Provisions for security in New York City are made and trade regulations are drawn up.
New York's Governor Edmund Andros convenes a Board of Indian Commissioners at Albany. Robert Livingston serves as secretary.
Andros appears at Saybrook, Connecticut, claiming the land west of the Connecticut River for the Duke of York.
A Court of Sessions is established, passes legislation forbidding the sale of liquor to the Indians, regulating weights and measures, and limiting the number of breeding mares allowed to landowners on Long Island. A system for condemning property is set up and a slaughterhouse outside the city is ordered. ** William Dervall is appointed mayor for the year.
Work begins on a new fort in Albany.
The Heeren Gracht (Broad Street) is the first street to be paved. Wheat prices are regulated. ** Nicholas De Meyer is appointed mayor for the year.
New York City's council begins taxing the construction of docks and bridges, and bars attorneys from pleading in the courts.
Close to 50 Indian prisoners are brought by the Seneca to the region around Lima from the south and four of them are killed. The Seneca dance and make noises to frighten their spirits away.
Trader Wentworth Greenhalgh visits the Seneca village of Totiakton.
Greenhalgh and his party continue on to Gannagaro where they find the remaining prisoners. Nine more are murdered.
Royal governor Edmund Andros confirms the 1667 grant of Oyster Bay.
The Suffolk County town of Southampton is incorporated by patent by Governor Andros.
Stephanus Van Cortlandt is appointed mayor for the year.
Greenhalgh and party, scouting Iroquois strength in the area, travel by horseback from Albany as far as Lima. The horses would be the first seen by the Seneca. ** The war with the Andastes (Susquehannas) ends.
René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle's expedition leaves Fort Frontenac, Canada, sailing west on Lake Ontario.
La Salle, visits the mouth of Irondequoit Bay, doesn't attempt to bring his 20-ton brig over the sand bar. He sails on and sets up a trading post at the mouth of the Niagara River, the future site of Fort Niagara.
Thomas Delavall is appointed mayor for the year.** The bolting of flour begins. Three ships, seven boats and eight sloops are engaged in the trade. ** The city contains 384 houses. ** Edward Waters of the Bronx charges John Jennings with stealing his dugout canoe. Jennings, who used the canoe to transport hay, is fined by the Court of Sessions and ordered him to return the craft. He refuses to pay the fine and threatens violence to anyone attempting to collect.
Father Louis Hennepin is the first white man to see Niagara Falls. He establishes the first shipyard on the Great Lakes, on the banks of Cayuga Creek, in the future Buffalo area. ** The Frenchman De la Motte passes through Totiakton and obtains corn for his journey down the Genesee. ** Franciscan fathers establish a bark mission where Rochester's Mercy High School stands today.
The first boat of La Salle's expedition lands at the lower end of the Niagara River. He will lays the keel for the Griffin on the Niagara River by the end of the month.
The Griffin is sailed upriver to Squaw Island.
La Salle returns to his expedition, after conferring with the authorities back in Québec.
The Griffin is sailed onto Lake Erie, the first European-built craft to do so. On the return voyage the vessel disappears.
Edward Randolph arrives in New York City to take up his duties as customs collector for New England.
Francis Rombolt is appointed mayor for the year. ** A black slave is valued at £42, ten shillings. ** Thirteen people are licensed to sell wine.
Fort Conti is erected at the future site of Fort Niagara. It soon burns and is abandoned.
© 2000 David Minor / Eagles Byte