New Amsterdam officially becomes New York.
The Dutch West India Company authorizes all their officers and colonists to war against the English.
New York governor Richard Nicolls asks each Long Island town to send two delegates to a meeting in Hempsted at the end of the month, to adopt the Duke's Laws.
East Hampton designates Thomas Talmage and Thomas Thomson to meet with deputies from Southold and Southampton to consider means to have legal representation at Hempsted, apart from Hartford.
Nicolls introduces the Duke's Laws to an assembly from Westchester and Long Island. The laws require that those who took out patents under the Dutch acknowledge the English proprietors' right to the land by taking out new patents.
The approximate date delegates of New York colonies meeting at Hempstead, Long Island, rubber stamp the Duke's Laws, as their new legal code.Long Island, Staten Island and parts of Westchester are divided into ridings, with an appointed sheriff in charge of each. All Protestants are granted continuing religious freedom.
Gysbert Schuyler, son of Philip and Margretta Schuyler, dies at the age of 12, in Albany.
Nicolls grants a charter to the City of New York, denying it self-government.
Nicolls notifies the towns on eastern Long Island that war is being declared on the Dutch by the Crown. All are advised to be on the lookout for enemy warships and, if spotted, militias should travel to the western end of the island and await instructions.
The Assembly of Representatives sets rules for dealing with stranded whales. They are to be reported to the governor and the person finding the animal is to be given the fifteenth gallon of oil extracted.
East Hampton decrees that no one under the age of 18 be left to tend the cattle enclosed on the Great Plain and that those who perform the chore, remain until relieved, or face a fine.
East Hampton resident John Kirtland transfers the contract of his Indian apprentice Hopewell to the Reverend Thomas James.
Easthampton and Montauk/Shinnecock chief Quashawam come to an agreement concerning boundaries between town and Indian land; setting up rules regarding mutual use for grazing, hay cutting, land disposal, etc.
Governor Nicolls issues a patent to David Gardiner, making the property of the Gardiner's Island landowner accountable only to the colonial governors' office; charging an annual quit rent of £5.
East Hampton forbids its citizens to entertain or sell accommodations to "Scandalous person or persons".
Population: 1,500. ** Governor Nicolls appoints Thomas Willett the city's first mayor, for the year. For many years the post will remain appointive and mostly ceremonial. ** Governor Nicolls opens the first court of admiralty at the old Stadt Huys. ** Peter Stuyvesant is recalled to Holland to explain the loss of New Amsterdam.
A French colony is established in the area of the future Onondaga County near Jamesville. Jesuit missionary Francis Creuxius describes the Onondaga valley, mentioning the salt springs. ** Nicolls signs a peace treaty with the Esopus Indians. The natives agree to remain on their own lands.
Elizabethtown, founded by settlers from Long Island, is made the capital of East Jersey by Governor Philip Carteret.
600 troops, lead by New France's new governor Daniel de Rémy de Courcelles and lieutenant-general Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy, head into New York to attack the Mohawks.
Royal Governor Richard Nicolls confirms the 1645 letters patent granted for the Queens village of Flushing.
Nicolls confirms the 1652 letters patent granted for the Queens village of Newtown.
The Suffolk County town of East Hampton is incorporated under patent by governor Nicolls.
Military governor of New France Alexandre de Prouville, the Marquis de Tracy, leading a force of 1000 regulars, 600 militia and 100 Algonkians and Hurons, torches New York Mohawk villages, including Andarague, after making peace with the Seneca and Oneida. Prouville claims Iroquois territory for Louis XIV.
Thomas Delavall is named mayor for the year. ** British army officer Captain John Manning acquires Minnahannock Island, in the East River. It will become Roosevelt Island. ** Nicolls has a well dug within the walls of Fort Amsterdam.
The Senecas ask the French for missionaries. ** Sweer Teunise Van Velsen erects the future Schenectady's first grist mill. The passing road will be named Mill Lane.
De Courcelles and de Tracy's expedition limps back from New York, having reached as far as Schenectady, but accomplishing little.
East Hampton's constable and overseers set fines for missing town meetings.
Nicolls writes to the Long Island towns, telling them to organize their militias for mutual defense.
The Dutch and the English sign the Treaty of Breda, ending the Second Dutch War. New Netherland is transferred to the British and Acadia is restored to France.
Nicolls confirms the 1652 patent for Brooklyn's Flatbush area.
Nicolls issues a patent for Oyster Bay, on the north shore of Long Island.
Former mayor Thomas Willett is again appointed to the post. ** Former Dutch director-general Peter Stuyvesant has the tile of his bouwerie (farm) confirmed.
William and Sarah Teller settle on Croton Point.
The Iroquois treat for peace with the French.
English captain Sylvester Salisbury is presented with a silver bowl when his horse wins a race at Hempstead - the first sporting trophy in America.
Royal Governor Richard Nicolls is recalled and replaced by Colonel Francis Lovelace.
A epidemic (possibly yellow fever) kills many New Yorkers.
Governor Lovelace begins sponsoring the horse races at Hempstead, Long Island. ** Cornelius Van Steenwyck is appointed mayor, serving for the next three one-year terms.
The French Jesuit, Father Jacques Fremin, after first stopping at St. Michel (Gannogarae, consisting of Huron, Neutral and Onondaga captives) takes up residence with the Seneca Indians at Totiakton, founds the mission of La Conception. ** The approximate date the French settlement near Jamesville is visited by a party of Spaniards from the Mississippi by way of Olean, seeking silver. When the French and Spanish begin quarreling the Iroquois kill them all.
Father Fremin visits Huron captives at Gandougarie (East Bloomfield). Father Garnier visits the Ganondagon area, possibly establishing a mission on the Dann site.
La Salle, DeCasson and Sulpician father René de Brehant de Galinée, his chaplain, trying to get to the Ohio River tribes, arrive at Lake Ontario's Irondequoit Bay. They land at Indian Landing, in today's Ellison Park, Rochester.
La Salle and Galinée arrive at Totiakton (Rochester Junction), on Honeoye Creek. They present the Indians with a two-barreled pistol, for the destruction of two of their enemies, the Andostoue from near Waverly, and the Mohegan. Other presents include kettles, hatchets, knives and glass beads. The French asks for a captive to guide them.
The Indians stall La Salle saying they await the return of a party of young warriors from the Dutch settlements with the captives, give the French wampum belts. While awaiting the return of the party they are treated to dog meat and the sight of the torture and dismemberment of Toagenha, a war captive. Indians dance and make noises to frighten their spirits away. La Salle will end up departing without a guide.
Royal governor-general Francis Lovelace writes to the mayor and alderman, presenting them with a seal for the corporation, a silver mace and seven gowns for the mayor, aldermen and sheriff.
Lutheran minister Jacobus Frabriceius arrives in the colony.
The Seneca take La Salle to Bristol to view the "water that burns", a local oil spring.
Father Joliet discovers Lake Erie.
© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte
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