Meeting with Mohawk chiefs at Albany, New England commissioners form an alliance against the French, with the Five Nations.
New York election results are confirmed by Leisler.
Leisler seizes the entire colony of New York.
Approximately 2250 Seneca inhabit the colony.
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