4,000 B. C.

King Menes builds a canal in Upper Egypt on about this date.

2,200 B. C.

The approximate date that Mesopotamia's Shatt-el-hai Canal is built, linking the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.

1,900 B. C.

The approximate date Egypt's King Senruset builds a canal linking Bubastis, on the Nile, to the Red Sea. It's a precursor to the Suez Canal.

1,700 B. C.

Egypt builds a second canal near Wadi Haifa, extending navigation of the Nile.

600 B. C.

China's 260-mile Wild Goose Canal links the Yellow River to the Huai River.

400 B. C.

The approximate date of the building of the Han-kou (Han Ditch) connecting China's Huai River to the Yangtze as well as a canal south of the Yangtze toward Soochow and Hangchow.

103 B. C.

Romans build a canal connecting Arelate (Arles), France, to the Mediterranean.

102 B. C.

Marius builds a canal from the lower Rhône River to the Mediterranean.

66 A. D.

Nero attempts to build a canal through Greece's Isthmus of Corinth but soon abandons the attempt.

120

The Romans in Britain build the Foss Dyke, connecting Lincoln with the Trent River at Torksey.

600

Construction begins on China's Grand Canal.

605

China's Sui rulers complete the Yung-Chi Canal.

609

The approximate date of the Pien section of China's Grand Canal.

610

The Grand Canal is finished.

640

Egypt makes repairs to Ramses' canal.

983

Chaio Wei-yo invents the chambered lock, on China's Grand Canal.

1065

The Dutch begin building canals with single locks.

1116

The Flemish begin building canals with single locks.

1121

England's Henry I improves the Foss Dyke.

1198

The Italians begin building canals with single locks.

1293

Chinese mathematician Kuo Chou-king completes the Grand Canal, from Chambuluc to the Huang River.

1300

The rebuilding and rerouting of China's Grand Canal is completed.

1373

The Dutch build a primitive double lock on the River Lek at Vreeswijk.

1391

Germany begins building the Stecknitz Navigation to connect Lake Molln with the River Elbe.

1396

The first true double lock is built at Dammes, Belgium.

1398

The Stecknitz Navigation is completed.

1431

China's Grand Canal carries 450,000 tons of freight.

1439

The engineer Alberti builds the first Italian locks, near Bologna.

1481

The Domenico Brothers of Viterbo devise a canal lock with water opening built into wooden gates.

1485

The Duke of Milan's engineer Bertola da Novato builds the Bereguardo Canal, creating the first modern locks.

1487

Italian painter Leonardo Da Vinci designs six locks for Milanese canals.

1507

The remains of Nero's Rome-to-Naples canal are discovered.

 

1550

The priest Francisco López de Gómera suggests digging a canal through Central America to connect the two oceans.

1564

John True begins building a bypass of the upper mile and three quarters of England's Exe River, the Exeter Ship Canal.

1566

The Exeter Ship Canal is completed.

1576

The date 'pound' locks were apparently used on the River Trent and the River Lea.

1601

Samuel de Champlain publishes his Brief Narrative, describing his voyage to the West Indies. In it he proposes a canal across Panama.

1604

France's Henry IV begins the construction of the Briare Canal, linking the River Briare with the River Seine.

1606

Sweden builds a canal between Eskilstona and Lake Malaren.

1638

France's Canal de Bergues, connecting Dunkerque with Bergues, is built.

1642

Louis XIII completes the Briare Canal.

 

1664

Dutch settlers avoid sailing around the dangerous waters off Brooklyn's Red Hook by digging a canal from the East River to Gowanus Cove.

1666

Pierre-Paul Riquet begins construction of the Languedoc Canal (Canal du Midi), to connect the Atlantic Ocean with the Mediterranean.

1674

Father Louis Joliet speculates about a water link between Lake Michigan and the Illinois River.

1676

A Cape Cod canal is proposed.

1681

Southern France's Canal du Midi (Languedoc Canal, Canal Royale, Canal des Deux Mers) links the Mediterranean with the Atlantic.

1683

Father Joliet suggests building a canal from the Chicago River to the Illinois River, connecting Lake Michigan with the Mississippi River.

1690

William Penn suggests a canal to connect the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers with the Susquehanna.

1716

Virginia's Governor Spottswood proposes a canal to connect the James and Ohio rivers. ** English canal engineer James Brindley is born in Derbyshire.

1729

Construction begins on Ireland's Newry Navigation, from Tyrone to Dublin.

1730

The first canal in New York State is built, across a neck in the Mohawk River.

1741

The Newry Navigation is completed.

1739

May 3

U. S. canal engineer Christopher Colles is born in Dublin.

1745

U. S. canal engineer Loammi Baldwin is born in Woburn, Massachusetts.




© 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte


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